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English student. Secondly, To incorporate such historical, chronological, geographical, and antiquarian information, either in the sacred narrative itself, or in notes at the foot or margin of each page, as should guide the reader through all the intricacies of the inspired relation, and, as far as possible, render the whole as easy of comprehension as a modern history. Lastly, To store the mind of the student, gradually, and froin the very commencement of the volume, with every species of illustration and elucidation necessary for a complete understanding of the narrative, and which, if not sufficient to enable him to master every difficulty, will at least prepare him for more recondite study.
In carrying out this design, the author has studiously avoided all doctrinal points likely to interfere with the general usefulness of his work. Guided, as he hopes, by the great fundamental principles of the Church of England, and. of the Reformation, which are duly and faithfully recognised by all true Protestants of every denomination ; he has left it to parents and tutors to explain the right view in minor controversial matters. Practical notes, however, will be found on the miracles and parables of our Lord, together with a few of a critical character, as occasion required.
In accordance with the foregoing plan, the author has divided the New Testament History into two parts, viz. the Gospel and the Apostolic ; and from the differences of subject and arrangement, it will be necessary to describe these two divisions of the work under separate heads.
I. In compiling the Gospel history, it was found advisable to harmonize and digest the four Evangelical accounts into one continuous narrative, upon the basis of “ Greswell's Harmonia Evangelica." This is separated into divisions, and each division into paragraphs; all of which liave the contents
appended in a peculiar type ;* these contents are also thrown together at the commencement, and thus form a comprehensive analysis of both the narrative and the discourses in all the Four Gospels. This portion of the work is illustrated by the addition of the chronology and geography in the margin of every page ; by a profusion of historical and explanatory notes, and a careful mapping out of the years of our Lord's ministry, and the days in Passion week, on the authority of Greswell ; and by the addition of an introductory outline of the political state of the Jews at our Lord's advent, forming a continuation to the Connexion between the Old and New Testament, included in the “ Analysis and Summary of Old Testament History.” The author would also draw the especial attention of the student to the Synchronistical Table † at p. 17-19, which comprises the history of Palestine under the successors of Herod the Great, from the birth of our Lord until the destruction of Jerusalem, and is arranged in parallel columns, and preceded by a general view of Herod's family. The apparent discrepancies between the different evangelical accounts are pointed out and explained as they occur ; and in
* The prominent black type which I have used for my contents throughout the present Series, and which is technically called Clarendon type, is now being very generally adopted in similar publications, though prior to the appearance of my Analysis and Summary of Herodotus in 1848 it was comparatively unused. Indeed many attempts were then made to dissuade me from using what was thought so vulgar a letter, but its recent adoption in such works as Dr. W. Smith's Classical Dictionary, and the English translation of Freund's Latin Dictionary, and other publications of a similar class, and the universal praises it has received from numerous Reviews, afford a sufficient testimony both to its usefulness and beauty.
f This Table, which of course is copyright, was drawn up at a greater expense of time and labour than, at first sight, would be imagined, and whilst the author is willing that it should be rendered as useful as possible, he expects that it will not be appropriated without consent.
the more important places each account is given separately, to enable the reader to compare them with each other.
II. The Apostolic history is divided, headed, and illustrated in a similar manner to the Gospels, with the exception, that it includes a far larger proportion of historical, geographical, biographical, and antiquarian notes. It embraces, 1. The Acts of the Apostles, with the narrative paraphrased, and the speeches and sermons reprinted verbatim, as in the Gospel portion. 2. The continuous history of St. Paul, completed until his death, by the intercalation and addition of historical matter from the Epistles, and by a paraphrased narrative of his voyages.
The latter is more extended than any other portion of the volume, in order to include as much geographical description as possible in the text, without obliging the reader to refer to detached notes, which but too often distract his attention and break off his interest in the most important periods of the history. 3. An Analysis of the Epistles, those of St. Paul being inserted in the history of the period when they were written, and which may be referred to by means of the index; and those of St. Peter, James, John, and Jude, being arranged by themselves as an appendix to the Acts. 4. The Book of Revelation, including the more certain arguments in favour of its authenticity, and an Analysis and Summary of its contents.
Such then are the principal features of the volume now presented to the public. It also contains, in addition, an Introduction, comprising an analysis of all the principal proofs of the authenticity, credibility, and inspiration of the New Testament; and an outline of its critical history and geography. Notices of the twelve disciples will also be found at page 207, and complete indexes both to the text and notes at the end of the volume.
In the preparation of this work, numerous authorities have been consulted upon every subject, and endeavours have been made to select, analyze, and digest an amount of information, which though comparatively new to the general reader, should yet prove instructive and explanatory. Wherever such information has been deemed original or important, a reference has been added; but to have appended one in every case would have been both needless and troublesome.* The author, however, acknowledges his great and especial obligations to the valuable researches in Kitto's Biblical Cyclopedia, and Dr. Wm. Smith's Classical and Biographical Dictionaries, and to those of Greswell, Davidson, Horne, Bengel, Burton, Mosheim, Parkhurst, Lightfoot, Robinson, Olshausen, Neander, Tischendorff, Tate, Bp. Pearson, Professor Hackett, and to many historians and geographers referring to the period, as well as the works of others to which only incidental reference has been made. For many of the more practical notes, the author has been especially indebted to those of the Rev. R. C. Trench, on the Miracles and Parables, in which are exquisitely combined the feelings of the poet with the sentiments of the Christian.
In concluding this somewhat lengthy preface, the author would express his satisfaction at the favourable manner in which his previous works have been received both by the press and the public. He has hitherto withheld his name from the title-pages of his different publications, but the
* The more advanced student will find references to almost every existing work that is really valuable upon any subject, by turning to the subject itself, either in Kitto's Cyclopedia, or Horne's Manual of Biblical Bibliography. The writer of the present pages would also be happy to furnish such information as might be directly required by any of his readers.
success which has attended his efforts induces him now to acknowledge the authorship. The facilities his business as a bookseller affords him for referring to so many authorities, has, he hopes, increased the value of his unpretending volumes; nor can he charge himself with neglecting important avocations, whilst devoting the intervals of business to literary labours, which have been so indulgently received, and earned for him, however unworthily, the kind regard and esteem of some of his most valued friends, to whom otherwise he must have remained unknown.