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the cause of religious tolerance, more especially as by it the disabilities of other religious Societies which had suffered similar confiscation have been removed.
Book, and a Larger Catechism, written and compiled by their minister, Mr. Boyesen. Twice during the year Mr. Boyesen undertook larger missionary journeys, where he visited and preached in four new places. The Hynin-Book Committee reported that In Sala, one of the great mining towns of it had completed its first revision of the Sweden, he says the beginning was very Conference Hymn-Book and its several encouraging; the number of his hearers Supplements; that it had selected the desirbeing upwards of four hundred, among able hymns contained in several popular whom were very manyof the most prominent hymn-books, and provisionally accepted citizens of the town, and several teachers an aggregate of 542 hymns. A motion of the public schools. Your Committee have been so much impressed by the good work accomplished by Mr. Boyesen that they assisted him during the year to the amount of £20.
In the conversation which arose on the reception of this report much interesting information was given as to the Church in Vienna, of which the Rev. H. Peisker, who was ordained by the English Conference, is the minister. It was stated that in consequence of the Vienna Society having been forbidden to meet by the municipal authorities, a special Committee had been appointed by the last Conference to take steps in the matter. The secretary of this Committee, the Rev. Dr. Bayley, had waited upon the Austrian ambassador, and had been most courteously and kindly received. The ambassador had expressed his opinion that the action of the Vienna municipality must have been founded upon a mistake, as liberty as to religion and worship existed in Austria the same as in England, and he promised duly to attend to any memorial forwarded to him through the English Foreign Office. Such a memorial was accordingly forwarded to the Marquis of Salisbury; but in the meantime the Vienna friends had obtained redress from the Supreme Court of Vienna, and the matter was thus satisfactorily settled without need for further intervention. From further remarks by the Rev. R. L. Tafel, the secretary of the Foreign and Colonial Missions Committee, it appeared that two New Church Societies existed in Vienna, one of a public character, giving lectures in a public hall, and another of a more private and devotional character. The proceedings complained of were taken against the former, and were authorized by the Chief of Police at the instigation of his brother, who is a Jesuit, and has recently been elected Archbishop of Vienna. The decision of the Supreme Court, which reinstates the Society in the enjoyment of their right of meeting, and into the possession of their property, characterizes the conduct in this matter of the Chief of the Police as a violation of the Austrian Constitution. The case has created great interest in the press of Vienna, and its decision has been hailed as a great gain to
proposed by Mr. John Bragg, which empowered the Committee to print and pubfish before next Conference, was met by an amendment to first submit the work to the judgment of the Church by the issue of a provisional edition. A long and interesting debate ensued, in which many members of Conference and several members of the Hymn-Book Committee took part. In the end an amendment was proposed by the Rev. R. Storry, and accepted by the proposer and seconder of the first amendment, and also by the mover and seconder of the original motion, and unanimously adopted by the Conference. The proposition thus carried authorized the Committee to publish an experimental edition for the use of members of the Committee in their final revision, and to circulate copies amongst the members of New Church Societies, such copies to be returned to the Committee within a month, so as to enable them, if possible, to complete the work before next Conference. The Committee appointed to report upon the proposed Order of Confirmation stated its opinion to be that the Church had not yet shown sufficient desire for such a service, and therefore proposed the continued postponement of the question. This conclusion was received with expressions of regret and disappointment It was evident that while many members objected to the title "Confirmation," as associated in their judgment with mistaken sentiments, no objection was felt to a service for the introduction of young persons into connection with the Church. A lengthened conversation was closed by a motion by the Rev. R. Storry to commit the work of completing the preparation of such a service and laying it before the next session, to the ministers of the New Church resident in Lancashire.
A resolution expressive of a deep sense of the respect felt by the Conference for the late Mr. Joseph Grimshaw, and its gratitude for his services as Trustee, was passed by a rising vote, and also a motion of condolence with Mrs. Grimshaw in her bereavement, to be forwarded by the President. Mr. James Fletcher of Kearsley was elected a Trustee in the place of Mr. Grimshaw. A letter from Dr. Bateman was read expressing his desire to retire
from the trusteeship, but he was requested to reconsider the matter, and in the meantime a hearty vote of sympathy with him in his present ill-health was passed. On the motion of Mr. Broadfield, and after much discussion, it was resolved that the Council meet this year in London, and the following gentlemen were then elected to compose the Council, viz.: Revs. Dr. Bayley, J. Deans, J. Presland, and R. L. Tafel, and Messrs. G. Benson, Manchester, H. W. Brown, R. Gunton, W. Milner, H. R. Williams, and T. Willson, Birmingham.
The success of the Church, both in the instruction and edification of its members, and in extending the knowledge of the truth, will ever be largely influenced by the intelligence, piety, and zeal of its ministry. The ministry in England is not wanting in these most essential qualities, but it is deficient in numbers, needs a warmer appreciation and sympathy, and a more adequate temporal support. The Examining Boards, North and South, reported that they had received applications from six young men for adoption as students; but from various causes--not the least being the unsatisfactory condition of the Students' Aid Fund--only two of these would be adopted this year. The application of the Society at Embsay, in Yorkshire, for the ordination of Mr. Edward Jones was commended by Mr. Broadfield, Mr. Fairbrother, and Rev. R. Storry, and unanimously granted. The application of the Edinburgh Society, indorsed by the Camberwell Society, for the ordination into the ministry of the New Church of the Rev. W. C. Barlow, M.A., Edinburgh, was also granted. The application of the Lowestoft Society for the introduction into the ministry of the New Church of the Rev. W. O'Mant was also granted. Licences were authorized for Messrs. M'Lachlan of Alloa, Moore of Bristol, Tilson of Liverpool, Berry of Northampton, W. A. Bates of Southport, and Wilson of Oldham. Mr. C. Griffiths was readopted as a student, and Messrs. J. F. Buss and T. F. Robinson were adopted, and the Council of the New Church College requested to undertake their education.
One of the questions which has of late occupied the attention of many earnest and exemplary members of the New Church has been a desire to introduce into the proceedings of the Conference more of an instructional and devotional character. It is felt that too much time is occupied by formal, and what may be regarded as the merely secular business of the Church. Last year a meeting of the kind contemplated was held on the Monday evening following the Conference, and this year it was proposed to continue the practice.
The Council to which the subject was referred requested the appointment of a Committee to report during the session, and the report of this Committee recommended the reserving of a portion of cach week to the reading of papers and conversation on theological and religious subjects. Wednesday morning, and if desired evening also, was suggested for this purpose, and various suggestions were offered to provide time for the purpose. The adoption of the report was moved by the Rev. Mr. Presland in a speech in which he reviewed the whole subject. The Rev. Mr. Potts, in supporting the proposals of the Committee, stated some of his experiences at the American Convention. Nothing had surprised him more than the endeavour to push the business into the smallest possible corner. The Ministers' Congress, held the week before the Convention, was wholly occupied with subjects of the kind contemplated. Independently of this, and of their daily service and sermon, there were constant conferences on religious subjects in Convention week, and they were constantly wanting more. It is encouraging that the business of this Conference is likely to conclude early, and could have been concluded earlier, but we had time, and we talked accordingly. The proposal of the Committee was adopted and the Council instructed to arrange a meeting during the next Conference. Two notices of motion by Mr. Willson as to the administration of the Augmentation Fund were then considered, and after thorough discussion passed. Another, introduced by Dr. Goyder on behalf of Mr. Isherwood, addressed to the subject of grouping small Societies, separately unable to support a minister, was referred to the Committee of Lancashire ministers. The Rev. John Presland then moved, and the Rev. H. Cameron seconded, a vote of respectful sympathy to Mr. William Dean, the only survivor of the seven ministers and twentyone representatives who, on the 16th of August 1821, affixed their signatures to the Conference Deed. The President having added his hearty testimony to the Christian excellence of Mr. Dean's character, the motion was carried. The actual business of the session being now finished, there only remained the usual, yet none the less hearty, votes of thanks to the Society which entertained the Conference, and to the President for his conduct in the chair. These two propositions were gracefully made and cordially accepted. In acknowledging the votes the President said that this Conference of 1879 would be distinguished above its predecessors not only by the number of its members, but by the graceful manner in which the members from the North had consented to the
Council being for a time transferred to London; while the North had, on the other hand, contributed members to the Committee of the National Missionary Institution. He also acknowledged the kind assistance rendered to the Kensington friends by members of other London New Church Societies.
SOCIAL MEETINGS.-A social meeting was given by the Camden Road Society on the Wednesday evening, to which all the members of the Conference were invited. The gathering was a very great success, the Society's rooms being filled with guests, and a very delightful evening was spent, Dr. and Mrs. Tafel acting as host and hostess, assisted by Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Faraday and other friends.
A choice selection of music was rendered by members of the remarkably fine choir which conducts the musical services at this church, and a short address given by the President of the Conference, in which he expressed the thanks of the Kensington Society for the ready assistance received from the Societies of Camden Town and Argyle Square. Refreshments were served in the library, which was tastefully ornamented with flowers, and the meeting continued to nearly eleven o'clock. On the same evening a social meeting was held in connection with the Brixton Association of the New Church. The chair was occupied by Alfred Braby, Esq., the President of the Association, who gave a hearty welcome to the members of Conference present. Speeches were given by Revs. E. Whitehead, W. O'Mant, J. R. Rendell, and Messrs. Austin, Parkinson, Bates, Jones, and Tilson. Songs were sung by Miss Collins, Miss Gunton, and Mr. J. Barber; and refreshments provided by the ladies of the Association. A pleasant and happy evening was spent, the proceedings closing a little after ten.
On Thursday evening the Conference tea-meeting was held in the Kensington Vestry Hall, kindly granted for the occasion. The hall, a spacious one (and situated at but a short distance from the church), proved quite unequal to the large gathering that besieged it as the appointed hour approached. However, the difficulty was overcome by the patience and goodnature of the friends, and it is computed that about 350 were accommodated. local print thus describes the scene: "On this occasion the usual aspect of the hall was entirely changed, the horse-shoe tables (around which vestrymen are wont to assemble discussing parish affairs) being covered with diaper (?) cloths and decked with rare plants, at which a select company was seated regaling themselves with a variety of confects; while a bevy of
young ladies, coyly attired in waitresses' caps and aprons, took evident pleasure in attending to the wants of the company. So great was the crush of visitors that from half-past five till seven o'clock the influx and efflux was maintained." The public meeting in the church commenced at 7.30. During the assembling of the friends a voluntary was played on the organ by Mr Cliffe. Rev. Dr. Bayley occupied the chair, and was supported by Revs. C. H. Wilkins, W. Westall, John Presland, F. H. Hemperley, and other ministers. Proceedings commenced with the hymn, "Come ye that know Immanuel's name, and prayer was offered by Dr. Bayley. The subject of the evening was announced as "What determines a Man's State and Condition in the Eternal World?" In his introductory address the chairinan adverted to the happiness there was in meeting together to congratulate each other on the blessings they experienced in common, and to feel that they were one and all striving to spread these blessings the wide world over. The scene they had just experienced at the Vestry Hall, although it led to some discomfort, was in some respects encouraging. It was certainly better to have a crowded meeting than to lament a thin one, and he thought that the happy faces of the guests would amply atone for any shortcomings in other ways. As he looked around him his mind travelled back to other gatherings. He went back seventy years, at which time the Church was not strong enough to have an annual Conference. In 1809 there was no Conference, though in 1808 an attempt had been made to hold one, when five ministers and the representatives of seven congregations were assembled. They had this year very few short of one hundred ministers and representatives. Looking at it in this way only they might congratulate themselves that the cause in which they were engaged was advancing. But he believed that the number of persons who sympathized with them, but had not yet been able to organize themselves, were as many as those who had fully adopted the principles of the New Church. They might rest assured that the future of the world was the future of the New Church, and that whatever disappointments they might experience they could feel certain of ultimate success.
"It's coming yet for a' that,
That man to man the warld o'er Shall brothers be for a' that." Coming to the subject of the evening' Dr. Bayley remarked it was important to let the world know what they, as New Churchmen, considered as essential in matters of religion; and it was, he sup
planted in all of us to seek happiness, which we called good, and every creature was in this way ruled by its affections. Man alone had the power of directing his actions, of choosing between this and that line of action, of learning new truth. The Lord gave all men sufficient knowledge to form ultimately out of every man an angel. The Lord Jesus Christ, although not known to all, was the light that lighteneth every man that cometh into the world. This light set
posed, with a view to this that the subject to which they were to address themselves had been selected. The grand essential of religion was "to shun evils as sins against God," and from love to the Lord to do good. In the past we found people almost entirely engaged in disputes about the external activities of religion and about matters of thought. For years there had been a dispute that had divided the Church of the time, and about which even battles were fought on the alteration of a single letter in a single word. But up a standard by which we could this state of things was passing away, judge between right and wrong. It as it was felt that none of these things was therefore of the utmost importance to would determine a man's state and condi- realize this great truth, and examine ourtion in the future. What, then, was the selves by this light, for as we lived in answer to the question? The answer was obedience and in acknowledgment of its not far to seek. As soon as men began to teaching, we ensured for ourselves a place think and put this question to themselves in the eternal world. They were taught the Divine voice answered, "If thou also that in the eternal world there was doest well, shalt thou not be accepted; an infinite variety of degrees of states and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at answering to the degree of truth known the door." It was not matters of form, and loved here. As he looked on the whether orthodox or otherwise, that would many faces around him, he could in some determine a man's future. The repe- measure understand this infinite variety. tition of prayers and the confession In conclusion Mr. Hemperley said, to that they were miserable sinners, with- determine a state of happiness in the out real repentance, and an active desire to do good, would be unavailing. A person must find out his own sins, and take up his cross and fight them, and as he did this he would be saved and would evince in this life more love to God and charity towards men. In this way he would become a Christian indeed, and be a blessing to those about him; and when he should go into the eternal world he would take this heavenly state with him, and become an inhabitant of that heavenly city for which his life on earth had prepared him. The anthem "Holy, Holy, Holy Lord God of Hosts" (Gounod), was then given by the choir.
future life, we must follow truth as we see it, always remembering the words of our Lord, "If ye know these things, happy are ye if ye do them." The choir here sung the Te Deum.
Rev. C. H. Wilkins next addressed the meeting in a characteristic and eloquent speech, which called forth repeated applause. He commenced by alluding to the mingled sentiments of pleasure and pain which always attended his visits to London. The fact of his being a Londoner always made him look forward to a visit, and there was always something to see or hear in a large city. But he was so often pained when he thought of the contrast The chairman here announced that he that presented itself between great posseshad heard with regret that in consequence sions and small minds. Sometimes when of indisposition they would be deprived of admiring a handsome mansion a carriage the presence of Rev. Chauncey Giles, who would draw up and the owner would step did not feel himself equal to be amongst out, but it was plain from his manner that them that evening. He had therefore some from the outside could enter into asked Rev. F. H. Hemperley to take his and appreciate the beauties of the house place, whom he now introduced to the and garden more than he who occupied meeting. Mr. Hemperley, although quite them ever could. It was, he feared, often unprepared with a set speech, was willing to the case that the house was furnished make a few remarks, as he was sure that while the mind was empty. Emerson had subsequent speeches would make up for once said that everything in a country his omissions. The subject was indeed landscape gave him pleasure till his eye one that went to the heart of every reli- was arrested by the sight of an agriculgious inquiry. Our state and condition in tural labourer, who took no pleasure in the eternal world depended on our state the scene. It was a sight full of sadness, and condition in this world. In other but he was not sure that deep down under words, our state in this world would be that rough exterior there might not be perpetuated after we leave our earthly aspirations that would answer to the home. Our future condition depended upon the impetus given and the direction taken in this life. The desire was im
beauties of eternity. It pained him to think of a man who had nothing in his mind to correspond to the wonders that
surrounded him. This was too often the case in this world, but in the eternal world it was not so. There would be the utmost harmony between the things outside and those within the man. It pleased him (Mr. Wilkins) to think of homes in heaven as well as worlds, and that as our wants increased so would our spiritual homes. Let them not, however, imagine that a man's future would be determined by his surroundings, that could be tried in this life. It had been found fruitless to place a man with a vicious mind in beautiful surroundings, but touch a man's heart with love and the result would be certain. If, then, it was the will that determined a man's life, what was it that determined the will? We were able to think great thoughts. We could read, and great thoughts reached us in this way; but if we would reach the highest thoughts we must go to God's Bookthe Bible. After all, what was more fleeting than thought, nay, what was more fleeting than desire? These thoughts, and the states of joy and peace they brought with them, could only be preserved by bringing them into action, and thus making them a part of our characters. Rev. W. Westall said that a variety of answers might be given to the question before them, and yet each be true. He might answer with the Protestants to the question, "What determines a man's state and condition in the eternal world?" A man's faith; but by faith he would mean a faith which, though as small as a grain of mustard-seed, could remove mountains. Again he might say, A man's love; for what was a man's love was his delight, and what was his delight that he would do. Hence the importance attached to the power of love in the Holy Word. The commandments, "Thou shalt love the Lord thy God, and thy neighbour as thyself," was called by the highest authority the two great commandments. Again he might answer, A man's life; for what a man's life was here it would be hereafter. Faith, love, and life, however, might exist under very different conditions here, and determine variously a man's state in the future life. For instance, the God in which the Mohammedan believed was of a different nature from He whom we worship, and his ideas of faith, righteousness, and love vary accordingly; not because God is different, but because the truth which he receives reveals Him differently. Truth, therefore, was a great condition in determining a man's future state. The wicked disobeyed God's commandments, and as they did this they built up within them a wicked state, and that received its quality from the truth they rejected. Thus the dispensation of truth under
which a man lived had an important bearing on his condition in the eternal world. If truth were only naturally received, he could not rise higher than natural ideas of things; but if it were rationally received and spiritually discerned, he could rise to transcending thoughts and spiritual conceptions. The dispensation under which it was their privilege to live provided a means by which greater heights of wisdom and intelligence than were previously possible might be reached. Its reception would not only expel the evils of men's hearts, but would reach the greater ones of society.
Rev. John Presland, as the last speaker, said he would try as briefly as possible to gather together and concentrate the essence of the previous speeches. He remarked that all of them were excellent and all implied the idea to which he wished to draw their attention, the word by which he would express it had, however, been omitted by all. To the question, "What determines a man's state and condition in the eternal world?" he would answer, Regeneration. Except a man be born again he cannot see the kingdom of God. That this was so was evident. In this natural world physical health was an indispensable condition of natural enjoyment. For instance, if their friend Mr. Wilkins, who had told them of his delight in architectural studies, were blind, Westminster Abbey itself would fail to call forth his admiration. And SO with them, if they had been deaf, the music that had delighted them that evening would have awakened no emotions in their hearts. To enjoy pure delights they must possess organs suitable for their reception. If they carried this idea into their inquiry concerning the spiritual world, they would see that as they were born alien to the spirit of Divine law, they must verily be born again. There could be no artificial cleansing. It was not a question of either an awful or even a merciful God, for it was written, "Unto Thee, O Lord, belongeth mercy; for Thou renderest to every man according to his work." The renewal of the spirits of their minds was therefore the great determining cause in the future, and could alone enable them to become children of light and sons of God.
The hymn “Rise, every heart and every tongue,' was sung, and the proceedings terminated with the benediction given by Rev. Dr. Bayley.
LONGTON AND THE POTTERIES.-The following report presented to the General Conference was forwarded for publication in our pages:
"I have to report that during the year