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plish this object, the Band of Hope Union was established in London, in 1855, since which time it has done good service to the cause. А deputation from this society, in the person of its zealous and talented

the Rev. G. W. McCree, met several friends of the movement, chiefly from the rural districts at Darlington, on the 24th of June, 1862, when our Band of Hope Union Northern Auxiliary was formed under the presidency of G. A. Robinson, Esq., of Reeth. The objects contemplated by this society, like those of the parent society, were:-1. To form new bands of hope. 2. To assist bands of hope already in existence. 3. To employ agents qualified to interest the young, and to organise, on a right basis, new bands of hope. 4. To circulate approved publications. 5. To employ authors of acknowledged talent in the production of works adapted to the present state of the movement. Till we have more ample funds it is obvious that our efforts must be confined to the first four of these objects. It is much to be regretted that in consequence of some misunderstanding, the society was not so fortunate at its commencement as to meet with the countenance and support of any influential body of temperance men. Notwithstanding this discouragement, its friends felt it to be their duty to prosecute the work upon which they had entered, leaving the issue to Him under whose blessing they had determined to act; and they have now the satisfaction of thinking that the numerous associations which bare affiliated with it, are an unmistakeable evidence of the deepfelt necessity of such an organization, especially in the rural districts, and at the same time a gratifying testimony of the confidence which has been placed in the conductors of the society. At the first annual conference, held at Bishop Auckland, on the 16th of June last, reports from the several affiliated associations gave an encouraging view of the healthy working of the society, while the proceedings of the conference were marked by a spirit of harmony, and by a determination to carry on the work with increased zeal. To the deep regret, however, of the assembled delegates, their president signified his intention of resigning his office in consequence of the unsatisfactory state of his health. His resignation was accepted with great reluctance, and, in the absence of a more influential individual, I was requested to fill the responsible post. Feeling it to be my duty to place myself at the service of the conference, I accepted the honourable position in a deep sense of my deficiency, but, with a determination to use my best exertions to co-operate with the friends of the society in promoting the interests and usefulness of our important mission

The Band of Hope Union is based on the principle of a catholic comprehensiveness. While each separate denomination of christians may feel it desirable to organize a Band of Hope within its own fold, the common weal and safety seem to require that there should be a general association in which the several bands might be united to each other, and that from time to time they might meet together to present a consolidated front against the inroads of a common enemy that makes no distinction of rank or sect, but introduces wherever he prevails immorality, degrada. tion, and misery. Against such an enemy, christians may well recognise

an opportunity where, without any compromise of principle, they may join together in order to accomplish a victory that it would not be possible to achieve by their separate and disunited exertions. The more frequently they are brought together to promote some common good, the more likely are they to be disabused of their prejudices, and to acknowledge in each other the lineaments of a common fatherhood, and of experiencing towards each other sentiments of courtesy and brotherly good will.

I have already mentioned that our society, at its commencement, had failed, from some misapprehension, to receive the support of those whose countenance might have obtained for it a cordial welcome amongst Temperance men, as being prepared to occupy a portion in the field, which seemed to be in danger of running to waste from the absence of adequate means to cultivate it. Now, if we would hope to allay any unfavourable impressions which we may have had the misfortune to incur, and if we would win the confidence of our temperance friends, it is evident that in the prosecution of our work we must show that we are influenced by no party feelings or jealousy, but on the contrary, that it is our desire not only to act in harmony with existing Temperance societies, such as the British Temperance League, the Northern Temperance League, and the United Kingdom Alliance, but whenever the opportunity presents itself, to co-operate with them in their work, and promote their interests; for assuredly the well-being and the success of all are inseparably linked together. This seems to be a point misunderstood, or too much overlooked by Temperance men. A sort of jealousy, it is to be feared, prevails amongst the different societies, as if the success of one interfered with the prosperity of another, and, as if the funds of one society could not be increased but at the expense of another. The reverse of this is proved to be the fact by the testimony of experience in the case of other philanthropic institutions. Look, for instance, to the two great missionary societies in the Established Church: the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Lands, and the Church Missionary Society. When the latter society, embracing a different field of labour was formed, an outery was raised that it would cripple and embarrass the funds and the usefulness of the old society. But what has been the result? Both the societies are flourishing, and in many places working side by side, while the funds for missions have been increasing tenfold. May we not hope that something like this will be the case with the increase of temperance organizations, where there is a deep-felt need of them ? There has not yet been any extraordinary strain upon the generosity of the temperance public. There is a mine still to be worked ; there are stores still to be unlocked, which are in reserve for those who, with well-directed zeal, are prepared to enter upon some new field of usefulness. If we wish the Temperance cause to be developed in its full strength, we must have associations adapted to every phase of is requirements. Moral suasion societies for adults; bands of hope for the young; the United Kingdom Alliance to destroy a traffic which would neutralize and frustrate the labours of the other two, each society devoting . its energies to its special work, none of them ignoring, much less thwart

ing the others; but on the contrary, each cherishing and helping each where opportunity offers, as brother workers in the same blessed cause. With regard to the future position and prospects of our society, we shall act most wisely if we leave these in the hands of Him who will not fail us in our work of love, if we have an eye to His glory, and labour on in a dependence upon His guidance and help. Duty is ours. Events belong to flim. Let us then go on prudently, zealously, trustfully, at the same time in a spirit of loving forbearance towards those who cannot or do not agree with us in our temperance views. Let us concentrate our efforts on the distinctive work of our society. The more strictly we direct our own attention, and the more earnestly we direct the attention of our agents to the work of organizing and assisting Bands of Hope, the more efficiently shall we be carrying out our mission; the more certainly shall we secure the confidence of our temperance brethren, and the deeper and surer shall we be laying the foundations of our society. This, however, is a work in which both we and our agents have had little experience, and we may be well excused if our first efforts have been marked with much imperfection : but I have such faith in the public, that if they see that we are honestly endeavouring to do our best, they will extend to us a large measure of indulgence. The great thing in order to accomplish our object will be to keep our eye steadily upon our special work, and to request our friends to favour us with any information and advice which they may think useful.

Let it be our great aim to raise our Bands of Hope to a good position with the public outside. As far as can be done without injury to principle, we should also strive to popularise and elevate the movement both with the parents and friends of the children, and with the public at large, but more especially with the children themselves. This is a very important point, and requires careful and delicate attention. If our Bands of Hope lose their prestige with the public, it is to be feared that the movement would prove a comparative failure, or at all events, would not yield the abundant harvest of which it now gives so cheering a prospect. By thus persevering in our labour of love, with a view to promote the welfare and happiness of the rising generation, and in a dependence upon God's blessing, we may hope that our labour will not be in vain, but that it will be honoured by God, and that in due time we shall be permitted to reap an abundant harvest in the affection and exemplary conduct of those whom we are seeking to guard against the besetting snares of the drinking system, and to train up in the paths which will lead to respectability and comfort in life, and, by divine help, to peace in death, and to inconceivable happiness in eternity through Jesus Christ our Lord.




Probably no parish in the metropolis has had a more infamous reputation than St. Giles’s-in-the-Fields. For more than a century it has been the reproach of London; it has been regarded as the dirtiest, most dangerous, and most degraded locality in England. No opprobrious term has been thought too harsh to apply to it. “ As bad as St. Giles's,” is a proverbial expression, ready for the lips, whenever a pithy sentence is wanted to fling at some hateful place or people. It may be proved, however, that the parish of St. Giles does not now deserve its traditional reputation. We do not wish to paint it in roseate lines, and to affirm that its moral transformation is complete; but we believe that its intellectual, sanitary, and moral progress will be found to equal, and in some cases, to surpass that of more highly favoured metropolitan parishes. It is vastly more clean than it was; its interlacing thoroughfares and alleys are quite as safe as those of Lambeth, Somers. Town, Westminster, and Shoreditch. Drinking fountains asuage the thirst of its population; Day, Sunday, and Ragged Schools, Lending Libraries, Penny Banks, and Provident Funds, Mission Halls, Temperance Societies, and Bands of Hope, Baths and Washouses, Singing Classes, Weekly Lectures, Model Lodging Houses, Mothers' Meetings, and other elevating agencies are in. active operation, and rapidly moulding the daily life of the population, into higher and more beautiful forms. This change for the better must be ascribed to a variety of influences. The construction of New Oxford street, although fraught at first with much inconvenience and misery to many poor families, ultimately produced a beneficial effect, and dispersed hordes of thieves, beggars, impostors, and ruffians. Church lane remains in its primitive condition, and those who wish to know what Old St. Giles's was, may visit it, and will see at once what & wonderful improvement must have taken place in the parish. Church lane continues to breed filth, disease, and crime. Were the parochial authorities to do their duty, it would be rased to. the ground, and its infamous houses entirely emptied of their present occupants. Few parishes in London are more favoured in the matter of ragged schools and refuges, than St. Giles's. A visit to the Irish Free School, in Charles street, Drury lane, the Irish Free School in George street, and the School and. Refuges in Broad street, Little Denmark street, and Great Queen street, will convince any thoughtful person that the children of the poor and needy have troops of wise and kind friends, and are carefully instructed in everything which pertains to a virtuous life. The Seventeenth Annual Report of the St. Giles's and St. George's Bloomsbury, Refuges for

Homeless and Destitute Children, and Ragged and Industrial Schools, evinces the active operation of extraordinary efforts to benefit the poor of the parish.

During the last year, the average weekly number of inmates in the Boys' Refuge, 8, Great Queen street, has been 110. In addition to these taken from St. Giles's, and its neighbourhood, several were born in Scotland, nine in Ireland, two in France, one in Italy, one in Antigua, others in the provinces, and not a few in different parts of London ; 179 boys, in the Refuge at one time were disposed of in the following manner :-1 entered the Royal Navy; 10 emigrated to South Africa ; 9 emigrated to Canada; 2 emigrated to New Zealand; 6 entered the merchant service; 26 were sent to situations in London and the country; 12 were restored to parents and friends; 1 was sent to another institution ; 8 left of their own accord; 1 was sent to the infirmary, and 102 remained in the Refuge. These boys are well fed, well clothed, and attend school, but they are also taught to work hard, and the institution is in some respects selfsupporting. During one year, the boys made 1289 pairs of new boots and shoes, and repaired 1369 pairs. They made 366 new articles of clothing and repaired 1776 articles. They also made 31,000 bundles of fire wood, which were sold for the benefit of the institution. Nothing can be more satisfactory than the fact that the profits of their work more than defrayed the outlay for materials, and the salaries of the superintendent, industrial teachers, and schoolmasters. 118 girls in the Refuges at Broad street and Acton were disposed of in the following manner :-21 were sent to domestic service; 23 were restored to their friends, or left of their own accord; 1 emigrated to New Zealand ; I went to Tasmania ; 2 died; and 70 remained in the Refuges. The operations conducted at 19, Broad street, are most varied and useful. The large and handsome building was intended for a gin palace, but having been purchased by the committee, it is now the centre of the following operations:-A Girls' Day school and Night school, an Infant Day School, Sunday Night Schools for Boys, Girls' and Infants, a Mothers' Meeting, weekly Lectures to Working Men, Working Men's Benefit Club, Provident and Clothing Club, and a Penny Bank. The Lectures to Working Men are well attended, and are on interesting subjects, such as--the old Houses of ParliamentEducation and Crime-London, past and present-China-Literature of Labour-Sir Walter Scott-Beauties of Temperance Song—the Prisoners of the Tower—Pilgrim's Progress

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