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chiefe ; who could not be brought, as they pretend, to consent, or concurre, to the invasion and conquest of our kingdom by a foraine prince.

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" and the duke of Guise; and, to this consultation, Dr. “ Allen and Claude Matthieu, provincial of the French “ jesuits, were introduced. The archbishop of Glasgow “would not admit Paget to be invited to it; and this omis“sion was deemed by him an unpardonable affront. The “ result of the consultation was, that Creighton should be “ dispatched to Rome, and Persons to Madrid, to solicit, at “ those courts, relief for the young king; and it was upon “this occasion, that the latter procured for him an annual " allowance of twelve thousand crowns, besides a donation “ for the seminary at Rheims, and moreover established a “credit at the Spanish court, of which he afterwards availed “ himself, for the foundation of his seminaries. Paget and “ Morgan, already irritated that the business had been con“ cealed from them, were still more angered, to see the ma.

nagement of it entrusted to two jesuits. The truth was, says my ms. that the archbishop and the duke of Guise mis“ trusted these two gentlemen, believing that they held secret “correspondence with the English ministry; while the cap“tive queen, contrary to their advice, corresponded with them “by means of her two secretaries; and thus seemed to with“ draw her confidence from the duke and archbishop, who "justly thought themselves her best friends. Hence Paget, “Morgan, the two secretaries, and a few others connected “ with them, inveighed bitterly against the priests, especially “Dr. Allen, and they strongly insisted, that neither he, nor

any other clergyman or religious, but only secular gentle

men, ought to manage the affairs of the Scottish queen, “and other matters of public concern, in the courts of catho“ lic princes. From this time, they stood in open opposition “ to whatever Allen or Persons undertook; they seemed to “take a delight in disappointing them.” Remarks on a book, intituled, " Memoirs of Gregorio Panzani," p. 105.-See also Hume, ch. xlii : and particularly the notes x and y.


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“ This division began amongst them, soon after “ the death of the queen of Scots, upon whom they “ did all concur while she lived ; but since her

death, could never agree upon any one course, co

eyther of conquest or proposed title. And this “contention hath proceeded unto great heat be“ tween them, insomuch as either side hath la“ boured to supplant and disgrace the other ; but “ especially of late, since the title of the infanta of

Spaine hath bin sett on foot, according to the " books written by Persons under one Doleman's “ name. For the jesuite's side promoting that title

by all means, and taking a violent course to

urge all Englishmen, either in Spain or Rome, " or where else they may prevail with them, to “ subscribe thereunto; Paget and his side have “ directly opposed themselves, both by word and “ writing, as I am informed; and they are so di“vided thereupon, as there is an extreme hatred

grown between them : insomuch, as these men “ do openly inveigh against Persons and his ad"herents, as men seditious and factious, full of “ treachery, and without conscience. And being

questioned with, by such as I appointed to confer “ with them, to know what service they would or " could do to her majesty, to cancell their former

faults; they propose this as the chief and principal, that they shall be able so to discover these

practices, and decipher not only to her majesty, si but to the papists of England, (who now, through “ ignorance of their intentions, believe too much

upon them), as should work a general dislike

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« and detestation of them, and take away that cre“ dit which now they have, and daily employ, to “ the danger of her majestie's estate. Being urged “ to give some present teste of their loyal affection

to her majesty, which they so greatly pretend, “ thereby the better to incline her majesty to some “ compassion or regard for them; they only dis

cover thus much in generality, that there are

great numbers of jesuits and priests now in Eng“ land, and one of them sayeth, at the least six

hundred, which have their diet and maintenance "in certain houses by turns. Their ordinary way “ of repayre thither is through Scotland, and so “ into the north parts. They also accuse some offi“ cers of the ports, and namely, those of Gravesend, “ for suffering too free passage out of England; « whence there come daily young men over, which

are presently conveyed to the colleges at Douay, “ or Rome, and from thence some of them, against " their wills, into Spain; and many forced to pro“ fess themselves of some order or other, when “they meant it not. They also think, that this sub“ seription before mentioned, is laboured in Eng.“ land, by those jesuits and priests that are there. “ But being pressed to some more particular dis

covery, their answer is, they will reserve that, s till they see what hope there is of obtaining their “suit: and Paget sayeth, he had almost been un“ done by some advertisements he wrote over out " of the Low Countries, which makes him very

wary not to bereave himself of all means of living " on this side the sea with safety, till he may be “ assured of a safe retreat there.


“ There is also in this towne, one Cecill a priest, “ who professeth the same intention and desire “ with them; and the like they affirm to be in '“ almost all the English gentlemen in the Low “ Countries, except sir William Stanley, and “ Owen, and some three or four more.”

Circumstances attending the Spanish Party :—two

Publications of their School. The earl of Leicester had appointed sir William Stanley governor of the town of Daventer: sir William betrayed the town to count Taxis the Spanish general; and, for his reward, was appointed governor of it by the king of Spain. This circumstance excited great indignation in England. To defend it, cardinal Allen published his “ Letter on " the reddition of Daventer." He asserted in it, that “the wars of the English in the Low Coun“ tries were sacrilegious, the wars of an heretical “prince;” that “ acts done in England since the “ excommunication of the queen, and her deposi“.tion by Pius, were evil, therefore she could de

nounce no war, nor could any of her subjects
serve her, as she was a rebel to the apostolic
He expresses

a wish that the example of “sir William might be generally imitated.” This publication gave great offence*

Allen was naturally mild, and a lover of peaceful

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* Sir William Stanley's conduct was also justified by father Persons, in his “Manifestation,” (ch. iv.), a publication which we shall afterwards notice,

councils; but felt strongly for the sufferings of his catholic brethren; he could not be otherwise than grateful to Philip the second, for his munificence both to him and those under his care: the college, which he had founded, depended greatly on the bounty of that monarch, and he was the principal support of other catholic establishments, in which Allen took great interest. This placed Allen in a state of dependence on Philip; Persons also, the soul of the Spanish party, had great weight with Allen. These circumstances probably influenced him on this and other occasions; sometimes, perhaps, against his own opinion and better judgment. The authors of the Biographia Britannica intimate that, towards the close of his life, he altered his sentiments, and was far from being an enemy either to his country or to queen Eliza

beth *.

* Some of Allen's contemporaries assert, that Persons had too great an ascendancy over him, and lament the circumstances: they assert also, that before his death Allen thought less favourably than he had done, both of Persons and the society to which Persons belonged; but for this, the writer. has discovered little evidence. More says, in his History, (p. 162), that “the establishment of the college at St. Omers, “ in the eyes of Allen and Barrett, the president of the college “at Douay, did not please them; they thought it like to “ draw the scholars and collections designed for Douay col“ lege, and more like to empty than to serve that establish“ment." Watson, (Quodlibets, 79, 80, 98), mentions that, “ in those days," -meaning the latter part of the life of Allen, -“ the jesuits represented the cardinal as their enemy; that “ he had heard Allen much complain of the jesuits' heady “ and indiscrete government, and say

their government was “ naught; and that they never would mend it, for they would

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