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and really valuable for it, it was imagined to be of value; and if every body considered it so, and would readily give their goods for it, he did not see but what it was of a sort of real value to all who possessed it, as long as their neighbours chose to take it in the same way. Mr. Mariner found he could not give a better explanation, he therefore told Filimóëátoo that his notion of the nature of money was a just one. After a pause of some length, Finow replied that the explanation did not satisfy him: he still thought it a foolish thing that people should place a value on money, when they either could not or would not apply it to any useful (physical) purpose : " if,” said he, “ it were made of iron, and could be converted “ into knives, axes, and chisels, there would be “ some sense in placing a value on it; but as it

was, he saw none; if a man,” he added, " has more yams than he wants, let him ex“ change some of them away for pork or gnatoo; certainly money was much handier,

and more convenient, but then as it would “ not spoil by being kept, people would store “it up, instead of sharing it out, as a chief

ought to do, and thus become selfish ; “ whereas, if provision was the principal “property of a man, and it ought to be, as

being both the most useful and the most “ necessary, he could not store it up, for it “ would spoil, and so he would be obliged “ either to exchange it away for something “ else useful, or share it out to his neighbours, " and inferior chiefs and dependants, for no

thing." He concluded by saying, "" | under“ stand now very well what it is that makes “ the Papalangis so seltisha ;-it is this money!"

When Mr. Mariner informed Finow that dollars were money, he was greatly surprised, having always taken them for playing counters, and things of little value; and he was exceedingly sorry he had not secured all the dollars out of the Port au Prince, before he had ordered her to be burnt: “ I had always thought,” said he, “ that your ship belonged to some

poor fellow, perhaps to king George's cook ;* “ for captain Cook's ship, which belonged to the

king, had plenty of beads, axes, and looking

glasses on board, whilst yours had nothing “ but iron-hoops, oil, skins, and twelve thou“ sand playing counters, as I thought them : “ but if every one of these was money, your “ ship must have belonged to a very great chief 66 indeed.”

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* At these islands a cook is considered one of the lowest of pankind iñ point of rank.

Finow and his chiefs having now remained at the Hapai islands nearly six weeks, resolved to return to Vavaoo, and the following day set sail: the prince and Mr. Mariner accompanying them. As soon as they arrived at Vavaoo, the king gave orders that all the dogs in the island, except a few that belonged to chiefs, should be killed, because they destroyed the game, particularly the kalai ; after which he promised himself great sport with his favourite bird. As the breed of dogs was scarce at these islands, there were not more than fifty or sixty killed on this occasion; but on these several of the chiefs made a heárty repast. l'inow was particularly fond of dog's flesh, but he ordered it to be called pork ; because women and many men had a degree of abhorrence at this sort of diet. The parts of the dog in most esteem are the neck and hinder quarters. The animal is killed by blows on the head, and cooked in the same manner as a hog: Mr. Mariner has frequently partaken of it, and found it very good; the fat is considered excellent. At the Sandwich islands the practice was almost universal in Mr. Mariner's time, so that more dog's flesh was eaten than pork ; the hoys being preserved to be used as a trading commodity with European and Ameri. can vessels. At these last mentioned islands

most of the male dogs are operated upon, and afterwards fattened for the express purpose : and Mr. Mariner thinks their flesh is as good and tender as that of a sucking pig.

Finow having ordered all things to be got ready, went out early in the morning after his arrival, to try the excellence of his bird; and had very great sport. The day following he went out again ; but the bird, from some cause or another, would not make any noise ; and this put Finow into such a passion that he knocked it on the ground, and beat it with an arrow, and, after having almost killed it, gave it away to one of his chiefs, declaring how vexatious it was to have a bird that would not speak after having had so much trouble with it. He afterwards used the two birds that were first sent to him, and was tolerably well satisfied with them.

CHAP. IX.

Island of Hoonga-Curious cavern there, and how first dis

covered—Anecdote of the person who first discovered the cavern-Description of the sport of shooting ratsPopular tale of the origin of the Tonga islands Finow's return to Vavaoo-General fono, and seizure of several chiefs-Stratagem used to secure Cacahoo-Several of the prisoners taken out to sea to be sunk; their conversation on the way-Conduct of Cacahoo whilst sinking -Conduct of the widows of the deceased, particularly of the widow of Now Fahoo-Description of the plantation of Mahe Boogoo_Popular tale of what happened at this plantation in former times—Tonga song-Abundance of a peculiar fish found here—This plantation given up by Mahe Boogoo, and conferred on Mr. Mariner by Finow--A dead spermaceti whale found off one of the islands-Their method of making ornaments with its teeth-Anecdote exemplifying the high estimation in which whale's teeth are held—Still greater value of them at the Fiji islands—Arrival of Cow Mooala from the Fiji islands.

Finow, having at this time no business of importance on which to employ his attention, resolved to go to the island of Hoonga, lying at a small distance to the southward of Varaoo, in order to inspect the plantations there, and to recreate himself a little with the sport of

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