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Abyssinians and Kaffirs, the islanders but they would not that the Church of Madagascar, New Zealand, and the Missionary Society should lag beSouth Seas, Mexicans and Esquimaux, hind." with many others, can say that through Wesleyan Missionary Society. — A its means they hear in their own tongues very brief abstract of the report of this the wonderful works of God. The Society was read by the secretary, from average issues from the London depôts which it appeared that the total home alone are about 5000 volumes a day, receipts had been £124,350, and receipts and from the various foreign depôts, from mission districts £8974. The taken together, the issues are still expenditure was £157,217, thus leaving greater. Printing-presses are employed the Society considerably in debt. One by the Society not only in London, of the principal scenes of labour of this Oxford, and Cambridge, but also at Society is Fiji, and the Society was Paris, Brussels, Amsterdam, Berlin, fortunate in securing the presence at Cologne, Frankfort, Leipsic, Vienna, their anniversary of the Hon. Sir A. Rome, Madrid, Lisbon, Copenhagen, Gordon, the Governor of Fiji. His Stockholm, St. Petersburg, Constanti- testimony to the use of the Wesleyan nople, Beyrout, Bombay, Madras, Cal- Mission is most emphatic: "Before this cutta, Shanghai, Cape Town, Sydney, mission, in the memory of living men, and other centres of activity. the condition of the people was that of
The Church Missionary Society.- perpetual tribal wars, cannibalism, From the report of this Society we learn that the general expenditure during the year has been £189,598; the expenditure on account of the Victoria Nyanza Mission, much of it unexpected, but occasioned by the sad disaster at Ukerewe, £13,839; and on account of the East African Mission Fund, £748; making the total expenditure during the year £204,186, and leaving an excess of expenditure over income for the year of £16,951. In connection with the year's receipts, the committee have to record with thankfulness a second munificent gift from Mr. William Charles Jones, of Warrington, of £35,000, deposited in trust for the development of an evangelistic native agency in connection with the native Churches of India. The Church Missionary Society is supported chiefly by the evangelical section of the Church. The committee sympathize more with other evangelical bodies than members of the High Church. On this subject the report says: "The new missionfields opening up before the Society in Africa, in Central Asia, in China, make the committee feel as if in those great continents, with their teeming millions, the Church of Christ has yet done little more than obtain a footing, and that the real earnest attack must now begin. The committee rejoice that other societies are awaking to this and making organized efforts to share in the work. They rejoice greatly in these efforts; they desire, as far as possible, to co-operate with the authors of them;
infanticide, murder of widows, every
SWEDENBORG SOCIETY.-The sixtyninth annual meeting of this Society will be held at 36 Bloomsbury Street, London, W.C., on Tuesday evening, June 17, 1879. The chair will be taken by the Rev. Dr. Tafel at seven o'clock precisely. The report of the committee
and the treasurer's account will be sub- the 30th of June form the fund available mitted to the members, and the officers for the following year, which is the for the ensuing year elected. A hand- second particular requiring attention. some marble bust of Swedenborg, exe- If the collection of this fund is neglected cuted for the Society by Preston Powers by the local committees, the means (son of the late Hiram Powers) of available for its use next year will be Florence, is expected to arrive in London wanting; and those who are now aided and in sufficient time to be unveiled at the encouraged by it will be deprived of its above meeting. The bust is the joint gift advantages. We cannot, therefore, too of the Rev. A. Clissold and Miss Clissold, earnestly call the attention of those who and its presentation furnishes additional are appointed to collect this sum in our evidence, were it needed, of the unfalter- several Societies to the importance of ing interest Mr. Clissold and his sister immediate action. The eminent usetake in the Society's prosperity. The com- fulness of this fund must, we think, be mittee have much pleasure in stating that admitted by all thoughtful inquirers. Mr. Clissold has promised, if his health There is quite a number of our Societies permit, to be present on the occasion, and who are aided by it; and the worldly to prepare a short paper upon a subject position of several of the ministers, of interest to the members, to be read though far from what the best friends of before them. Invitations to address the the Church desire, is yet thereby very meeting have been issued to several sensibly improved. There are difficulties gentlemen not directly connected with this year, arising from general commercial the New Church, but whose sympathies depression and other causes, in the way are with its principles; and every effort of collecting this and other benevolent will be made to make the meeting both funds. But these difficulties are not interesting and useful. The committee greater in the New Church than in other therefore hope that members and friends Christian communities; and it is a will by their presence heartily respond remarkable sign of the times that so to the efforts which will be made to general a feeling has prevailed that in strengthen the Society's position in the the midst of straitness, the Church shall religious world. Subscriptions which not be crippled in her action. Rehave not been paid to the collectors ligion, at all times essential to the should now be sent without delay to the wellbeing of man, is not less necessary agent, Mr. J. Speirs, 36 Bloomsbury in the periods of adversity. The Free Street, London, W.C., otherwise mem- Church of Scotland, with which a fund bers will not be entitled to vote. of this kind had its beginning, was reported in April to have received for ten months the sum of £133,615. the corresponding period of the previous year the receipts amounted to £138,302. There was, therefore, a falling off, but considering the scenes of pecuniary anxiety through which so many people in Scotland have been passing, it speaks volumes for the religious faith and earnestness of the people that the decline should have been so comparatively small. A Sustentation Fund was established a few years ago among the Wesleyans. Its object was to augment the stipends of ministers in poor circuits, and, as far as possible, to secure to each of the ministers in full connection a minimum amount of £140. The income of this fund during the past year in the manufacturing districts of Lancashire and Yorkshire seems to have been pretty well kept up, and there are few, if any, of the ministers in these districts whose stipends will fall below the
AUGMENTATION FUND.-One of the rules adopted by the Conference for the management of this fund is the following: 264. The financial year shall begin on the 1st day of July and end on the 30th day of June ensuing, and the moneys received in the interim of these dates shall constitute the fund available for distribution during the following year." This rule involves two particulars which require the thoughtful attention of members of the New Church. The first is the time of closing the account of the year's subscriptions. Societies are so apt to regard the assembling of the Conference as a convenient time of paying subscriptions to the treasurer, that they may easily overlook the requirements of this rule. And if the rule is to be strictly carried out, it is most important that the subscriptions should be collected in good time. The subscriptions received on or before
minimum amount. The inquiries of the General Conference of the New Church showed that it would not be possible at present to reach the minimum adopted by the larger Christian communities. Ministers of the New Church have had, and will still have to practise great self denial. A minimum of £120 it was Joped might be raised, and the effort made by the several Societies is to accomplish this object. It cannot, at present, be uniformly attained, but something is being done towards it; and by a more general and earnest support of the fund the first proposal of the Conference may be accomplished, and the Church prepared to raise its standard of ministerial remuneration. The accomplishment of this purpose is quite as much in the interest of the lay members of the Church as of the ministers. There is no surer evidence of our interest in an institution than our willingness to practise self-denial in its support. And there is no greater assurance that we have profited by the work of the ministry, and have learned to rightly estimate its importance and value, than the fact that we are prepared to cheerfully contribute of our worldly substance for the support of the preachers. This fund affords a ready means of doing this. While it accepts the offering of the poor it appeals especially to the rich. Those to whom the great Head of the Church has given largely of this world's goods, can in no way better show their gratitude for His Divine gifts than by their contributions to the exalted use of keeping open the sanctuaries of New Church worship, and preaching the Gospel of the Second Advent to the world. We appeal, therefore, to all the members and friends of the New Church to aid this important fund, and to do so quickly.
MANCHESTER PRINTING AND TRACT SOCIETY.-The annual meeting of this Society was held in the schoolroom, Irwell Street, Salford, on Tuesday evening, May 11th. A numerous party sat down to tea, and at seven in the evening the chair was taken by James Fletcher, Esq. of Kearsley. The first business was the reading of the report, which stated that 5851 tracts had been issued during the year to subscribers, 2211 sold, and 7157 distributed in grants. Of the circulation of books, 587 had gone to subscribers, 528 were sold, 557 issued in
grants. These issues give a total of 15,219 tracts and 1672 books. These totals are, in the Tract department, less than last year, when the issues reached 18,650; in the Book department there is a small increase, the issues last year were 1295. Grants of books have been made to the Free Libraries of Manchester and Salford. Two of the tracts have been reprinted, and one new tract, entitled Eternal Hope," has been published. This has also been published in pamphlet form, and offered gratuitously to the clergy through some of the more popular religious newspapers. One hundred and eighty applications were made and complied with. From the treasurer's report it appeared that the subscriptions had amounted to £61, 8s. 6d. The income from all sources was £165, 13s. 9d., and the expenditure £155, 14s. 1d. At the close of the reading of the report, the chairman addressed the meeting. "I have accepted," he said, "my present position with considerable reluctance, being to some extent unacquainted with the practical working of this Society. Its name, however, sufficiently indicates its purpose; and is suggestive, too, of some peculiarities in New Church history and organization, to which I would briefly refer. When we glance at the history of the religious bodies around us, we find that they have mostly originated in the labours of great preachers; who, travelling from place to place, have organized small bands of followers, which in some instances (as in the case of the Wesleyans) have become a power in the land. The New Church has its beginning in writings-the Writings of Emanuel Swedenborg. But for these we should have no existence as a distinct body. This peculiarity still adheres to When we speak of any one who is favourably inclined to us, we say, 'He is reading our works!' Other bodies, equally true to their traditions, speak of their expected converts as attending their chapel. We are, therefore, following in the old path, when we meet to forward the interest and extend the usefulness of a Printing and Tract Society in connection with the New Jerusalem Church. If men are to be strong and useful members of this Church, they must become readers of its literature. When we circulate these books and tracts, we are scattering the seeds of
truth over the land, and in ways the most unexpected to us, we find it bringing forth fruit." After narrating some instances of the use which had attended the distribution of New Church literature, the chairman said: "We should persevere in our labours, and if possible improve our methods of working, steadily doing the work that lies before us, and assured that the Divine Providence will, in ways we know not of, direct our efforts, and make them abundantly fruitful. The guidance of the Lord must be as real now as it was in the first Christian dispensation. In the Acts of the Apostles we read that the angel of the Lord directed Philip to go towards the south to meet a man of authority, Philip, obedient to the voice, arose and went, and found the great man anxiously reading the Scriptures. Philip said, 'Understandest thou what thou readest?' 'How can I,' was the reply, 'except some man guide me?' Philip joined him in the chariot, and preached unto him Jesus. The portion of Scripture from the prophet Esaias the man in authority could not understand. And without an enlightened teacher there is much in the prophetic Scriptures which cannot be understood in a clear, rational light. Swedenborg to us is this teacher. To the members of the New Church he holds the place which Philip did to the eunuch. By means of the spiritual sense which is unfolded in his Writings, the treasures of Scripture truth are unlocked. But if we have these treasures of truth, ought we not to make them known? They are not committed to us for ourselves alone, but that we may disseminate the knowledge of them to others. There are three ways in which we may do this-by manifesting the excellence of the truths we have received in a higher and better life, by spreading abroad the knowledge of the truth by our tracts and other publications, and by assisting the preachers who go forth to explain the Scriptures. The chairman concluded his address by moving the adoption and printing of the reports, which was seconded by the Rev. R. Storry, and unanimously adopted by the meeting. Other resolutions led to a general and interesting discussion of topics connected with the Society, and the general duty of disseminating the doctrines by means of the press. We give very brief notices of some of
the speeches. The Rev. T. Mackereth said he was very much pleased with the remarks made by the chairman, and by Mr. Storry. He liked to look upon things from their use. He remembered the time when the number of tracts was very small. He used to carry a few tracts in his pocket, and once when in the north he met a clergyman and pulled out a tract on the "Human Soul," which he gave him. Some time after a friend sent him a paper from that part, containing the report of a lecture on the soul, which was copied almost verbatim from that tract. He thought that the Society had performed a great use; it was one of the means by which the admirable tracts of the Rev. C. Giles got circulated, and the unanswerable tract on Eternal Hope," etc., got distributed in a manner it would not otherwise have done. Dr. Pilkington, J.P., said the tracts were made to be circulated, not to be shut up in a room. The pamphlet on "Eternal Hope," etc., being given away, caused a discussion among some Methodists at Clayton-le-Moors. They came to the conclusion that Mr. Sutton was right, that hell was not a place of everlasting punishment in a fire of brimstone. When poor people came begging he gave them tracts to sell, and in this manner provided for their circulation. Rev. C. H. Wilkins said it seemed a shocking state of things that the storekeeper should be overburdened with tracts and the treasurer with cash. He thought we should not send out the tracts by children, but give them to people ourselves. Many of us seemed ashamed to give a person a tract. He had heard of the old tracts, and of the difficulty of getting rid of them, and had been inclined to sympathize with those who thought they were things of the past. But being invited to inspect the storerooms, he got the secretary to let him have a copy of each, and was surprised to find how many of them were old friends, and to remember how very gratefully he received them years ago. We may have outgrown the state in which they were useful to us, but there were thousands in the state in which we were formally to whom they would be useful. Rev. P. Ramage said our tracts were meant for inquiring minds, but among the poor we meet with few inquiring minds. They wanted their minds awakened and
aroused to a sense of religion. They Revs. Professor Tafel and W. C. Barlow, needed to have moral and religious M. A., of Edinburgh, Mr. J. Bailey, Mr. feeling stirred up within them. They Teed, Dr. Stocker, Dr. Collingwood, and must have some degree of purity of other friends of the College. The chairheart before they could see God; then man opened the meeting by remarking would arise a desire to see more of the on the use which a New Church College truths of religion, and then might fol was able to perform. As a proof of this low these ponderous tracts. Mr. Larkin he said that there were several most said that besides tracts the Society efficient ministers at the present time had many useful and interesting books. labouring in the Church who had been He had noticed that books given as trained in the College. From the prizes to children at New Church secretary's report it appeared that since schools contained the ideas of material the last annual meeting three governors punishment in a material fire, of the had departed this life, and a fourth trinity of three persons in the Godhead, having removed to Bath, had withdrawn etc. There were books enough now from the list. One new governor had belonging to the New Church without been appointed in Dr. Collingwood, getting these. He urged the sub- who not only served the College as a scribers to take the amount of their governor, but had also gratuitously subscriptions and let him know what delivered a course of lectures on Physithey wanted. Mr. Hughes said the old ology during the past session. At the tracts might be regarded as battering commencement of the year Mr. Tilson rams, bringing down the citadel of and Mr. C. H. Dauncey were the two falsehood. When they were written students in residence. Of these Mr. the New Church had enemies in Dauncey has left the work, and Mr. C. abundance. But the citadel has now Griffith, who was adopted by the last been stormed, the enemies have been General Conference, is now the second conquered. One of the most important student. In addition to their usual workers in missionary work was the work, both students have made them. late Rev. J. Clowes. A successor of selves useful in preaching and assisting his had recently distributed an old in the services of the churches both letter of his to his parishioners, calling in London and the provinces. The it "A Voice from the Dead," urging the courses of literary and scientific lectures poor to attend church. The present delivered during the year had been rector was working hard among the scantily attended. The treasurer's poor, not attending so much to dogma report announced the pleasing fact of as to alleviating their wants and a balance in hand of £14. From the cheering them in distress. The Rev. I. Tansley said he wished Sundayschools would get some of the teachers, especially the young women, to be tract distributors, and moved that it be a recommendation from this meeting to the committee that the secretary write to the secretaries of the Sunday-schools, asking if they would be willing to join in the work. This was seconded and carried. The meeting was enlivened by choice anthems kindly and excellently sung by the choir of the Temple.
Principal's report it appeared that the average attendance of pupils had been forty-three, one of whom, Bernard M. Bateman, had passed the Cambridge Local Examination. The Theological Professor, after describing the course of theological study, said that the application and zeal displayed by both students in their work had been gratifying, and that their whole conduct was most
exemplary. The librarian reported an addition of one hundred and fifty volumes to the library, which now contains three thousand volumes; and the curator of the museum reported many NEW CHURCH COLLEGE.-The annual valuable additions to the museum, meeting of this institution was held at principally from Dr. Collingwood and the College on the 29th of April. After Mr. Tupman. Speeches were made durtea the proceedings of the evening com- ing the evening, in moving or seconding menced with a short service in the the several resolutions, by Revs. W. C. chapel. At the business meeting that Barlow, M. A., and Dr. Tafel, Dr. followed, the Rev. W. Bruce presided, Stocker, and other gentlemen. A vote and was supported by Mr. Bateman, of thanks warmly accorded to the