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the usual service of song, which was discourse was based on the 9th verse of very effectively rendered by the choir the 6th chapter of John. The lad with and children, the Rev. R. Storry the 'five barley loaves and two small preached from Luke xi. 13, "If ye then, fishes,' etc., received treatment altobeing evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children: how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask Him?"

gether new to orthodox hearers, the preacher at the outset remarking that after the reading of the incidents recorded in the Bible as merely historical facts little of interest was felt in further

perusal. That was beginning and ending with the letter, whereas they might go on to eternity learning its import in its higher senses. Having shown that the miracles were illustrative or representative and full of higher meaning, the rev. gentleman described

KEARSLEY.-This Society, which is usually forward in good works which extend beyond their own borders, has shown its sympathy with the persecuted Church at Vienna and its oppressed minister in a substantial manner. On Sunday the 1st of June a collection was made at morning service on behalf of in able terms the Lord Jesus as the the Rev. H. Peisker, which amounted Great Feeder of the hungry. By to over £12. The sermon was preached numerous passages Mr. Bates clearly by the pastor, the Rev. P. Ramage, from pointed out that ' a lad' was repreJohn xxi. 6, "Cast the net on the right sentative of good natural affections such side of the ship, and ye shall find." as existed in youth, and which were the From this appropriate text the preacher was able to point out the true character of Christian work, and to encourage his people to interest themselves in works of benevolence and usefulness outside their own immediate organization.

LONGTON.-During the past two months missionary visits have been made to this Society by Mr. Henshall, Rev. Walter Bates, and the Rev. R. Storry, the superintendent of this mission. The attendance at these services, though not large, is encouraging. Several new members have entered the Society, one of whom is able and willing to render good service in conducting the public worship of the church. Through the liberality of the editor of the Potteries Examiner brief reports of several of the discourses given were inserted in that paper, and thus circulated throughout the Potteries. Mr. Bates has for some length of time paid a monthly visit to Longton, where his services have been warmly appreciated. As our obituary columns will show, he has now finished his work in outward connection with the Church on earth. We give, therefore, the brief report of one of his discourses, which, as the last we shall receive from him, will be interesting to his friends, and to many to whom he was only known by report: "Two sermons were preached in this (the Longton) place of worship on Sunday, May 4th, by the Rev. Walter Bates of Melbourne. The afternoon's

basis upon which the Christian character could ultimately be built. Barley, like all other seeds, represented truth, and as barley could be made into loaves, so truth, when applied, became goodness. The small fishes represented natural intelligence, memory being, as it were, an inland sea in which these intelligences were active. Having treated these natural affections as seen by the light of the doctrine of Remains he argued that from childhood man had in him the elements of his development, preservation, and regeneration. The marvellous increase of the small portion of food was next treated of, and the manner of its distribution. Having instanced the breaking and distribution in the natural world as necessary to, and followed by great increase, he contended that pride of birth, talents, capacities, or worldly position would not benefit or bless, unless taken hold of by the Lord, acknowledged as from Him, and broken up, distributed, and applied to life, when, and when alone, they would increase in their hands. If they had only a little good or truth or talents they must learn this great lesson from the subject, and then would follow an increase, some thirty, some sixty, and some an hundred fold, and the fullest happiness and satisfaction would follow charity so practically applied. In the evening the rev. gentleman delivered an admirable discourse from Isaiah xi. 6, illustrative of the harmony following the coming of Christ. The congregations were very

attentive to the eloquent remarks of the preacher."


On the 20th June, at 17 Tabley Road, Holloway, the wife of Frank Flowers of a daughter.


Elizabeth Janet Best, wife of Mr. Isaac A. Best, of 19 Summer Lane, Birmingham, departed this life on the 4th June, aged sixty-two. She was the daughter of earnest and worthy New Church parents (Mr. and Mrs. John Haseler), and was trained by them in the belief and practice of the doctrines that have been her delight through life. From her youth and through years of her married life she was a teacher in the Summer Lane Sunday-School, a regular attendant at meetings for instruction, and an active worker in every scheme of good. For a long series of years she played the organ in Summer Lane Church, and her name appears on some of the printed notices of those once famous musical services that celebrated its early anniversaries. Her activities in the Church were only equalled by her hospitalities to New Church strangers and visitors, and many will remember the unostentatious welcome they have received from her and her husband in St. Paul's Square, or afterwards at 19 Summer Lane, Birmingham. A very large circle of friends have been saddened by her removal, which was somewhat sudden and unexpected. Her remains were interred at the General Cemetery, Birmingham, on the 7th June, the Rev. R. R. Rodgers officiating. The coffin was literally covered with wreaths, crosses, and bouquets of white flowers, together with roses, forget-me-nots, and daisies, woven and sent by loving friends; in fact,

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Departed this life at Ashby Road, Melbourne, Derbyshire, on the 1st of June, the Rev. Walter Bates, in the thirty-sixth year of his age. In early life our esteemed friend was joined to the Wesleyan body, but becoming discontented with their doctrines and certain sermons that were at that time delivered, he was led to attend the services conducted by the late Rev. John Hyde, whose able and efficient sermons and lectures produced a lasting impression. It was during the pastorate of the Rev. J. F. Potts that he became a member of the New Church in this town. His great love and zeal for the doctrines caused him speedily to seek active service. The Nottingham Society invited him to occupy their pulpit, and he delivered there his first sermon from the words, "Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way? By taking heed thereto according to Thy word." success as an occasional preacher induced him to accept the trying and arduous duties of missionary and colporteur to the Yorkshire Missionary and Colporteur Association. In this labour he was truly happy and very successful. His ready flow of ideas, together with his genial disposition, made him attractive and beloved whereever he travelled. When retiring from this office to that of stationary minister at Blackburn, he writes in his diary: "The work has been an arduous one. It has taxed every power of body and mind. No one but myself and the Omniscient One can possibly know or imagine how I have laboured and what I have striven to do. It has led me to know what human weakness is, and to perceive what Divine aid is. I have done my best, and hope and pray that the Lord in mercy will bless my feeble efforts." During his ministry at Black

burn he was ordained by the late Rev. E. D. Rendell in 1873. From circumstances over which he had no control he was compelled to leave the ministry and return to business in Melbourne. It was to support a helpless brother, to rescue a long-established business from dispersion, and to place his large family in a more comfortable position that he rent his heart to do his duty. While in business he was not in his element; though successful, yet his mind was ever turned towards the Church he loved so well. Once a month he preached at Longton, where his services were warmly appreciated and of undoubted use in building up the small congregation which attended his services. He also frequently visited other churches. His heart and mind were fixed, and his private determination was to enter again the service of the Church, and, whether in the pulpit or in the market-place, to proclaim the glorious truths of the New Church to the world. The call to the ministry was never recalled. But the Lord has been pleased to take him higher. He was taken suddenly ill with great languor and sleepiness, rarely waking during the whole fourteen days' illness unless aroused. After reading several psalms to him on one occasion, he rose and exclaimed, "Oh, that is just what I wanted, conjunction with heaven by means of the Word." There was no fear of death. "Perfect love casteth out fear." And with no unwelcome sound did the great Master's voice come to him, 66 Friend, come up higher." The Sunday school has lost a teacher, the Church a friend, the widow a husband, the eight children a father. But what is our loss to his eternal gain?

C. F.

REV. WALTER BATES.-The following circular has been sent to members of the New Church. We gladly give it the publicity of our pages, and very heartily commend the appeal to the attention of our readers :

"Mount Pleasant, Melbourne, Derbyshire. It is with deep regret that the Melbourne Society informs you of the death of our brother, the Rev. Walter Bates. The circumstances under which the widow and eight children are left are such as to warrant the Society in

putting forth an effort to help to relieve them by some pecuniary aid. We propose to raise a fund for the education and clothing of the children, and, if such fund be large enough, to apprentice or put them to business as they arrive at mature age. We earnestly solicit your hearty support and kind recommendation. All subscriptions

should be sent on or before the 16th of August to Charles Fairweather, Secretary, or to Mr. W. Hall, Treasurer.

On the 31st of May Mrs. Mary Backhouse, of Thorner, near Leeds, passed into the spiritual world in the seventythird year of her age. Among the earliest receivers of the heavenly doctrines in this part of the kingdom were a family of the name of Mawson, resident at Eccup. They were distinguished by their quiet and unobtrusive habits, their kindly disposition, and their superior intelligence. It was remarked by the Rev. E. D. Rendell, during a visit to this family, that to see a plain English farmer take from his book-shelf his Hebrew Bible, and intelligently read it, was certainly an unusual sight. Mrs. Backhouse was of this family, and she possessed many of their fine qualities. Quiet, affectionate, and thoughtful in her character, a good wife and mother, and an unobtrusive and exemplary Christian woman. On the departure of her husband, of whom a notice is inserted in our last number, she felt that her work in this world was accomplished, and she desired, though with submission and patience, to depart. Her desire has been fulfilled, and at the end of a very few weeks she has joined him in a higher sphere of being. For the state on which she has entered we have every reason to believe that she was well prepared, and that she will enter into the joy of her Lord.

In West Newton, Massachusetts, March 29th, Eliza C. Warren, wife of Herbert M. Warren, and daughter of Mr. James Copp, formerly of Bath, England, aged 50 years. From the "New Jerusalem Messenger.”

On the 20th June, at 17 Tabley Road, Holloway, Amy, infant daughter of Frank and Ellen Flowers.

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THE meeting of the General Conference is an event in which all who are members of the organized body of the New Church in this country have an immediate interest, which is felt indirectly by friends and Societies in other countries and distant parts of the world. The prosperity of the Church, as consisting essentially in the increased reception and growth of her principles, is of course the first desire of every one who has felt their transforming power. All outward agencies are but means to this end. One of these agencies is the external or visible Church, consisting of those who know, profess, and strive to realize her principles in their inward and outward life. No recipient of the heavenly doctrines is so unwise or narrow-minded as to suppose that the Church of the Lord consists of these only. The General Church includes all who know and live the truth; while the Church Universal comprehends all throughout the world who lead a good life from a religious principle, whatever the form of their religion may be. But it is always necessary that a Church exist in the world, from which, as a centre, light may be propagated to those around, even to the remotest circumference. For the human race is in the Lord's sight as one man, of which the Church, where the Word is, constitutes the heart and lungs, which communicate life to the whole body, whose organs and members consist of those who have a nearer

and more remote relation to the Church, that is, who are nearer to and more remote from the truth. It makes no essential difference whether the Church itself consists of many or of few. It is not the number but the quality of those who form the Church that makes it a centre of influences and a spiritual power in the world. The more perfect the Church is, the better able is it to exercise the functions and perform the uses for the sake of which it exists. Organization is a condition of its existence and a means of its usefulness. Whatever may be said of the insinuation of the principles of the New Church into the minds of those who belong to other organizations, and of their power of infusing into them new life, and transforming them into the very body of the true Church, there can be no reasonable doubt that those who consciously receive the New Church principles are those who constitute the New Church, in the strict and proper sense. To make the Church, as thus constituted, more and more worthy of the name she bears and the place she occupies in the Divine economy, must be the desire and should be the endeavour of every one of her children. Every one, of course, is a Church in its least form, and ought, by his influence and example, to be a centre from which life and light may be diffused. But there is a power in united numbers besides that which individuals possess and exercise. Association not only increases their ability and means of doing good to others, but of benefiting ourselves. We all stand in need of the supporting, correcting, and stimulating agency of others; and who so qualified to administer these helps to our improvement and happiness as those who have the same faith and the same hope, who can enter into our religious thoughts and feelings, and can aid us by their counsel and sympathy? But besides this particular and direct benefit which the members of the Church derive from each other, there are general and indirect advantages they reap from their association. They live in a sphere, or, as it would be commonly expressed, an atmosphere of consentaneous thought and feeling, that exercises a highly beneficial influence on the mind and character. They join in the same worship, they meet around the same altar. To them truly "there is one body, and one Spirit, even as they are called in one hope of their calling ; one Lord, one faith, one baptism" (Eph. iv. 4, 5). And all this is as satisfactory as it is improving. It helps to establish a harmony between the inward and the outward man, which produces a satisfaction which cannot be felt when even the outward forms of worship jar with the inward convictions of the mind. Thus it may be

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