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Throne of his renowned Ancestors, and to give Alsurances of his Majesty's Desire to live in Peace with all his Neighbours.

Christopher Baynbridge, Archbishop Archbishop Bayn

of York, who was then at Rome, had bridge made Ambajador at Rome.

a Commission sent him to take upon

himself the Title of Ambassador from England, which was very acceptable to the Pope ; and we shall presently see the Reason why the King appointed him as such, it not being usual for his Predecessors to have ever a one residing at that Court.

Rapin observes, “That the King in the Rapin's Account of

beginning of his Reignwillingly left to the young King

“his Council and Ministers the Care and “ Management of his Affairs : As he was at Peace “ with his Neighbours, what passed in his Kingdom “ could not keep him much employed; he thought

more of such Pleasures and Diversions as were suit“ able to his Years, than of Application to Business

" and
The Secret History of the CARDINAL,

Of the Cardinal's Magnificence in his House.

E lived a long Season, ·ation resort unto the Cardinal's :H

ruling all Things in this · House, against whose coming Realm appertaining to the there wanted no Preparation

King, by his Wisdom, and all of goodly Furnitures, with ' other iviaiters of Foreign Re-, ' Victuals of the finest fort that

gions, with whom the King could be had for Money or ' had any Occasion to meddle. • Friend hip. • All Ambaffadors of foreign Po- • Such Pleasures were here de

tentates were ever disposed by « vised for the King's Delight the Cardinal's Wisdom, to whom as could be invented or imathey had continual Access for gined ; Banquets set with Maftheir Dispatch.

quers and Mummers, in such • His House was always re- costly Manner, that it was « forted unto like a King's House, glorious to behold, there want« with Noblemen and Gentle- ing no Damsels meet to dance

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men : And when it pleased the • with the Masquers, or to gar

King's Majesty (as many times “nish the Place for the Time, • it did he would for his Recre- with Variety of other Pastimes.

• Then


“ and, as he was naturally liberal, his Entertainments “ at Court were very expensive. The Bishop of Winchester could not help murmurring to see the

Money lavished without any Necessity, which his « deceased Master had amassed with so much Care, “ Pains, and Injustice,* in which he had himself been “ employed; he threw all the Blame upon the Earl « of Surry, Lord Treasurer, who was his Rival in “ Favour under the late King, and continued to be “ fo under the present King, by gaining the Affec

tion of his new Master, by a blind Compliance to “ his Will. During Henry the VIIth's Life he was

more close, and harder to part with Money than “ the King himself: However express the Orders “ were for Payment, he found Difficulties to evade it, “ and by that means he made his Court admirably

to his Master. Being continued in his Poft in the prefent Reign, he became quite another Man ; he

not By GEORGE CAVENDISH, Esq; Then was there divers Kinds ing. they were discharged, • of Mufick, and many choice • which made such a rattling • Men and Women-singers ap- • Noise in the Air, that it was • pointed to fing, who had ex- • like Thunder; it made all the . cellent Voices. I have seen · Noblemen, Gentlemen and • the King come suddenly thi- • Ladies to muse, what it should • ther in a Mark, with a dozen mean coming fo fuddenly,

Masquers all in Garments like they fitting quietly at a Ban. • Shepherds, made of fine Cloth quet. In this sort you shall • of Gold and Silver-wire, and I understand, that the Tables • six Torch bearers, besides their were set in the Chamber of

Drummers, and others at. • Presence, covered, and my • tending on them with Vizards, • Lord Cardinal sitting under his and clothed all in Sattin. And • Cloth of State, and there hav• before his entering into the . ing all his Service alone. And

Hall, you shall understand, " then was there fet a Lady and • that he came by Water up to ' a Nobleman, a Gentleman and • the Water-gate without any a Gentlewoman, throughout all

Noise, where were laid divers the Tables in the Chambers on « Chambers, and Guns charged ? the one side, which were made « with Shot; and at his Land- • all joining as if it were but one VOL. II.


• Table, * Very kind of Monsieur Rapin, in thus charging a King and a Bishop with Injustice in the fame Breath,

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not only paid, without Examination, what ever was “ ordered, but also put the King upon spending ex

travagantly; this gained himself the Favour of the young Prince, who was naturally addicted to Pro

digality: But the Bishop of Winchester openly “ blamed this Conduct, as highly prejudicial to the

King's Interest. But he was little regarded in a “ Court where every one was striving to make an

Advantage of the Sovereign's liberal Temper. “ Mean while his Discourses exasperated more and 66

more the Earl of Surry and the young Courtiers a

gainst him, who never ceased to do him ill Offices “ with the King. Thus the Bishop, who was in fo

great Credit in the late Reign, gradually lost it in “ this. His Disgrace, which fat heavy upon his Mind, " threw him upon devising Means to supplant his

Rival, by introducing, at Court, Thomas Wolsey, whose Qualifications he was no Stranger to.'

Histo, The Secret HISTORY of the CARDINAL, & Table. All which Order was to take the Pains to go into

done by my Lord Sands, then • the Hall, there to receive them ! Lord Chamberlain to the King, ! into the Chamber, where they • and by Sir Henry Guilford, • shall see us, and all those no• then Comptroller of the King's • ble Personages being merry at 1 House,

our Banquet, desiring them to ! Then immediately after this • sit down with us, and take part great Shot of Guns, the Car- ? of our Fare. • dinal desired the Lord Cham- · Then went they incontinent6 berlain to see what it did mean, ly into the Hall, where they

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as though he knew nothing of were received with twenty • the Matter: They then looked ! Torches, and conveyed up in

out of Window into the Thames, « to the Chamber, with such a

and, returning again, told him, « Number of Drums and Flutes, « that they thought they were as I have seldom seen together « Noblemen and Strangers ar- "at one Time and Place. • rived at the Bridge, and com- Then, at their Arrival into

ing as Ambassadors from some • the Chamber, they went two • Foreign Prince ; With that and two together directly be

faid the Cardinal,I desire you, • fore the Cardinal, where he because you can speak French, fat, and faluted them very re

verently ;


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Historians agree, that, the Bishop of Bishop Fox reWinchefter could not see, without great Wolley to the Uneasiness, the Course the young King King. was pursuing in the beginning of his Reign, which made him think of retiring from Court ; but then he foresaw, he should, by so doing, soon lose all his Intereft there, in case he could not fall on a Method to check the Design of his Rival, the Earl of Surry ; therefore he (seeing the young King from time to time received Mr. Wolsey with great Distinction) waited on his Majesty, and in a handsome Speech begged he might be excused from a constant Attendance at Court, on Account of his Age and Infirmities; which the King was pleased to grant. He next took the Opportunity of recommending to his Royal Master, in the most effectual Manner, Mr. Wolfey, as a Minister of great Abilities, and fitly qualified for the most important Services, which Advice his Majesty was pleased to receive very graciously; expressing at the same time,

that By GEORGE CAVendish, Esq; verently; to whom the Lord • When the Cardinal said he Chamberlain for them said, For- was willing, and very well

asmuch as they are Strangers, • content they should do so. • and cannot speak English, they • Then went the Masquers,

have defired me to declare unto " and first saluted all the Dames, 'you, that they, havingunderstand and then returned to the most

ing at this your triumphant worthiest, and there opened ! Banquet were assembled such • the great Cup of Gold filled ' a Number of fair Dames, they • with Crowns, and other Pieces

could do no lefs (under the to cast at. • Supportation of your Grace) • Thus perusing all the Gen" than to vie as well their in- • tlewomen, of

me they won, comparable Beauties, as to ac- and to some they lost. And, company them to the Mum

having viewed all the Ladies, chance, and after that to dance • they returned to the Cardinal ' with them, so to beget their • with great Reverence, pouring better Acquaintance.

• down all their Gold, which • And furthermore, they re- was above two hundred Crowns. 'quire of your Grace Licence At all, quoth the Cardinal, to accomplish this Cause of ' and casting the Dye he won it, their Coming

• whereat was made great Joy.

• Then

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that it was agreeable to his own Sentiments. Thus the Contention, between the Bishop and the Earl, was one Means of furthering the Promotion of Wolfey sooner than it could be expected ; and by this last Act the BiThop retained his Credit at Court; and, tho' he afterwards spent a pretty deal of his Time in the Country, yet no Affairs of Importance were for several Years afterwards resolved on, without first consulting this great Prelate and Statesman.

As to Ireland, there was nothing very reAffairs of markable this Year, except, that the King Ireland.

was pleased not only to continue the Earl 1509.

of Kildare in the Government thereof, but to grant him a new Patent to constitute him Lord Justice ; and in the Year 1510 he was made Deputy. He erected, at his own Expence, a Chapel in Trinity Church, Dublin, and the People every Day felt the Benefit of his wife and prudent Administration.



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• Then, quoth the Cardinal • the rest, he is contented to to my Lord Chamberlain, I

• disclose himself, and to accept pray you go tell them, that to of your place most willingly.

me it seemeth that there should . With that the Cardinal tak. • be a Nobleman amongst them ing good Advice, went a• that better deferves to fit in mongst them, and at the last, " this Place than I, to whom I (quoth he) It seemeth to me, • should gladly surrender the " that the Gentleman with the • fame, according to my Duty, • black Beard should be he, and 6 if I knew him.

with that he rose out of his Then spake

Lord Cham- • Chair, and offered the same to • berlain to them in French, de- • the Gentleman with the black


claring my Lord Cardinal's • Beard, with the Cup in his Words, and they rounding him ' Hand : But the Cardinal was again in the Ear, the Lord • mistaken, for the Person to • Chamberlain said unto my r whom he then offered his • Lord Cardinal :

Chair, was Sir Edward Nevill, Sir, (quoth he) they con- a comely Knight, and of a fels, that


them is such goodly Personage, who did more a noble Personage, whom if • resemble his Majesty's Person, your Grace can point out from than any other in that Maik.



• The

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