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powder that disclosed their posi- moved out, and almost immedition whenever they opened fire, ately a small advanced group, whereas their opponents used consisting of four riflemen under the newest type of firearms; Naick Karbir Burathoki,—Conand the Afridi is considered by way's joyous, merry, delightful many as dangerous at 800 yards Karbir,-fell in with a large as the Boer was at half that party of the enemy, whom the distance. The accuracy with scouts mistook for one of our which these Pathans shoot was own pickets being relieved at this day illustrated by their suc- dusk. They were speedily uncess in putting several bullets deceived. The Pathans at once from long range through the let fly, killing one man - the small loopholes of a house in first loss suffered in all these which a few men had been engagements.

With a shout posted. But our Thapas and Karbir and the remaining three Burathokis were no whit be- charged into the midst of the hind in this respect : they could enemy, killed six men, then always give a Roland for an rapidly retired with their dead. Oliver in spite of inferior weap- A different man was Karbir ons. A few days later the then from the merry lad who Scouts made some wonderful gathered Alpine flowers with shooting at 1300 yards, liter- childish glee, or raced his round ally strewing the road with cap down dangerous inclines in men and animals who were exuberance of spirits, and won streaming out of a village, and the hearts of the Swiss maids ! those who know the range of His boldness in charging proved a Martini will best appreciate their salvation, for the enemy, this feat. Moreover, the Gurkha believing

party much is very careful of the ammuni- stronger, gave ground, and by tion, which he terms kazana— the time the error was distreasure. The second

covered

the supports had naissance to the Saran Sar reached Karbir's party. The Pass on November 11 was led stalkers promptly bolted, losing by the Scouts, who were after- two more men. This salutary wards detailed to hold the cliffs lesson discouraged sniping from and cover the withdrawal of the that side of the camp. troops, and the duty was carried The Scouts were

next out in the same uniformly suc- gaged in a necessary work that cessful manner.

has not commended itself to On the 14th, Lieutenant Til- the curious class at home who lard, with the 3rd Scouts, force themselves to believe that accompanied the expedition to British soldiers are habitually the Waran Valley, and were actuated by the vilest of hotly engaged. As the head- motives, and that all enemies quarters camp was heavily fired of their own country must be into this night, the Scouts of harmless and blameless. To the 5th were employed to in- burn the homesteads of our foeduce the Afridi to relinquish men may not appear the most his popular pastime. At 7 P.M. kindly and considerate of proon the following evening they ceedings, but the object of

recon

en

war

warfare is not to make matters the sense of proportion permits pleasant for opponents, and the him to see no farther than that partisan sentimentalism evoked villages and homes have been by these acts has been wasted. destroyed. The people whose indignation But responsible men are hapis always on tap for the benefit pily not always swayed by the of unworthy causes refuse to cries of false sentiment. They learn that almost every build- understand that the Pathan ing is fortified, and that each must learn that with village destroyed means on the the Sirkar is not invariably one hand temporary inconve- “Heads, I win; tails, you nience and discomfort for the lose !” before he will appreciate marauder, accompanied by salu- the full beauty of peace. tary loss of prestige, and on the So on the 16th of November other incalculable saving of life the Scouts were told off to deand prevention of suffering for stroy the defences of the adPathans and British troops jacent villages, and this they alike. But ignorance of human did under fire the whole time. nature and of the motives that the sight was not without move men is proof against all interest from the spectator's the pleas of sweet reasonable- point of view. The little men

That the Pathan — be would skirmish up to a village, he Afridi, Mohmand, Yusufzai, enter it, and then a few minSwati, Bunerwal, or Waziri - utes later come dashing back, is invariably the aggressor; the rude forts bursting into that he kills and raids from flames behind them.

On one savagery or lust of plunder; occasion a trap had been laid, that he has little to lose in and violent explosions folcomparison with the damage lowed the firing of a village, he inflicts; that, with women but fortunately no and children in safety, -per- injured. chance cared for by his absurd The Scouts were engaged all foeman, — he regards these the day of the advance to affairs as mere picnics; that Bagh, and again escaped withwhen his fanaticism is aroused out casualties, though he is " as dangerous and as officer and several men had sensible as a mad dog”; that their clothes pierced. After a if his forts be spared when, night of unusually severe snipafter infinite trouble and ex- ing an extensive trap was laid pense they have been reached, with trip - wires, flares, and such leniency would but en- crows' feet;1 but elaborate precourage further pastime,—all parations were, as usual, thrown these count as nothing to the away, for no enemy appeared. sentimentalist, whose lack of On the 23rd a survey party

ness.

one

was

one

1 A jerk on the wire would strike the composition and ignite the magnesium flare, which would give a brilliant light for a short time-long enough to put a volley into the disclosed enemy. Crows' feet. Four iron spikes welded together, so that whichever way they are thrown on the ground, one spike points upward. A certain area is strewn with these, and any man stepping thereon would be certain to cry out.

went out from Dwatoi escorted 5th Gurkha Scouts throughout by our Gurkhas, sections of the remainder of the operations, whom were detailed to seize and a warm friendship sprang each of the three hills to be up. When in January the men visited. Heavy firing was soon from Colonel Pulley's battalion heard from the wooded heights were ordered back to their regioccupied by the 20 men under ment, there was a most tearful Havildar Kaman Sing Bura- leave-taking, and the Scouts of thoki, and when the surveyors the 5th gave “a tremendous arrived they found that this dinner” to their comrades of small section had taken the the 3rd. Hospitality is evihill by a brilliant rush, inflict- dently a tradition with the ing heavy loss. Although the riflemen of the 5th Gurkhas. enemy had been reinforced up It will be remembered that to the strength of 100, and had they presented a silver shield occupied cover within 200 yards to the 72nd Highlanders at the from the section, the Scouts had close of the Afghan war. held their ground for nearly When General Gaselee's force two hours. To set up the started from Bagh to join hands plane-table was out of the ques- with the Kurram column, the tion; so, covered by the fire of Scouts again formed the adthe other sections, and working vance-guard, and set out in the beautifully through the trees, darkness. Before a mile had the havildar gradually with- been covered they were fired drew from the hill. For this into by an Afridi picket, with and other acts of gallantry, the result that three of the five Kaman Sing was awarded the men composing that picket Order of Merit of the Second never pulled trigger again. A Class.

running fight now took place : While yet dark on the 24th the Scouts, advancing at the the Scouts were sent to occupy double, drove the enemy through the high ground flanking the nearly two miles of scattered line of retirement through the villages, with a loss of two Dwatoi defile back to Bagh. A men severely wounded. One tiresome wade through knee- of these — Captain Lucas's deep water ensued, and so cold orderly - was shot by that was it that the trousers froze officer's side; the other, a nonon the men as they emerged commissioned officer, had crept from the stream. The height forward to reconnoitre when he was seized before the enemy was suddenly shot down by a awoke, and the retirement was concealed party of the enemy. successfully carried out, heavy As he fell three Pathans rushed losses being inflicted on the foe, to cut him up, but Rifleman especially by that fine regiment Goria Rana, dashing forward, the 36th Sikhs. During the bayoneted one man, pursued reconnaissance Lieutenant Til- and shot another, and then lard had the ill luck to sprain carried the wounded havildar his ankle, and, unfit for scout- under cover. For his heroism ing duty, was sent back to the Goria Rana received the Order base. His men accompanied the of Merit. In the meantime the

our men

a

was

was

4th Gurkhas were pushed for- for the tops of hills, and on ward into the firing line, and every occasion were they and the Scouts bore the successful. A section of the brunt of the fighting in the di- 5th Gurkhas came under rection of the Kahu Pass, and heavy fire from the right a company of the “Queen's” during this day's fight, and cleared the hills on the left in the right-flank man was badly gallant style. Havildar Kaman wounded. The injured man's Sing again distinguished him- chum, who was lying a few self: his section had a most paces away, at once got up, exciting time, and accounted came round, and lay on the exfor a number of the enemy. posed side of his friend until

An early start was made on the arrival of the stretcher the 27th by the Scouts and party. The bullets were flickthe 3rd Sikhs. Admirably ing up the dust all round, guided by Lieutenant Bruce but happily the hero and two of his mountaineers, untouched. they were half-way up the hill In further operations against before dawn, and had reached the Chamkannis the brunt of a peak commanding the pass the fighting fell on the 5th ere the foe quite realised what Gurkhas and the Scouts. A

taking place, although precipitous height, strengthened several occupied villages had by sangars and occupied in force, been passed. The Scouts, 4th could not be ignored. LieuGurkhas, and 3rd Sikhs, were tenant Bruce's wonderful eye required to occupy the pass for for an ascent, and the marvelthe night. By some mistake lous shooting of No. 1 (Kohat) the mules with food and great- Mountain Battery, enabled the coats had not been sent on. Scouts to climbthe steepest rocks Hungry, wet, and cold, the without loss, though they were

huddled together for forced to hand one another up. warmth ; but sleeping on the Arrived at the top of the cliffs, ground late in November at an they found that the hill sloped elevation of 8500 feet is not gradually to the summit, and conducive either to rest

to rest or three strong positions on this pleasure. However, the bag- slope were occupied. No sooner gage turned up next morning, did the skirmishers appear than and after a good hot meal the the enemy opened a heavy fire tribulations of the night were from three sides. To have forgotten. Two days later the brilliantly rushed the position 5th Scouts were welcomed by would have entailed unnecessary a half battalion of their own loss of life, so Captain Lucas regiment at Lowari Mela. waited until the leading com

On the 1st day of December pany of the 5th appeared on the Scouts

employed his left. Thereupon the Scouts' against the Khani Khel Cham- commandant told off half his kannis, perhaps the most tur- men under Lieutenant Warbulent tribe on the border. burton (lent to the Scouts for The whole afternoon was spent the day) to cover his advance in racing parties of the enemy by sweeping the sangar with

men

were

their fire, and, placing himself mainder desisted, and from that at the head of the remaining moment the return was not forty, charged the first position. molested. The retirements to With a shout the Himalayan camp after punitive expeditions highlanders dashed at the afford the Pathan's opportunity. breastwork: to their joy the The companies told off to cover Chamkannis seemed willing to a retirement are bound to suffer, stand, for, greeting the Gurkhas and the wounded must be with a rattling volley, they drew brought away. In civilised their swords and stood up to warfare they might safely be receive the charge. But the left on the ground; but against sight of the glistening bayonets a Pathan enemy this would and eager faces behind-assisted mean torture and mutilation, possibly by the unearthly yells and to bring off the dead is a of the fierce little men-proved point of regimental honour. As too much for Khani Khel nerves, at least four bearers are needed for at twenty yards they broke for each injured man, five and raced to the next sangar. soldiers are thus withdrawn Never before had Afridis so from the fighting line, so that nearly stood up against the eight or ten casualties will Scouts ; for the Pathan, brave practically put a company out and strong though he be, will of action. Then comes

the rush, not fight the little Gurkha and perchance the disaster. hand to hand. These tactics Here is seen the value of exwere thrice repeated by Lucas, perience, and such seasoned with Warburton's men co-oper- regiments as the Guides and the ating and the supports covering Gurkhas have learned to retire each advance with a most accu- with a minimum of loss. When rate rifle-fire. Soon the foe were they protect the rear, the purstreaming down the hillside and suer becomes more cautious. across the fields below, with On December 7 the memorMartini bullets rapidly follow- able march from Bagh down ing and frequently overtaking the Bara valley was commenced. The Chamkannis lost very At daybreak the advance-guard, severely : among their dead consisting of the Scouts and were the headman and two the 1-3rd Gurkhas, moved out, other leading maliks of the flanking

flanking both sides of the Khani Khels.

Dwatoi defile. The defile was It was a magnificent piece of passed without opposition, but work, grandly carried through, as the K.O.S.B. began to cross yet, though the clothes of many the river the enemy opened fire. of the Gurkhas were pierced by The fighting, thus commenced, bullets, not a man was touched. continued without intermission The retirement from the hill until the tired troops arrived was admirably covered by a in General Hammond's camp at company of the 5th: a few of Swaikot a week later. the enemy attempted to follow, There was not a day of these but seeing eight more of their seven on which the Scouts were number bowled over, the re- able to rest ; but of all days of VOL. CLXV.-NO. MIII.

3 G

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