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at least sach was supposed to be tris motive, by those who knew him best.
In describing the character of an extraordinary man, the picture is unfinished, unless we furnish alsó a portraiture of his person, and of his personal manners; otherwise the ima. gination of the reader is sure to describe for itself a body, as a substratum on which all - these mental qualifications are superinduced ; and hence, incongruities are mingled together; the harmony of the picture weakened, if not quite destroyed; and an imperfect artificial construction is substituted for a perfect natural production. To give an example of the propriety, if not the necessity of this, --one might imagine from the charaeter above given of Finow that he was of a viadictive and cruel disposition, because we have given a few instances in confirmation of it: one might suppose him therefore to have a countenance harsh and severe, a lowering, sullen brow, a baughty deportment, &c.-Bnt nothing can be more remote from his true personal character ;-and we are surprised to hear that his countenance was indeed energetic, yet mild; his brow prominent and bold, without sullenness : bis deportment manly and erect,
without pride. Without the knowledge of these facts, we suppose him to have been cruel and malevolent; with the knowledge of them, we rather suppose him to have been severe ; but that his severity, where it degenerated into harshness, was occasioned sometimes by hastiness of temper; sometimes by misconception of the crime which he punished ; at other times, (and perhaps partly at all times,) by the habits of the society in which he lived, these habits occasioning him to view acts of real cruelty, in a light less atrocious than wę should. If, on the other hand, we were to find that his countenance spoke the same harsh language that his actions appeared to speak, we might, without much fear of error, set him down as being really capable of malignant and atrocious actions.
Finow, the sole and arbitrary monarch of Vavaoo, and the Hapai islands, was in stature six feet two inches; in bulk and strength, stout' and muscular; his head erect and bold; his shoulders broad and well made; his limbs well set, strong, and graceful in action ; his body not corpulent, but muscular; his hair of a jet black, and curly, yet agreeably so, without being woolly; his forehead remarkably high;
his brow bold and intelligent, with a little austerity; his eye large and penetrating, yet joined to an expression of mildness; his nose aquiline and large, his lips well made and expressive ; his teeth remarkably large, white, and regular; his lower jaw rather prominent; his cheek bones also rather prominent, compared with those of Europeans.-All his features were well developed, and declared a strong and energetic mind, with that sort of intellectual expression which belongs not so much to the 'sage as to the warlike chieftain : ambition sat high on bis front, and guided all his energies: his deep and penetrating eye, and his firm and masculine deportment, wbile they inspired his adherents with confidence, struck awe to the minds of conspirators:-- his actions were, for the most part, steady and determined, and directed to some well studied purpose : his resolve was fate, and those who obeyed him with reluctance trembled, not without reason. He appeared, almost constantly, in deep thought, and did not often smile ;--when he spoke, in matters of some importance, it was not without first holding up the balance in his mind, to weigh well what he had to say: persuasion hung upon his lip, and the flow of his eloquence was such,
that many of his enemies were afraid to listen to him, sest they should be led to view the subject in a light prejudicial to their interests.
Although, in matters of consequence, he always seemed to weigh well what he had to say, in subjects of minor importance he was very quick in reply: his voice was loud, not harsh but mellow, and his pronunciation remarkably distinct. When he laughed, which was not on trifling occasions, it was so loud as to be heard at an incredible distance ; and with a very strange noise preceding it, as if he were hallooing after somebody a long way off, and the same kind of noise as he always made when in a passion: and this was peculiar to him, When in his house, however, giving orders about his domestic arrangements, his voice was uncommonly mild, and very low. . * In regard to his sentiments of religion and policy, they may be pretty well gathered from sundry passages in the narrative :with respect to his religion in particular, it is difficult to say whether he had any: it is certain that he disbelieved most of the doctrines taught by the priests; for although he believed that they were really inspired, when they pretended to be so, yet he thought that frequently a great deal of
what they declared to be the sentiments of the god, was their own invention ; and this particularly in regard to what did not suit his own sentiments. He never, bowever, declared his opinion of these things in public; though he expressed them, very decidedly, to Mr. Mariver, and some of his intimate friends.
He used to say that the gods would always favour that party in war, in which there were the greatest chiefs and warriors. He did not believe that the gods paid much attention in other respects to the affairs of mankind; nor did he think they could have any reason for doing so, -no more than man could have any reason or interest in attending to the affairs of the gods. He believed in the doctrine of a future state, agreeably to the notions entertained by his countrymen ; that is, that chiefs and matabooles, having souls, exist hereafter in Bolotoo, according to their rank in this world; but that the common people, having no souls, or those only that die with their bodies, are without any hope of a future existence.
Such was the character of the late How of the Tonga islands,--a character not without a considerable share of merit; in some respects not unworthy imitation, and in every respect