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as possible in order to exhibit the power of New Church teaching to solve the doubts and dissipate the difficulties which have gathered around some of the most vital questions of the Christian faith. Old and erroneous doctrines were dealt with in an unsparing manner, but the utmost charity and consideration shown to those who held them. Thus while many who attended the lectures heard their long-cherished opinions demolished, they not only took no offence, but were impelled either through curiosity or conviction to repeat their visits to the church. In fact, one of the most pleasing and satisfactory features of the movement was the regular attendance of a large number of interested listeners to the end of the course. Where conviction has not been produced it has been manifest that much of the misconception regarding the teachings of the New Church has been removed. The number attending the lectures has varied according to the state of the weather, but on the average has been nearly two hundred, the average number of strangers being upwards of one hundred. It may also be a matter of interest to name that Mr. Boyle has also given three addresses on Sunday evenings at a quarter past eight, after the ordinary services, on some of the religious aspects of science. The first dealt with the law of heredity, the second with the theory of the survival of the fittest, and the last with the analogy existing between the laws which govern the operations of nature, and those which govern the physical and mental constitutions of man. Another address will complete the series for the present season.

IPSWICH.-On Sunday, March 9th, special services were held in the New Jerusalem Church, High Street, which were conducted by Mr. R. Gunton of London. In the morning Mr. Gunton delivered a very forcible address from the 23rd Psalm on "The Good Shepherd;" and in the evening his subject was the "Lord's Prayer," from Matthew vi. On Monday evening he delivered a lecture to a full assembly at the church, the subject being, "Where the millions who have died now dwell, and what they do." At the close of his discourse Mr. Gunton answered several questions which were put to him on the subject.

KEIGHLEY. The annual tea and general meeting of this Society was held on Shrove Tuesday, when about fifty members and friends were present. After tea Mr. James Clegg was called to the chair. The secretary having read the Report, which showed that the Society was in a fair position, the officers for the ensuing year were elected, and Mr. Presland, the newly-appointed minister, duly acknowledged. The Society hopes in future to be able to use somewhat more influence for good than hitherto. A singing class is formed in connection with the school, from which it is hoped a sufficient number of voices will be added to the church choir to make it more complete and successful. A mutual improvement class has also been formed, which held its first meeting on Tuesday evening last. The evening was devoted to impromptu speaking, which proved very interesting to those present. It is hoped this will have a beneficial influence, and will be largely attended. A teacher's preparation class is held every Saturday evening, under the leadership of Mr. Presland, to consider and discuss the subjects to be read in the school on the Sunday, when the scholars are questioned by Mr. Presland to see what they have retained, and the practical lessons they have learned therefrom.

LONDON (DEPTFORD). The twentythird anniversary of this Society was held on Tuesday evening, February 25th.

The friends sat down to tea at six o'clock, and the usual public meeting, which was extremely well

attended, followed. The presence of

Mr. Rhodes, the leader of the Society, after an absence, through ill health, of more than four months, imparted peculiar interest to the proceedings. In taking the chair Mr. Rhodes expressed the great pleasure he felt in being in the Lord's good Providence again permitted to occupy his old position amongst them

a feeling which was heartily reciprocated by all present. The treasurer, Mr. Gray, read his report, from which it appeared that after the payment of incidental expenses, and the payment to Conference of the sum of £24, there remained a balance in hand of £8, 18s. 2d. The treasurer, however, reminded the friends that a sum of £153 still remained due to the Conference Building Fund.

The receipt of several liberal donations was announced, and it was mentioned that further help might probably be expected from other generous friends. After the reception and adoption of the treasurer's report the meeting was addressed by Mr. Gunton, who, in his usual kindly manner, urged upon the members the duty of availing themselves to the fullest extent of the advantages afforded by the Society. He also referred to the simplicity of the New Church doctrines, and their striking adaptation to the wants of the age. Mr. Howe followed with a few remarks on "The Uses of a New Church Society." The pleasure of the evening was much enhanced by a well-chosen selection of music very creditably rendered by the ladies and gentlemen of the choir. A dialogue on Leaving School," given with much spirit by two of the elder scholars, also gave great satisfaction.

PENDLETON.-On February 27th, and March 6th and 13th, the Rev. William Westall delivered three lectures in the Pendleton Club, Pendleton, on the subjects of "What think ye of Christ?" "Christ's Mission in the World," and "Christian Blessedness." The lectures were fairly attended, the audiences being composed of about one-half friends and the other half strangers. Marked attention was given to the unfolding of the subjects, and several private inquiries were made after the lectures by persons who were altogether strangers to our views. An additional charm was given to the effort by accompanying the instructions from the table with devotional exercises, the devotional service consisting of hymns, prayer, and the reading of the Word. The psalmody was a great help, the singing being very much enriched by the assistance of several members of the Salford choir. The aim of these lectures was to draw together a number of New Church friends who have come from various towns and have now settled down in Pendleton, but as yet have not connected themselves with either the Manchester or Salford Society. The aim, however, was only partially realized, and it is hoped that the next effort will be more successful. Would it not be well if means could be devised by which our friends who are drawn to these large centres of

population could be kept in connection with New Church society, and they and their children continue under the elevating influences of New Church faith and worship? Surely the work is not impossible.

RAINSOUGH.-The village which bears this name is about one mile and a half from Prestwich, and about three miles from Besses. Several New Churchmen live in the place, and one, Mr. James Taylor, is very anxious for the spread of New Church truth. He always has a number of tracts on hand, and he has a quantity placed in his shop window. He is also a regular attendant at Besses. Now it was thought that the efforts of the Manchester Missionary Society might with profit be extended to this village. Arrangements were accordingly entered into, with the sanction of the secretary of the Missionary Lecture Committee, the Rev. P. Ramage, for the delivery of two lectures in the Liberal Club Room. The Rev. I. Tansley undertook to deliver the lectures. The first lecture was delivered on March the 10th, the subject being the "Resurrection of the Dead." The chair was taken by George Benson, Esq. There was a good audience, and the lecture was listened to with attention. Several questions were asked at the close of the lecture, to which the lecturer replied. One gentleman considered that if the body did not rise justice would not be done, as it was the body that sinned, and therefore the body ought to be punished. At the second lecture the audience was better than at the first. The room was nearly filled, eighty or more being present. Nicholas Haworth, Esq., took the chair. The subject was, "Does God condemn to Hell?" both occasions the audience has been very attentive. A little discussion took place after the lecture, in which our good friend Mr. Benson took part. The lecturer treated his subject under three heads: 1. God is Love; 2. God's Relation to Man, and Man's Views of God; 3. Man condemns himself to Hell, and God seeks to save him from Hell. He appealed to nature for evidences of the love of God, and adduced Scripture to prove the same proposition. Hell was shown to be simply an assemblage of those spirits who have acquired to themselves a corresponding condition


of mind and heart while here earth.

on rity; touching upon many related points, such as the nature of Hell and Heaven, Human Freedom, in passing; and concluding with the Second Advent and the New Church now being established. Frequent applause testified to the approval and delight of the audience, as subject after subject was so clearly and pointedly elucidated. Several questions were publicly asked and ably answered, the meeting being brought to a close at half-past ten o'clock by a hearty expression of thanks to Mr. Rodgers and Mr. J. Bragg. The opportunity was taken to lay on a table for acceptance by the company a quantity of catalogues of the works published by the "Swedenborg Society," also catalogues of Mr. Speirs' publications. A few copies of the new edition of Mr. Hyde's little book about Swedenborg, sent down for sale, were immediately taken, and many more would have been sold had they been there. Friends well able to judge of the general impression produced upon the meeting by this statement of the New Church views and the claims of Swedenborg consider it to have been most favourable.

A NOVEL PRECEDENT. At the "Church of the Saviour," Birmingham, where the late George Dawson, M.A., was the minister until his death, a series of meetings is being held called "Conversation Meetings.' They take place in the lecture-room monthly, and are managed somewhat in drawing-room fashion, with interesting books and objects to look at, music to hear, and light refreshments of which to partake. But the novelty just introduced is, that at each meeting some ministers of another denomination than their own is invited to give an account of the distinctive doctrines and church polity of his denomination. Afterwards questions are asked, and general conversation turns upon that topic for the evening. One evening it may be a Wesleyan, another a Jewish Rabbi, another a Baptist, another a Christadelphian, etc. On the 19th ult. the first of this new series was held, and the topic duly announced and placarded was the doctrinal tenets taught by Swedenborg. An unusually large number of the "Church of the Saviour" congregation assembled, and the Rev. R. R. Rodgers was the minister invited to give the address in explanation of the subject. The earlier portion of the evening was devoted to examining a collection of Swedenborg's works, scientific and theological, earliest and oldest editions, and foreign translations, and some of the best collateral works. These covered three large tables, and on a fourth were displayed MSS. and photographs of Swedenborg. The portrait of Swedenborg, considered to be the only one in this country taken from life, was also shown. At the request of the chairman, the more interesting points connected with them were briefly described by Mr. John Bragg, from whose collection they were lent. Mr. Rodgers afterwards gave his address, which occupied about an hour, and was listened to with most profound attention. Of course each separate topic was very briefly treated, but considering the difficulties to be overcome, the address was most successful. Outlines were given of the New Church doctrines of the Sacred Scriptures, the Lord, the Trinity, Redemption, Faith, and Cha


On March 6th, at 26 North Villas, Camden Square, London, the wife of Robert Jobson, of a daughter.


At Ramsbottom, on Monday, February 24th, Rachel Berry, widow of the late John Berry, departed this life in the seventieth year of her age. The deceased was connected with the New Church Society at Ramsbottom from early life, and took a warm interest in its welfare. For many years she occupied a house adjoining the church, and frequently had the happiness of entertaining ministers, missionaries, and others who came to conduct or attend the services. In this way she became well known to many New Church friends, who will remember with pleasure what pains she would take to render them every comfort in her humble but hospitable home. She kept an open house for the members of the Society, and was never more pleased than when there was a large assembly and their conversation turned upon the doctrines. Next to the Bible, the "Heaven and Hell" was her fa

vourite book, and she seemed to derive great comfort from its perusal, especially when she felt that her end was approaching. After a lingering illness of many months she passed away, gently and peacefully, and has now, we trust, "entered into the joy of her Lord."

At Nottingham, February 18th, 1879, aged sixty-six, Mary, the beloved wife of Mr. Horatio Black. She was brought up in the faith of the New Church, and was a zealous and careful reader of the Writings, of which she had a very clear and extensive knowledge. For many years Mr. and Mrs. Black were the entertainers of New Church friends and ministers when the Society here was in adversis. The writer, who knew Mrs. Black for above thirty years, always regarded her as a woman who had never had a doubt, so ardent at all times was her faith, and so unwavering her confidence and trust. She and her husband

carefully educated their large family in the heavenly doctrines, and the survivors are all warm supporters and consistent members of the Church. Confined to her room for above a year, she patiently bore her trials and sufferings, and cheerfully looked forward to the great change that awaited her. Full of faith, full of trust, ever cheerful, hopeful, and resigned, she passed away quietly in her sleep-and awoke with the angels.

J. D. B.

Mrs. Watson, of 19 Highbury Crescent, London, passed away from us on the 25th February 1879. She was a sincere and liberal friend of the New Church at a time when but few ladies belonging to our communion had both the ability and willingness to help us largely with their purses as well as with their presence. Having been introduced to a knowledge of the heavenly doctrines by myself before our church in Argyle Square was built, she commenced her attendance on New Church services at Burton Street, Burton Crescent, under the ministry of the Rev. T. C. Shaw. She enjoyed his teachings as well as those of his coadjutors in the ministerial work, and embraced the principal doctrines before reading a page of Swedenborg's Writings. Her quality of mind was indeed adverse to his mode of instruction. After putting the treatise on the Divine Providence into her hands, she returned it to me, saying, "If you had not taken me to church before giving me this book to

read you would never have got me there." Her case is an illustration of the truth long familiar to Christians, that "faith comes by hearing" to some minds better than by reading, and that Swedenborg's Writings are not suited to every state even of the lovers of truth and goodness. In our efforts to erect a fitting temple for the worship of the Lord in Argyle Square, Mrs. Watson, then Mrs. Philpot, was a kind and liberal helper. She also contributed in equal proportions with myself the first £100 towards the foundation of the New Church College and the New Church Bible Society. Our hope was that the College would be connected with the church in Argyle Square, but the Society worshipping there having then a large building debt on its hands, was afraid to incur the risk of being overburthened by the additional weight of the College requirements. Our departed friend was not only zealous and the Church, but was also kind and generous in public matters relating to hospitable in her conduct towards her Mr. Watson she found a companion fellow-members. On her marriage with whose heart, like her own, was set on praying for the peace of Jerusalem and seeking her prosperity. Henceforth, like a true wife, Mrs. Watson merged her benevolent impulses into a common channel with those of her husband. Under his guidance their home became a centre of hospitality and use, which has added greatly to the strengthening of mutual love amongst the brethren, and extended the influence of the Church.

For several years past Mrs. Watson has held a very precarious tenure of earthly life. Those who knew her only "in the sere and yellow leaf" of mundane existence could form no adequate idea of her real character. Those only who had the pleasure of being acquainted with her in bygone years can tell of her love of truth and goodness, and her genuine nobility of mind and character. H. BATEMAN.

At Heywood, February 20th, Mrs. Elizabeth Muir, in the thirty-fourth year of her age. Mrs. Muir had been during her whole life connected with the Sunday school and church in this town. For some years past she has been largely occupied with the attention needed by a sick and bedridden mother and the cares of her children, After uprightly

discharging the duties which fell to her lot in this life, she has somewhat suddenly passed away to the higher uses of the world to come.

Died at sea, January 3rd, on his voyage to Melbourne, undertaken for the improvement of his health, Pickering Butterworth Edleston, Esq., eldest son of Richard Edleston, Esq., of Highfield House, Heywood, aged thirty-three. Mr James Vallack, coroner for the borough of Derby, and a solicitor in that town, departed this life on the 4th March 1879. He was the son of Colonel Vallack, a member of the Devonshire family of that name, and was born near Torquay on the 30th April 1799. Our departed friend was thus nearly eighty years of age; and although, for several years past, greatly enfeebled in body, he retained his mental faculties almost perfectly to the very close of his earthly career. On Saturday the 1st of March he drove to his offices as usual, and before leaving in the afternoon conversed with the landlord and landlady of the house in which they were situated in his accustomed lively manner. Mr. Vallack was naturally full of humour, and told his witty stories so well as frequently to set the table in a roar. He had, however, beneath his vivacious manner and amusing language strong good sense, a loving heart, and a generous hand. He was firm in his friendships and stedfast in his convictions. Having occupied a desk in the same office at Burton-upon-Trent as the late Mr. James Knight, so long the legal adviser of the Conference, Mr. Vallack was introduced by him to a knowledge of the heavenly doctrines of the New Jerusalem somewhere about the year 1823, probably in the twenty-fourth year of his age. At first they did not appear to enter very deeply into his mind. He saw and acknowledged their truth, but displayed little of the zeal of a convert. Once, however, in his understanding the doctrines never lost their hold upon him. As time went on he associated himself more and more with New Church people, and interested himself more and more about the propagation of the doctrines. He at length settled in Derby to exercise his profession as a solicitor, and he became a seatholder in the chapel. Mr. Vallack's strict honour, courtesy, and integrity in the performance of his professional duties

secured for him the favourable recognition of his fellow-townsmen. He first became Councillor for the Castle Ward, and after resigning that office was appointed coroner for the borough on the 10th December 1857. Mr. Vallack retained his post to the day of his decease, although for more than two years he had been obliged to avail himself of the services of an assistant in consequence of failing health. For many years Mr. Vallack had been one of the pillars of the Derby Society and, in proportion to his means, a generous contributor to its funds. His benevolence was, however, by no means confined to his published donations. His generous right hand gave without telling his left. The widow and the fatherless found in him a kind and judicious helper.

Mr. Vallack married twice, and his second wife was my second sister. We were fast friends for about half a century from the commencement of our acquaintance. My wife also loved him as a brother, and my daughter almost as a father. He was full of affection, and well deserved all our love in return. Mr. Vallack had long realized that his time on earth was shortly to be ended. Yet with the near prospect of death before him there was still the old playful vivacity and the ready wit of bygone years. He was young in feeling, because he renewed his strength like the eagles. He trusted in the Lord that He would deliver him from his various troubles, and he died in peace. The final blow to his bodily life was struck on Sunday the 3rd of March, and he passed away about forty-eight hours afterwards, on Tuesday afternoon. Mr Vallack's favourite book was "Our Eternal Homes," by "John Hyde," as he usually called his former pastor. His favourite little poem was "One by one they fall around us," by the same author. Both John Hyde and James Vallack have now entered upon their eternal homes. One by one they have fallen around us with many another beloved friend. But whilst we are feeling their loss, angels are, we trust, rejoicing over their gain.. The Church on earth misses their bodily presence, but the assembly of the Firstborn in heaven sees in all the spirits of the just made perfect fellow-citizens of the heavenly Jerusalem, to be made more and more happy for ever and ever. H. BATEMAN.

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