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Dedication to Her Most Gracious Majesty, Victoria, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland the Protestant Queen, Defender of the Faith


I. The loyal subject will pray for the happiness as well as the prosperity of Her Majesty. That prayer implies the hope that Her Majesty, when dying, may be enabled to remember that she has endeavoured to promote the Union of Christ's Holy Catholic Church, 58.-II. The offering of this prayer is encouraged by the remembrance, both of the reasons which may induce the Sovereign of Great Britain to commence the work of promoting the Reunion of Christians, and of the manner in which the attempt to do so may be made, 60.-III. The three chief reasons on which this hope of Union may be founded. The first reason,-The titles borne by the Sovereign, of Defender of the Faith, and Protestant, 61-IV. Definition of the Union desired, "that as the Political Union of Nations is founded on the independence of each State, with the acknowledgment of unpapal international political laws; so also the Ecclesiastical Union of Nations is to be founded on the independence of each national Church, with the acknowledgment of unpapal international ecclesiastical laws," ib.-V. The title, Defender of the Faith, was assumed by our Kings before it was given by Leo X. to Henry VIII. It implies the maintaining the independence of the National Church, and the desire of the decision of Councils upon the divisions of Christians. The more express conferring of the title by Leo X. does not destroy its first meaning, 63.-VI. The title of Protestant, rightly defined, has the same meaning as Defender of the Faith, 69.-VII. The second reason. The remembrance of the three great services which Great Britain has already rendered to the Christian world, and to the Universal Church, 70.— VIII. The third reason. The recognition by the National Church of the foundations on which the attempts at the Reunion of Christians may be begun, 74.-IX. The manner in which the Sovereign of Great Britain may commence the attempt to promote the Reunion of Christians, is pointed out by the mode in which the abolition of the slave trade, as an abstract question of humanity, was proposed and finally decreed to be a part of the law of nations, by the representatives of Sovereigns at various congresses and councils, ib.-X. The principles on which the attempt to promote the Union of Christians may be begun are:-The resumption of their Supremacy by Secular Sovereigns; and the formation of a Scriptural Creed, Liturgy, and Canons, with perfect Toleration, 81.-XI. The persons to whom the power of deliberation may be entrusted, and the oath they should be required to take, 85.-XII. The extent to which the decisions of such Council or Congress would be received as a part of the international laws of Christians, 86.-XIII. The effects of the Council upon Popery, Sectarianism, and Episcopacy; upon personal piety, and general peace, 88.-XIV. Conclusion

SECTION 116.-p. 279.

1. TITLE. The reasonings and imaginations of the heart, however plausible they may appear, must be deemed false, when they oppose the written Revelation of God. The reasonings which probably induced Aaron to make the golden calf. The idolatry of the people. The anger of Jehovah. The intercession of Moses. Religious duties are only the religious privileges of the people of God, which may be forfeited by evil. The tables of the Law broken.



4. PRAYER. That we never permit our opinions, or imaginations, or doubtings of the reasonableness of the laws of God, to prevent our obedience to His written word; that God VOL. II. PART V.



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The molten calf destroyed, and cast into the water of which the people drank. The apology of Aaron. The execution of the chief offenders. The intercession of Moses for the remainder. The consequences of the idolatry of the people continue through the whole of their following history.



4. PRAYER. That we never blend the wilful indulgence of the sins of the heart and life with the faith we profess, the worship we offer, or the hopes we form; that we be not blotted out of the book of life, but that we be daily more and more prepared, by the power of God's Holy Spirit, for the society of angels, and the presence of God.

5. NOTES. On Moses reducing the molten calf to powder. On the gate of the camp.-On the changing the malediction pronounced by the dying Jacob, on the tribe of Levi, into a blessing. On the prayer of Moses; blot me, I pray thee, out of thy book." -On the difference between the angel Jehovah and the created angel. On the people making the calf, which Aaron made.

SECTION 118.p. 295.

1. TITLE. As time is a measured portion of an unknown and immeasurable eternity, so is the visible world a measured portion of an unknown and immeasurable infinity. A created angel is promised to lead the people into Canaan, while the peculiar manifestation of the presence of the God of Israel shall be withdrawn. The grief of the people (ver. 1-3). The separation of the spiritual Church of Israel from the general mass. The conduct of Joshua. The prayer of Moses. Its acceptance. The promise is given to Moses that he shall see that glory of God, which should be more fully revealed in the latter days.


3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. EXODUS xxxiii. 4. PRAYER. That God be our Guide through the wilderness of this evil world; that we be the members of the spiritual Church as well as of the outward and visible Church of God; and that we never know the misery of believing God to be our Father, while we dare not and cannot worship Him as His beloved and loving children. That we study God's glory by our own actions, and in His revealed will; and that we abide in the Rock of the Church, protected by His providence, humbly there to contemplate the present and the future glory of the God who made and saves us.

5. NOTES. On the difference between the Jehovah angel and the created angel.-On the Israelitish and Egyptians' notions of tutelar Deities, and the grief of the people.-On the separation of the spiritual Israel from the general and visible Church. On the translation of Exod. xxxiii. 23," Thou shalt see my back parts." The value of the interpretations of Scripture by the fathers. SECTION 119.p. 306.

1. TITLE. The tables of the Law are renewed. God's attributes are proclaimed. The Sabbath

and the three great festivals of the Jews are appointed, and idolatry is forbidden, both in its corrupting sacrifices, in its corrupting tastes, and in its corrupting, though picturesque and romantic devotions. The appearance of Moses on his descent from the mountain, after communing there with God.


3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. EXODUS xxxiv. 4. PRAYER. That we never mistake metaphysical curiosity respecting the nature of God, for the devotional humility which lays the foundation of religious inquiry upon the desire to obey His commandments, as the Triune God of Revelation; that we rejoice in the Lord's Days, in the festivals of the Church, and in the Holy Sacraments; that we give to God the homage which God has commanded, and not the homage which man has invented; that our light may so shine before men, that they may see our good works, and glorify our Father which is in heaven; and that after the death of the body, we may go on, for ever and for ever, advancing in knowledge, happiness, and holiness, under the continued influence of the eternal Spirit of God.

5. NOTES. On the theory of Dr. Whewell, that the union of duty, happiness, and religion, may be identified as the one threefold motive to human actions.-On the revealed character of God, as the forgiver of sins.-On the version of Exodus xxxiv. 7, in the Targum of Onkelos, as preferable to that of Rosenmüller or Dathius.On the omission of the command to destroy the temples of the heathen.-On the vail of Moses.

SECTION 120.-p. 317.

1. TITLE. The first commands of Moses to the people, and the manner in which they were obeyed, after he had put the veil on his face, may shadow forth the future condition of the Church on earth, when the veil shall be removed in the conversion of the Jews, when the religion of the slave shall have become the religion of a son, and the free-will offerings of the wealth of the Jews will build the Christian tabernacle in the wilderness of the world. The sabbath to be kept. The people willingly and sufficiently offer. The union of the increase and of the right use of knowledge is from God. 2. INTRODUCTION.

3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. EXODUS xxxv. 1-5, 20-35, xxxvi. 1—7.

4. PRAYER. That we be not partakers of the blindness which happened unto Israel, when Moses spake unto them the Word of God; that we keep holy the sabbath day, as the earnest of the true sabbath of rest "which remaineth for the people of God;" that we offer to God the sacrifice of ourselves, our souls and bodies, our wealth, our influence, our time, and our talents, as free-will offerings to the service of the ark, and the mercy-seat, of the tabernacle, of the altar, and the priesthood of God.

5. NOTE. On the tablets inmentioned, Exod. xxxv. 22.


SECTION 121.—p. 325.

1. TITLE. The spiritual Church of God must prove its sincerity, repentance, faith, and love, by building up the visible Church of God in the world; and they must seek to do this in that way which God has commanded. The people of Israel still further demonstrate their zeal for God's service, by bringing their free-will offerings in such abundance, that the tabernacle, and all its vessels and furniture, the ark, the mercy-seat, the candlestick, the altar, the cloths of service, and the robes of the high priest, are all completed according to the type, model, fashion, or pattern, which God had shown and commanded to Moses in the mount.


3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. EXODUS xxxvi. 8, and xxxix. 22, to the end.

4. PRAYER. That we follow the example of the spiritual and wise-hearted Israelites, who devoted and dedicated their wealth to the service of the tabernacle and of the priesthood, till all that the Lord commanded was accomplished; that we worship God "in spirit and in truth;" that we serve Him with all our heart, and soul, and mind, and strength, in communion with His holy Church upon earth.

5. NOTES. On the placing chapters xxxvi. xxxvii. xxxviii. xxxix.-On the women who assembled at the door of the tabernacle, and offered their mirrors for the making of the brazen laver. 6. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. EXODUS xxxvi. 9-38; xxxvii.; xxxviii. 1-22; 23, to the end; and xxxix. 1-21.

SECTION 122.-p. 339.

1. TITLE. The Christian believer will always regard his self-dedication to God, every morning and evening, to be both his best privilege, and his bounden duty but there are peculiar times and seasons, when he will renew the vows of his covenant. The people are commanded to set up the tabernacle in the wilderness on the first day of the first month after their departure from Egypt. The altar of burnt-offering, and the brazen laver, are set up in the court of the Tabernacle, for sacrifice and washing. The golden altar of incense, the candlestick, and the table of the shewbread, are set up for fragrance, light, and food, in the Holy Place. The mercyseat, with the cherubim, is set up in the Holy of Holies. The union of all these in one sacred place represents the progress of the soul of man from earth, through the Church, to heaven, when the glory of the Lord shall be with man for ever.


3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. EXODUS xl. 4. PRAYER. That we daily devote and dedicate ourselves, our souls and bodies, as holy temples to the Lord; that we solemnly renew our covenant on the commemoration of our birthdays, and on the return of our new years; that we remember the sacrifice of Christ, and offer the sacrifice of our hearts in the faith that "worketh by love; that we be sanctified by the Spirit of the living God; that our " prayers ascend as the incense;" that we walk in the light

of the Holy Seriptures; that we commune with God at the altar and table of our Lord; till our souls be admitted to the true Holy of Holies, in heaven.

SECTION 123.—p. 345.

1. TITLE. The one true religion, which God commands, and which alone He accepts, is described by the two words-faith and works. We read in this Section of the institution of the sacrifice of burnt offering. Faith is the principle by which the Jewish worshipper resolved to obey the command to bring the sacrifice: Works are represented by the actions which attended and followed the offering and slaying of the victim, namely, the sacrifice of the heart of the worshipper, with repentance, covenanting, and communion with God. All religious objects whatever are implied in the institution of sacrifice; but more especially the atonement of Christ, the condemnation of idolatry, and the necessity of personal holiness.



4. PRAYER. That we may have the faith in God, in Christ, and in the Holy Spirit of God, which so" worketh by love," that we offer and present to God, not only our belief in the Sacrifice and Atonement of Christ, but that we offer also ourselves, our souls and bodies, as living, holy, acceptable, reasoning, and reasonable sacrifices to Him; that we study God's will in the types and shadows of God's law; that we depart from the idolatries of the world; remember our holy covenant; and live in communion with God. 5. NOTES. On the origin of sacrifice.-On the reason for slaying the victims in the tabernacle, on the north side of the altar.-On placing the hand on the head of the sacrifice.

SECTION 124.—p. 352.

1. TITLE. Every act of religion, and therefore every sacrifice under the law of Moses, has reference to the past, the present, and the future; to the past, as a memorial of promises granted, or sins committed; to the present, as acts of faith and worship; and to the future, as proofs of the hope of a better state. The command to offer the wheat offering, the renewal of the earliest sacrifice after the creation of man, with the additions of oil, incense, and salt, without leaven or honey.



4. PRAYER. That we commemorate in our worship the glories of God in creation, as well as in redemption; that we contemplate God in the past with hope in His mercy through Christ, with gratitude for His promises, and with repentance of our sins; that we contemplate God in the present with the conviction of His love, and of our own unworthiness; that we contemplate God in the future with belief in the "rest that remaineth for the people of God;" and that all our services daily, sabbatical, or sacramental, be such as God has commanded.

5. NOTE. On the wheat or bread offering in Paradise, before the institution of animal sacrifice; under the law, in conjunction with that sacrifice; and after the law, in commemoration of the sacrifice of Christ.

SECTION 125.-p. 358.

1. TITLE. The theory of sacrifices.-As the holiness and happiness of heaven are represented to the Christian believer in revelation under the types or emblems of white robes, crowns of gold, and palms, and harps, the wall of jasper, the gates of pearl, the descending Jerusalem, and the crystal river, so were holiness and happiness represented to the Jewish believer under the types or emblems of the washings, the cleansings, the purifications, and sacrifices of the Jewish law. The reasons for which the peace offering was commanded after the burnt offering and meat offering, and before the sin offering and trespass offering.


3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. LEVITICUS iii. 4. PRAYER. That we so approach to God with humble faith, and with the desire of inward holiness of motive and affection, that we obtain that peace in the contemplation of the mercy and love of God, which the world cannot give, nor remove, nor destroy; that we enjoy the same peace of God in prosperity, in adversity, in the loss of friends, in the decline of health, and in the prospect of death; that the peace of God in heaven, begin in the peace of God on earth. 5. NOTE.

SECTION 126.-p. 364.

1. TITLE. What is truth? God alone is infallible, unchangeable, supreme, and free from the possibility of error. Because both God's chosen priests, and Church, and rulers, and people, may err and sin through ignorance, inadvertency, wrong reasoning, impulse, or mistake, sin offerings for the effect of these sources of evil are commanded. The victims selected; the place where they were to be killed; the sprinkling of a portion of the blood before the veil, and on the horns of the altar of incense; the pouring out of the remainder at the foot of the altar of the burnt offering; and the burning of the whole body of the victim without the camp.



3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. LEVITICUS iv. 4. PRAYER. For the priesthood and the Church; for the government, the nation, and ourselves.For the ministers and dispensers of God's Holy Word and Sacraments, that they may teach the whole truth of God to the people fully, faithfully, and wisely-for Christ's holy Catholic Church, and more especially for our Church, that it become reformed from all errors, and be enlarged till it become co-extensive with the whole race of mankind;-for the government, that it increase the happiness, prosperity, influence, and union of the people:for the people, that they never abuse their power;-and for ourselves, that God will pardon all our sins of negligence, ignorance, and error. 5. NOTES. On the reading of the Levitical law

in families. On the placing or laying of hands on the head of the victims offered in sacrifice.On the right idea of Atonement, and the admirable statement of the doctrine of the Atonement in the Sacramental Services of the Church of England.

SECTION 127.—p. 377.

1. TITLE. The minuteness of God's laws demonstrates the extent of the weakness and depravity of the human heart. We, like the Israelites, are in danger of sin, arising from our places in this world, from our tempers, from our very profession of religion, and from the confidence and estimation in which we may be held by society. Illustrations of these dangers. All sins, however seemingly minute, require the expiation of atonement. The difference between the sin offerings and the trespass offerings. 2. INTRODUCTION.


and vi. 1-7.


4. PRAYER. That we prove our faith in Christ, as the great Sin Offering for the sinfulness, and as the great Peace Offering for the guilt of man; by that love to Christ which shall conquer alike the evil of the heart, the temptations of society, and the sin which doth so easily beset us," from our place and station in the world; that we never esteem those offences to be light or trivial, which God has forbidden; and that we do all our duty to man, in obedience to the will and law of God.

5. NOTES. On the voice of swearing.-On the difference between the sin offering and the trespass offering.

SECTION 128.—p. 385.

1. TITLE. The more spiritual exhortations of the New Testament are illustrated and explained by the peculiar precepts of the Levitical law. As the fire on the altar of the tabernacle was never extinguished; our bodies are the temples of the Holy Ghost, which is never to be quenched within us, as the priests of the living God. Personal holiness is requisite for the minister's office in the Church of God. The law of the sacrifice of the meat offering teaches us, that the commencement of God's service is sacrifice, and the result of God's service is communion with God.-Atonement, communion, and holiness of heart and life, ought ever to be inseparable.



4. PRAYER. That we ever consider ourselves to be the temples of the Holy Ghost; that we never defile the temples of God by any known sin; that we ever keep the light of the golden candlestick burning, the fire of the Holy Spirit unquenched, and the altar of the heart purified by the sacrifice of Christ; that we consecrate and devote our souls and bodics to God, in holy communion, in solemn dedication to His service; and that we be made entirely holy by the

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