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composition, with Temperance as a branch of education in a regularly established series of eveniny schools, which have been conducted for a number of years, and largely availed of by those who desire to continue and extend the education they have obtained at the day schools. There are two or three teachers in each school, according as the attendance or other circumstances may require, and they, with the temperance superintendent, conduct the instruction given on the night devoted to Temperance. There are thus 20 children's meetings ; 36 children's hours in day schools for temperance; four young inen's meetings; one young women's meeting; 61 meetings in all held week after week, or 2,867 throughout the session of eleven months. At these meetings total abstinence from intoxicating liquors, tobacco, and opium, in every form and degree, is the temperance taught and enjoined. The extermination of the Liquor-traffic is inculcated, and, as a simple act of justice on the part of the Government to the people, it is demanded. The young are encouraged by every possible means to seek the entire overthrow of the drink-making, drink-selling, and drink-using system as a gigantic wrong. There is no pledge; each member of the society is such while he abstains, and ceases to be a member when he ceases to abstain. The following were the actual numbers present at one week's meetings in each of the months of the session of 1860-1:-September, 5,807 ; October, 6,585; November, 6,685 ; December, 7,072; January, 6,469 ; February, 6,689; March, 6,353; April, 5,776 ; May, 5,523; June, 6,110; July, 6,021; giving an average presence of 6,281 at each week's meetings. Making allowance for such irregularity of attendance as occurs in schools, there could not have been less than 8,000 children and young persons under this instruction during the session; and these, at the most moderate computation, could not fail in some degree to bring the principles they were taught under the notice of 30,000 persons. The meetings are all under the charge of paid superintendents, who meet weekly for the study of the subject to be taught in the meetings, and to interchange their views as to the best mode of illustrating the reading, essays, or compositions, and generally for taking counsel together as to the work. They have access to the library of temperance literature, and are encouraged to seek out whatever can promote the welfare of those committed to their care. They report weekly in writing whatever transpires of interest. There has been a regular monthly meeting for prayer, attended by the superintendents, teachers, the youth and their friends. In the month of July there are two excursions to the country; and on the first of January the British League adds a special indoor festival, with an excellent supply of fruit, speeches by the young people, singing of temperance melodies, and performances by the band. The expenditure for the three years, ending with the 31st August, 1861, and exclusively paid by John Hope, Esq., was £4,698. 18s. 22., or an average of £1,565. 6s. per annum. From 1847 to the present time Mr. Hope's contributions to this one object have exceeded £20,000.-From the Temperance Dictionary.



AIR-“Nay, John.
Sign, John; Sign, John; Nay do not decline, John;
But boldly write your name in full, and drink no more of wine, John.

For a curse it ever proves

To all who love the glass, John:
The heart to sin it ever moves

And ruin brings to pass, John.
Bright and rosy it may look ;

But, oh! it is a snare, John;
Which our Maker's holy Book,
Oft bids us to beware, Johu.

CHORUS-Sign, John; Sign, John, &c.
See, John; See, John; I stand erect and free, John;
Yet ere I dared to sign the pledge, none viler were than me, John.

On the sloppy alelouse bench

I parted with my weilth, John;
Swilling drink from morn till night,

I quickly lost my health, John:
With it too, my place and work,

And reputation high, John;
Those who once would speak with me,
Would scornful hasten by, John.

Chorus-Sign, John; Sign, John, &c.
Then, John; Then, John; I cursed my fellow men, John;
And beat my wife, and kicked my child, for months a weary ten, John;

Hating all, I hugg'd the glass,

My daily boast and pride, John,
'Till its stingings made me mad;

And then I should have died, John,
If my poor, devoted wife,

My bedside had forsook, John,
Nor soothed my wild and anxious fears,
With love's caressing look, John.

CHORUS-Sign, John; Sign, John, &c.

Long, John; Long, John; the angel I did wrong, John,
Attended patiently on me, uill I grew hale and strong, John.

Then, for her, the pledge I sign'd,

And learned to keep it too, John:
Happiness it brought to me,

And so it will to you, John:
Masters gave me work again :

Kind friends to me would speak, John;
And in my pleasure I forgot
Each former weary week, John.

Cuorus-Sign, John; Sign, John, &c.
Now, John; Now, John; unclouded is my brow, John;
I stand erect in liberty, nor more to drink I bow, John.

But poor drunkards help to save,

And lead them to the light, John.
Nor will I falter on my way,

Nor Ainch from soes in fight, John.
For I know that God and truth

Are ever on our side, John :
That each future age will bless,
And think on us with pride, John.

Chorus-Sign, John; Sign, John, &c.

THE OPEN AIR MISSION. A more interesting Report, than that just issued by the committee of the Open Air mission, we never read. It is full of interest. It is crowded with startling facts. It is enough to make every christian man shudder and weep.

That our readers may judge for themselves, we will furnish them with some extracts from its pages. The secretary, writing of the efforts made opposite the scaffold on which Joseph Brooks was executed, says :

“Our operations consisted of tract distribution, preaching, ading aloud the Scriptures, and individual conversation. About fifty Christian men, and one or two women, were engaged in the work. Some were preaching on Sunday morning, the 26th ; others on Sunday evening. A few gave the whole of the night to these self-denying labours, while the majority worked from six iill eight o'clock on Monday morning. These devoted helpers consisted of one minister, the Rev. G. W.M.Cree, a few gentlemen and tradesmen, several city missionaries and evangelists, and a good number of working men. They came from Deptford, Bermondsey, Walworth, Southwark, Lambeth, Clapham, Wandsworth, Chelsea, Paddin: ton, Marylebone, Islington, Kingsland, Hoxton, the various districts in the East End, and other outlying districts, as well as the nearer ones. They came together actuared by love to their Saviour and to the souls and bodies of inen, knowing that no other reward awaited


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them than the testimony of a good conscience, and the approval of the Master they delight to serve. Some of them would lose half a day's wages; but this they sacriticed cheerfully, remembering, as one of them observed, 'I didn't minu losing a great deal more when I was in the devil's service.' We had more preaching than I ever remember on a similar occasion, either in London or the country. There could not have been fewer than thirty addresses on Sunday evening and Monday morning. On Monday there was continuous preaching at four stations for nearly two hours. The principal one was in front of the drop, and consequently in the centre of the vast crowd. It was interesting to notice the style and manner of the different speakers. Some spoke chiefly in the words of Scripture, selecting simple and solemn passages; others began by relating some startling incident; while others read the confessions of criminals, on which they founded strong and telling appeals. Those who were most earnest and natural, using illustrations freely, gained the ears of the people most readily, while those who spoke in an assumed or affected tone did not succeed in this respect. The crowd probably numbered 15,000 persons at least. Although composed of the usual rough elements, it was a remarkably orderly one on the whole. Many were under the influence of drink, and some laughed and joked while the most solemn things were being spoken, uttering mock • Amens' while prayer was being offered for the poor culprit, but the majority lent at least the outward ear, and some were moved to tears. I heard of only one preacher who was roughly handled by the crowd, and he appears to have been young

and indiscreet.” What do our readers think of this picture of modern London? We quote from a statement made by the London City Missionary labouring in Cow Cross, Clerkenwell:

“ Broad Yard is called “Hell’ by many of the inhabitants of the place. In June, last year, there was a prize fight on that very spot, between two men living in the district, which lasted about two hours. Both men where stripped, and one was actually seconded by his father and his own sister. I saw this myself. The young woman is now converted and working for Christ, and the two men have become reformed. I have seen women lying in a row of five or six, with their heads to their houses,

a beastly state of intoxication, and the children dancing at their feet. But they still more defile themselves by what proceeds from their mouths, My Superintendent also one day witnessed a scene of this kind, with which, of course, he was filled with digust. It was in this court or yard that Mrs. T—, on Sunday, March 8th last, knelt down and openly called on God to paralyze her. She was very drunk at the time, and her prayer was answered in judgment. I visit her now in the workhouse, where she lies in a frightful state, with one arm withering and her power of speech gone. But, thank God, she is very penitent.”

An agent of the Mission, writing from the Isle of Wight, says:

" I don't remember visiting any fair or race before where so much drunkenness prevailed at that early hour among those returning. On

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the course things were worse. Several fights were going on among drunken men while I was preaching. There were only six or eight places where drink was sold. The number of persons in attendance might be from 3,000 to 4,000. I don't know whether you or any of your townsmen can do anything towards the suppression of these races, but if you can I beseech you to set about it. Leaving religion out of the question, they ought to be suppressed on the ground of morality and order. It would be an act of real kindness to the people of the island to have them done away with, especially to the working classes. While races are held they will go, and as long as they go they will get drunk. Not only is drunkenness but immorality promoted by the races : immoral persons come and corrupt others, young women and young men lose their characters, working men take to drinking, and are often at it several days afierwards, and the fearful responsibility of much of this rests upon the heads of those who are instrumental in getting up the races, either by arranging for or subscribing money towards thein. And let not the respectable persons who go and come, as they say, without getting any harm, think they are guiltless; by their presence they are sactioning what takes place.”

Here is a scene from Peterborough fair :

“ The fair-field was visited on the morning of the third day, between half-past six and eight o'clock. Then the real fruits of the fair were seen. The dregs seemed to have settled down into one particular tent—a drinking booth, where from thirty to forty persons were found in different stages of drunkenness. If the respectable attendants of such gatheringsthose who frequently bring their children and leave in good time, priding themselves upon their respectability and their good hours—could have speut a few minutes in this drinking booth, they would pause before they again patronized by their presence gatherings which are productive of such fearful evils. The occupants consisted chiefly of men, some drinking, others sleeping on the benches, some engaged in angry or senseless conversation, others walking backward and forward restlessly. One man was trying to stitch his coat together, which had been torn off his back in a drunken fray. Another was brought in almost senseless, having been set upon by a pugilist. He was laid on a bench, and some spirits poured into his mouth. He shook his head, and beckoned for something else. Water was then given to him. There was a vacant stare in his eyes, and his whole frame shook convulsively, and many expressed their fears that he would die. The pugilist was brought in by the collar and threatened with vengeance.”

“But the most painful and affecting sight was that of several girls who seemed to have lost all sense of modesty and propriety. Probably the day before they were happy in the smile of their parents or employers; now they were ruined and blighted.

What do our readers think of these revelations ? Surely temperance men will arise and work still more diligently in their great cause. We must work now-now, for the night conicth when no man can work.

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