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authoritative teaching of the Church, have entered into peace. Mental conflict is at an end, doubt is banished, and the soul reposes on the authority of men as fallible as themselves, and in a community whose history shows an utter departure from the teaching of the Word and the example of the Saviour. The teaching and ritualistic practices of an advanced party in the Established Church has certainly led to a good deal of coquetting with the Church of Rome. The very name of Protestant is abhorred by large numbers of the clergy of the Established Church. 66 English imitation [of Rome] reaches from the highest dogma of faith to the humblest ceremonial detail. It includes within the limits of the English Church, Roman customs, Roman devotions, Roman phraseology, Roman practices, Roman dress. It extends from the office of Benediction to the shape of a priest's collar, or the buckle on his shoes; from the system of holding Retreats to the mode of administering the Holy Communion to laymen; from the use of the Canonical Hours to the use of a light before the altar.' One of the consequences of this devotion to Roman practices is an atmosphere of doubt in the Anglican community. The ablest parish priests and the most zealous laity sooner or later become the victims of doubt. They doubt the catholicity of the Church to which they belong, the efficacy of its Sacraments, and its authority to teach. The effect of this doubt and distress of mind, according to Mr. Shipley, is a large departure to Rome and a steady preparation for the continuance and increase of this exodus. What can save the Church from this perversion of her members? Only sound doctrine from the Word of God and the sober practice of the duty and discipline to which it leads.

CONVOCATION.-Discussions extending over a week have occupied the time and attention of the two Houses of the Southern Convocation on what the Guardian, the organ of the High Church party, calls the trifling subject of the minister's dress." After occupying the Houses separately the subject was at length settled by a compromise obtained by a conference of the two Houses. The final form which the question assumed was the following addition to what is called the Ornaments' Rubric: "In saying public prayers, or ministering the Sacraments or other rites of the Church, every priest and deacon shall wear a surplice, with a stole or scarf and the hood of his degree; and in preaching he shall wear a surplice with a stole or scarf and the hood of his degree, or, if he think fit, a gown with hood and scarf; and no other ornament shall at any time be used by him contrary to the monition of the Bishop of

the diocese; provided always that this rubric shall not be understood to repeal the 24th, 25th, and 58th Canons of 1604.” Another question which has occupied the attention of Convocation in the revision of the rubrics has been the Athanasian Creed. On the addition to the rubric in this case the Times in a leader says: "The new rubric proposed by Convocation to be attached to the Athanasian Creed asserts, what is not asserted, except by_being tacitly taken for granted in the Prayer Book, that the Creed only says what Scripture does, with the implication that they who complain of it have first to settle their account with Scripture itself. The assertion itself is a very strong one, for its proof requires that the words, or in default of the very words, the things meant by the words are to be found in Scripture. Some of the terms are the terms of current philosophies, and the proposed explanatory rubric assumes that the writers of the New Testament and the ordinary Christians of the present day were and are familiar with the proper signification of these philosophical terms. When one reflects on the controversies and errors that have gathered round the words Catholic, Trinity, Persons, Substance, and Incomprehensible, how little they are understood, and what strange ideas they suggest to the vast mass who think it hopeless ever to understand them, it seems rather hardy to rest the Creed upon Scripture, which it is now proposed to do for the first time in the Prayer Book.

ROMAN DOCTRINE.-One of the present aspects of the Church of England, as intimated in previous articles, is the persistent effort of many of her preachers to restore Roman doctrine to the Church. This is especially the case with the Association which has been formed under the title of the "Confraternity of the Blessed Sacrament." At the recent anniversary of this confraternity the Rev. A. H. Mackonochie preached from John vi. 55, "For My flesh is meat indeed, and My blood is drink indeed." They had great cause for thankfulness, he said, that the Church had preserved the feast of Corpus Christi through so many centuries, a feast held in honour of the Blessed Sacrament. Jesus Christ was truly present in the Eucharist. was not the priest, but God the Holy Ghost, who made the elements of bread and wine the body and blood of the Lord Jesus. By the power of the Holy Ghost the Virgin Mary conceived the body of Jesus; by the power of the Holy Ghost that body was raised from the dead after the crucifixion; by the same power it was taken up to heaven on Ascension Day; and by the power of the Holy Ghost that same body which was born of the Virgin


Mary, raised from the dead, and ascended into heaven, was now brought down from heaven and was present on a thousand altars at the same time. This was indeed a greater humiliation of our blessed Saviour than was His life and death nineteen centuries ago. What a wonderful thought that, at the moment of consecration, the Holy Ghost rested on the elements of bread and wine, and made them truly, really, and substantially the flesh and blood of Jesus Christ-that is, Jesus Christ Himself, the living God! "And then, brethren," continued the preacher, "your God and Saviour enters your bodies under the forms of bread and wine when you receive the blessed Eucharist. And so God is in you of a truth."

SWEDENBORG ON CONJUGIAL AND SCORTATORY LOVE.-One of the most frequent objections to the teaching of Swedenborg is raised against certain portions of his treatise on this subject. Persons who have examined the subject superficially, or have been misinformed respecting it, have formed the most mistaken opinions of the Author's teaching. They have failed to discriminate between his doctrine of Conjugial Love, which is spiritual in its nature, and thence pure, chaste, and holy, and the disorderly indulgences of merely sexual connection. The subject was made a topic of discussion at a meeting of the ministers of the New Church in America, and their report is a statement of their understanding of the Author's teaching. This report, which is a lucid statement of the general teaching of Swedenborg, was unanimously adopted, and ends with the following conclusions: (1) That the Lord provides for all who will receive it, "holy, pure, and clean," conjugial love, and that this alone is according to the Divine Order; (2) That any departure from this is evil and not in the direct order of the Lord's Providence; (3) That the Divine Providence is in the constant endeavour to restrain evil and to lead men out of evil into goodness; (4) That there are degrees of evil greater and less; and that when it is impossible to lead men at once wholly out of evil into what is good and orderly, it is the effort of the Divine Providence to lead from the greater to the less evils; (5) That fornication, pellicacy, and concubinage of every kind and degree are evil in the sight of the Lord, but are permitted as a temporary means of escape from worse evils, according to the laws stated above, by which the Lord seeks to restrain men from evils of every kind and to lead them to good. And in this way those who could not otherwise be restrained may be kept in a state in which they can be reformed; (6)

That one is in the full life of the Church only so far as he is in pure conjugial love and shuns and abominates all extra conjugial loves; since the life of the Church is spiritual and according to Divine order."

GENERAL CONVENTION OF THE NEW CHURCH IN AMERICA.-The annual meeting of this large and influential assembly was this year held in the city of New York.

At the commencement of the session a resolution was adopted heartily welcoming the Rev. J. F. Potts and Mr. Willson as the representatives from the English Conference. All the members of the Convention who had been in England seem to have spoken very cordially in support of this resolution, which was acknowledged in appropriate terms by the members of the deputation.

The Messenger of June 11th is devoted to a condensed report of its proceedings, which appear to have been of an exceedingly interesting kind. From the report we learn that the Convention was one of the largest that has ever been held. Forty-seven ministers and one hundred and twenty delegates were present, making a total membership of one hundred and sixty-eight. Business of great importance to the growth and extended usefulness of the Church occupied the attention of the members, and led to thoughtful discussions. "The most important resolution," says the Messenger "was that which appointed a committee of gentlemen who were authorized to form a corporation for the management of our publishing interest. The objection that this action would make that interest independent of the Convention was shown to be without foundation." The change thus indicated seems to have been partly rendered necessary for the more convenient holding and management of trust property, and partly for the more efficient promotion of the important uses performed by the Convention in the circulation of its numerous publications. The arrangement will somewhat assimilate the action of the Church in America to that of the Church in this kingdom, with, however, an important difference. In England the Swedenborg Society, which is our publishing Society, is not at all subject to the control of the General Conference; in America, under the new arrangements, the corporation is to be subject to the Convention so far at least as this can be legally accomplished.

The reports of the several Associations, which are confederations of Societies, following apparently the State divisions of the country, indicated a large amount of earnest labour and gave evidence of the continued advancement of the Church. The report of the Massachusetts Associa

tion stated that two of the oldest and most respected ministers of the Association, namely, the Revs. Thomas Worcester, D. D., and T. B. Heyward, had been removed to the spiritual world during the past year, and a resolution recognising the eminent uses of these distinguished ministers was passed by the Convention. The report of the Executive Committee contained several suggestions. One of these related to the mode of conducting the meetings of the Convention, and to the order of its proceedings. The committee suggested: (1) That the Committee of Arrangements be appointed at least six months before the meeting of Convention, that time may be given for the careful preparation of the addresses and sermons; (2) That the business sessions be made as short as possible, and that in those sessions all subjects giving rise to discussion of details be referred at once to appropriate committees; (3) That as large a part of the time of the Convention as possible be given to the hearing of carefullyprepared addresses and papers upon important subjects. These recommendations led to an important discussion, in which the leading members of the Convention took part. It is clear from these resolutions and from the discussion they excited that a feeling which is steadily rising in England has also taken possession of the Church in America. The feeling is that our Conferences are too much confined to the merely secular side of our Church life, and that we need to give more attention to the intellectual, which is the spiritual side of the Church. It is the growing desire of many earnest members of the New Church to make our Conferences the means of not only suggesting the best modes of external organization and labour, but also of quickening the zeal of the Church by an increased knowledge of its doctrines and a more intelligent acquaintance with the spiritual grounds on which the doctrines rest and the evidences by which they are sustained.

The Committee on Foreign Correspondence recommended the following resolutions, which were adopted by the Convention: (1) That the Board of Missions be requested to appropriate 150 dollars each to the support of Signor Loreto Scocia in the work of the Italian Mission, and to the Rev. A. Boyesen of Stockholm, Sweden, during the present year; (2) That this Convention desires to express its deep sympathy for our brethren in Vienna, Austria, who are suffering under the oppression of the religious laws of that Government; and that we bid them hold fast to the truth, trusting and praying that the Lord will, in His providence, bring them again to the enjoyment of the freedom of public worship, and enable them, after

their trial, to lift only the more bright and untarnished the pure lamp of the Lord's truth to shine amid the darkness of the world around them. The report of the Board of Missions led to a lengthened discussion, ending in the adoption of a resolution leaving the Associations to manage the missionary work within their own limits according to their own best judg ment, and directing the Board of Missions to conduct the missionary operations of the Convention in the portions of the country not within the bounds of any Association, and as far as possible in the direction of building up Societies of the Church or forming circuits which may soon become self-supporting. This resolution, which seemed to remove all action of the Board from missionary labour in the Associations, is explained by a subsequent resolution, which enacts that it is not to be so construed as to prevent the Board of Missions from aiding the Associations which need aid, but yet leaving them to manage the work within their own limits in their own way. While, therefore, the Convention is prepared to sustain the missionary operations in which it has hitherto been engaged, it is evidently resolved on entering upon new ground. The resolution had special relation to the South, which is said to be ready to receive the Heavenly Doctrines. "Some of the ablest men in the South," said Dr. Dyke,


are New Church persons.". The Dr. also expressed an opinion that in some portions of the South a missionary circuit would become in a few years self-supporting. The plan, therefore, is not confined to the opening of new fields of labour, but extends to the appointment of mission circuits and the settlement of a missionary minister each. Speaking of the mode of missionary labour hitherto pursued, the Rev. Mr. Fox of Washington said: "We have a strong desire to help those missionaries who go about independently sowing the seed broadcast. He might call them 'vagrant' missionaries-though vagrant, they were very useful. He had recently read Mr. Field's new work on the History of the New Church.' It was deeply interesting. Mr. Field had been a vagrant, but a very useful missionary. Dr. Hibbard, in those old days when he lived in a buggy and went about with his wife from house to house, was a vagrant but useful missionary." In seeking to supersede this “vagrant" style of missionary work by one of steady persistent labour in a few places, thereby establishing and nursing Societies until they are able to walk alone, America is pointing the way to this country.

With our American brethren as with ourselves, the training of young men for our ministry is still the day of small

things." The Theological School has been established during the past year in the vestry of the Boston Society of the New Church. Five students have been connected with the school, three of whom continued until the close of the school session, and are now preaching in different parts of the country. Speaking of the important use of educating and training young men for the work of the ministry, Rev. Mr. Reed said: "It was a matter of transcendent importance to raise up an enlightened ministry. The difficulty they had to contend with was that the students were in too much demand as preachers. They were taken out of the school and set to preaching before they had properly finished their course. The students should feel that the Convention was behind them with its sympathy and its support. They were the servants of the whole Church, and should be inspired with that broad spirit of charity which should make them capable of serving the North or the South, the East or the West."

The following will show one of the important works to which the Church in America is devoting its attention: "The committee on the publication of Swedenborg's MSS. reported that Professor P. B. Cabell of Urbana University had completed the work of transcribing from the photo-lithograph Swedenborg's principal treatise, De Cerebro,' and that he is now transcribing the 'Ontologia,' also that Dr. S. H. Worcester had finished the work of comparing the printed text of 'Apocalypsis Explicata with the photo-lithograph, and also that 'De Divino Amore et de Divina Sapientia' has been deciphered. The report stated that nearly one-half of the Apocalypsis Revelata has been printed. Mr. Warren spoke concerning this report, and alluded to the enormous labour involved in the work performed by Dr. Worcester, who transcribed his work from the original MSS. His work was a labour of love, but the Church should not accept unrequited labour. It was the duty of the Church to do its utmost to provide a suitable compensation for all labour performed for it.'

Here we close our notice of this year's session of this large assembly of the New Church. In America it is manifest that the doctrines of the New Church have found congenial soil and obtained considerable growth; and the manifold uses to which the members of the Church are devoting their attention give abundant promise of future success.

GENERAL CONFERENCE.--The seventy second session of the General Conference of the New Church is appointed to be held in the New Jerusalem Church, The Mall, Kensing

ton, London, and to commence on Monday the 11th inst. at seven o'clock in the evening. The attention of the Conference will be called to the following business: The Society at Lowestoft applies for the Introduction of the Rev. W. O'Mant into the ministry of the New Church. The Societies at Embsay, Edinburgh, and Melbourne apply for the Ordination of their respective ministers. The Societies at Sparkbrook (Birmingham), Southport, Alloa, Bristol, Liverpool, Northampton, and Oldham apply for their respective leaders to be licensed to administer the Sacraments. The London Missionary and Tract Society applies for a licence to Mr. Plummer to administer the Sacraments. The London New Church Association having addressed a communication to the Council stating that it has been proposed to hold a meeting immediately after the close of the forthcoming session for the discussion of subjects of interest to the New Church, the Council will recommend the appointment of a special committee to consider such proposal.

E. WHITEHEAD, Secretary.

AUSTRALIA.-The Rev. J. J. Thornton has been visiting Sydney, New South Wales, and delivering there a course of lectures on "The Doctrines of True Christianity from the Word of God." The following extract from a letter may be interesting to some of our readers: "The subjects of Mr. Thornton's lectures were chosen for the Non-New Church public, and he gave them in a most clear and lucid manner. He answered the questions splendidly, reminding me of what Dr. Bayley was at his age. Dr. Brereton, who was to have presided at the lectures, has been unable to do so through indisposition. Several very pleasant conversaziones were got up by Mrs. Brereton and Mrs. Backhouse to enable every one to have the opportunity of being introduced to Mr. Thornton. The young ladies sang, some gentlemen played on the piano and violin, and conversation took place in the intervals. At the last conversazione Mr. Thornton gave a long address on the subject of New Church Organization in its various forms, and he has since been advising the purchase of a piece of land and the building of a little church. He was to have left Sydney this morning, but has been persuaded to remain over Sunday (May 24th) -I believe on account of this particular matter-to help it on. On Sunday last, the subject being 'The Nature of Heaven,' and the night fine, the New Church room was crowded to overflowing. Many left being unable to get seats: there was the full New Church service."

ITALY.-We have received a copy of the report of Professor Scocia detailing his mission-work for the past, which is the ninth, year of his missionary labours. From this report we give the following extracts: "Towards the latter part of last year, owing to too close confinement to desk labour, my head became affected with dizziness, and my eyes with cloudiness of vision. My medical adviser recommended a cessation of at least a part of my desk labour; and therefore I thought it prudent to suspend for this year the 'Nuova Epoca,' and so employ a part of my time by outdoor exercise in endeavouring to place for sale some of the translated works in my hands, and in conversing with those who would listen to me on the truths they contain. I am thankful to say that, by the blessing of God, my health has been much benefited by the change; my eyesight is getting quite strong again, and the dizziness of my head is disappearing. The spiritual state of the people of Florence unfortunately is not such as to justify the hope or expectation of great results. Materialism and superstition, which here (being the headquarters of the Jesuits) govern the major part of the people, must necessarily render the progress of Truth both slow and difficult. Nevertheless, in other parts of Italy the signs are more hopeful. We are evidently in a state of preparation for better things; and as I think there is no work so important to our dear Church in Italy at present as the translation, publication, and diffusion of the Writings of Swedenborg in the language spoken by the people, I am now making these three things the principal duties of my mission. I am daily occupied in the translation of that important work, the True Christian Religion,' and shortly I shall be able to give over to the printer the first volume. This will be the sixth work of our Author which I have translated from the Latin. The first three translated works were distributed amongst 177 Catholic priests, and also to 75 public libraries, who received them with much favour; and lately I have distributed to every one of the same libraries my other translations and publications, that is to say, the Angelic Wisdom concerning the Divine Love and Divine Wisdom,' and the 'Summary Exposition,' by Swedenborg; the Religion of Good Sense,' by E. Richer, translated by me from the French; and the first complete series of the Nuova Epoca,' in seven volumes. These books are highly prized by all the librarians to whom I have sent them, and I have received letters in return containing very earnest expressions of thanks. I have also sent some copies of all my translations and publications to those booksel

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lers in all the principal cities of Italy who are most likely to be able to sell books of this sort. The Sunday meetings continue to take place in my house with the usual number of friends. I am also still engaged in an extensive correspondence with members of the Italian Committee and others of my compatriots, the former subscribers to the Nuova Epoca;' and I am happy to perceive from their letters that, notwithstanding the suspension of my periodical, their zeal and earnestness in the cause of the New Church are ever alive and active. A learned Dean of the Catholic Church, who has received the new light, has commenced the translation of 'The Four Leading Doctrines,' by Swedenborg. He wrote to me on the 15th of last April: 'I had begun the translation of the treatises of Swedenborg "On the Lord," "On Faith," etc., but I was interrupted by the duties of my office. However, being freer now, I shall endeavour to recommence them; at the same time I shall try to speak to some bookseller about receiving for sale the works of Swedenborg translated by you.' With respect to financial matters, with gratitude I acknowledge to have received up to the present time, for the Conference year, from the generosity of the friends of this missionary work, the following sums: From your committee, for three-quarters, £45; from the Board of Missions and other friends in America, $330; from friends in Italy, 10 lire Italiane. LORETO SCOCIA."

REV. HERMANN PEISKER.-The following is the amount received for this persecuted minister of the New Church in Vienna :—

Total advertised in the June

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£21 6 0

Collection at Kearsley, June 1st 12 5 71

Mr. John Evans

Mrs. Cursham (Derby).
Mr. Whitehorn (Salisbury)
Mr. Bateman
A Friend

0 10 0

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SWEDENBORG SOCIETY.-With the subscriber's report for the year the committee has issued a revised list of the public institutions to which Swedenborg's works have been presented since 1810. This list will be useful for the information of inquirers who are desirous of becoming more fully acquainted with the distinctive character of the doctrines of the NewChurch, and who live within the reach of the numerous free and other libraries in the larger towns which possess the works. Mr. Preston Powers' beautiful bust of Swedenborg has been admirably photographed, and copies,

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