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Emanuel the Ift had been King of Portugal fifteen Years, when Henry the VIIIth afcended the Throne of England, and continued fo to the Death of Cardinal Wolfey. Emanuel was bred up to all Manner of Learning, fo that he was qualified either for a Divine, or a temporal Prince. When King he fo devoted himself to Religion that the Affairs of his Kingdom exceedingly fuffered, thro' the evil Administration of those he had entrufted with the Government.

The Archbishop of Lisbon, (a wife and good Prelate) foreseeing that the Kingdom must be inevitably ruined, in cafe fome Steps were not taken to reform the Abuses and Mifmanagements crept into the Administration, took the Liberty to reprefent to his Prince the Condition his People was in, which had the defired Effect; for the King was made fenfible, that what the Archbishop had advanced was Truth, which induced him to take upon himself theGovernment of his People, to enquire into their Grievances, and feverely to punish

By GEORGE CAVENDISH, Efq;

The King feeing the CardiInal fo deceived in his Choice, 'could not forbear Laughing, but pulling down his Vizard, and Sir Edward Nevill's alfo, with 'fuch a pleasant Countenance ' and Cheer, that all the noble

Affairs of
Portugal.

1509.

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The Kingdom of Portugal is bounded on the North with the Rivers Minio and Avia, which part it from Gallicia on the South, and on the Weft with the two Caftiles. From North to South along the Sea Coast it contains 400 Miles, in the broadest part 100, and in the narrowest 80 Miles. There are three Archbishopricks, Lisbon, Braga, and Evora; ten Bishopricks with large Revenues; and 1460 Parishes. The Provinces of Portugal have all their particular Commodities, which produce, among other Things, ftore of Citrons and excellent Oranges. Their Parliaments affemble at Libon and Oporto, Places for the general Receipt of the King's Revenues, and famous for Commerce thro' Europe.

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punish those who had abufed the Truft repofed in
them. He next made feveral wife Laws for the Bene-
fit of his Subjects. These
These Proceedings foon gained
him the Affection of his People in general, who
furnamed him EMANUEL THE GOOD.

Having thus fettled his Kingdom at home to the Content of his Subjects, he next applied his Mind to the aggrandizing them abroad; for having, as we have before obferved, had good Succefs from his Fleet sent to the East Indies, he next fitted out another for the West Indies, and there made Difcoveries and took Poffeffion of the Brafiles in America. He also sent another towards the South, which added to their for

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OW you shall under-.
ftand, that the young
Lord of Northumberland at-
tended upon my Lord Cardi-
nal, who, when the Cardinal
⚫ went to Court, would ever
have Conference with Mrs.
Anne Bullen, who then was

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CHA P. IX.

Of the original Inftrument of the Cardinal's Fall, Mißtress Anne

Bullen.

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former Acquifitions the Kingdoms of Conga and Angola.

The happy Difcoveries made in the East Indies encouraged him to fend a more powerful Fleet, and a Body of Land Forces, with Directions to fettle Plantations there; but, before they could obtain what they defired, thefe Forces were obliged to difpute the Ground with both the Turks and the Egyptians, which were fo fuccefsful as to beat both thofe Ene. mies, and poffefs themselves of the land of Ormus in the Perfian Gulph; an Ifland fo rich and fo well fituated, that the Arabians used to fay, If the whole World were a Ring, that would be like a Diamond in it. Many other Forts and Places upon the Seacoafts they likewife brought under Subjection, and, having fortified them, returned home richly laden.

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Thus

By GEORGE CAVENDISH, Efq;

yered to any; and then ad'vised the Cardinal to fend for

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courfe, and drinking a Cup of • Wine, the Earl departed, and at his going away, he fat down at the Gallery and in the Hall upon a Form, and being fet, called his Son unto him, and faid,

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the Earl of Northumberland his 'Father, and take Order to 'diffolve the Contract made between the faid Parties, which 'the Lord Cardinal did, after a fharp Reprehenfion, in Regard 'he was contracted without the King and his Father's Knowledge; he fent for his Father, 'who came up to London very 'fpeedily, and came first to my

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Son (quoth he) even as thou art, and ever haft been, a proud, difdainful, and very unthrifty Mafter, fo thou hast now declared thyself; wherefore what Joy, what Pleafure, what Comfort, or what Solace can I conceive in thee? that thou without Difcretion, baft abused thyfelf, having neither Regard to me, thy natural Father, nor And when the Earl was come, unto thy natural Sovereign Lord, he was prefently brought to to whom all honeft and loyal Subthe Cardinal into the Gallery.jects bear faithful Obedience, After whofe Meeting, my nor yet to the Profperity of thine Lord Cardinal and he were in own Eftate; but haft fo unad⚫ fecret Communication a long vifedly enfnared thyself to her, Space. After their long Dif •for subam then baft purchased

Lord Cardinal, as all great "Perfonages did, that in such 'fort were fent for, of whom they were advertised of the 'Cause of their fending for:

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Thus the Riches of India, which before had been brought over the vaft Deferts of Arabia, upon the Backs of Camels, to Grand Cairo in Egypt, and from thence by Sea conveyed to Venice, and so dispersed over the European Parts of the World, were now brought home by Sea, which was a fhorter Way, performed much fooner, and at lefs Expence.

In fhort, Emanuel carefully avoided entering into the Quarrels that arose between the other European Princes; for, while his Fleets were performing thefe glorious Exploits, in the before unknown Parts of the World, he applied himself in keeping his Kingdom in Peace at Home and Abroad; and, being bleffed with a noble and numerous Iffue, after having governed his Kingdom 41 Years, with great Glory and Renown, ended his Days at Lisbon, about the Year 1535, in the 73d Year of his Age, and was buried, in the Cathedral of that City, among many of his Ancestors. To fum up this Prince's Charac

ter

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the King's high Displeasure intolerable for any Subject to fuftain. And, but that the King doth confi • fider the lightness of thy Head, and wilful Qualities of thyPerfon, his Difplea fure and Indignation were < fufficient to caft me, and all my Pofterity into utter Ruin and Deftruction. But he being my fingular gond Lord, and favourable Prince, and my Lord Cardinal my very good Friend, kath, and doth clearly excuse me in thy Lewdness, and do rather lament thy Folly than malign thee, ⚫ and hath advised an Order to be • taken for thee, to whom both I and you are more bound than we con

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The SECRET HISTORY

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ceive of, I pray to God, that this maybe a fufficient Admonition unto thee to use thyfelf more wifelyhere

of the CARDINAL,

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after; for affure thy felf, that, if thou doft not amend thy Prodigality, thou wilt be the last Earl of our Houfe. For thy natural Inclination, thou art masterful and prodigal, to confume all that thy Progenitors have with great Travel gathered and kept together with Honour. But, having the King's Mojesiy, my fingular good Lord, I truft, 1 affure thee, fo to order my Succeffion, that thou shalt confume thereof but a little.

For I do not intend (I tell thee) truly to make thee Heir, for (thanks be to God) I bave

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more Boys, than I truff will use
themfelves much better, and
prove more like to rife and ho-
neft Men, of whom I will

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choose

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ter in a Word, the Portuguese Hiftorians in general fay, "He fo lived and fo ruled his People, that he "defervedly merited the glorious Title they had "given him, of Emanuel the Good." The Benefits that have accrued to this Nation from those Discoveries, and the Trade that has been fince carried on with Portugal by our Merchants, are fo well known, that they need not be here expreffed.

Cardinal Ximenes, whilft nothing was to be feen in Italy but one Prince endeavouring to destroy another, under the Pretence of Zeal for Religion, and the Glory of God, employed his Time in a more agreeable Manner; for, with his Majesty's Leave and Affiftance, after the Taking of Granada, he converted, by his Preaching, in that City 3000 Mahometans in one Day, and among them a Prince of the Blood, whom he alfo baptized. He then ordered all the Books of the Alcoran to be brought into the great Market-place, where he burnt them: And

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Now good Mafters and Gen-
tlemen (quoth he) unto us,
be your Chances hereafter, when
I am dead, to fee thofe Things,
that I have spoken to my Son,
prove as true as I now speak
them; yet, in the mean Time, I
defire you all to be his Friends,
' and tell him his Faults in what
he doth amifs, wherein you shall
fhew your felves friendly to
• him; and fo I take my Leave
of you: And Son, go your ways
unto my Lord, your Mafter, and
ferve him diligently; and fo
parted, and went down into
the Hall, and fo took his
Barge.

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By GEORGE CAVENDISH, Efq;

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debating the Matter about the Lord Piercy's Affurance to Mrs. Anne Bullen, it was de'vifed, that the Contract fhould

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be infringed and diffolved, ⚫ and that the Lord Piercy fhould marry one of the Earl of Shrewsbury's Daughters; and fo indeed not long after he did, whereby the former Con'tract was broken and diffolved, wherewith Mrs. Anne was 'greatly displeased, promifing, that, if ever it lay in her Power, fhe would do the Cardinal fome Difpleasure, which the afterwards did.

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Affairs of Spain. 1509.

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But yet

he was not altogether to be blamed, for he did nothing

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but what the King commandThen, after long and large ed; whereby the Lord Piercy VOL. II.

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was

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