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religion, act upon some minds with such extraordinary impulses, that they are mistaken for divine inspirations.
It happens in the Tonga Islands, that persons, who are not priests, are often visited by the gods, particularly females, but who are never affected in the manner above described: they are generally low spirited and thoughtful, as if some heavy misfortune had befallen them, and, as the symptom increases, they generally shed a profusion of tears; they sometimes swoon away for a few minutes : the height of the paroxysm generally lasts from a quarter to half an hour: These are also called fits of inspiration, and are firmly believed to be visitations from some god who accuses the party of neglect of religious duty, not by an apparent audible warning, but by an inward compunction of conscience. But these things are also common enough in all parts of the world, at home as well as abroad. Some of the natives are such adepts at this sort of mysterious conversation with the divinities, that they can bring on a fit of inspiration whenever they feel their mind at all so disposed. Mr. Mariner, indeed, did once witness a rare instance of a man who was disappointed in this particular: finding himself, as he thought, about to be in
spired, some cava was brought to him (as is usual on such occasions), but, in a little while, he was obliged to acknowledge that the god would not visit; at which all present were greatly surprised, and so the cava was taken away again.
These imaginations, however, have sometimes produced very serious consequences : to give an instance; on one occasion a certain chief, a very handsome young man, became inspired, but did not yet know by whom; on a sudden he felt himself exceedingly low spirited, and shortly afterwards swooned away; when recovered from this, still finding himself very ill, he was taken to the house of a priest *, who told the sick chief that it was a woman, mentioning her name, who had died two years before, and was now in Bolotoo † that had inspired him ; that she was deeply in love with him, and wished him to die (which event was
* It is customary to take a sick person to the house of a priest, that the will of the gods may be known. The priest becomes immediately inspired, and remains almost constantly in that state while the sick person is with him. If he does not get better in two or three days he is taken to another priest, &c.
+ Bolotoo is the name they give to their paradise, and is supposed to be an island to the north-westward.
to happen in a few days,) that she might have him near her : the chief replied that he had seen the figure of a female two or three successive nights in his sleep, and had begun to suspect that he was inspired by her, though he could not tell who she was. He died two days afterwards. Mr. Mariner visited the sick chief three or four times, at the house of the priest, and heard the latter foretel his death and the occasion of it.
Now we are upon this subject it may not be amiss to mention that Finow's son, who at this period of our history was at the Navigator's islands, used to be inspired by the spirit * of Toogoo Ahoo, the late king of Tonga, who it may be recollected was assassinated by Finow and Toobo Neuha. When this young chief returned to Hapai, Mr. Mariner, who was upon a footing of great friendship with him, one day asked him how he felt himself, when the spirit of Toogoo Ahoo visited him ; he replied that he could not well describe his feelings, but the best he could say of it was, that he felt himself all over in a glow of heat and quite restless and uncomfortable, and did not feel his own personal identity as it were, but felt as if he had a mind different from his own
* The souls of deceased nobles become gods of the second rank in Bolotoo,
natural mind, his thoughts wandering upon strange and unusual subjects, although perfectly sensible of surrounding objects. He next asked bim how he knew it was the spirit of Toogoo Ahoo? his answer was, “ there's a fool! how can I tell you how I knew it; I felt and knew it was so by a kind of consciousness ; my mind told me that it was Toogoo Ahoo.” Finow used occasionally to be inspired by the ghost of Moomooi, a former king of Tonga.
We must now return to Finow and his army at the island of Pangaimotoo.
A sufficient quantity of reeds and stakes having been procured, Finow and his army left rangaimotoo and landed at Nioocalofa, for the purpose of rebuilding the colo (or fortress.) The plan was marked out somewhat different from the former, and larger, as being judged more suitable to their views; a vast number of bands were employed, and in two days the building was finished : a few alterations and additions were afterwards made as occasion and convenience required. During the time this was about, several of the men got dangerously wounded by falling into the lovosás and sokies, * of which there were
* Lovosás are pit-falls, dug: five feet deep and four broad:
several on the land side of the colo. They were also much annoyed by the smell of the dead bodies that lay every where about, but which they did not take the trouble to bury, as they were enemies, and none of them their relations. The canoes were now hauled up on the beach, and a strong fencing of stakes driven round them. The four guns were drawn into the fortress, and one placed at each door.
A few days afterwards a small party who went up into the country according to their daily custom, for the purpose of gathering cocoa nuts, were attacked by a larger party of the enemy, when one man was killed, but the rest escaped back to the colo. Upon this, a body of two hundred set out, (Mr. Mariner among them,) in pursuit of the enemy: they found them, and were kept at a running fight, till they were decoyed beyond a place where another party of the enemy lay concealed, who immediately rose, attacked them in the rear, and killed about thirty. The Hapai people
several stakes of bamboo are driven into the bottom and sharpened. Sokies are smaller holes, with one stake in, and large enough to admit a man's leg. These lovosas and sokies are covered over with slender sticks concealed from sight by plantain leaves and earth.