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body, he says: "If you abandon the interpretations of grosser minds, who imagine the soul as a Psyche which could be thrown out of the window-an entity which is usually occupied, we know not how, among the molecules of the brain, but which on due occasion, such as the intrusion of a bullet or the blow of a club, can fly away into other

they do not receive than those which they do; as, for example, the Immaculate Conception, and the supreme juris diction and infallibility of the Pope in his capacity as head of the Church." The Abbé struggles manfully to weaken, if he cannot overcome, the historical argument; and has no hesitation in placing the authority of the Church above history and all other human regions of space. If, abandoning this authority. The authority of the Church is presented with the most unhesitating assurance. Every Catholic is to yield to its authority. Not, indeed," says the Abbé, "that the Catholic has recourse to the Church to know what he is to think at all times and on all subjects, but he always cherishes this mental reservation, Salvo ecclesiæ judicio-that is to say, in all cases in which his views incur the reprobation of the Church, the Catholic must be ready to submit to offer any explanation that may be demanded, and, if needful, to retract his own opinions. In other words (for it is important to be clear in a matter on which prejudice is so strong), the supreme rule for the judgment of the Catholic is not his own historical studies, aided or unaided by other men, but the authority of the Church.”

heathen notion, you approach the subject in the only way in which approach is possible; if you consent to make your soul a poetic rendering of a phenomenon which, as I have taken more pains than any one else to show you, refuses the yoke of ordinary physical laws, then I, for one, would not object to this exercise of ideality. I say it strongly, but with good temper, that the theologian, or the defender of theology, who hacks and scourges me for putting the question in this light is guilty of black ingratitude.'

The same sentiment is repeated in equally vigorous language in relation to the "creative hypothesis,' and the same sentiment is expressed towards those who, "having relinquished the views of the mechanical theologian, desire for the satisfaction of feelings (of wonder), which I admit to be in great part those of humanity at large, to give ideal form to the power that moves all things, it is not by me that you will find objections raised to this exercise of ideality when consciously and worthily carried out."

DR. TYNDALL ON THE SOUL.-The controversy which some time since sprung up between Professors Helmholtz and Virchow on the modern doctrine of evolution so clearly touched the speculations of Dr. Tyndall that he has It is much to be regretted that there made the essay of Dr. Virchow the sub- should be any "hacking and scourging" ject of an article in the November num- of Dr. Tyndall in this controversy, or any ber of the Nineteenth Century. We refer untowardness of temper manifested in to this article to note some of the state- conducting it. It is a question for calm ments in it respecting the soul. The and dispassionate inquiry and discusimpossibility of arriving at a know- sion; and whether or not the Christian ledge of the soul from an exclusive advocate can convince Dr. Tyndall of investigation of the body is nowhere the utter inadequacy of his theory to more clearly stated than in some of the account for the facts of consciousness, recent utterances of Dr. Tyndall: "If you and to explain the evidences of mindare content to make your soul a poetic action, they ought to be able to conrendering of a phenomenon which refuses vince the candid and reflecting that the yoke of ordinary physical laws, I, for there are more things in the nature of one, would not object to this exercise man than are dreamt of in this philo. of ideality.' This is his statement in sophy. Are there no laws in creation his presidential address delivered before but the "ordinary physical laws"? Are the Birmingham and Midland Institute, not spiritual laws, which "refuse the October 1st, 1877. The same opinion yoke of these ordinary physical laws,' is repeated and emphasized in this as real and as influential in their own paper in the Nineteenth Century. To sphere as the laws of material existence? those who retain the idea of the soul as Do they not, indeed, dominate these - distinct from and acting in and by the laws of matter, and make them subject


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to their will? The true theologian will thankfully accept from Dr. Tyndall, or any other competent teacher, the discoveries of scientific truth, but may reasonably object to be bound by his theoretic conjectures.

WEEKLY OFFERTORY. With the commencement of the year Societies are often led to consider their financial affairs and the best means of their prudent management. At the present time considerable diversity of practice prevails. One of the methods extensively adopted of late years is the Weekly Offertory. The advocates of this system claim for it apostolic authority; urging in its support the instruction of the Apostle to the Churches of Galatia and Corinth concerning the collection for the saints at Jerusalem, "Upon the first day of the week let every one of you lay by him in store, as God hath prospered him" (1 Cor. xvi. 2). The system has succeeded beyond expectation in many congregations, while it has failed in others-its failure being generally ascribed to defective management. The Argyle Square Manual gives the following account of its working in that Society :

"The proceeds of the Offertory since our last announcement have been as follows: August, £14, 10s. 3d; September, £14, 5s. 11d.; October, £26, 2s. 1d.; total for the three months, £54, 18s. 3d. "As the Offertory was introduced at Argyle Square Church on the evening of Sunday, November 8th, 1874, it completed the fourth year of its existence on the morning of Sunday the 11th of November. It is satisfactory to notice a further most gratifying increase in the annual proceeds, which since its establishment have been as follows:

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arranged in various places in Lancashire. A course of four lectures has been delivered at Failsworth; the lecturers being the Revs. W. Westall, I. Tansley, P. Ramage, and C. H. Wilkins. The attendances were very good, and the lectures well received. The Rev. P. Ramage has delivered two of a course of four lectures at Rhodes. The last two, by the Revs. W. Westall and C. H. Wilkins, will be delivered after Christmas. The attendance at Mr. Ramage's lectures was remarkably good reports of these lectures have appeared in the local papers. Two lectures have been delivered at Lancaster to moderate audiences by the Revs. W. Westall and P. Ramage. Two lectures have also been delivered at Darwen by the Rev. P. Ramage. The attendance at the former of these was thin in consequence of very unfavourable weather. The Rev. C. H. Wilkins has delivered two lectures at Skipton at the request of the Embsay Society; and the Rev. J. Presland of London has delivered two lectures, one in the Temperance Hall, Grosvenor Street, All Saints, and the other at the Pendleton Club, Manchester, to small audiences. Of these fourteen lectures we are only able to give a fuller account of the following :

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The Rev. W. Westall lectured at Failsworth on the subject of "Jesus the great God-Man.' ." He showed that to the question "What think ye of Christ? the answers of to-day were as various as in our Lord's time. Some said Behold man, some "Behold God," and some "Behold the Lamb of God," but he (the lecturer) would add another and say, "Behold the great God-Man." He then showed that there were four classes of testimony concerning Jesus in the New Testament. First, the testimony that He was a man, whence He was spoken of as the Son of Mary, being also, as was supposed, the Son of Joseph, and the Son of David; second, that of Jesus and of His Apostles to His Manhood, who spoke of Him as "the Son of Man and "the Man Christ Jesus;" third, the testimony of the same as to His Divinity, whence they also spoke of Him as "Master and Lord and "the Son of God;" and fourth, that of the Evangelists and Apostles as to His sole and exclusive Deity, that He was "Emanuel, God with us,' "God manifest in the flesh," ""God over all blessed for ever,"

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and that "in Him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily." Keeping to the testimony of Jesus and of His Apostles, and to that of His life, the lecturer showed that Jesus was at birth a Divine Man, having Divine endow ments and gifts, and therefore that He became in His Humanity, when_glorified, the personal form of the Father and the embodiment of His infinite perfections. Thus the answer to the question "What think ye of Christ?" was, the lecturer argued, not that He was Man alone, or God alone, but the great God-Man. The lecture was listened to with deep attention, and provoked considerable thought, which was evinced by the questions privately put to the lecturer after the lecture. The attendance was good.

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The services and lectures at the other towns, considering the time of the year and state of the weather, were as well attended as could be expected. Mr. Gunton has also lectured and preached in the Temperance Hall, Tottenham, where he had first to encounter apathy, and next somewhat violent opposition; a local preacher and others taking upon themselves to advise the audience not to purchase the books.

NATIONAL MISSIONARY INSTITUTION. Since leaving Liverpool at the end of October Mr. Gunton has paid missionary visits to Brightlingsea, Wincanton, Marlborough, Market Lavington, and Ipswich. The lecture at Marlborough At Lancaster Mr. Westall lectured was the first public lecture on the on the subject of "Hell, or God's Treat- doctrines of the New Church in that ment of the Lost. The lecturer referred town, so far as we know it was well to the changes which had come over attended in the Town Hall, kindly lent the Christian belief on the subject of by the Mayor for the purpose, about hell, and the difficulty now experienced two hundred were present, and thirtyby educated persons in believing in five copies of the Silent Missionaries eternal torments. He argued against were sold. The friends at Wincanton the theories for the non-eternity of hell are ably led in the Sunday services by by the universal restoration of infernals Mr. Pocock and Mr. Sweetman, and are on the one hand, or by their annihila- making satisfactory progress. tion on the other-as scripturally and rationally unsound. The lecturer elaborated the following propositions: First, that God punishes no one, but that evil punishes itself; second, that the Lord permits evil to punish itself, not in vengeance, but in mercy, that He may thereby restrain evil indulgence and mitigate infernal woe; third, that hell is as much subject to the Lord as heaven, but the principle by which order is enforced in hell is fear, whilst that by which it is secured in heaven is love; fourth, that the Lord has subjected hell to Himself, not only for the mitigation of infernal woe, but also that it may be subservient to His own Divine ends, and that it may be made to minister to the work of human instruction. The last of these propositions the lecturer illustrated by Judas, who was a "son of perdition," but who was made to minister to the work of the Lord; and by that greatest and most atrocious of all crimes, the betrayal of the Son of Man with a kiss, was made to minister to that most stupendous work of mercy, viz., the cross, and the redemption, and consequent salvation of man. After the

THE ITALIAN MISSION.-The General Conference, at its sitting in August last, reappointed a committee to procure subscriptions to assist in carrying on this mission. Professor Scocia is performing an important use in disseminating a knowledge of the doctrines of the New Church in Italy, but unfortunately he has no means of his own, and depends in a great measure upon the generosity of his brethren in this country and in America. The liberality of the subscribers during the last Conference year enabled the Committee to remit him £80, and, relying on their appeal for funds being responded to, the Committee have undertaken to send

the sum of £60 during the current year. A very wide field exists for the spread of the heavenly doctrines in that part of Europe; and that the Professor is doing valuable missionary work in various ways, the following extract from his report to the Committee will show:

"Thus, being convinced of the eminently rational character of the doctrines of the New Church, I have constantly in propagating them avoided the means commonly used by sects, and which are adapted more to excite the emotions than to enlighten the intellects of men and convince their reason; and I have directed my attention especially to the educated classes of the people and to the Catholic clergy. I have reason to be satisfied that my method is a good one; for, although the practical results obtained in the course of seven years have been comparatively small, yet they are secure and stable. Seven Catholic priests and about thirty of the laity, dwelling in various localities, now form the Italian Society of the New Church. The first stone is therefore laid, and under the Lord's Divine auspices we have good foundation to hope that in the future this spiritual edifice may be built up by means of the co-operation of the same neophites. Nevertheless, I have not neglected the less cultivated classes of the people. In two Workmen's Institutes in Florence I have been invited to give lectures on Ethics. The rules of these societies forbid discourses on religion. But having shown my hearers, in one of my lectures, that without faith in God, in His justice, and in the future life, morality is like a building without a foundation, the directors of the two institutes have given me full liberty to treat the subject in the manner that I think best. In consequence of this I explain to these workmen morality according to the teachings of Swedenborg contained in that golden treatise entitled "The Doctrine of Life." Besides this, I have begun to hold private meetings at my own house. As yet few people have come to these Sunday meetings; but I trust with time that their numbers will increase. Florence is a stronghold of Jesuitism, and it is therefore very hard ground to labour on."

Professor Scocia has also translated


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into Italian "The New Jerusalem and
its Heavenly Doctrine," "The Heaven
and Hell," "The Divine Providence,'
"The Divine Love and Wisdom," and
"The Summary Exposition,
" and is
now engaged in translating "The True
Christian Religion," besides publishing
a periodical entitled La Nuova Epoca.
The Committee trust that those who so
liberally subscribed last year will con-
tinue their pecuniary aid, and that
other friends will render what help
they can towards supporting this cause,
and thus enable the Committee to ful-
fil their promise.

Subscriptions may be sent to any members of the Conference Committee, viz. the Rev. John Presland, 25 Rochester Square, London, N.W.; the Treasurer of Conference, Mr. Richard Gunton, 19 Oseney Crescent, Camden Road, London, N.W.; Mr. Samuel Teed, 37 Colebrooke Row, Islington, London, N.; the Secretary to the Committee, Mr. William Milner, 211, 212, and 213 Tottenham Court Road, London, W.C. All subscriptions will be duly pub lished on the wrapper of the Intellectual Repository.

BRADFORD.-The bazaar in aid of the building fund of the church in Drewton Street was opened by the Mayor of Bradford (Mr. Angus Holden), in the saloon of the St. George's Hall, the opening ceremony being attended by a large number of ladies and gentlemen interested in the welfare of the church. The object of the bazaar is to raise the necessary funds for purchasing the premises in Drewton Street, which up to the present time have been rented by the congregation. About £650 is required for this purpose, and it is hoped that ere the bazaar closes, the requisite amount will have been raised to enable them to complete the purchase. The fact that the congregation is a small one appears, with regard to the bazaar, to have operated rather in its favour than against it, for the lack of numbers was made up by the zeal displayed in bringing the affair to a successful termination. The lady members of the church were for several months busily at work preparing articles, and their exertions resulted in the production of such a collection of fancy needlework as is seldom seen at a bazaar. One of the most noteworthy features is a very beautiful

assortment of needlework of a somewhat the spread of their common Christian

novel character, in which great taste and originality of design is displayed. The designs consist of representations of familiar subjects, tastefully worked in dark-coloured silk upon some light material. This work, we understand, was executed by various lady friends of the church, and as an example of what may be done by ladies with the aid of the needle it is well deserving of attention. Amongst other articles of a special character are two screens, which also attract notice by reason of the beauty of the design and the excellent manner in which they have been executed. The first of these, a fire-screen in oaken frame, contains a representation in crewel-work of a stork and the lotus flower. The colours are well defined, and the design is altogether very effective. The design of the second screen is similar, the representation in this case being of birds and flowers. The former was the work of Mrs. Holme,

and the latter of Mrs. Rendell.

The bazaar was opened by prayer, after which Dr. D. Goyder gave a short explanation of its objects. The worshippers of the New Church, he stated, had hitherto met in a building in Drewton Street which had not belonged to them. An opportunity had occurred of purchasing this at a very reasonable sum, but as they had not the wherewithal to make the purchase the ladies of the Society had set to work, and the result was what they saw before them. In conclusion Dr. Goyder expressed a hope that the bazaar would be success ful. The Mayor remarked that, when passing down Drewton Street, he had frequently noticed on bills the name of the New Jerusalem Church, and a momentary curiosity had arisen in his mind as to what this church could be. He had never had curiosity enough to inquire further about the church until their respected minister called upon him to ask him to take part in the opening proceedings at the bazaar. As the result of some questions which he then asked, he found that there was nothing very peculiar or extraordinary about this New Church; and that the Society differed only from other Christian denominations on some non-essentials in their common Christian faith. It was satisfactory to contemplate the fact that, as Christians, they united in one object

ity; and he had no doubt that they, with other sections of the Church, were endeavouring in their way to do as much good as they could for their fellow-men. This being the case, they had his entire support, and it was with the greatest possible satisfaction that he opened the bazaar that morning. Bazaars were very useful for raising funds for such objects as they had in view, and he sincerely trusted that their efforts would be completely successful.


On Thursday the saloon was crowded by purchasers from the time of opening to the closing hour. On Friday and Saturday a keen frost interfered with the attendance, but in the evening of both these days the bazaar was crowded. The result of the effort has been very gratifying. It is only a year since it was resolved to make an effort to purchase the building used as a place of worship. wards the purchase-money (£650) more than £450 have been raised. The result of the effort has been to strengthen and greatly encourage the Society. Some of the more sanguine members are even looking forward to the time when a more commodious church may be built. The bazaar has not only proved useful in raising money, but also in making the doctrines of the Church known to many who had never heard of them before, for Mr. Stephenson, who had charge of the book-stall, succeeded in selling many volumes illustrative and explanatory of the New Church doctrines.

The bazaar has also been the means of cultivating a taste for work of real artistic merit. The ladies spared no labour to procure examples of the best Indian, Japanese, and European needlework. These were used not to copy, but as models, and the results of the labours were greatly appreciated by the ladies of the town, many of whom travelled long distances to see the art needlework. Some specimens of work were sold three times. The proceedings of the bazaar were terminated on Saturday evening at 10.15 by singing the last verse of the evening hymn.

BURY, LANCASHIRE.-A bazaar was held at this town on the 28th and two following days of November, the proceeds of which are to enable the Society to liquidate the debt remaining on their place of worship, and to erect a school

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