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you to enter into your own recognisances to keep the peace. Prisoner, who evidently felt much ashamed of his conduct, was then discharged.. Morning Stur.
COUNSELS AGAINST COLD.
(From the Medical Times.) We must not forget that the clear frosty weather which has set in is sure to be followed by a large increase in the number of deaths. Without doubt, frost is good for the whole population in the long run. It kills vermin, breaks up the soil, and renders it more fertile; it gives the power of taking brisk, exhilarating exercise, and it keeps up in the active and vigorous part of our race the power of bearing hardships generally. Healthy people find their spirits, appetite, and strength the better for it. Yet there is a heavy fine to pay for these advantages, in the sickness aud death of the infant, and aged, and feeble amongst us. The question comes before us–Ought we not, with increase of physical and physiological knowledge, to be able to reap the benefits, and escape the penalty ?
Amongst deaths that occur in cold weather, let us consider, first, those due to improper exposure. A short time ago Dr. Lankester held an inquest on an aged gentleman who had gone out fasting to partake of the holy communion, early in the morning, at one of the churches in Marylebone. He died suddenly in the church. During the hard winter of 1860-61, we noticed in this journal similar cases of sudden death amongst the aged. When the power of rapidly producing heat is lost, a worn out heart or lung may easily be paralysed by too low a temperature. For one, however who dies suddenly out of doors, there are hundreds who die slowly at home; the venous blood, whose heat has been lost, and its chemical changes deranged, stagnates in the lungs-hence the congestion and bronchitis which so largely swell the registrar's return. With the aged then, as well as with children too young or too feeble to take active exercise, if there be a doubt as to the power of withstanding cold, the patient should have the benefit of the doubt, and be kept at home.
Much has been said, and well said, about the necessity for warm clothing, more especially for keeping the limbs of young children warm, as well as the trunk. It should never be forgotten that blood, thoroughly chilled, is poison to the lungs. But something more besides clothing is needed. This preserves warmth, but does not create it or distribute it. Feet cold as frogs, and quite as damp and flabby from cold perspiration, may be muffled hopelessly in the thickest stockings and boots. But take off these wrappings, which shut out the air, and use soap and water and a good rubbing, and they become warm at once. The custom of dressing for dinner, i.e., removing the warm out-of-door garments, and substituting something lighter, after a good polish with soap and towels, is pre-eminently conducive to health. The colder the weather the more does the skin require the warm or cold souce, and the hearty rubbing.
But here we are met with difficulties arising from an odious piece of
stinginess. Young people must not “dress," we are told, lest they should catch cold in their bedrooms; and they must be excused if they cut short their morning toilette, because it is so cold. Of course. But why not give them a fire in their bedroom ? Ought notwe to be ashamed of squandering money on delicacies for the belly and finery for the back, and denying our poor children comforts necessary for cleanliness and health? How we wish that, instead of buying Christmas “ half dozen” hampers of gin, some people would treat themselves to an extra ton of coals. In a warm room, by a good fire, with a nice hot dry towel to polish off, a wash with cold water would be felt to be a luxury to any one. But instead of this, we fear the rule in many middle-class families is to have no bedroom fires, and to rely for warmth on close animal heat and frowsy vapour. Doors and windows are listed up, and chimneys, unconscious of fire, are choked with boards or bags of straw. Well roasted by the parlour fire, and warmed with hot spirits and water, people rush with chattering teeth into their bedrooms, huddle off their clothes, and jump unwashed into bed. There they get the warmth of blankets, and of their own anything-but-perfumed atmosphere, and in the morning rush down to the fire with as little washing as possible. The water-jug is frozen, and the towels are frozen, and we forgive any one who demurs to a frozen towel.
Cold weather proves to us how deficient our houses are as habitations for really civilised beings. We may warm our rooms with blazing fires; but the draught that feeds the fire, chills the people that cower round it, because we have no means of warming the house as a whole. There is a phenomenon, too, known as “back smoke," which shows that in two rooms out of three, we depend for fresh air upon the supply that comes down the chimney. The last thing we think of is, where does our air supply come from?
Wheu we add to the want of fresh air, the defective supply of water, caused by freezing of the sluice pipes, owing to the wilful stupidity of plumbers, who always will arrange those pipes in a manner which makes them most exposed to frost; and when we superadd the impossibility there sometimes is of getting rid of slops and liquid refuse, through the freezing of sinks and closets, we say enough to show why very cold weather is by no means a healthy time in-doors. But things are not mended when a thaw comes. Then the warm outer air comes into the cold house, and deposits wet upon every wall. Then leaks made in the pipes during the frost begin to show themselves; and when the high pressure service is turned on early in the morning, the house may be deluged with water, running down stairs, soaking carpets, going through floors, and washing down ceilings, leaving it as badly off as if it had been next door to a fire. In order to avert this crowning calamity, every householder should know where the tap is to turn off the water at a minute's notice. But as this is a part of household furniture not wanted, perhaps, once in a lifetime, we suspect that few persons know of its existence.
In tine, our counsels against cold are, to keep the delicate in doors;
to warm houses, taking care that there shall be no lack of fresh air; to allow bedroom fires liberally, and to keep them all night in the chamber of the aged and the young; to clothe warmly, and yet to give the skin an extra share of oxygenation, by washing and rubbing; to give abundant diet, and yet to avoid indigestibles; to drink cold drinks rather than hot; and above all, to eschew hot spirits and water.
GLEANINGS. OPINIONS OF THE EARL OF ELGIN.--In a despatch of his, when Governor-General of Canada, dated at Quebec, in 1853, he gave evidence that he had not been insensible to a “great fact" in the social experience of that colony. He wrote-“Many thousands of men are employed during the winter in these remote forests preparing the timber, which is transported during the summer on rafts, or, if sawn, in boats, to Quebec, when destined for England, and to the Richelieu river when intended for the United States. It is a most interesting fact, boib in a moral and hygienic view, that for some years past intoxicating liquors have been rigorously excluded from almost all the chantiers, as the dwellings of the lumbermen in these distant regions are styled; and that, notwithstanding the exposure of the men to the cold during the winter, and wet in the spring, the result has been entirely satisfactory." How Lord Elgin was affected towards prohibition we learn on the reliable authority of Dr. Guthrie, who stated at a public meeting in Edinburgh on the licensing system, that he had met Lord Elgin at a party of noblemen and gentlemen in London, when his lordship said, in allusion to the Maine Law,—“I believe that it is destined 10 work a very great change on the face of society; I wish the cause the utmost success. They have adopted it. in New Brunswick, and I am watching its operation with more interest than that of any cause under the sun." A gentleman put the objection of the injustice to the poor man, but was answered by his lordship in these terms: “The poor man is the best judge of what is justice (to him), for the law in the State of Maine, and in our province of New Brunswick, was passed by the votes of the poor labouring men themselves.” This conversation took place at the latter end of 1854, or early in 1855.
A Good REBUKE.—A German nobleman once paid a visit to Great Britain when the practice of toasting and drinking healths was at its height. Wherever he went, during a six months' tour, he found himself obliged to drink, though never so loth. He must pledge his host and hostess. He must drink with every one who would be civil to him, and with every one who wished for a convenient pretext for taking another glass. He must drink a bumper in honour of the king and queen, in honour of church and state, in honour of the army and navy. How often did he find himself retiring with throbbing temples, and buruing cheek, from these scenes of intrusive hospitality! At length his visit drew to a close ; and to requite, in some measure, the attentions which been lavished upon him, he made a grand entertainment. Assem
ose who had done him honour, he gathered them round a most
sumptuous banquet, and feasted them to their utmost content. The tables were then cleared. Servants entered with two enormous hams; one was placed at each end; slices were cut and passed to each guest, when the host rose, and with all gravity said: “Gentlemen, I give you the king! please eat to his honour." His guests protested; they had dined; they were Jews; they were already surcharged through his too generous cheer. But he was inflexible. “Gentlemen,” said he, “ for six months you have compelled me to drink at your bidding. Is it too much that you should now eat at mine? I have been submissive; why should
you not follow my example? You will please do honour to your king? You shall then be served with another slice in honour of the queen, another to the prosperity of the royal family, and so on to the end of the chapter.
GRATUITOUS DISTRIBUTION OF BAND OF HOPE
LITERATURE. The Rev. G. W. M'Cree will be glad, on receipt of six stamps, to forward to any conductor of a Band of Hope, a parcel of Band of Hope Publications. Immediate application will be necessary.
A LIST OF BOOKS. Many of our younger speakers both need and desire works which will enable them to become intelligent, interesting, and useful advocates. We append the titles of a few which are cheap and good. An Apology for the Pledge, 6d.
In which is shown its harmony with the customs of the country, both in the State and in the Church, and in the common transactions of Society; and its accordance with the divine law, with the practice of Old Testament saints, and the precepts and practices of Christianity. John O'Neile's Moral Poem, the Blessings of Temperance. Illustrations
by George Cruikshank; with a sketch of the Life of the Author, by
the Rev. I. Doxsey, 1s. Intemperance the Idolatry of Britain. By the Rev. W.R. BAKER, 3d. Livesey's Famous Lecture on Mult; formerly published at 6d., a new
edition for One Penny. Bacchus. By Dr. GRINDROD, 5s., post free. The Temperance Cyclopæedia. By the Rev. WILLIAM REID.
This work comprehends a classified selection of Facts, Opinions, Statistics, Anecdotes, and comments on Texts of Scripture, bearing upon every department of the Temperance Question. A handsome 8vo. vol., pp. 528, 3s. post free. The Prixe Essay on the Use and Abuse of Alcoholic Liquors in Health and
Disease. By W. B. CARPENTER, M.D., F.R.S , 25. od.
An Earnest Plea for the Reign of Temperunce und Peace. By J. S.
BUCKINGHAM, Esq., 2s. 6d. post free. Total Abstinence Examined by the Light of Science. Three Lectures,
by John Deer, 6d. Christian Obligation ; a Discourse. By the Rev. William Foster, 1d. Nature und Providence replying to the question, What is the duty of
man in relation to the use of intoxicating liquors? A Lecture by
E. Nort, D.D. Thirty-two pages, One Penny. Temperance and High Wuges. Total Abstinence from Intoxicating
Beverages, a Practical and Efficient Remedy for Scarcity of Employment and Low Wages, lowering the intensity of Competition, aud re
storing Commercial Prosperity. A Lecture, by WILLIAM TWEEDIE, 1d. an Original Lecture on the Harmony of Teetotalism, as a Practice, a
Doctrine, and a System, with the will of God, as expressed in the authorised version of the Bible, showing also, that it is the plain doctrine of the Greek New Testament. By Dr. LEES, 4d.
Annals of the United Kingdom Band of Hope Union.
GREAT BAND OF HOPE DEMONSTRATION AT THE LAMBETH BATHS.
On Friday January 15th, the New year's Festival of the Bands of Hope, in the South of London, took place in the Lambeth Baths, under the auspices of the United Kingdom Band of Hope Union. At five o'clock an excellent tea was provided, of which nearly 600 children and adults partook. As the evening wore on the numbers were considerably augmented, and at half past seven, at which time Samuel Morley, Esq. took the chair, there were 2000 children and adults present. On the platform we noticed Mr. Justice Payne, the Rev. G. W. M'Cree, and the Rev. W. Hawkins, W.J. Haynes, Esq., John Thwaites, Esq., Mr. M. W. Dunn, Mr. G. M.Murphy, Mr. A. Hawkins, jun., Mr. G. Wybrow, Mr. W. West, and many others interested and actually engaged in promoting the welfare and happiness of the working classes and their children.
Prayer having been offered by the Rev.G. W. M'Cree, Samuel MORLEY, Esq., the Chairman, said—“ He was present less with the object of making a speech, than enforcing the necessity of each one doing his share towards the general advancement and good of the people. It was a great pleasure to him to be able to give pleasure to others. He was anxious to appeal to those who were moderate drinkers, to ask whether it was not worth while to forego their own little pleasure, if by so doing they could alleviate suffering, and contribute towards the advancement of their fellow-men. There was a great need of personal example. Alluding to the recent execution of Wright, the speaker said he hoped the day would come when capital punishment would be entirely done away with. (hear, hear). That crime had, like many others, its origin in strong drink; and, as their esteemed friend, Judge Payne, could testify, the greatest proportion of crime committed in this counıry had its origin in the same fruitful source. He
I to the consideration of philanthropists the question of social