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OLD AGE.-Few people really die through gradual failure of the functions of life. Even the oldest, like young people, die mostly of special diseases. Nine-tenths die of bronchitis, diseased heart, diseased liver, diseased bladder, diarhea, and a wearing senile fever, which is apt in old people to be the issue of an attack of almost any acute disease. An observant physician seldom sees his patient truly die of the decay of old age. I can safely say that I have hitherto seen only one man die in that way.- Professor Christison.
A JOKE FROM Punch.-Since the introduction of Mr. Lawson's bill, our facetious contemporary has given several proofs of our progress. His attentions we always welcome as evidence of the importance the question is assuming. In his last issue he gives the following:LAWSON AND LIQUORS.-Admired Punch, this world affords me no enjoyment much greater than that of a glass of strong beer, imbibed in the course of a good long walk, at the bar of a decent, well-conducted public-house. In an establishment of this description, the other day, on such an occasion, whilst I was recruiting my frame with that refreshment, a member of the working classes excited ny curiosity by asking the landlord officiating at the tap for a go of Lawson,' whereupon mine host served him with a quantity of some kind of spirit. “ Lawson!” I exclaimed; “ dear me, what is Lawson?” The working man grinned, and the landlord replied : “ Gin, sir. They calls gin • Lawson' now, sir, 'cept o' Sundays, and then they calls it “Somes.'. Brandy they calls
Trevelyan,' and rum • Harvey,' and whiskey they calls ‘Pope'-Irish whiskey; and Scotch, · Forbes Mackenzie.' Then there's different kinds o'beer sir; Burton they calls • Band of Hope,' and Kennet, United Kingdom Alliance.'” Well, to be sure !” said I, “ and I shouldn't wonder if they were, by-and-by, to call sherry-cobbler, · Harrington,' and mint-julep, “ Heyworth,' and brandy-smash, “ Jabez Burns,' and timberdoodle, •Canon Jenkins,' after the names of the Alliance's leading members.': “ Yes sir,” said the landlord, “and werry likely they'll give the same of Dean Close' to punch.” “Indeed," I replied, “I think that extremely probable; or perhaps they 'll make the dean a bishop; and it appears to me a subject of regret that the industrious orders should be provoked, by injudicious agitation, to associate, out of bravado, respectable and reverend names with liquors, which however salubrious in moderate quantities, are, when partaken of in excess, intoxicating." " "Tis werry lamentable, sir," said the landlord, “isn't it?"-Yours affectionately, AMBULATOR.
DISCIPLINE. -One of the first things a soldier has to do, is to harden himself against heat and cold. He must inure himself to bear violent changes. In like manner, they who enter into public life begin by drilling their sensitiveness to praise and blame. He who cannot turn his back on the one, and face the other, will probably be beguiled by his favourite, in letting his enemy come behind him, and wound him when off his gnard. Let him keep a firm footing, and beware of being lifted up, remembering that this is the commonest trick by which wrestlers throw their antagonists. Never put much confidence in such as put no confi
dence in others. A man prone to suspect evil, is mostly looking in his neighbours for what he sees in himself. As to the pure all things are pure, even go to the impure all things are impure. The full assurance of faith, always attended with the full assurance of hope, never fails to be productive of perfect love, even the love that castech out fear. There are persons who would lie prostrate on the ground, if their vanity or their
ride did not hold them up. Misers are the greatest spendthrifts: and spendthrifts often end in becoming the greatest misers. Principle gives birth to the rule: the motive may justify the exception. Jesus Christ
saves to the uttermost” of life, to the uttermost of sin, and to the uttermost extremity of the earth.
A Candid MIND.—There is nothing sheds so fine a light upon the human mind as candour. It was called whiteness by the ancients, for its purity; and it has always won the esteem due to the most admirable of the virtues. However little sought for or practised, all do to it the homage of their praise, and all feel the power and charm of its influence. The man whose opinions make the deepest mark upon his fellow man, whose influence is the most lasting and efficient, whose friendship is instinctively sought where all others have proved faithless, is not the man of brilliant parts, or flattering tongue, or splendid genius, or co:nmanding power; but he whose lucid candour and ingenious truth transmit the heart's real feelings pure and without refraction. There are other qualities which are more showy, and other traits that have a higher place in the world's code of honour, but none wear better, or gather less tarnish by use, or claim a deeper homage in that silent reverence which the mind must pay to virtue.—Green Leuves.
THE RISE OF POOR BOYS.
The Rev. J. P. Norris, who has for many years been one of Her Majesty's Inspectors of Schools, gives instances from schools inspected by him in Staffordshire, Salop, and Cheshire, to show what a mistake it is to suppose that no career is open to the sons of agricultural labourers in England. In a list of boys from the national school of a parish in Shropshire, all of them sons of labourers, there is one who at twenty-two has become under station-master at an important county town at £60. a year, a situation he got by examination; two others are railway guards ; several are in business for themselves and doing well; one is an engineer at Woolwich with £2. a week; one has been promoted in only two years to be a sergeant in the Guards; one is a clerk in the London Post-office; three are certificated schoolmasters in charge of schools; one is a schoolinaster in Cape town, preparing for holy orders. From another school Mr. Norris instances three sons of one of the poorest cottagers: one is in the employ of a steel company at 50s. a week, one farms 160 acres, the other is an hotel-keeper and farmer. Others from this school are farmers or in-trade, one is a butler at a manor-house, one is the certificated master of a London school, one has been fifteen years in the same office, is collector of the vicarial tithes, and holds a good position. At a school in
Staffordshire the son of a drunken forge labourer, often obliged to work all night for his father, who was on a drinking bout, carried off a prize against great competition ; his course has been ever upwards, and now at twenty-one he is manager and part proprietor of the works on which he has been employed. An old schoolmaster writes that he could name nearly a score of his boys who are receiving a greater salary than himself, many of them through his recommendation of them. One was engaged at a brewery, eventually was apprenticed to the firm, is getting a liberal and progressive salary, and at the termination of his apprenticeship his services will be worth from £400. to £500. a year, owing to the acquaintance he has acquired with the qualities of harley and malt. The schoolmaster adds, “ My old boys often come to me for advice, and I believe I have more influence over them now, than I had when they were in the school-room. They seem grateful; I feel thankful.” Mr. Norris, in thus closing the last report he has to write, suggests that evidence of this kind is more valuable than the statistics on which we are auch the habit of relying.
LOAN SOCIETIES. Mr. Tidd Pratt's annual abstract of the accounts of loan societies in England and Wales shows a constantly lengthening list. These societies are now 758 in number. At the close of the year 1859 he had to report on societies with £293,005 in borrowers' hands; at the close of 1863 the socieries in the list just issued had £473,985. out on loan. Loans were made by them in 1863 to 172,850 persons, and the amount circulated in the year was £802,269. The societies received £54,370. for interest, and charges for forms of application and for making inquiries; and the expense
management was £20,266. The sum of £28,402. was paid for interest to depositors or shareholders, and there was left a net profit of £7,969. In the year 1863, 15,966 summonses were issued for £33,551., and 1,804 distress warrants; borrowers or their sureties paid £2,805. for costs. Five hundred of these societies are in the metropolis and the suburbs, and the place of business of these London societies is almost invariably a public-house. Some of these societies are upon a very sinall scale; there are not above ten in all London with £1,000. out on loan. In Lancashire, Cheshire, and Yorkshire, and at Nottingham there are societies on a higher scale, having £3,000., £4,000., and £5,000. in circulation. A loan society at Leeds has above £11,000. out on loan; at Hanley, and also at Birmingham, there is one with £18,000., and one at Longton, Staffordshire, with £20,000.
THE LOST SHIP. The Neptune carrying 36 men, sailed from Aberdeen, on a fine morning in May, with the fairest prospect of good weather, and a prosperous voyage. About eleven o'clock the wind arose from the east, and swept over the sea with overwhelming violence. In about an hour she was seen standing in, but under such a press of sail as, considering the gale, astonished all on shore. But on she came, now bounding on the top of the sea, and then almost ingulfed in the foaming cavern. The harbour of Aberdeen is exposed to the east, and formed by a pier on one side, and a breakwater on the other, and so narrow at the cntrance as not to admit two large ships abreast. All saw that something was wrong on board. One attempt was made to shorten sail, but the ship was then within a cable's length of the shore, and urged on with an impetuosity which no human power could withstand. The wives and families of the men who were thus hastening to death had assembled near the pier; but all stood in silent horror, broke in a moment by the cry, “she's lost!” as the vessel, lashed on by the tempest, passed to the outer side of the breakwater, and struck with awful violence between iwo black rugged rocks. The cries of the victims were most horrible. The dreadful crisis had come, and they were lost indeed. A few brave men on shore endeavoured to man the life boat, and take it round the break water, but it was unavailing. One heavy sea rolling over the wreck for a moment concealed her, and when the people looked again she was gone! Her crew and timbers were hurled against the rocks, and with the exception of one man, who was washed up and lodged on a projecting edge, none escaped of the 36 who had that morning left the shore in health and spirits. From the man who was saved, the melancholy truth was learnt that the crew were all intoxicated, and could not manage the vessel.
Annals of the United Ringdom Band of Hope Union.
THE FETE AT THE CRYSTAL PALACE. The Committee of the National Temperance League are making arrangements for a great fête at the Crystal Palace, on Tuesday, August 9th. All the magnificent attractions of the Palace will be made available for the entertainment of the vast multitude expected to assemble on that day.
There will be a display of the whole series of water fountains, a sight which will never be forgotten by those who witness it. It is intended to have a great Temperance meeting in the central transept, which will be addressed by popular advocates. The orchestra will be occupied by 1,500 Children, connected with the United Kingdom Band of Hope Union, who will doubtless entrance the audience. It is intended also to have a grand procession in the grounds, and an Open-Air Temperance Meeting. Bands of music will perform in the Palace and grounds, and the majestic organ will be played at intervals during the day. It is intended by the Band of Hope Union to give a New Testament to each of the Children of the choir, and also, through the kindness of Mr Joseph Livesey, a copy of
his famous “ Malt Lecture.” We hope this will be the most successful Temperance demonstration ever known in the Metropolis.
THE CONFERENCE PAPERS. Our friends will be glad to know that the valuable Papers read at the May Conference of the Union, are now very nearly ready. In a few days those friends who have ordered them, may expect to receive them. Although a much larger number have been ordered, than even was anticipated by the Committee, yet as the papers are both practical and likely to be very useful, it is hoped that they will be still more widely circulated.
During the month Mr. G. Blaby has atter.ded and addressed the following meetings :— Denmark Street, twice; Whitfield Chapel, twice; Working Men's Club, Westminster, iwice; Cromer Street Chapel; Wandsworth road; Vauxhall Walk Temperance Hall; Victoria Street, Shad well; Deverell Street; Lansdowne Place; Caledonian Road; Windsor Street, Islington ; William Street, Poplar; Spa Fields Sunday Schools; Stafford Street, Peckham ; Charlotte Place, Walworth ; Trinity Schools, Vauxhall Road; Litile Denmark Street, Ragged Schools; Mission Hall, Moor Street, Five Dials ; Meadow Row, New Kent Road; St. James's Walk, Clerkenwell, and Amicable Row, Kent Street, Boro'; he has also preached six sermons, and addressed three Sunday Schools.
Mr. William Bell has during the last month visited meetings as & follows :-Peel Grove, Bethnal Green; Mercers Street, Shadwell, twice;
Duck Lane, Westminster, twice; George Yard, Whitechapel, twice; Little Denmark Street; Fitzroy Hall, Fitzroy Square; Kettering; Kennington Park; Albion llall, London Wall; Slough ; Newington Causeway ; St. James's Walk ; Hawkesion Hall, twice; Whetstone ; Waterloo
Street, Camberwell; Calthorpe Street, Gray's Inn Road ; Mission Hall, : Moor Street, Five Dials ; Union Hall, Bishopsgate, twice.
Mr. FREDERIC Smith has been attending rehearsals of the children who are to sing at the Crystal Palace, on August 9th, every evening during the month.
BRISTOL.- The Rev. G. W. M' lectured on “ Lights and Shades of Life in London,” in the Broadmead Rooms, on July 4th, when Robert Charleton, Esq. presided. The audience paid for admission, and the local press spoke highly of the lecture. On the 5th about 60 ladies and gentlemen met Mr. M‘Cree at tea in the Tailors' Hall, Broad Street, and listened with great attention to an address on the “ Present Condition of the Band of Hope Movement.” Henry Weihered, Esq., presided. A public meeting was then held in Counterslip Chapel, (the Rev. Mr. Maeinaster presiding), when Mr. M'Cree lectured to a large audience, on • Parents and Children."
CHIPPENHAM.-On Saturday, July 10th, the Chippenham Band of Hope festival was celebrated. The members, to the number of 300, meeting in the Causeway at two o'clock, from whence, at half-past two,