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WHAT COULD BE DONE. (From a Sermon preached in Surrey Chapel, by the Rev. NEWMAN HALL.) Seventy millions of money are spent in a year, by the people of this country, in the purchase of intoxicating drinks as much as the whole of the revenue of our country, while all societies combined, subscribe only half a million of money for evangelizing the heathen. It is a very common thing for a man who indulges in these drinks to spend half-a-crown a week. It is less than 6d. a day. It will be admitted that almost all persons who indulge in this particular article spend at least half-a-crown a week. Artizans would be regarded as very moderate and temperate indeed if they spent no more than that. Some spend that amount in this indulgence every Saturday night. Half-a-crown a week amounts to £6. 105. a year.
If poor men spend half-a-crown a week, how much more is spent in the more affluent families, where more costly beverages are used!
It is a very low estimate, that in this congregation of 2,500 at Surrey Chapel, there are one fifth, or 500 people, who spend half-a-crown a week in intoxicating drinks, and could do without them. If those 500 persons were to begin that night to fast from that particular drink, and spend the half-a-crown a week for God's cause, they would find that that money would yield at the end of twelve months, £3,250. and in five years this would realize the large sum of £16,250—enough to purchase the freehold of Surrey Chapel and build a new edifice, the object which that church is seeking in the Rowland Hill Fund. It would be easily done by five hundred persons giving up half-a-crown a week of what they spend in those drinks. Suppose, instead of their appropriating the money in that way, they appropriated it in those various efforts of philanthropy connected with Surrey Chapel. It would double all their operations. The Band of Hope at present costs £50. a-year according to the last published report; it would give another £50. The subscriptions to the Benevolent Society amount to £340; it would give another £340. They subscribe to the Bible Society £70; it would give another £70. The week-day schools cost £150 ; it would give another £150. The Christian Instruction Society costs £25; it would double that sum. The City Missions cost £110; it would add £110. more. The Dorcas Society receives £52; it would get another £52. The Female Clothing Society costs £30; it would give another £30. The contribution to the London Missionary Society is £170; it would give another £170. The School of Industry costs £80; they could have another School of Industry at £80. For the Sunday-schools there are subscribed £450; they could have another £450. The Southwark Mission requires £256; it could have another £256. The Tracı Society takes £66; they could double that. For the poor they gather at the Sacrament £270. during the year. They could get £270.
At the half-yearly collections for the incidental expenses of the church they gathered £75. They could get £75. more.
These extra sums amount to £3,174., and this would leave a balance of £76. in hand for other objects. This is the view of the case as far as cost is concerned. They might relieve 2,348 cases of sickness among the poor instead of
1,174. They might have ten day schools instead of five. They might have 1,400 children instead of 700. There might be six city missionaries instead of three, and these might hold 1,560 meetings instead of 780. There might be two schools of industry instead of one, and twenty eight Sunday-schools instead of fourteen. They might instruct 10,500 children instead of 5,250. They might have two missionaries for the Southwark Mission instead of one, and hold 1,200 meetings in connection with it instead of 600. They might distribute 200,000 tracts instead of 100,000. And after these distributions were made, there would be £740. in money left for other objects. How impossible it was, with all their importunity, to raise such a sum as was mentioned! How easy it would be, by means of such fasting, to raise funds for the evangelization of the whole of London.
YOUTHS IN HOUSES OF BUSINESS. To the Editor of the “BAND OF HOPE RECORD.” Dear Sir,-As a young man, I have for some years sought to do good amongst those of my own age and condition, by aiding societies seeking our spiritual and moral welfare.
My connection with such societies has brought me into contact with large numbers of youths and young men, mostly engaged in large warehouses and retail establishments. I have hy this means learnt a great deal concerning the interior arrangements of such places, and with the habits of those employed in them.
It is customary for youths of fourteen and fifteen years of age to be engaged as juniors. Nearly all are from the country, and have just left school or the homes of their boyhood ; they eat, drink, and sleep upon the premises Here are not a few young men who are thoroughly depraved, and who endeavour to ruin the bodies and souls of the boys thus brought near them. A pure-hearted, free, and generous lad has not to be long in their company, ere he is contaminated by their wretched example. The blush of youthful innocence soon fees away, and nothing but disease, degradation, and premature death is substituied. My heart sickens as I think of several I myself have known in this condition. The annals of youths and young men engaged in the commerce of great cities, are fearful to think about.
A pious youth of nineteen years of age, told me not long since, that in the house of business where he was employed, he did not know of more than three, out of, I think, one hundred and fifty, who professed Christianity: it was almost impossible for him to live a consistent life in such society, especially as his hours of devotion and rest were constantly disturbed by the drunken ribaldry of several young men sleeping in the same room with him.
If such be the testimony of a godly young man, what can we hope for those of unfixed principles ?
Can nothing be done ? I venture to think, much. The poet has said truly
“ But evil is wrought by want of thought,
As well as want of heart."
I venture 10 suggest that,-
1. Employers of labour could do something.-- In many houses beer is supplied both to youths and young men ad libitum. Ought employers to do this? Surely some remonstrance should be made by all who have any influence with them.
Again,- Is it kind or considerate to place tender youths in the same sleeping apartments with men who, to say the least, are suspected of not being moral characters ? How would some of these gentlemen like to put their own sons in such a situation ?
2. Parents and Guardians can do a great deal.- Let them teach abstinence at home. Young people learn to like alcohol under a faiher’s roof, and by a mother's knee, and they are not able to withstand temptation when parental restraint is no longer exercised over them. Parents ! do not offer your children the bottle, and you may save them from the ruin of intemperance.
3. Country Band of Hope Leaders may help.--Let them all look after the youths while they are at school, and before they leave their native home. Seek to send them to London, abstainers. When they leave, give them a letter of introduction to some friends of the Band of Hope and Religion. If to no one else, to the Secretaries of the Band of Hope Union, who ( I have no doubt,) would introduce strangers to some Temperance Suciety in the locality where they might be living.
4. Abstainers in Houses of Business can assist us. Look after the friendless boys who are constantly coming amongst you. “Speak a kind word where you can." Get them to attend our meetings, and endeavour to exert an influence over them.
Thus something may be done. I should not forget the noble efforts made by the Committee of the National Temperance League, in holding meetings in the houses of business. May they be greatly multiplied. Much good I feel sure must be done by that effort.
Yours very truly,
T.C. U. Canonbury, March, 1864.
Annals of the United Ringdom Band of Hope Union.
THE ANNUAL MEETING OF MEMBERS. The Subscribers of the Union assembled on Wednesday, March 9th, in Shirley's hotel, 37, Queen square. Notwithstanding the great inclemency of the weather, there was a good attendance, and a most earnest and united spirit prevailed during the evening. After tea and coffee had been served, W. West Esq. presided, and called upon the Rev. G. W. M' Cree to read the Annual Report, which was a long and interesting document, and gave great satisfaction. From the report it was found, that 1,142 meetings had been held, 480
festivals attended, 75,000 publications sold, 7 agents employed, 190 dissolving view engagements given, and that the income for the year was £884. 4s. 9d. The usual resolutions were passed unanimously, and a vote of thanks to W. West Esq. brought the meeting to a close.
LABOURS OF THE AGENTS. During the past month, Mr. WILLIAM Bell has been engaged in addressing large meetings of children in connection with the Leeds Band of Hope League.
Mr. G. Blaby has attended meetings as follows:-Stepney Meeting ; George Street, Edyware road; Rotherhithe, twice; Denmark Street, iwice; Bloomsbury Refuge, twice; Earl Street, London Road; Exeter Buildings, Chelsea; St. Matthews, Princes Square; Liverpool Road, Islington; Meadow Row, New Kent Road; Amicable Row; Peckham ; Dalsion; and Ealing. He has also preached eight sermons, and addressed three Sunday Schools.
Mr. T. 0. CHAPMAN continues his useful labours in connection with Sunday Schools. Full details will appear in our next number.
Mr. William Lay has attended meetings as follows :-George Street, Bryanstone Square; Weigh House Chapel Sunday School; Esher Street, Kennington; Barnsbury Independent Chapel; Iron Church, Victoria Park; Myddleton Road, Dalston ; Rotherhithe; Brixton ; Victoria Street, and Mercers street, Shadwell; Windsor Street, Islington; Britannia Fields; and Commercial Road.
Mr. FREDERIC SMITH has addressed meetings, and lectured as follows: -Maidstone; Whitstable; Midhurst; Reigate; Romsey; Christchurch; Bridport; Taunton; Shaftesbury; Newbury; Frome. These were mostly lectures with the Dissolving Views, and generally successful. In one small town, where the meetings were well managed, a profit of more than £5. was realised.
The Fitzroy BAND OF Hope held their fourteenth anniversary on Wednesday, March 161h. In the afternoon, 150 children took tea in the Suciety's hall, Little Portland street; after tea their numbers were largely added to. The whole then adjourned to the Hanover square rooms, which was speedily crowded with a fine audience. Jabez Inwards Esq., touk the chair. Addresses were given by Rev. W. Stott of Abbey road, Rev. B. Nicols, incumbent of Mill Hill, and Mr. G. M. Murphy. About eighteen recitations and airs, with a very interesting dialogue, were given by different members of the Band; while the whole of the children well sung several choruses during the evening. Beside the children and the speakers, the chairman was well surrounded on the platfotm by a number of old friends of our cause.
J. BALE, Prin ter, 78, Great Titchtield-street, Marylebone.
BAND OF HOPE RECORD.
AN APOSTLE INDEED.
By E. WALFORD. Early in December, 1856, the news went far and wide through the South of Ireland, that the “ Apostle of Temperance," Father Matthew, had paid the last debt of nature. He died, as he had lived, devoted to the good cause of reclaiming his volatile countrymen from their archenemy, the whiskey-bottle; and his name ought to stand, in Ireland at least, written in the brightest and most indelible colors among the roll of her philanthropists and patriots.
Theobald Matthew's life, from first to last, was in full keeping and harmony with his profession as a priest of the church in which his lot
We have been, of late years, by far too much familiarised with such warlike spirits as Dr. Cahil and John McHale, as types of the Irish Roman Catholic clergy, to fancy that one so meek, so gentle, so humble, so self-denying as “ Father Matthew," could have submitted to the ecclesiasticle tonsure in the sister island, and worn the monastic cowl. Yet so it was: Father Matthew was not only a Roman Catholic, but a Roman Catholic priest; nor only a priest, but a monk--a humble Capuchin. But under the Capuchin's coarse dress he concealed the heart of a Christian and a gentleman. No doubt, some portion of these qualities he owed to the fact that gentle blood flowed in his veins; and that, instead of being taken (as most Irish priests are) from the plough-tail to the altar, viá Maynooth, he was brought up in the refined society of his kinsman, the late Earl of Llandaff, and of his sister, Lady Elizabeth Matthew; and that, in the family circle of Thomastown House, and amongst its guests, as a boy, he rubbed off some of that rust, and most of those angles, which, somehow or other, seem to mark for life the man who has once passed the gates of St. Patrick's College, Maynooth, and has been subjected to its rough and uninviting discipline.
Mr. Macguire, the M.P. for Cork, has recently given to the world a biographical account of the Apostle of Temperance, to which we are indebted for most of the facts in the present brief and hasty sketch. Born at Thomastown, in 1790, Theobald or Toby Matthew (as he was called at home) was almost from infancy the pet of his mother and sisters and elder brothers, in whose rude and rough sports he found little pleasure. He appears to have been most loveable as a child, and to have shown from the first, as if by nature and instinct, an inborn desire of giving pleasure to others. Having spoken as we have already of the general character of the Irish priesthood, it seems almost a satire to add here that his mother, a good and pious Romanist, regarded him from childhood as a sort of Nazarite, and declared that the church was his “ vocation.” But so it was. As he grew up, not even the attractions of the pleasant society of Thomastown House could wean him from his early taste; and so we find him in 1807 entered as a student for orders at Maynooth.