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BY MR. POPE,
To a Play for Mr. DENNIS's Benefit, in 1733, when be was old, blind, and in great Distress, a little before his Death.
AS when that Hero, who in each Campaign,
Had brav'd the Goth, and many a Vandal flain,
Was there a Chief but melted at the Sight?
VER. 6. But pitied Belifarius, &c.] Nothing could be more happily imagined than this allufion, nor more finely conducted. The continued pleafantry is fo delicately touched, that it took nothing from the self-fatisfaction which the critic who heard it, had in his own merit, or the audience in their charity. In a word, this benevo lent irony is profecuted with fo mafterly a hand, that the Poet fuppofed, had Dennis himself the wit to fee it, he would have had the ingenuity to approve of it.
"This dreaded Satʼrift, Dennis will confefs,
Foe to his pride, but friend to his diftrefs."
VER. 7. Was there a Chief, &c.] The fine figure of the Commander in that capital picture of Balifarius at Chifwick, fupplied the Poet with this beautiful idea.
Such, fuch emotions fhould in Britons rise,
How chang'd from him who made the boxes groan,
If there's a Senior, who contemns this age;
VER. 12. Their Quibbles routed, and defy'd their Puns ;] See Dunciad, Note on v. 63. B. I.
An old gentleman of the last century, whe used to frequent Button's coffee-house, told me they had many pleasant scenes of Dennis's indignation and refentment, when Steele and Rowe, in particular, teized him with a pun.
VER. 13. A defp'rate Bulwark, &c.] Alluding to his hatred
VER. 16. And book the Stage with Thunders all his own!] See Dunciad, Note on v. 226. B. II.
VER. 17. Stood up to dafb, &c.] See Dunciad, Note on v. 173
VER. 18. Maul the French Tyrant-] See Dunciad, Note on V. 413. B. II.
Ibid. or pull down the POPE!] See Dunciad, Note on v. 63. B. I.
VER. 21. If there's a Critic of diftinguish'd rage ;] See Dunciad, Notes on v. 106. B. I.
Let him to-night his just assistance lend,
And be the Critic's, Briton's, Old Man's Friend.
Bitter fatire is concealed under the appearance of these topics of pity and commiferation. It is said that poor Dennis did not perceive the force of these farcafms, and heard the prologue spoke with great complacency. Mallet and Thomson alfo interested them. felves much in procuring the old man a good benefit.
WHEN fimple Macer, now of high renown,
VER. 1. When fimple Macer,] Said to be the character of James Moore Smyth, author of the Rival Modes, a comedy, in 1726. He pilfered verfes from Pope. He joined in a political paper with the Duke of Wharton, called The Inquifitor, written with such violence against government, that he was foon obliged to drop it. This character was first printed in the Mifcellanies of Swift and Pope, 1727, concerning which the following anecdote is tranfcribed from Dr. Birch's manuscripts in the British Museum :
August 17, 1749. Mr. George Faulkner, of Dublin, told me, that Dr. Swift had long conceived a mean opinion of Mr. Pope, on account of his jealous, peevish, avaricious temper. The Doctor gave Mr. Pope the property of his Gulliver, which he fold the copy of for three hundred pounds; and gave up to him, in 1727, his fhare of the copy of the three volumes of their Mifcellanies, which came to one hundred and fifty pounds. The Doctor was angry with Mr. Pope for his fatire upon Mr. Addison, whom the former efteemed as an honeft, generous, and friendly man. Worfdale the painter was employed by Mr. Pope to go to Curl in the habit of a clergyman, and fell him the printed copies of his Letters. Mr. Pope fent to Ireland to Dr. Swift, by Mr. Gerrard, an Irish gentleman, then at Bath, a printed copy of their letters, with an anonymous letter, which occafioned Dr. Swift to give Mr. Faulkner leave to reprint them at Dublin, though Mr. Pope's Edition was published firft."
Some Ends of verse his betters might afford,
Now he begs Verfe, and what he gets commends,
So fome coarse Country Wench, almost decay'd,
In a tranflated Suit, then tries the Town,
And in four months a batter'd Harridan.
Now nothing left, but wither'd, pale, and shrunk, To bawd for others, and go fhares with Punk.
I would obferve, on this anecdote, that it is not very probable that Swift should condemn Pope's Verses on Addison, as they were firft printed in the Mifcellanies, which publication was their joint work; and the verses themselves are mentioned in the preface to these Miscellanies.
VER. 4. To wear red Stockings,] I remember old Demoivre told me, above fifty years ago, that all he remembered of Corneille was, that he had seen him in red ftockings at the theatre.