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earth speedily drinks in the rich rain and gentle dew, so did the heart of the boy, naturally depraved, greedily drink in the practised wickedness, and “roll it under his tongue as a sweet morsel.”

“Evil wert thou : evil art thou

Fill'd with jealousies and spites,
Fill'd with malices and hatreds,

And with low and mean delights.
Girdled round with superstitions,

Contradictory and vile ;
Manacled and gyved in error,

And impermeate with guile.” He worked in the pit from five o'clock in the morning until seven o'clock in the evening, both on the week-day and Sunday. During the first year he scarcely, if ever, enjoyed one day's respite. Having only one shilling and sixpence per day wages, and having to pay board and lodging, and also to buy clothes, out of his earnings, compelled him to work very constantly; and Mackay's words are strikingly appropriate to his case:

“Ere yet my years were ten,

A weary lot was mine,
I worked in coal pits cold and damp,

And knew no summer shine.
I never saw the sun

But on a Sabbath day,
I knew not how to read and write,

And was not taught to pray.
I never roamed the fields,

Nor plucked the flowrets wild,
Nor had one innocent delight

When I was a little child.” Like all other boys employed in the pit, he was exposed to the contaminating influence of bad examples. The pitmen of the North were then notorious for their intemperance, violent conduct, brutal amusements, and coarse profligacy. Their chief recreations were bowling, quoit-playing, cock-fighting, dog matches, and revolting pugilistic encounters. Sunday mornings often found large mobs of pitmen assembled to witness two powerful dogs tear each other to pieces; or two men fight until one or both were so beaten and bruised as to be quite blind and helpless. Even the women were extremely foul in their speech and habits, and their houses were far from being clean, quiet, and pure. It was in the midst of such scenes that our apprentice was now placed. How he fared we will see.

(To be continued)

FACTS FOR ADVOCATES. AN Evil Thing.–Manchester contains 482 public houses. How many churches ? How many bakers’ shops ?

PALE ALE.-Messrs. Bass & Co. employ 900 men in their brewery.

WHAT CHILDREN CAN. DO..I am ashamed to see, where I live, the widow of a dissenting minister sending her servant, sabbath after sabbath, after her return from the house of God, to a public house to buy beer. No longer ago than last Sunday I saw a man carrying home a jug of beer from a public house, who is the most gifted man in prayer that I ever listened to, and one of the most active men ainong the Methodists in our neighbourhood. I think this is a very great evil, and until we can put this thing down I ain afraid we shall have but very little power in dealing with the question. I will tell you how it was put down in one case. Three or four boys connected with a Band of Hope found that one of their Sunday School Teachers was in the habit of buying his beer on the Sunday. They went together, and stood on the kerb in front of the public house, and saw bim go in after his beer, and then they stopped there and watched him out, but they did not say a word; they repeated this on three sabbaths, and then he was so ashamed of doing it that he left it of, and never went there again. He went to the next temperance meeting and signed the pledge, and is now one of the most devoted of teetotallers. That was the way in which three or four little Sunday School boys converted a Sunday School teacher from buying beer on Sunday.Rev. J. Dorey.

DRINKING Expenses. It is a fact worthy the attention of every political economist, that the sum expended in intoxicating liquors in this country actually exceeds the value of our exports, the former being 70 millions, the latter being 65 millions; of the 70 millions thus expended, Mr. Porter estimates that 494 millions come from the pockets of the working classes ! For that class to persist in their ust, does indeed appear the very height of infatuation; and yet how often do we find an individual squandering morey needed to furnish his family with decent apparel, whilst a few yards from his dwelling the tailor and shoemaker are in want of employment. Few persons who habitually indulge in intoxicating drinks are aware of the amount they needlessly waste. The man who thus spends 3d. per day, literally throws away 7s. per month, which if put into the deposit department of the Life Assurance Society, would amount in five years to £24. 25.; in ten years to £52. 2s. 6d.; in twenty years 10 £122. 58.; in fifty years to £513. What then can be said of those individuals who squander four times the amount named; for unhappily it is too well known that many, even working men, expend 7s. per week in drink. That any toiling artizan should squander in his life-time the worth of £2000. in intoxicating drink, does indeed appear incredible; such, however, is the fact. There are thousands who heedlessly waste sufficient to enable them to spend their old age in plenty and in ease, who at that time will have no alternative but the union-house or starvation.

ParochIAL MISMANAGEMENT.–We quote the following from the public papers :-" Intoxicating Liquors in Marylebone Workhouse.—One of the guardians and directors of the poor obtained a comınittee to investigate into the use of gin, wine, brandy, and other alcoholic stimulants in the workhouse; and it appeared that last year there was ordered by the medical officer of this fearfully mismanaged establishment no less than 191 gallons of gin, 31 gallons of brandy, four gallons of sherry, 66 barrels of ale, 570 barrels of porter, at an expense to the ratepayers of the very trifling sum of £1,500; and the medical officer, while under examination before the committee, stated that he usually ordered these stimulants in cases of consumption, and gin in bronchitis. With these facts it is not to be wondered that the mortality in this workhouse should be so very high, notwithstanding the care taken of the unfortunate inmates in regard to cleanliness, ventilation, and food. Since the committee was obtained, the quantity of gin has diminished to one-half, and it is hoped that the further investigations of the committee will lead to the diminution, if not the total abolition, of the most delusive and baneful practice so injurious to the poor, and so expensive to the ratepayers. To such an extent, indeed, had this practice become, that Mr. Joseph, one of the parish surgeons, said, that many of the paupers died in a state of intoxication through spirits being given them in their last moments."

INTERESTING READINGS. AN UNKNOWN BENEFACTOR.-A monument was erected in Hurworth churchyard last year by the Hurworth Temperance Society, " in memory," as the inscription sets forth,“ of their departed members whose mortal remains repose,” &c. The expense was borne by an unknown benefactor. Two years ago, on the occasion of their annual festival, the society were compelled, owing to some objection on the part of certain individuals to their using, as hitherto they had done, the village green, to engage a field, for which they were charged a couple of guineas. A few days after a letter was received through the post by the secretary, enclosing £5. to defray the expenses of holding the festival. The year following another £5. came in like manner, along with an intimation that if the society would erect a monument in the churchyard, recording the names of the members as they departed this life, £2. would be contributed towards the object. Since that time, several letters have been received, enclosing sums of money, the whole amounting to about £20. The entire cost of the monument was £22. 3s. Once a bulky letter was received, containing £10., as an annual subscription, which was wrapped in brown paper. The handwriting is shockingly bad. One of the letters bears the signa. ture of “X. Y. Z;" others have none whatever; and some have contained, besides money, postage and receipt stamps. All the enclosures bear the Darlington post mark.

THE GREAT METROPOLIS.- London is the largest and richest city in the world; it occupies a surface of 32 square miles, thickly planted with houses, mostly three, four, and five stories high. It consists of London

city, Westminster city, Finsbury, Marylebone, Tower Hamlets, Southwark, and Lambeth districts. The two latter are on the south side of the Thames. It contains 300 churches and chapels of the Establishment, 364 Dissenters' chapels, 22 foreign chapels, 250 public schools, 1,500 private schools, 150 hospitals, 156 alms-houses, besides 205 other institutions, 550 public offices, 14 prisons, 22 theatres, 24 markets. Consumes annually 110,000 bullocks, 776,000 sheep, 250,000 lambs, 250,000 calves, 270,000 pigs, 11,000 tons of butter, 13,000 tons of cheese, 10,000,000 gallons of milk, 1,000,000 quarters of wheat, or 64,000,000 of quartern loaves, 65,000 pipes of wine, 2,000,000 gallons of spirits, 2,000,000 barrels of porter and ale. Employs 16,502 shoemakers, 14,552 tailors, 2,391 blacksmiths, 2,013 whitesmiths, 5,030 house painters, 1,076 fish dealers, 2,662 hatters and hosiers, 13,208 carpenters, 6,822 bricklayers, &c., 5,416 cabinetmakers, 1,005 wheelwrights, 2,180 sawyers, 2,807 jewellers, 1,172 old clothesmen, (chiefly Jews,) 3,628 compositors, 700 pressmen, 1,393 stationers, 2,633 watch and clock makers, 4,227 grocers, 1,430 milkmen, 5,655 bakers, 2,091 barbers, 1,040 brokers, 4,322 butchers, 1,586 cheesemongers, 1,082 chemists, 4,199 clothiers and linen-drapers, 2,167 coach-makers, 1,367 coal merchants, 2,133 coopers, 1,381 dyers, 2,319 plumbers, 907 pastrycooks,

869 saddlers, 1,246 tinmen, 803 tobacconists, 1,470 turners, 556 undertakers. The above are all males above 20 years of age. 10,000 private families of fashion: about 77,000 establishments of trade and industry, 4,400 public houses, 330"hotels, 470 beer shops, 960 spirit and wine shops. There are eight bridges over the Thames. London Docks cover 20 acres ; 14 tobacco warehouses, 14 acres; and the wine cellars 3 acres, containing 22,000 pipes. The two West Indian Docks cover 51 acres ; St. Katharine's Docks cover 24 acres; the Surrey Docks, on the opposite side, are also very large. There are generally about 5,000 vessels and 3,000 boats on the river, employing 8,000 watermen and 4,000 labourers. London pays about one-third of the window duty in England, the number of houses assessed being about 120,000, rated at upwards of £5,000,000.

sterling The house rental is probably about £7,000,000 or £8,000,000. | The KINDNESS OF Women-I never addressed myself in the language of kindness and friendship to a woman, whether civilised or savage, without receiving a kind and friendly answer. With man it has often been otherwise. In wandering over the barren plains of inhospitable Denmark—through honest Sweden—frozen Lapland-rude and churlish Finland-unprincipled Russia—and the wide-spread regions of the wandering Tartar, if hungry, thirsty, cold, wet, or sick, woman has ever been friendly to me, and uniformly so; and add to this virtue, so worthy the appellation of benevolence, these actions have been performed in so free and kind a manner, that if I was thirsty, I drank the sweet draught, and if hungry, ate the coarse morsel with a double relish. Ledyard.

EVER READY.—"Mr. Wesley,” said a lady,“ supposing that you knew you were to die at iwelve o'clock to morrow night, how would you spend the time between ?“ How, madam?" he replied; "why, just as I intend to spend it now. I should preach this evening at Gloucester, and again at five to morrow morning. After that, I should ride to Tewkesbnry, preach in the afternoon, and meet the societies in the evening. I should then repair 10 friend Martin's house, who expects to entertain me, converse and pray with the family as usual, retire to my room at ten o'clock, commend myself to my heavenly Father, lie down to rest, and wake up in glory.” This was a wise answer. The path of Christian duty is the surest path to heaven.

POETRY.

HOUSEHOLD TREASURES.
What are they ? gold and silver,

Or what such ore can buy ?
The pride of silken luxury;

Rich robes of Tyrian dye?
Guests that come thronging in

With lordly pomp and state ?
Or thankless, liveried serving-men,

To stand about the gate ?
No, no, they are not these; or else,

Heaven help the poor man's need!
Then, sitting 'mid his little ones,

He would be poor indeed.
They are not these; our household wealth

Belongs not to degree;
It is the love within our souls-

The children at our knee.
My heart is filled with gladness

When I behold how fair,
How bright, are rich men's children,

With their thick flowing hair ;
For I know 'mid countless treasure,

Gleaned from the east and west,
These living, loving human things

Are still the rich man's best.
But
my

heart o'erfloweth to mine eyes
When I see the poor man stand,
After his daily work is done,

With children by the hand:
And this, he kisses tenderly;

And that, sweet names doth call ;
For I know he has no treasure

Like those dear children small.

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