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July 27th, when he preached two very able and appropriate discourses, that in the morning from the words "In the beginning," selected from the opening verses of Genesis and St. John's Gospel. "In the beginning was the Word," was interpreted as referring to Jehovah's ever-present purpose and endeavour to reveal Himself. Accordingly man was made, and his constitution, like that of the terrestrial world, consisted of heavens and earth. While his natural mind is the earth which is quickened by the Lord, the Sun of Righteousness, the Lord Himself has His abode in the heavens of man's interior, the high and holy place from which He shines. The opening verse of Genesis and that of John were the complement of each other, and the great first principles there recorded were those which should underlie all pastoral work, whether in the world at large or in the individual mind. If there were not from God an ever-present revelation of Himself, and in man the divinely given and divinely quickened power to perceive and love that revelation, preaching would be in vain, and faith and charity impossible.

LONDON (Camberwell).—On the evening of Friday, July 25th, a meeting of members, seatholders, and friends of this Society was held in the schoolroom in order to welcome the Rev. W. C. Barlow, M. A., the newly-appointed minister, and to assure him of the hearty respect and affection already felt for him by his future congregation. The chair was taken by the senior deacon, Mr. I. J. Alvey, who, on behalf of the Society, bade him Godspeed in his future sphere of labour. Mr. Barlow cordially responded, expressing his fervent hope that the union between himself and the Camberwell Society, on this evening consummated, might be productive of truly useful results to the growth of the New Church not only externally in the neighbourhood, but internally in the minds of the members. The secretary of the Society and Messrs. J. Williams and Denney then addressed the meeting, after which the proceedings were temporarily suspended in order that those present might partake of refreshments. On the resumption of the special business of the gathering Mr. Alvey vacated the chair in favour of the Rev. W. C. Barlow, who upon taking that position received equally In the evening's discourse, which was hearty applause to that which greeted his founded upon the text Genesis i. 27, "Let first addressing the meeting. Other us make man," it was shown that all speakers, whose remarks were uniformly things in God, all things in heaven, all directed to congratulating the Society things in the universe, all intelligence, all upon its acquisition of Mr. Barlow's services, and stimulating their hearers to unremitting exertions on the Society's behalf, then addressed the meeting, including the treasurer, chairman of Committee, and Messrs. J. Orme, J. F. Howe, Camp Penn, and Appleyard. The meeting, which was throughout of a very enjoyable character, was closed by the benediction pronounced by the chairman.

The new responsibilities incurred by the Society in having, for the first time, a minister wholly devoted to its service have necessitated a large increase in the Society's income. This object was sought to be attained, in some degree, by the establishment of an offertory after each Sunday service. This, commenced in May last, was, until the actual arrival of the new minister, arranged to be devoted to the liquidation of the debt upon the Society's building. By a happy coincidence this object was accomplished on the Sunday prior to Mr. Barlow's coming, so that the Society commenced its new engagement unshackled by any outstanding liabilities. Moreover, by the zealous liberality of its members the treasurer was able to report that he was in possession of the sum of £55 towards future financial needs.

The Rev. W. C. Barlow commenced his pastoral work at Camberwell on Sunday,

duty, all love, converge to this one point that man should be made. Every pulsation of the Divine life flowing from God towards His creatures and every operation of Divine Omnipotence has no other end in view. Children were born and trained for that purpose, and man permitted to suffer hardship and endure toil for the same reason. An impressive exhortation to cooperate with the Divine and spiritual forces active on our behalf closed a deeply interesting address.

HEYWOOD (from the Heywood Advertiser of August 1).-Hornby Street Day Schools.-A pleasant ceremony took place in these schools on Tuesday afternoon, when the teachers and upper scholars of the boys' school presented an elegant inkstand, with suitable inscription, to Mr. J. Taylor, the lately retired second master. Mr. Wild, in opening the proceedings, alluded to the esteem in which Mr. Taylor was held, and to the cheerfulness with which the boys had contributed to the testimonial. He called on the Rev. R. Storry to present the testimonial. Before doing this Mr. Storry briefly addressed the scholars. There was, he said, one virtue which all young persons should learn to practise, and that was gratitude to the friends who had helped them; and among those friends none had rendered

them a greater service than their instructors and teachers. Turning to Mr. Taylor he congratulated him on entering more fully on one of the most important and useful offices in life. The duty of the teacher was to develop the intellectual nature of the scholar. In the effort to do this the memory, which was most active in childhood and youth, must be stored with knowledge. But instruction must not be confined to the memory; the pupil must be taught to observe, to think, to develop reason, and to form judgment. Nor will a wise teacher confine his attention to merely intellectual training. He will also give thoughtful attention to moral culture. The unhappy divisions and controversies in the world on the subject of religion rendered it difficult, if not impossible, to introduce direct religious teaching into our day schools; but the only solid foundation for moral principle was the Divine law, "Do unto others as ye would they should do unto you.' In seeking to promote the moral culture of the children, besides the direct teaching of books and oral instruction, numberless incidents in the schoolroom and the playground afforded opportunities of teaching the lessons of mutual kindness, of forgivingness of temper, and of many of the highest virtues. "Don't, therefore," said the speaker, "neglect moral culture, and don't be afraid of connecting it with the great elemental principles of religion; for depend upon it, when your work is done, those will hold you in highest esteem whose characters you have formed to virtue as well as made intelligent and wise." Mr. Taylor, in a few well-chosen words, expressed his thanks for the present, which he had not expected. He had spent his time happily with his scholars, was thankful for the friendships he had formed in Heywood, and should always feel interested in the progress and prosperity of the school. At the close of the presentation the scholars, numbering nearly 700, marched in order to a field, where they spent the rest of the day in games and pastimes, refreshments being provided by the teachers.

MELBOURNE (Derbyshire).-The bazaar, which has been announced in this Magazine, was held on Tuesday and Wednesday, July 29th and 30th, in the upper room of the Athenæum. The room was tastefully decorated with the articles for sale, banners, drapery, and evergreens. Strawberries, gooseberries, and fruits of various kinds were supplied by the friends. There was also a splendid collection of plants kindly lent by J. Briggs of Bleak House, and cut flowers were given in abundance. The opening of the bazaar was commenced by singing a hymn, and the Rev. J. Ashby

of Derby offered up a prayer, after which Mr. C. Fairweather, the minister of the Society, addressed the friends, and declared the bazaar opened. The sales readily commenced, and there was manifested a spirit of goodwill and generous feeling throughout the whole of the proceedings. The bazaar realized over £120. There was some excellent music, both vocal and instrumental, at intervals.

Bate's Fund.-This very useful and charitable fund is steadily increasing. The amount raised up to the present time is £152, 9s. 6d. The Committee feel encouraged to continue their efforts. The necessities of the case, and the kindly disposition the Church manifests to help this fund, emboldens them to continue the appeal.

ITALY. In our last number we inserted extended extracts from the report of the Italian Mission. The following letter to Professor Scocia, which evinces the earnest zeal and continued helpfulness of the Rev. Mr. Clissold in publishing the Writings of our great Author, was unavoidably omitted: "My dear Sir, I beg to acknowledge the receipt of your Report of Missionary Work for 1878, and to say that for some weeks previous to receiv ing it I had resolved to set aside a certain sum of money for the express purpose of assisting you in your translation into Italian of such writings of Swedenborg as you consider to be most conducive to the promotion of the great cause which you have been designed by the Lord to make known in Italy. As a missionary effort it seems to me just at present to take the lead of all others in respect of importance, even though it should prove to be an effort only. The sum I propose to devote to your assistance in publishing Italian translations of Swedenborg's Writings is £500, which will be placed in the hands of two or three trustees, of which the Rev. Mr. Gorman will be one; and I think you will have no difficulty in receiving remittances whenever they may be needed to pay the expenses of translation and publication. Mr. Gorman will very soon write to you further upon the subject. With my devout prayers for the welfare of yourself and Mrs. Scocia, believe me, faithfully yours, AUGUSTUS CLISSOLD. "THE PARK, STOKE NEWINGTON,

LONDON, 11th June 1878."

The Rev. Mr. Gorman shortly afterwards wrote to Professor Scocia, sending him £50 towards the commencement of his work; and it has been arranged between the Rev. Mr. Gorman and Professor Scocia that the £500 would be

sufficient for the translation and publication of the True Christian Religion" and the treatise" On Conjugial Love."

Birth.

At Thornwood House, Uddingston, on August 2nd, Mrs. James Eadie, of a daughter.

Obituary.

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At Derby, early on Tuesday morning, July 22nd, Mrs. Roe was removed to her heavenly home in the sixty-third year of her age. Born of New Church parents, she had all her life been connected with the Society of the New Church in Derby, and from her youthful days had been a devout worshipper, an earnest worker, and a liberal contributor to its funds. She was well known, not only in that Society, but throughout the whole Church. She had for many years devoted much time to literary pursuits, and was, as is well known to our readers, the author of several successful books. Perhaps her chief work was "Sketches of English History," which was received with high and deserved commendation by the press generally. Another work, equally successful, although less ambitious, was "Uncrowned Queens," in which Mrs. Roe gave vivid word-pictures of several women, who, although crownless, might justly be classed amongst "queens." This work recently received the honour of translation into French by a very able French lady. The education of girls was also a subject in which Mrs. Roe took a deep interest, and upon which she expressed her views in an ably-written pamphlet. The deceased lady rendered good service to many institutions connected with the religious bodies in Derby and in the neighbourhood by lectures which she delivered at various times, and which were always highly appreciated. She was one of the most popular ladies in the town, and her decease called forth expressions of heartfelt regret from the members of the local press, and it was observed that "the feelings of profound sorrow which filled the hearts of those who knew the deceased most intimately were attested in every possible way by all ranks of society in whose welfare she had when living used the influence of her talents and devoted the best portion of her time. This was especially observable on the day of interment at the cemetery, where, before the hour fixed for the arrival of the funeral procession, there assembled a large number of women, and who came up with rich floral wreaths, with which the coffin was strewed after being lowered into the grave, as symbols of their sorrow at the loss of one for whom they had so much reason to

mourn, for to her it was a labour of love and a recognised duty to cheer the pathway of her sisters who needed her sympathy and solicitude.' On Sunday morning, July 27th, the Rev. J. Ashby delivered a commemorative discourse to an influential and overflowing congregation, seats being placed all round the communion and down the aisles of the church. The sermon was quoted at length in all the newspapers published in the town. We select the following paragraph: "The rev. gentleman took for his text the appropriate words, 'She hath done what she could.' After referring to the scriptural narrative connected with the text, Mr. Ashby proceeded to point out that it had been Mrs. Roe's effort throughout the course of her life to do what she could to exalt the moral, social, and spiritual condition, not only of her own sex, but of the race; and it was not merely the acts she performed which won the hearts and endeared her to those with whom she was brought into contact, but the tender, and sympathetic, and considerate way in which they were done. The deceased lady was always to be depended upon when requested to join in any enterprize calculated to be of service, no matter what might be the creed or the social standing of those who required her aid. She was a lady of great culture, of considerable literary talent, and of an amiable and affectionate disposition. When in company she was always charming and entertaining. Pride found no lodgment in her heart, and, though dignified, she was always approachable, even to the poor. One great object of her life had been to advance the interests of the Church in which she was brought up. Quietly and unostentatiously she stood by its banner, giving largely and liberally to the funds of the Society and all institutions connected with the Church. But while she had the greatest faith in the principles of the New Jerusalem Church as being scriptural and rational, those principles were never obtruded by her upon others. In this respect she was most liberal-minded. There had not been wanting people who had considered it strange that a woman of her capabilities could continue in connection with the New Church, and lend her influence to the propagation of its principles. Such were not aware that her position in the world of literature was achieved through the inspiration of the Church itself. All her works and lectures were given in the first instance in aid of the Church and its institutions. With reference to a most interesting and instructive series of papers, called 'Sketches of Palestine, which were crowded with important facts, and which had appeared in the Juvenile Magazine, Mr. Ashby had no hesitation in

saying that if republished they would form an excellent manual of that remarkable land and its productions, and such as would be of great value to Sunday-school teachers and elder scholars. Mrs. Roe had a pre-eminent faculty for presenting facts in the most admirable form. Her religion, instead of making her peculiar and strange, served to make her, what she was, largehearted, philanthropic, public-spirited, and a loving and noble-minded woman. As a Society their grief was great, yet they did not sorrow on her account, because now that her earthly labours had closed she had entered on the more glorious employments of the kingdom of heaven. She had not gone from her native country to a foreign shore, where she would see unknown faces and hear an unknown tongue, but had entered into the household and family

of God."

On the 22nd of July, at the advanced age of eighty-two, Mr. John Todd, one of the few remaining members of the early Society of the New Church in Norwich,

was removed to the eternal state.

He was

not one who entered deeply into doctrine; but acknowledged with a clear conception the great truths of the Church, the supreme deity of the Lord Jesus Christ, the necessity of keeping the Divine commandments, and the momentous revelations respecting heaven and hell. These subjects called forth his unhesitating conviction. His nature was eminently pious, and this feature showed itself in all his attachments. He was remarkably kind to strangers attending worship, and was always ready to welcome them to his hospitable table. Indeed, kindness and humility were the distinguishing characteristics of his life, and were especially seen in his long affliction, during which he was never heard to murmur. His favourite part of the Scriptures was the Gospel of John, particularly the fourteenth chapter, in which the Lord declares Himself so plainly. Again and again would he dwell upon the words, "Let not your heart be troubled ye believe in God, believe also in Me." In all his sentiments there was this striking simplicity of mind, connecting all religion with the daily life; and, sustained by his knowledge of the New Church, he carried the same ideas into his views of the eternal state, to which he looked forward with the sweet confidence of a child. He loved the truly good by whatever name they were called, recognising only that faith which works by love, and purifies the heart. And with such he hoped to share the realms of bliss.

It is a pleasure to the writer of this brief notice to render this humble tribute to the memory of one from whom he experienced many marks of Christian regard. ROBERT ABBOTT.

wood Road, Lower Merton, Surrey, Mr. On Sunday, 10th August, at KingsEdward Spear, aged thirty-three years. He was instructed in the doctrines of the New Church at the Sunday-school, Henry Street, Bath, and was subsequently attached to the Argyle Square Society. During a long and severe illness he never murmured nor complained, and at the last he passed away so peacefully that he seemed to have fallen asleep. He has left a widow and four little ones, to whom their bereavement would be insupportable, were they not consoled by the reflection that their loss is his eternal gain.

At Farnworth, on the 7th March 1879, in

her eighty-third year, Mrs. Elizabeth Booth The deceased was, we believe, the oldest was removed into the spiritual world. member of the Kearsley Society. Her knowledge of the Church extended far back, and it was her great delight to tell of its past struggles and victories. She exhibited all the delight and enthusiasm of youth in the building of the new place of worship, which she was spared to see completed. She was fully warned of her approaching change by the gradual breaking up of her constitution, and looked forward with great cheerfulness to her entrance upon the immortal life. Her last illmess was borne with unusual patience and resignation; and now that her earthly tabernacle is dissolved, we doubt not but which is from heaven. that she is clothed upon with her house

At Kearsley, on the 9th June, in her seventy-fourth year, Ann, the beloved wife of Mr. Edmund Grundy, departed this life. She had been long detained from worship on account of delicate health. During her solitary hours she read and meditated deeply on the Word and the heavenly doctrines of the New Jerusalem. She found great delight too in reading our hymns, many of which she had committed to memory. An intelligent receiver of the doctrines, it was a privilege to converse with her on religious subjects. She bore her long illness with exemplary patience, and looked forward with joy to reunion with beloved friends who had gone before. Our loss, we are assured, is her unspeak able gain.

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THE NATURE AND ORIGIN OF EVIL.

NOTWITHSTANDING the many attempts which have been made by theologians to explain the nature and origin of evil, the subject is confessedly involved in such hopeless obscurity that any new effort to bring it into the clear light of day will be regarded with suspicion, if not with disfavour. Our readers are not in this hopeless state and helpless condition. No effort is needed to bring the subject down to their understandings, and within the limits of their faith. Although they do not require demonstration for themselves, yet they cannot but feel interested in any intelligent effort to throw light on what to the generality of Christians is dark, either in the ways of God or in the doings of man. We do not forbid any one to cast out demons, though they be only those of intellectual error or doubt, because he followeth not us.

*

We have been pleased by the perusal of a little work by an anonymous author, in which the subject is discussed with an intelligence beyond that of any other writer we know out of the New Church who has ventured on the discussion of this difficult question.

The author in the preface states that the substance of his treatise was written in 1871, at the request of the late Bishop of Argyle, for a series of "Present Day Papers on Prominent Questions of Theology."

* Hamartia: An Inquiry into the Nature and Origin of Evil. London: Elliot Stoek, 1878.

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