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THE

PREFACE

E cannot but think ourselves under the Obligation of acknowledging, firft, the Good-will of our Friends in particular, and next, the Clemency of the Publick in general, for the kind Encouragement they have given to our firft Publication, and hope we fhall equally merit their Favour in this, and the two others that are to follow with as much Dispatch as can be conveniently made.

W

In our firft Volume we traced the CARDINAL from his Birth, through his Education, Advancement in Learning and first Preferments, to his Entrance and growing in Favour at Court. In this we have attended him, from his first Rife at Court, through the various Steps of Dignity that conveyed him to be Archbishop, Lord High Chancellor, Cardinal, and Legate a Latere, all which he enjoyed at once; but how well he acquitted himself in those high Trufts, we shall leave our READERS to fee for themselves, which, we hope, they will not be difcouraged

from

from the Pursuit of, notwithstanding a Reverend Gentleman's jejune, trite, and ungenerous Summary of his Life, (in his Lives and Characters, accompanying the Heads * of Eighty Illuftrious Perfons of Great Britain) which is fo far from answering the Title, or the grand Picture of the Cardinal, that he has rather made him a fitter Companion for a NERO or a CALIGULA, than any thing that can be called truly Illuftrious.

One thing more may not be amiss to mention, that it has occafionally fell in our Way to touch on the Pedigree or Defcent of a great Number of our noble, antient, and worthy Families, both of Great Britain and Ireland, apprehending that they could not be of any Differvice, if of no real Advantage to many of their prefent Succef fors. And we must here observe, that we have omitted to relate that the Right Hon. Sir Wil liam Yonge is defcended from the elder Brother of Dr. Yonge, who was Mafter of the Rolls in Henry the VIIIth's Time, and a great Favourite of the Cardinal's. See Fol. 331, of this Volumé.

* Engraved by the ingenious Meff. HOUBRAKEN, and VERTUE.

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THE

HISTORY

OF THE

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LIFE and TIMES

O F

Cardinal WOLSEY.

E concluded our First Vo-
lume of thisHistory with the
Death of Henry the VIIth.
who was fucceeded in the
Throne by his only Son, Henry the
VIIIth, then about Eighteen Years of
Age, April the 22d.

Great Care had been taken of this King's Education, by inftructing him in all Parts of Learning neceffary for a Prince defign'd for an Ecclefiaftick, if his Brother Prince Arthur had lived. Having in his Youth, as Lord Herbert afferts, applied himself much to Learning, fo that he made a good VOL. II,

B

Pro

Hen. VIII afcends the

Throne.

1509.

His Edu

cation.

Progrefs in the Sciences; and herein he was great ly forwarded by Mr. Wolfey, Dean of Lincoln: infomuch, that, as Hiftorians agree, for several Years in the beginning of his Reign, no Affairs diverted him from converfing with learned Men, and encouraging Learning, which feems to appear by the Choice of his Counsellors.

The Day the King afcended the Throne, the Lord Stafford, Brother to the Duke of Buckingham, was committed to the Tower, but was foon after discharged. Lord Herbert seems to think there was no Colour for his Commitment, because he was immediately created Earl of Wiltshire, made one of the Knights of the Garter, and continued to his Death in great Favour with his Majefty, which happened about fourteen Years after his Confinement, when he died without Iffue.

His Majefty early took Care to fettle
His Majefty fet his Privy Council; the Chief of which
tles his Privy
Council.

Lord Stafford arrefted, but foon difcharged.

were,

1. William Warham, Archbishop of Canterbury, and Lord High Chancellor.

2. Richard Fox, Bishop of Winchester, and Lord Privy Seal.

3. Thomas Howard, Earl of Surry, Lord High Treasurer.

4. George Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord High Steward of the King's Houfhold.

5. Thomas Ruthal, foon after made Bishop of Dur

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6. Lord Herbert, of Gower, &c. Lord Chamberlain.

7. Sir Edward Poynings, Knight of the most noble Order of the Garter, Comptroller of the King's Houfhold.

8. Sir Thomas Lovell, Mafter of the Wards, and Conftable of the Tower.

Dean

Dean Wolfey was appointed the King's Almoner, and, as foon as he appeared at Court, his Majesty received him with great Marks of Favour, fingling him out from his other Attendants, and converfed with him in fo much Freedom, that the Courtiers paid the Respect to him, as to one looked upon in the high Road to Preferment.

The King, after fettling his Council, iffued a Proclamation, wherein is fet forth, "That his Majefty, being in"formed his good Subjects had been oppref"ed under the fpecious Pretence of preferving "the Prerogative of the Crown, gave them Leave to bring in their Complaints, and promifed them "Satisfaction:" And withal the King confirm'd his Father's general Pardon, granted before his Death, excepting, as Stow fays, all Perfons guilty of Murder, Felony, or Treafon.

sc

This

The SECRET HISTORY of the CARDINAL, by GEORGE CAVENDISH, Efq; his GentlemanUfher.

AFTER the Solem

nizations,and cost-
ly Triumphs, our
natural, young,
couragious, luf-

6

ty Prince, and Sovereign Lord, King Henry the Eighth, en⚫tering into his Flower and lufty Youth, took upon him the Royal Sceptre, and Imperial

Sherus Wol

fey great Fa

vour.

CHA P. II.

Of King HENRY the VIIIth's Afcending the Throne, and the CARDINAL's Favour with him.

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A

And iffues a

Proclamation.

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