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the French or Spaniards. 2. That it would be monftrous to fend fo fair a Princess back to Spain, who, by her discreet Behaviour, had greatly gain'd the Good-will of the People. 3. That as it was plain the King would not live long without a Wife, he could not marry better, it being admitted, that she was a Lady of ftrict Virtue and Piety, of a fweet Temper and Carriage, not 22 Years of Age, beautiful, and learned in Languages as well as Sciences. 4. That, notwithstanding her former Marriage, fhe was still a Maid; and that the Princefs had more than once, in a private Converfation with fome of the great Ladies of the Court, declared herself on that head. Laftly, The Scripture was offered in Favour of the Marriage, where it's faid, If Brethren dwell together, and one of them die and have no Child, the Wife of the Dead fhall not marry without unto a Stranger; her Husband's Brother fhall go in unto her, and take her to him to Wife, and perform the Duty of an Hufband's Brother unto her. Deut. xxv. 5. But

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The SECRET HISTORR of the CARDINAL,

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The vulgate Bible has it, Quando habitaverint fratres fimul, & unus ex eis abfque liberis mortuus fuerit, Uxor defuncti non nubet alteri ; fed accipiet eam frater ejus, & fufcitabit femen fratris fui-It's true, fome of our modern Commentators and Tranflators, have endeavoured to explain away the Meaning of the Word Frater, by turning it into Kinfman.

But the Opponents argued, that, tho' Henry the VIIth at first promoted the Match, he afterwards charged his Son to break the Contract, owning, that he was convinced it was unlawful, for which Reafon the King, when Prince of Wales, was from time to time debarred from feeing that Princefs, left Affection fhould rife from Converfation, which fometimes grows unmanageable in young People. To this may be added, that, when Prince Henry was contracted to this Lady he was fcarce 14 Years of Age, and, confequently, too young to hear Debates about Cafes of Confcience, whether it was lawful or not lawful to marry his Brother's Widow; and therefore what he did relating to the before-mentioned Proteftation, was done by the Direction of his Father, and not the Refult of Ill-will to the Princefs, as fome would infinuate.

These different Arguments were foon followed by a Memorial preferred by the Spanish Ambaffador, in Relation

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fo he had of Alms, who were daily Waiters of his Board at Dinner, twelve Doctors and Chaplains, befides them of his, which I never rehearsed; a • Clerk of his Clofet, and two 'Secretaries, and two Clerks of his Signet; four Counsellors learned in the Law.

And for that he was Chancellor of England, it was ne

First, he had a Riding 'Clerk, a Clerk of the Crown, a Clerk of the Hanaper, a Chafer; then had he a 'Clerk of the Check, as well

upon the Chaplains, as upon the Yeomen of the Chamber: He had alfo four Footmen gar⚫nished with rich running Coats, ' whenfoever he had any Jour

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ney Then he had a Herald of Arms, a Serjeant of Arms; a Phyfician, and Apothecary; four Minstrels, a Keeper of his Tents, an Armourer; an Inftructor of his Wardrobe of Robes, a Keeper of his Chamber continually; he had also

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Relation to the King's Marriage with the Princess ; fo that it now came to be debated in Council, wherein, those who were against the Marriage alledged, that a Man's marrying his Brother's Widow was a Thing unheard of among Chriftians; that fuch a Match was contrary to the Law of God, and therefore it was a Question, whether the Pope had Power to difpenfe with it. Archbishop Warbam ftrongly oppofed the Marriage, and declared, he could not help confidering fuch a one as downright inceftuous: But Bifhop Fox was of another Mind, he ftrenuously infifted on the Pope's Dispensation to be lawful, taking Notice at the fame Time of the unlimited Power of Christ's Vicar; and, as the Pope had granted the Difpenfation, he thought it enough to fatisfy the King's Confcience, more efpecially as the Princefs had declared herself to be a Maid, and that there was no room to doubt but what fhe faid was true. Upon this the King and Council, much better approving

the

The SECRET HISTORY

in his Houfe a Surveyor of • York, a Clerk of the GreenCloth. All these were daily

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attending down-lying, and uprifing. And at Meat, he had eight continual Boards for the • Chamberlains and Gentle" men Officers, having a Mess of young Lords, and another ⚫ of Gentlemen: Befides this, there was never a Gentleman or Officer, or other worthy Per⚫fon, but he kept fome two, fome three Perfons to wait upon them; and all others at the leaft bad one, which did amount

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of the CARDINAL,

to a great number of Per..fons.

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Now having declared the Order, according to the Cheyne Roll of his Houfe, and what • Officers he had daily attending to furnish the fame, befides Retainers, and other Perfons being Suiters dined in the • Hall. And when fhall we fee any more fuch Subjects that 'fhall keep fuch a noble House? Therefore here is an end of his Houfhold, the Number of • Perfons in the Cheyne were eight hundred Perfons.

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CHAP.

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the Arguments offered for the Marriage, than thofe against it, came to a Refolution that it fhould be folemnized.

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Dr. Fiddes, in his Account of this Marriage, fays, "Some have thought that the King married this Lady more out of Respect to filial Piety, and for his "Father's first Appointment, than for the Devotion "he really had for her. But there was nothing in "the Temper of the King that should induce us to "form fuch a Judgment of him: It's rather to be be"lieved he acted in this Matter by the Advice of his "Council; and the King, to fhew he was well pleased "with the Refolution, on the 3d of March, "married the Princefs." Kennet fays, at the Bishop of Salisbury's Houfe in Fleet-ftreet, but Stow avers, the King married her in his Closet at Greenwich, having before declared, that he would not be crowned till it was compleated; and, among other Ceremonies fuitable to the Occafion, the

By GEORGE CAVENDISH, Efqs

CHAP. VI.

Of his Second Embassage to the Emperor Charles the Vth.

HEN was thus

W furnished; in Manner

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as I have before rehearfed unto you, he was fent twice on Embaffage to the Emperor Charles the Vth, that now ' reigneth, and Father to King Philip, now our Lord and Sothe vereign: Forafsmuch as old Emperor Maximilian was dead, and for divers other urgent Occafions touching his Majefty, it was thought fit, that about fuch weighty Matters, and to fo noble a Prince, 'the Cardinal was moft meet to

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be fent on this Embaffage, and he, being one ready to VOL. II.

take the Charge thereof upor him, was furnished in every refpect most like a great Prince, which was much to the Honour of his Majefty, ⚫ and of this Realm: For first he proceeded forth like to a Cardinal, having all Things correfpondent; his Gentlemen, being very many in Number, were cloathed in Livery-coats of Crimson Velvet of the best, and Chains of Gold about their Necks; and his Yeomen, and all his mean Officers were clad in fine Scarlet guarded with black Velvet one Hand breadth. Thus furnished, he was twice D

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The Marri-
age folem-
nized.

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the Bride, tho' a Widow, was dreffed in White, to denote her Virginity, which fhe, and all her Friends afferted to the last.

nation.

A few Days after the Marriage was confummated the King made twenty four Knights of the Bath in the Tower; and on the 24th of June their Majefties were crown'd at Westminster, by the Hands Their Coro- of Warham, Archbishop of Canterbury, with the utmost Magnificence; when the Nobility, both Spiritual and Temporal, paid their Homage: And the People, according to antient Custom, being asked, Whether they would receive him for their King? they unanimoufly cried, with repeated Shouts, Yea! Yea!

This Ceremony being performed, the King confirmed, to John Earl of Oxford, the Poffeffion of the Castle of Colchester, granted to one of his Ancestors by the Empress Maud; nominated Sir Edmund Howard Standard-bearer; Sir Thomas Boleyn Warden

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⚫ fent in this Manner to the Emperor in Flanders, then lying · at Bruges, whom he did moft nobly entertain, difcharging all the Cardinal's Charges, and his Men's. There was no House in the Town of Bruges, wherein any one of my Lord's Gen

tlemen were lodged, or had re

6 courfe, but that the Owners of

The SECRET HISTORY of the CARDINAL,

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s the Houfes were commanded
by the Emperor's Officers, up-
on the Pain of their Lives, to take
no Mcny for any Thing the
Cardinal's Men did take of
any
kind of Victuals; no, al-
though they were difpofed to
make coltly Banquets: Further
commanding their faid Hofts,
that they should want nothing

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which they honestly required, or defired to have.

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Alfo the Emperor's Officers every Night went through the Town from Houfe to House, where any Englishman had recourfe, or lodged, and ferved their Livery for all Night, which was donc on this Manner: First, the Officers brought into the Houfe a Cafteele of 'fine Manchet, then two Silver

Pots of Wine, and a Pound of Sugar, white Lights, and yellow Lights, a Bowl of Silver, and a Goblet to drink in, and every Night a Staff- torch. This was the Order of their Livery every Night; and in ⚫ the Morning, when the Officers

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