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22d, Declares treason against the sions. Such also was Iturbide's address, independence, to be second only to sa that, in every case of conquest, he concrilege.
verted into active friends all those who 23d, To the same effect.
had been indifferent before ; and he 24th, Points out that the Cortes, or seldom failed to gain over to his cause Sovereign Congress, is to be a consti the most powerful of his enemies, and tuent assembly; to hold its sessions ,' at the same time he won the confiin Mexico, and not in Madrid. dence and esteem of every one, by his
It may be remarked, by the way, invariable moderation, that this plan dexterously weaves into While the independent cause was its essence the direct and obvious ina. thus rapidly advancing, that of the terests of all classes in the communi. Spanish Government was falling fast, ty, especially of those who have most to pieces. The Viceroy, who found to lose the clergy and the old Spa- it impossible to stem the torrent, was niards, and who, besides, have by far glad to abdicate his authority at the the most extensive moral influence suggestion of the officers, who appear to over society ; the one by being in pos have adopted a similar course to that of session of nearly all the capital in the their countrymen in Peru in the case of country, and the other by having gain- Pezuela. But his successor, Field-Mared, in times past; an influence overmen's shal Novella, could do nothing to reminds, to which, perhaps, there does store the cause of the King, and Iturnot now exist a parallel in the Christian bidé drew his armies closer and closer world. But, although this be unques-, round the capital, with a steady protionably the case, yet both these par- gress, and subduing everything before ties, especially of late, have been made him. At this critical moment Gen. O'to feel, that their influence, and even Donaju arrived from Spain, vested with, existence, turn upon opinion alone, powers to supersede the Viceroy Apoand they are suficiently aware that dacca. To his astonishment he found
lose both in a moment. To the country he came to govern no longthem, therefore, the countenance of er under the orders of his master, but power was of great consequence, and raised into an independent state. He, their most immediate interest became had come alone, without troops, and, that of supporting the views of a par-, seeing at a glance that the country was ty, which, instead of oppressing them, irrecoverably lost, on the terms at least as had been the case elsewhere, con on which it had been held heretofore, descended to borrow their support. he endeavouredto make the best condiAgain, by not holding out a vague
tions he could for the mother country; prospect of a representative govern- and, in order to pave the ment, but beginning at once by call-, proclamation to the inhabitants, which ing the deputies together, and mean breathed nothing but liberality and while naming a junto and a regency, hearty congratulations upon their
pros-doubts and jealousies were dissipa- pect of happiness—a singular docu-, ted, or put to sleep. And yet, if exa-, ment to come from such a quarter! mined closely, there is, with a show Iturbidé, seeing this disposition on of much disinterestedness, a cautious the part of O'Donaju to take all that had. looseness of expression in all parts passed in good part, invited him to a of this “ Plan,” which may, and conference. They accordingly met at probably will, be taken abundant ad- Cordova, where a treaty, which bears vantage of by and by. This remark the name of that city, was signed on applies more particularly to article 3d. the 24th of August, 1821. By this,
În the interim, this “Plan” answered treaty, O'Donaju recognized the Plan Iturbide's purposes fully, as the flame of Iguala ;” and not only engaged which it had kindled soon spread over to use his influence in conformity the whole country. He was also soon therewith, but, in order to manifest joined by several of the most distin his sincerity still further, he actually guished of the King's officers; amongst: agreed to become a member of the Proothers, by Don Pedro Celestino Ne visional Government: to dispatch comgreti, (a Spaniard, but married in the missioners to Spain to offer the crown country,) and by Colonel Bustaman- to Ferdinand ; and, in short, in the te, who brought with him 1000 caval name of Spain, to make common cause, ry. On every side the great cities yield- with Iturbidé. ed at once to his forces, or to his persua The accession of such a man to his
party, circumstanced too as O'Donaju liberty to go, would have felt less de-
A rumour, too, was put about at this hopes of those, who, up to this mo time, that the Inquisition might proment, had looked for the re-establish- bably be re-established—a prospect ment of the ancient order of things ; which was no less grateful to the hopes it justified completely the conduct of of the clergy, than a free export of the Spanish residents who had in a sispecie was to the merchants; and, as milar manner yielded to the popular Iturbidé himself, at this juncture, contide ;--and it was very naturally hail descended to advocate the cause of the ed, from the one end of the country to army, by writing appeals, with his the other, as a confirmation of the name at full length, in the public justness and solidity of the indepen- prints, in favour of the merits and dent cause.
claims of his fellow-soldiers, he dexThe capital was soon persuaded to terously contrived to bring all parties yield, in consequence of O'Donaju's re into the best possible humour with presentations, and Iturbidé entered it him individually. on the 27th of September.
On the 18th of May, 1822, he preAt this important moment O'Do- sented to the Congress two Madrid naju died, to the great sorrow of the gazettes of the 13th and 14th of FeSpaniards in the country, who had bruary, by which it appeared that the calculated much upon his countenance. Cortés of vain had declared the treaty But it is difficult to say, whether or of Cordova entered into by O'Donaju not his death was detrimental to Itur. to be null and void, totally disavowbide's views. O'Donaju had already ing all his acts. done all that was possible to establish This was, undoubtedly, what IturIturbide's immediate objects, particu- bidé had expected; and the “ Sovelarly in preventing disunion; and it reign Constituent Congress” immedimay be questioned, whether he would ately decided, “ that, by the foregoing have co-operated so heartily when these declaration of Spain, the Mexican naobjects came to take a more personal tion were freed from the obligations and ambitious direction, and when the of that treaty, as far as Spain was coninterests of the Spanish crown were cerned; and that, as, by the third arless and less considered.
ticle of the treaty, the Constituent From that period, up to the end of Congress were left at liberty, in such March, 1822, Iturbides plans were event, to name an Emperor, they steadily carried forward ; the deputies thought fit, in consequence not only to Congress were gradually drawing of their own opinion, but in concordtogether from the different provinces, ance with the voice of the people, to and he had time to collect in his fa elect Don Augustin de Iturbide the vour the suffrages of the remotest First Constitutional Emperor of the towns. The “ trigaranti” colours were Empire of Mexico, on the basis proworn by all classes ; and by a thousand claimed in the ‘Plan of Iguala,' which other ingenious manquvres the people had already been received throughout were gradually taught to associate their
the Empire.” present freedom with Iturbide's cele What has since been the fate of brated “Plan of Iguala," and, thence, Iturbidé, I have not had any good by an easy transition, to look to him, means of knowing. The public prints individually, for their future prospe say that he has been deposed and illrity.
treated. This is very likely. He unThe Cortes finally met on the 24th dertook too much for the force he had February, and one of their first, if not under his command-and, even if he their very first act, was, an edict, per had had one a hundred times greater, mitting all who chose it, to leave the he was not of a temper to have wieldcountry, and allowing the export of ed it in the despotic manner indispenspecie at a duty of only three and a sable to the maintenance of quiet in half per cent. This good faith, (for
so vast a country. it had been long before promised by Recent accounts, which have arriIturbidé,) gave great confidence to the ved since the above went to press, mercantile capitalists, and probably state, that Iturbidé and his family decided many of them to remain in the have been banished to Italy, and that country, who, had they been less at his property has been confiscated.
AN IDYL ON THE BATTLE.*
FISTS AND THE MAN I sing, who, in the valleys of Hampshire,
Full of honours and gout, Tom Cribb surrendered his kingdom,
Neat and the Gasmạn put up, and the light of Gas was extinguished.
* I acknowledge my obligations to the t." My troth, gin yon chield had shalearned and elegant reporter of this battle ved twa inches nearer you, your head, my for the Fancy Gazette. (See No. XVIII. ' man, would have lookit very like a bluidy p. 406_411.) He has been to me what pancake.”-Reginald Dalton. Miss Lee's Kruitzger was to Lord Byron's You see I agree with Southey, a man Werner; and the careful and judicious cri- 'for whom I have a particular esteem, that tic will find, that I have, like his lordship, people ought to indicate the most minute a man for whom I have a particular esteem, sources of information.' Yet the Doctor is copied the very words of my original. I not always so fair--the most splendid pasgive free leave to any critic to contrast the sage in his Roderick is merely a transcript Gazette with this Idyllium of mine, print- of a conversation I had with him on the ing them, if they choose, in parallel columns, top of one of the Bristol coaches in the year and cutting me up as a plagiary. If North 1814; and yet I do not recollect that he will give me the room and pay me for it, I anywhere alludes to the circumstance. In. shall do it myself most unmercifully. It is deed, he seldom mentions my name in any a long time since I have been sufficiently of his writings. Yet I respect him highly, hacked to pieces.-M. OD.
and frequently mention him in my works. [Send your Balaam to Sir Richard, if _M. OD. you please.-C. N.]
London replied to the call the land of the Cockneys, indignant
When the great day arrived, big with the glory of Britain,
Well the ground was chosen, and quite with the eye of a poet;
We were not idle, be sure, although we waited in patience;
Yokel.)–Provincial, I opine ; but am # Fisher of fogles] i. e. pickpocket. A not sure. If wrong, shall correct in second fogle is a handkerchief.-M. OD. edition; or, at all events, in time for the § Their ra-di-ance inter-mingling.) third.-M.OD.
There is a fine spondaic fall. What do + Jackass, or donkey.)-I mean the four. you think of that, Doctor Carey ? Read footed animals. No allusion whatever to the line over three times before you answer. any he or she Whig—they being biped. It must put you in mind of M. OD.
“ Āg-mi-na circum-spexit.”-Virg. 15
Flowed like a stream round the ring, refreshing the dry population.
Gibbons appeared at last; and, with adjutants versed in the business,
Arm-in-arm with his backer and Belcher, followed by Harmer,
Round the first.
• Whisky, my jewel dear, fc.)—These mitted on that promising young man. fine lines are imitated from the Vision of Murray can never come to luck. Indeed, Judgment. See the passage beginning, since Keats' death, he has been publishing “Bristol, my birth-place dear, what though Sardanapalus, and Cain, and Fleury's MeI have chosen a dwelling,” &c. &c. moirs, &c. &c. which must give some saM. OD.
tisfaction to the injured shade of the de+ Tipsily quaffing. ] - From a poem ceased.-M. OD. about Bacchus, written by poor Jack Keats, # Hawbuck.] Johnny Raw to the last a man for whom I had a particular esteem. degree.-M. OD. I never can read the Quarterly of late, on || Scoular. ] His head of D. Bridges account of the barbarous murder it com. ranks with Chantrey's of Sir W. Scott. VOL. XIV.