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affift the Venetians in the Siege of Breffia, which in a few Days furrendered upon Articles. Encouraged with this Succefs, they next laid Siege to Verona; but here they found a fenfible Change of Fortune, being repulfed with much Slaughter and Lofs, which caused them to retire to their respective Governments.

Maximilian, hearing of this ill Success of his Enemies, recovered his loft Spirits, and talked big of renewing the War; and first he begun with founding the Pope, but found that his private Views would not fuffer him to break openly with Francis. He also tried Charles, but found his Council would by no means liften to his Propofal of joining against France, alledging, for a Reason, that Charles had much greater Affairs to fettle in refpect to the Government of the different States lately fallen to him. His laft Hopes were to engage Henry to become a Principal in the War, and therefore fent his chief Minister to implore his Aid, and at the fame time to excufe his Mafter's late fcandalous Retreat, by laying the Blame on the Swiss; who, meeting with a favourable Audience, foon dispatched what he was charged with, and returned to his Master.

But Pace, in his Letter to the King, which was entirely agreeable to our Minifter's Sentiments at Home, plainly tells his Majefty, "That the Empe"ror's Negligence loft the Victory, and that the Sol"diers ran away without Caufe: That the Emperor promifes to fet forward again into Italy, but that he could not believe his Words any farther than "Deeds fhould confirm them."


This Letter, and what Sir Robert Wingfield wrote to the King, prevented his Majefty's thinking to affist the Emperor in his Italian Expedition. Notwithftanding the Emperor's prefent Negotiations for carrying on a War, that he might not recede from what he had from the Beginning acted, he was then priyately treating with France about a Peace; though it


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was not carried on fo fecretly, but the Cardinal had. Notice of it; of which he acquaints Tunftal, then in the Low Countries, that, when this Intelligence was brought to the King, it was not fuppofed to be true, though he well knew it was no new thing for the Emperor to act a double Part; and therefore adwifes Tunftal to enquire, whether there was any Truth in the Report.

Tunftal was fo affiduous in anfwering this Charge, that he immediately gave the Cardinal an Answer, and fatisfied him, that there was Truth in the Report; and withal expreffed his Diflike of a League propofed between the King and young King Charles, for this Reafon, he would not have his Majefty involve bimfelf in foreign Affairs, to mazatain the Interests of other Princes; which he enforces by reprefenting the ill State of those with whom the King was to contract, and faith, "The Emperor is poor, and not


able to defend himself, and therefore his Affistance "could not be of any Significancy: That the Ca

tholick King was out of his Realm, and as poor as "his Grandfather; and that, if any Invafion fhould "happen, all the Burthen must lie upon the King of England." Thefe Remonftrances had a good Effect, and stayed the English Court from engaging too deeply either with Spain or the Emperor.


Francis in the mean time was well pleased with what had happened in Italy, as the Emperor was retreated from thence, though he had met with fome. Disappointment in the Siege of Verona; and, as Ferdinand was dead, he begun now to form the Project of conquering Naples ; but, juft as he was going to put his Defign in Execution, he was disappointed : For, apprehending he had firmly attached the Pope to his Interest, by the laft Interview, he found himself grofly mistaken, the Pope's present View being


We wish this weighty Reafon may more and more prevail,

to make use of Francis to deprive the Duke of Urbino of his Dominions, and to fettle it upon one of his own Family, which he foon accomplished.

After this was obtained the Pope forgot to thank Francis for the Service he had done him. On the contrary, his Thoughts were taken up how he could affift others in driving the French out of Italy; and, to pave the Way for fucceeding in this Defign, he fettled a fecret Correfpondence with the Emperor, the King of England, and the new King of Spain, which, however, did not then take place, though the Pope carried on his Scheme against Francis with the utmost Precaution and Secrecy; yet Francis got the Knowledge of it, though he pretended to be ignorant : But, as he was fully fatisfied of the Pope's Infincerity, and that he was not to be depended upon, it made him intirely give over the Thoughts of the Conqueft of Naples.


As to Charles, his Affairs obliged him to go over to Spain, and Francis, being thus difappointed of the Pope's Affiftance, at laft came to a Refolution to enter into a Treaty with the King of Spain, who, in the prefent Situation of his Affairs, could not but wish to live in good Understanding with him. Thus the two Kings being equally inclined to a Peace, without further Ceremony they concluded a Treaty, which was figned the 26th of August; The Treaty of Contents of which was, "That Charles fhould Noyon. efpoufe Louifa, Francis's Daughter, then "about a Year old. That he should have with her "the King of France's Pretenfions to the Kingdom "of Naples; and, till the Marriage fhould be con"fummated, he should give for the young Princess's "Maintenance, a hundred thousand Crowns a Year. "That, within fix Months, Charles fhould refign "the Kingdom of Navarre to Henry d'Albert, Son of John d'Albert and Catherine his Confort, King and Queen of Navarre, who were difpoffeffed by Ferdi





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nand; and, in Cafe Charles fhould not perform this "Article, Francis fhould be allowed to affift the King "of Navarre. Lastly, that the Emperor fhould re"ftore Verona to the Venetians, who, in return, should pay him two hundred thoufand Crowns, and "Francis fhould give him a full Difcharge for the "Sum of three hundred thousand Crowns, lent him by King Lewis the XIIth, to maintain the War against Venice."


On the concluding this Treaty Rapin makes the following Remarks: "The Peace Remarks. Rapin's "of Noyon was directly contrary to the De



figns of the Pope, the Emperor, and the King of England. The Pope was extremely defirous the "French fhould be expelled out of Italy. Maxi"milian was wholly intent upon raifing Enemies to "Francis, to hinder his affifting the Venetians. He "faw he must refolve either to ratify the Treaty of



Noyon, and confequently reftore Verona, or defend "his Conqueft without the Affiftance of any Ally. "To avoid both thefe Extremes he tried all poffible "Ways to embroil Affairs, and kindle a new War, which might occafion a League against France. "He hoped thereby to be able to reject, without GC Danger, the Treaty of Noyon, which he believed very prejudicial to his Interefts. It is true, the "Reftitution of Verona would be worth to him five "hundred thoufand Crowns: But out of that Sum "were deducted the three hundred thousand he owed "the King of France but never intended to pay him : "So, for the Sum of two hundred thousand Crowns, " he was bound to restore Verona; that is to say, he "was to be shut out of Italy, the only thing that made " him confiderable in the prefent Situation of the Affairs in Europe. Henry the VIIIth was no less de"firous of a War with France, being prompted thereto "by Cardinal Wolfey, or by his Jealoufy of Francis. "But it was not the fame with the Arch-duke, to whom


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"a Peace for fome time was very advantageous." On which we shall only obferve, that Monf. Rapin seems to be at a Lofs to fix, whether Henry's own Defire of War with France, or his own Jealoufy of Francis, or his having been prompted thereto by CardinalWolfey moft prevailed.

But, to return, Henry could not but be alarmed at the concluding this Treaty at Noyon, without his being included in it, which might expofe him to be attacked by the Parties united by that Treaty. This, no doubt, made Henry seriously endeavour to renew the Negotiation, that had been fome time but flowly carried on at London, between the Emperor, himself, and young King Charles of Spain, for concluding a Treaty of Alliance, for the Defence of each other's Dominions; yet, as the Treaty at Noyon was concluded, both the former and the latter did not feem over fond of coming into fuch Treaty: However, at laft it was concluded at London, on the 29th of October, whereby thefe three Princes undertook to affist each other, in cafe either of their Dominions should be attacked by any Power whatsoever; and Rapin confeffes, "That, when the English Ambaffador preffed "King Charles, to ratify the League of London, he "deferred it on divers Pretences, because he was "afraid of offending the King of France; but rati"fied it after fome Alterations."

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As to the Emperor, he foon ratified the Treaty of Noyon, and concluded a Truce with the Venetians, whereby he undertook to restore to them Verona, for the fake of the two hundred thousand Crowns. And thus the Reader may perceive, that all the Emperor's fine Propofals to our King, relating to the procuring him Milan, and getting him elected Emperor, vanifhed in a Trice.

Whilft the different Princes in Europe, concerned with England, were bufying themselves about their Temporal Affairs, the Council of Lateran continued their Seffion, without anfwering the End they feemed


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