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Throne of his renowned Ancestors, and to give Affurances of his Majesty's Defire to live in Peace with all his Neighbours.

Chriftopher Baynbridge, Archbishop of York, who was then at Rome, had a Commiffion fent him to take upon himself the Title of Ambaffador from England, which was very acceptable to the Pope; and we fhall prefently fee the Reason why the King appointed him as fuch, it not being ufual for his Predeceffors to have ever a one refiding at that Court. Rapin obferves, "That the King in the beginning of his Reign willingly left to "his Council and Minifters the Care and Management of his Affairs: As he was at Peace "with his Neighbours, what paffed in his Kingdom "could not keep him much employed; he thought "more of fuch Pleafures and Diverfions as were fuit"able to his Years, than of Application to Business " and

Archbishop Bayn bridge made Ambaffador at Rome.

Rapin's Account of the young King.

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E lived a long Seafon, ruling all Things in this Realm appertaining to the King, by his Wisdom, and all other iviatters of Foreign gions, with whom the King had any Occafion to meddle. All Ambaffadors of foreign Potentates were ever difpofed by 'the Cardinal's Wifdom, to whom they had continual Access for ⚫ their Dispatch.

His Houfe was always reforted unto like a King's Houfe, with Noblemen and Gentle• men: And when it pleased the King's Majefty (as many times it did) he would for his Recre

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The SECRET HISTORY of the CARDINAL,

CHAP. VIII.

Of the Cardinal's Magnificence in his Houfe.

⚫ation refort unto the Cardinal's 'House, against whofe coming there wanted no Preparation of goodly Furnitures, with Re-Victuals of the finest fort that could be had for Money or • Friendship.

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• Such Pleasures were here devised for the King's Delight " as could be invented or imagined; Banquets fet with Mafquers and Mummers, in fuch coftly Manner, that it was glorious to behold, there wanting no Damfels meet to dance • with the Mafquers, or to gar.nifh the Place for the Time, with Variety of other Paftimes. • Then

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and, as he was naturally liberal, his Entertainments "at Court were very expenfive. The Bishop of Winchester could not help murmurring to fee the Money lavished without any Neceffity, which his "deceafed Mafter had amaffed with fo much Care,

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Pains, and Injustice, in which he had himself been "employed; he threw all the Blame upon the Earl "of Surry, Lord Treasurer, who was his Rival in "Favour under the late King, and continued to be "fo under the prefent King, by gaining the Affec"tion of his new Mafter, by a blind Compliance to "his Will. During Henry the VIIth's Life he was more close, and harder to part with Money than "the King himself: However express the Orders "were for Payment, he found Difficulties to evade it, "and by that Means he made his Court admirably to his Master. Being continued in his Poft in the present Reign, he became quite another Man; he 66 not

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By GEORGE CAVENDISH, Efq;

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< Then was there divers Kinds ' of Mufick, and many choice Men and Women-fingers ap'pointed to fing, who had ex'cellent Voices. I have seen 'the King come fuddenly thi'ther in a Mask, with a dozen Masquers all in Garments like 'Shepherds, made of fine Cloth

of Gold and Silver-wire, and 'fix Torch bearers, befides their 'Drummers, and others at'tending on them with Vizards,

and clothed all in Sattin. And 'before his entering into the 'Hall, you fhall understand, 'that he came by Water up to 'the Water-gate without any 'Noife, where were laid divers 'Chambers, and Guns charged ' with Shot; and at his LandVOL. II.

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ing they were discharged, which made fuch a rattling Noife in the Air, that it was like Thunder; it made all the • Noblemen, Gentlemen and 'Ladies to mufe, what it fhould

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mean coming fo fuddenly, they fitting quietly at a Banquet. In this fort you fhall ' understand, that the Tables · were fet in the Chamber of • Prefence, covered, and my • Lord Cardinal fitting under his • Cloth of State, and there hav

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ing all his Service alone. And then was there fet a Lady and a Nobleman, a Gentleman and ' a Gentlewoman, throughout all 'the Tables in the Chambers on

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the one fide, which were made ⚫all joining as if it were but one E Table,

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* Very kind of Monfieur Rapin, in thus charging a King and a Bishop with Injuftice in the fame Breath.

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દ not only paid, without Examination, what ever was "ordered, but also put the King upon spending extravagantly; this gained himself the Favour of the young Prince, who was naturally addicted to Prodigality: But the Bishop of Winchester openly "blamed this Conduct, as highly prejudicial to the "King's Intereft. But he was little regarded in a "Court where every one was ftriving to make an

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Advantage of the Sovereign's liberal Temper. "Mean while his Difcourfes exafperated more and "more the Earl of Surry and the young Courtiers against him, who never ceased to do him ill Offices "with the King. Thus the Bishop, who was in so "great Credit in the late Reign, gradually loft it in "this. His Difgrace, which fat heavy upon his Mind, "threw him upon devifing Means to fupplant his "Rival, by introducing, at Court, Thomas Wolfey, whofe Qualifications he was no Stranger

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Hiftorians agree, that, the Bishop of R Winchester could not fee, without great Uneafiness, the Course the young King was pursuing in the beginning of his Reign, which made him think of retiring from Court; but then he forefaw, he should, by so doing, foon lofe all his Intereft there, in cafe he could not fall on a Method to check the Design of his Rival, the Earl of Surry; therefore he (feeing the young King from time to time received Mr. Wolfey with great Distinction) waited on his Majefty, and in a handfome Speech begged he might be excufed from a conftant Attendance at Court, on Account of his Age and Infirmities; which the King was pleased to grant. He next took the Opportunity of recommending to his Royal Master, in the most effectual Manner, Mr. Wolfey, as a Minister of great Abilities, and fitly qualified for the moft important Services, which Advice his Majefty was pleased to receive very graciously; expreffing at the fame time, that

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verently; to whom the Lord 'Chamberlain for them faid, Forafmuch as they are Strangers, ⚫ and cannot speak English, they ⚫ have defired me to declare unto 'you,that they, havingunderstand

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ing at this your triumphant Banquet were affembled fuch a Number of fair Dames, they 'could do no lefs (under the

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Supportation of your Grace) 'than to view as well their incomparable Beauties, as to accompany them to the Mum'chance, and after that to dance ' with them, fo to beget their better Acquaintance.

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• And furthermore, they require of your Grace Licence to accomplish this Caufe of ⚫ their Coming.

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By GEORGE CAVENDISH, Efq;

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Bishop Fox re

commends Mr.

Wolfey to the
King.

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that it was agreeable to his own Sentiments. Thus the Contention, between the Bishop and the Earl, was one Means of furthering the Promotion of Wolfey fooner than it could be expected; and by this last Act the Bifhop retained his Credit at Court; and, tho' he afterwards spent a pretty deal of his Time in the Country, yet no Affairs of Importance were for several Years afterwards refolved on, without firft confulting this great Prelate and Statesman.

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Ireland.

1509.

As to Ireland, there was nothing very reAffairs of markable this Year, except, that the King was pleafed not only to continue the Earl of Kildare in the Government thereof, but to grant him a new Patent to conftitute him Lord Juftice; and in the Year 1510 he was made Deputy. He erected, at his own Expence, a Chapel in Trinity Church, Dublin, and the People every Day felt the Benefit of his wife and prudent Administration.

Emanuel

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Then, quoth the Cardinal to my Lord Chamberlain, I pray you go tell them, that to · me it feemeth that there fhould ⚫ be a Nobleman amongst them that better deferves to fit in this Place than I, to whom I fhould gladly furrender the fame, according to my Duty, if I knew him.

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Then fpake my Lord Chamberlain to them in French, declaring my Lord Cardinal's Words, and they rounding him again in the Ear, the Lord • Chamberlain faid unto my Lord Cardinal:

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Sir, (quoth he) they con

fefs, that among them is fuch

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a noble Perfonage, whom if

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your Grace can point out from

The SECRET HISTORY of the CARDINAL.

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the reft, he is contented to
• difclose himself, and to accept
of your Place moft willingly.
• With that the Cardinal tak-
ing good Advice, went a
'mongst them, and at the last,

(quoth he) It feemeth to me,
that the Gentleman with the
black Beard fhould be he, and
with that he rofe out of his
Chair, and offered the fame to
'the Gentleman with the black
Beard, with the Cup in his
Hand: But the Cardinal was
miftaken, for the Perfon to
whom he then offered his
Chair, was Sir Edward Nevill,
a comely Knight, and of a
goodly Perfonage, who did more
refemble his Majefty's Perfon,
than any other in that Mask.

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