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by, considering how beautiful and strikingly simple was the grand rationalism they displayed. But were they looking at all the features of the case? Their author himself told them that the reception of truth depended upon an affection for the truth, before it could be received in the intellect. In view of this fact, the one thing for them to do was to labour patiently, truthfully, and well, leaving the issue in the hands of Him who was the controller of all results. He would also say, do not always test the result of the Society's work by the number of volumes circulated or the number of converts secured. The true spiritual part of their work lay within the volumes, which were but the external form, and as the body to the mind within.
Mr. Parker observed that a large section of the Report was devoted to an account of the arrangements made for diffusing the works amongst the populations of India. Having resided in that country for fifteen years of his life, he might be pardoned for expressing an opinion or two as to the modern phases of religious thought there. He would not say one word in disparagement of the merits of the missionaries in that country. They displayed the highest rectitude and self-abnegation. But the mind of the Hindu—clear, subtle, and logical as it was—could not take in the offences committed against ordinary arithmetic in the orthodox doctrines of Christianity. Whilst in India he had met a Benares pundit, and had remarked to him that the Hindu religion could not possibly be true, because its gods were numbered by hundreds. The reply was instant and sharp, "Why, you have three gods in your Trinity; if you have three you might as well have a thousand." This was a common-sense position, and strictly logical.
He observed that it was proposed to take steps for ensuring a large circulation of the works in the Marathi and Hindi languages, and, in his opinion, salutary results must follow. But he would take the liberty of saying that an additional sphere of usefulness might also be obtained. Since Lord Canning's time a high system of education had been fostered, and colleges built in many places. One of the most important results had been that hundreds of the Hindus could now not only read English, but speak and write it with perfect accuracy. Sir Barnes Peacock, addressing the bar of the court over which he presided, told the members that he considered the average argument delivered before him equal to any to be heard at Westminster. Now Mr. Parker ventured to assert that in Bengal there existed a large class who, if the works were placed in their hands in English, would feel themselves flattered. He thought the suggestion worthy of their notice. Swedenborg had told us that but for the Church society could not cohere. They also must feel that but for religion the family and the home would no longer exist. Even a band of pirates was bound together by their virtues. Noting these things, they should remember that their doctrines were to the stability of society as iron to the blood, and that therefore the obligation was imposed upon us to help on and supplement the operations of this Society.
The CHAIRMAN put the resolution to the meeting, when it was carried unanimously.
Mr. W. GIBBS, in moving the reappointment of Mr. Samuel Teed as Treasurer, said he was sure the members would join with him with great pleasure in the resolution he had to propose. It was known when he was first appointed to the post that Mr. Teed was the right man in the right place, and the result of the year's labours had proved it to be so.
Mr. C. H. ALLEN seconded the resolution, and alluded to the fact that Mr. Watson, who had last year been compelled to resign the office of Treasurer, was able to be present that evening.
The CHAIRMAN then put the resolution, which was carried nem. con. Mr. F. ALLEN moved and Mr. ELLIOTT seconded the appointment of Messrs. J. GILBEY and W. GIBBS as the Auditors for the ensuing year, and the resolution was put to the meeting and carried.
Mr. H. R. WILLIAMS, on behalf of the Rev. Augustus Clissold and Miss Clissold, then formally presented to the Society the bust of Emanuel Swedenborg, the work of Mr. Preston Powers of Florence. In doing so he said that on Thursday last he called upon Mr. Clissold at Stoke Newington, and to his great regret found that it was a most unfortunate day for a call, for he was utterly prostrate. It was a marvel to him to see Mr. Clissold's power of mind, and admirable to hear his expressions of regard to every one present. From his bodily infirmity Mr. Clissold was unable to be present that evening or even to write, but he wished Mr. Williams to convey to them his kind regards and prayers that their heavenly Father would guide them into all truth. Mr. Williams said he could not trust himself to repeat Mr. Clissold's words to them, but they affected him deeply. As regards the bust, Mr. Williams said that he had mentioned to Mr. Clissold the Committee's desire that he should say something to them on the subject. The reason the Committee had requested him to undertake this was because he had happened to be in Tunbridge Wells when a letter from the Secretary enclosing a photograph of the bust had arrived. He took an opportunity of seeing Mr. Clissold on the subject, and when he showed him the photograph he immediately said, "What a pity we cannot have a marble bust!" On Mr. Williams
saying that the only thing that stood in the way was the expense, Mr. Clissold said that he would bear that, but his difficulty was as to how far the son of Hiram Powers inherited the genius of his father. The Secretary having obtained the necessary information upon this point, Mr. Clissold, upon his return to town, had communicated to him his intention of making the gift. Mr. Williams concluded by expressing Mr. Clissold's hope that the Committee would be satisfied with the gift which, in his name, he now formally made over to the Society.
The CHAIRMAN then called upon Mrs. TAFEL to unveil the bust, which she proceeded to do amidst loud applause. Very general approval was at once expressed at the result of the artist's work. It
is composed of the best Carrara marble, and is considerably larger than life-size. The features so familiar to New Churchmen have been very faithfully portrayed by the artist, and they have in addition been. invested by him with that ideal character so essential to the complete success of all works of art.
The Rev. WM. BRUCE then said he had been requested, and he wished, to propose "That the cordial thanks of this meeting be given to the Rev. A. Clissold and to his sister, Miss Clissold, for their gift of the handsome bust of Emanuel Swedenborg executed by Mr. Preston Powers of Florence." He said he thought the Society might congratulate itself on having secured this work of art, which as a work of art was admirable, and as a likeness was the best they had hitherto possessed. It was true that the model had been made long after the decease of Swedenborg, but they should remember that almost all statues were made after death. But Hiram Powers had long contemplated making a bust, or rather a full-sized statue of Swedenborg, but they were too poor or too cold-hearted, and they could not afford the £1200 requisite for the cost of the marble and workmanship. The bust was a truthful representation of the man, and he thought they might feel satisfied that they had Swedenborg's face, the index of the mind, so well represented. They all desired when they became acquainted with the works of a man to have before them an illustration of his outward appearance. Nothing was complete until it came into ultimates, and they had now therefore this manifestation. Mr. Powers had studied all the portraits of Swedenborg, and had taken what he believed to be the characteristics of those previously in existence. Mr. Bruce had, like others present, never seen the bust until that moment, and from what he could now see he believed it to be an excellent likeness. It was more like what he should conceive Swedenborg to have been than many of the portraits he had seen, which he thought gave to his features something that did not actually belong to them. But as there were several portraits of Swedenborg in existence, and the skilful sculptor could trace in them lineaments which the ordinary eye could not detect, so he thought that Mr. Powers had admirably conjoined in the work before them all their best elements. He would now move the resolution, simply adding that Mr. Clissold had been the great patron of their Society. The house in which they were then assembled they owed to his generosity, and now this, its highest adornment, had been his voluntary and spontaneous gift.
Mr. H. DUNCAN said it devolved upon him to second the resolution of thanks for the most beautiful work executed by so careful and eminent a sculptor. It must go far to fix in the mind of beholders an accurate idea on a point upon which considerable confusion had existed on the part of ardent admirers of Swedenborg. He wished to say one word as to the donors. Their beautiful gift would afford another proof, if indeed it were needed, of the interest taken by them in the Society, and Mr. Clissold's name would be venerated in this and unborn generations as long as the beautiful object before them
existed and continued to delineate the immortal and noble master it
purported to represent.
The resolution was then submitted to the meeting, and unanimously carried amidst loud applause.
The Rev. W. BRUCE proposed a vote of thanks to Mr. PICKSTONE for his gift of a piece of Brauna wood for the pedestal of the bust. This was seconded by the Rev. Dr. BAYLEY and carried unanimously.
The SECRETARY then read the following letter from Mr. GRUNDY :—
31 ALWYNE ROAD, CANONBUry, N. 17th June 1879.
MY DEAR MR. ELLIOTT,-Accompanying you will receive the couple of miniatures about which I spoke to you some few months ago, and which are now reframed.
One is an ideal miniature of the Honourable Emanuel Swedenborg; and the other miniature, also upon ivory, is a likeness of the Rev. Robert Hindmarsh, who on April 2nd, 1824, was styled "the undaunted champion of the New Church." This latter one was taken from the life. They were both painted some five-and-sixty years ago by my father, John Grundy (sen.), himself an earnest and useful member of the Church.
And I now beg of you in your honourable position of Honorary Secretary to ask the Swedenborg Society to grant me the favour of accepting them.
The one of the Rev. Robert Hindmarsh may probably awaken some pleasing reminiscences in the minds of those who have enjoyed the happiness of seeing and hearing him, and to the rising generation it may perhaps prove an agreeable memento of, as recorded by himself, "one of the earliest receivers of the heavenly doctrines of the New Jerusalem in this kingdom, and the first who took measures for the formation of a Society in London."-Believe me, with kindest regards, yours very truly,
J. LEEMING GRUNDY.
The Rev. Dr. BAYLEY said he was very happy to propose a resolution of thanks to Mr. Grundy for his gift. He did so with peculiar pleasure, as he recollected Mr. Grundy's respected father quite well. He had been one of his earliest friends connected with the Salford Society-one of the salt of the earth, a humble, kindly, loving, wise Christian. Dr. Bayley said he remembered Mr. Grundy's telling him that when he first joined the Society in Salford its members were reported to be very queer people, and the place went by the name of the Beefsteak Chapel. Mr. Grundy had told him that although it was thought in the neighbourhood that they had some very good ideas, yet that he thought it better to go round to the back and enter by the back door. But Mr. Grundy had seen the cause grow, by the influence and power of such men as himself. Some half-dozen of the mayors of Salford had been chosen from the church there, and Mr. Grundy was quite ready to proclaim the truths of the New Church, and go in at the front door (laughter and cheers).
Mr. ELLIOTT had very much pleasure in seconding the resolution. He alluded to the well-known modesty of Mr. Grundy, who had scarcely considered his gift worthy of acceptance by the Society. Mr. Elliott said that such objects as that now before them did not decrease
in value, but in the future would be worth untold gold to any one interested in early New Church history.
The resolution was then put to the meeting and unanimously adopted.
The Rev. J. PRESLAND then moved "That in the opinion of this meeting the freedom of thought-which is one of the characteristics of our age, and which is fostered by the introduction of liberal political institutions; by the freedom of the press; by the care devoted to the primary education of the masses of the people; and the freedom of investigation claimed by and accorded to men of science and philosophers-is preparing humanity for the reception of an interior, rational system of religion."
He said that the resolution he was called upon to propose reminded him of the French saying concerning the embarrassment of riches; it contained so much that called for consideration that he was almost aghast at the trap that had been laid for him. In the first place he did not suppose that the liberal political institutions of which it spoke were bounded by any narrow party lines, but that it referred generally to the grand progress of the social and political condition of our land. He could not better illustrate this progress than by a reference to the present condition of the great Conservative party, which probably did not possess a single member who a century ago would not have been branded as a revolutionary republican. Mr. Presland proceeded to say that he did not think the liberal political institutions alluded to were even English institutions. When he read those words he remembered how slavery had been abolished in America, how serfdom had been wiped away in Russia, and how the temporal sovereignty of the Pope no longer existed. All those things tended to remove the difficulties in the pathway of the great cause they had at heart. For they should remember that political institutions were the groundwork of religious progress. Political slaves could never receive a rational theology, and they therefore did well to regard with satisfaction the introduction of liberal political institutions.
The resolution went on to speak of the freedom of thought claimed by and accorded to men of science and philosophy, and certainly this was one of the most startling signs of the times. The spirit of inquiry was truly audacious in the subjects it selected for examination, and many might possibly be inclined to tremble for revealed truth. But they should remember that this spirit of inquiry had produced two great results. It had rendered impossible the reception of Divine truth in the bare literal manner in which it had formerly been accepted, and it had also achieved results tending to confirm a belief in revealed religion. It was quite impossible for any thoughtful mind to regard the real history of our race in the old simple manner that was once so easy and unquestioning. But the accounts given of the early development of life upon earth and the early existence of men were all in direct accordance with the teachings of the "Arcana Coelestia." Many might regard with alarm the attention given to