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at Bradford, we would soon put the publicans to the right-about. They have about 16 Bands of Hope. I have only seen a few of them, but they want me, some time, for a month, but they will write you about it. I am just off for Sheffield; I hope we may have good meetings there."

The Secretary to the Leeds Band of Hope League also writes, and says :-“We are all highly pleased with Mr. Bell. I hope to be able to engage him for a fortnight or a month, if you would please to inform me when he will be at liberty. Our Coinmittee will meet on Friday next, when I shall request that he be employed for one month. I may justly say he is the right man for the right work. On Saturday we had a gathering in our town hall, when about 3,000 assembled, though a wet day and night; and trust this week's labour may befabundantly blessed."

During the past month, Mr. G. BLABY has attended and addressed the following meetings :-Charlotte Street, Caledonian Road; Gee Street, Goswell Street; One Tun, Westminster; Working Men's Club, Westminster, twice; Arnold's Place, Dockhead; Shaftesbury Hall, Aldersgate Street; Eccleston Chapel, Pimlico; Poland Street, Oxford Street; Salem Chapel, Bow Road; Henry Place, Portland Town; Fox and Knot Court; St. John's, Upper Holloway; Clifton Street, Wandsworth Road; Gospel Hall, Brackley Street; Pavement Chapel, New North Road; Lambeth Baths; King Street, Long Acre; Ebenezer Chapel, Shadwell; and Powis Street, Woolwich. He has also preached eight sermons, and addressed three Sunday Schools.

MR. W. Lar has attended meetings as follows:-Barnsbury Independent Chapel ; St. Saviour's, Southwark; Grafton Chapel, Fitzroy Square ; Lambeth Baths, twice; Arnold's Place, Dockhead; Shaftesbury Hall, Aldersgate Street; Eccleston Chapel, Pimlico; Exeter Buildings Chelsea; Salem Chapel, Bow Road; Trinity School, Lower Road, Islington; St. John's, Upper Holloway; Offord Road, Caledonian Road; Gospel Hall, Brackley Street, Barbican; Pavement Chapel, New North Road; Myddleton Road, Dalston; Britannia Fields, and Camberwell.

During December and January, Mr. FREDERICK Smith has lectured and attended meetings at the following places :-In Ireland at Ballymoney, Ballymena, Coleraine, Monaghan : also at Liverpool, Preston, Southport, Macclesfield, Nantwich, Darnby Street, Mint; Dalgleish Place, Limehouse; Chequer Alley, Bunhill Row; Forest Hill; Orange Street, Leicester Square; Lambeth Baths; Dalston; Marlborough Chapel, Old Kent Road; Harrold; Cromer Street, Gray's Inn Road; Commercial Street, Whitechapel; Earl Street, London Road; King Street, Long Acre; and Myddleton Road, Kingsland.

LITERATURE. The Qualifications of a Temperance Advocate. By J. W. GREEN. London : W. Tweedie.—Mr. Green was one of the fathers and founders of the Temperance movement, and eminently in his place when teaching and guiding his fellow-advocates. We would urge all our brother speakers to study this essay. Our pages contain a copious extract from it.

The Rev. Samuel COULING, Scarborough.
Mr. D. B. HOOKE, Jun, Bath.
Mr. J. P. HUTCHINSON, Darlington.

J. BALE, Priuter, 78, Great Titchtield-street, Marylebone.




By the Rev. G. W. M'CREE.


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MY DEAR FRIENDS,—I was once a Sunday Scholar in the Presbyterian Chapel, High Bridge, Newcastle-upon-Tyne; I had the privilege of being a member of the Bible Class.

In course of time I became a Sunday School Teacher. Both as a Sunday School Teacher, and a Minister of Christ, I have seen how much your labours are impeded by intemperance.

I therefore plead for a Band of Hope in connection with every Sunday School in the kingdom.

You do not, perhaps, see the necessity for such an auxiliary to your work. I would therefore ask your attention to the Facts and Opinions which follow, and entreat your candid and prayerful perusal of them.

FACTS, A SCENE IN EDINBURGH.-“There was another boy, whose name I forget, found lying on straw in a dark cellar, which had literally nothing in it but this one heap of straw. The parents were in the habit of going out for the day, and locking up the child there, without food, or fire, or clothes. He was brought in-a mere bundle of rags-quite paralysed, and lay for a week on one of the hospital beds, without stirring or speaking, till they almost thought he was deaf and dumb. At last he did mutter out one word, and it was 'whisky! He afterwards tried, in his wretched faine voice, to begin singing a whisky song, and told the nurse he had hardly tasted anything but whisky since he was born. Somehow his wretched mother found him out and came to see him. Immediately after she left, the miserable little creature was ca:ght hiding its wizened face and still half-paralyzed hands under the bed-clothes, trying to undo the cork of a small bottle filled with whisky! But this child also recovered, learned to feed on and enjoy other food than drams, and left the hospital for a future of—God knows what! Still, the life had been saved-so far.” -Miss Muloch in " Good Words."

OLD SUNDAY SCHOLARS IN Prison.-Mr. Wm. Logan, in a letter to the British Banner, says“I visited 78 of the 88 prisoners who were tried at the Glasgow Assizes, in September, 1848. Seven of these could neither read nor write; of the remaining 71 not less than 38 males and 24 females—total 62-had been connected with Sabbath Schools. A number of both sexes had been in attendance at Sunday Schools for three, four, five, six, seven, nine, and even ten years.' To prevent anything like deception on this point, I cross-questioned them as ti the li cality of the schools, the names of the teachers, &c.' I likewise spent several days in

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calling on a number of the parents and relatives, in different parts of the city, and the replies given by these parties to my inquiries fully corroborated the statements of the convicts themselves. Fifty-nine of the sixtytwo criminals admitted that drinking and public-house company

had not only been the chief cause of their leaving the Sunday school, but of violating the laws of their country.”

RECORDS OF A BIBLE CLAss.- The Rev. James Sherman, formerly minister of Surrey Chapel, at a meeting in Exeter Hall, said, "The question has been asked, what becomes of the senior scholars of these schools? In the schools belonging to my own church the number of scholars is 3,000, with 400 gratuitous teachers; but I am bound to say that few of those children become members of the church after leaving the schools. Where do they go? Many of them would be found, as soon as they arrived at the age of fifteen or sixteen, to become apprentices ; and, by the pernicious system which prevailed among the working classes so situate, they grew up, many of them, to be drunkards, and to be a disgrace to themselves and the neighbourhood. A teacher of a class had collected the statistics in respect to that class, consisting of forty-six. He was induced to examine what were their habits with regard to Temperance during the preceding seven years, and the result was

as-drunkards, thirteen ; occasional drunkards, nine; steady characters, thirteen ; unknown, three.”

CONFESSION OF A ScuolaR.—The letter, from which the following are extracts, is from a Sabbath school teacher of Birmingham. He says:—“I know that in the Sunday school of which I was a pupil, that a great number turned out drunkards, myself amongst them. The class I was in consisted of about seventeen or eighteen scholars, and I am sure that twelve of them becaine sots. Some of them remain so to this day, a pest to the neighbourhood, a disgrace to the borough, and a trouble to their families. It has been unfortunately my lot to sit, at one time or another, in the tap room, with eight or nine of my former fellow-scholars." He adds, “My own intemperate habits were formed during the time I was a teacher in the school.” And still farther, “Oh, sir, if Sunday school superintendents and teachers could only see a small portion of the immense amount of their labours which are utterly, and I fear for ever, frustrated by this foe to human improvement (strong drink), I feel satisfied that the same love which induces them to teach the scholar, would induce them to bid an eternal farewell to that article which has so long, and still continues to lay waste so much of their labours." - Essay on Juvenile Depravity, by Thomas Beggs.

' INTOXICATING LIQUORS. From the year 1801 to the year 1846, the people of the United Kingdom spent nearly fifteen hundred million pounds sterling in intoxicating drinks; about £800,000,000. on spirits, £176,455,000. on wines, and £595,904,000. on malt; or equal to about double the amount of the present national debt! The duty alone which we paid on the above articles during these forty-five years, amounted to £644,968,553., or equivalent to about five-sixths of the national debt. Our army costs us about ten millions a-year, which we think a great deal too much; but, then, we voluntarily spend about fifteen millions a year

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Our navy


on whisky, gin, brandy, and their villainous compounds! costs about eight millions; but our beer, ale, and porter, cost from thirteen 10 fourteen millions! We pay less than a million for our admirable post-office, and more than four millions for our wines! The taxes we pay for our courts of law and justice amount to a little above a million; the taxes we pay on

our tobacco and snuff are above four millions! Financial reform is surely needed, but at home, and in the public-house, as much as anywhere else. Under two millions a-year are spent on Life and Health Assurance; and about forty millions on drink of all kinds. Are not these facts most discreditable to us as a nation ?Eliza Cook's Journal.

Money EXPENDED BY WORKMEN.--At a large manufacturing establishment in London, as many as 300 persons are employed. Of these, 100 men receive each on an average £1. 15s. for working five days in the week. They decline coming to labour on Monday, which they habitually make a holiday, and, I was told, thus regularly lose 7s. each weekly. Besides this loss, I was informed that each expends not less than 7s. weekly for beer. The establishment in fact supports a public-house.— Chambers's Employer and Employed.

SELF-IMPOSED BURDENS.—There is something very appalling in the thought, that Britain expends, every year, fifty millions of money on intoxicating drink. We often complain of our high taxation, and we often grow nervous at the thought of our enormous national debt. But here is a tax for which we cannot blame our rulers-a tax self-imposed and self-levied, a tax for which we can only blame ourselves, a tax which would


the interest of our national debt twice over, and a tax as large as the entire revenue of these United Kingdoms. We thought it a great sum to pay in order to give the slave his freedom—we thought the twenty millions given to the West India proprietors a mighty sacrifice; and certainly it was the noblest tribute any nation ever paid to the cause of philanthropy; but large as it looks, half-a-year of national abstinence would have paid it all. But tremendous as are the fifty millions which as a people we yearly engulph in strong drink, the thought which afflicts and appals us is, that this terrible impost is mainly a tax on the working man. The lamentation is, that many an industrious man will spend in liquor as much money as, had he saved it, would this year have furnished a room, and next year would have bought a beautiful library; as much money' as would secure a splendid education for every child; or in the course of a few years would have made him a landlord instead of a tenant. Why, my friends, it would set our blood a boiling if we heard that the Turkish Sultan taxed his subjects in the style that our British workmen tax themselves. It would bring the days of Wat Tyler back again, nay, it would create another Hampden, and conjure up a second Cromwell, did the exchequer try to raise the impost which our publicans levy, and our labourers and artizans cheerfully pay. But is it not a fearful infatuation ?

Is it not our national madness, to spend so much wealth in shattering our nerves, and exploding our characters, and ruining our souls ? Many workmen, I rejoice to know, have been reclaimed by teetotalism,


and many have been preserved by timely religion. In whatever way a man is saved from that horrible vice, which is at once the destruction of the body and the damnation of the soul, “ therein I do rejoice, and will rejoice.”- Rev. James Hamilton, D.D., London.

WHAT THE MONEY WOULD DO. - The Rev. Newman Hall, L.L.B., says:—“The money spent in strong drink in Great Britain would every year support 200,000 missionaries (which would be about one to every 3,000 adult heathen) at £200. each, 2,000 superannuated missionary labourers at £100. each, 100,000 schoolmasters at £100. each, build 2,000 churches and chapels at £2,000. each, build 2,000 schools at £500. each, give to 50,000 widows 5s. each per week, issue 50,000 Bibles every day at 1s. 6d. each, and 100,000 tracts every day at 4s. per hundred, and present to 192,815 poor families £10. each on Christmas day. Or, it would, in one year, supply each human being on the globe with a Bible. Or, it would, in one year, provide 200 hospitals at £20,000. each, 12,000 chapels at £2,000. each, 10,000 schools at £600. each, 2,000 mechanics' institutions and lecture halls at £2,000. each, 25,000 alms-houses at £200. each, 1,000 baths at £2,000. each, 2,000 libraries at £500. each, 200 public parks at £5,000. each, give 400,000 poor families £10. each, and present a new Bible to each man, woman, and child in Great Britain. So that the money spent in Great Britain alone, for strong drink, would, as far as outward ministry is concerned, evangelize the world.

OPINIONS. FERMENTED LIQUORS Nor NECESSARY.—John Forbes, M.D., physician to her Majesty's household, says :-“Some hundreds of medical men, of all grades and degrees, in every part of the British empire, from the Court physicians and leading metropolitan surgeons, who are conversant with the wants of the upper ranks of society, to the humble country, practitioner, who is familiar with the requirements of the artizan in his workshop, and the labourer in the field, have given their sanction to the statement, that the maintenance of health is perfectly compatible with entire abstinence from fermented liquors; and that such abstinence, if general, would incalculably promote the improvement of the social condition of mankind.”

THE TESTIMONY OF EXPERIENCE.—Mr. Edward Baines, editor of the Leeds Mercury, says :- :-“Many of my friends thought I needed a little wine. I myself had the prejudice that it helped digestion. Well, I tried the experiment—first for a month, then for another month, till at length I learned to laugh at the prejudices of myself and my friends. I feel it my duty, having abstained for fifteen years, to state that during the whole time I have enjoyed good amd vigorous health, and that I believe I have done more work, have had better spirits, have taken my food with greater relish, and have slept more tranquilly than I should have done if I had habitually taken wine or beer.”

TESTIMONY OF Mrs. Ellis. Four years of total abstinence from everything of an intoxicating nature, it has now been my happy, lot to

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