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5. The Fifth Asclepiadic stanza is composed of Greater Asclepiadic verses, each of which consists of a Second Pherecratic, an Adonic, and a First Pherecratic, all catalectic, thus:
This is found in three Odes: i. 11, 18; iv. 10.
Two Sapphic stanzas are found in the Odes.
6. The Lesser Sapphic, or Sapphic and Adonic, stanza is composed of three Lesser Sapphic verses and one Adonic verse, thus:
This is found in twenty-five Odes: i. 2, 10, 12, 20, 22, 25, 30, 32, 38; ii. 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 16; iii. 8, 11, 14, 18, 20, 22, 27; iv. 2, 6, 11. It is also the metre of the Carmen Saeculare.
7. The Greater Sapphic stanza is composed of the First Pherecratic (known as Aristophanic) alternating with the Greater Sapphic verse, which latter consists of a Third Glyconic catalectic with an irrational spondee in the second foot followed by a First Pherecratic, thus:
8. The stanza most frequently used by Horace in his Odes is known as the Alcaic or Horatian. It is composed of two Greater Alcaics, one Archilochian or trochaic dimeter with anacrusis (the second foot being an irrational spondee), and a Lesser Alcaic, thus:
This is found in thirty-seven Odes: i. 9, 16, 17, 26, 27, 29, 31, 34, 35, 37; ii. 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 14, 15, 17, 19, 20; iii. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 17, 21, 23, 26, 29; iv. 4, 9, 14, 15.
Horace also uses in his Odes, though rarely, five other metres.
9. The Alcmanian is composed of dactylic hexameters alternating with dactylic tetrameters. It is found in Odes i. 7 and 28.
10. The First Archilochian is found in iv. 7. It is composed of the dactylic hexameter alternating with the dactylic penthemim. (A penthemim is two feet and a half.)
11. The Fourth Archilochian is found in i. 4. It is composed of the Greater Archilochian (which is a dactylic tetrameter followed by a trochaic tripody) alternating with the iambic trimeter, catalectic (which allows irrational spondees in the first and third feet).
12. The Hipponactean is found in ii. 18. It is composed of the trochaic dimeter catalectic alternating with the iambic trimeter catalectic. 13. The Lesser Ionic stanza is found in iii. 12. It is composed of ten Lesser Ionics (~~__), which are variously arranged into verses by different editors.
In the Epodes, Horace uses once (Epode 12) the Alcmanian metre; once (Epode 17) the Iambic trimeter; ten times (Epodes 1-10) the Iambic strophe, composed of iambic trimeters alternating with iambic dimeters, in both which irrational spondees may stand in the odd-numbered feet; and also the following:
In Epode 13, the Second Archilochian, in which the dactylic hexameter alternates with the iambelic verse, the latter being an iambic dimeter followed by a dactylic penthemim.
In Epode 11, the Third Archilochian, in which the iambic trimeter alternates with the elegiambic verse, the latter being a dactylic penthemim followed by an iambic dimeter.
In Epodes 14 and 15, the First Pythiambic, in which the dactylic hexameter alternates with the iambic dimeter.
In Epode 16, the Second Pythiambic, in which the dactylic hexameter alternates with the iambic trimeter.
It is sometimes convenient for those familiar with musical notation to write the scheme of verses and stanzas in musical notes. In such cases a long syllable is represented by a quarter-note,, and a short syllable by an eighth-note, ; a spondee is written; a dactyl,; and a trochee, Dactylic verse is therefore written in time, and trochaic or logaoedic verse in time. The cyclic dactyl may be written with sufficient accuracy DP, and the irrational spondee. From the examples which follow, the student will see how the scheme of any metre may be expressed in musical notation.
INDEX TO THE METRES OF THE ODES
[The number placed after the opening words of each ode refers to the full-faced
1. Maecenas atavis, 1.
2. Iam satis terris, 6.
3. Sic te diva, 3.
4. Solvitur acris hiems, 11.
8. Lydia dic per omnes, 7.
20. Vile potabis, 6.
11. Quid bellicosus, 8.
19. Bacchum in remotis, 8.
4. Descende caelo, 8.
1. Odi profanum, 8.
5. Caelo tonantem, 8.
3. Iustum et tenacem,
582 INDEX TO THE METRES OF THE ODES OF HORACE.
7. Quid fles, 4.
8. Martiis caelebs, 6.
1. Intermissa Venus, 3.
19. Quantum distet, 3.
9. Ne forte credas, 8.