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tunities we have of inducing others to become abstainers; and when we recite and sing our pieces at our Band of Hope concerts, there are a great many people there, and if there should chance to come a drunken man or woman into that meeting, and something that they might hear should induce them to give up their drinking customs, and become sober men and women, would you not think it a glorious thing if it had been through your instrumentality that they had been saved ?—and though we are not always permitted to know the good we do, remember we shall know and have our reward at the last day, when God. shall

say unto us, “Well done, thou good and faithful servant.” Rosa. Well, Ada, I should indeed like to be the means of doing good to some one.

Ada. Then why not, dear Rosa, sign the pledge, and then try to induce your father and mother and sisters and brothers to abstain ?

Rosa. But, Ada, I am not yet fully convinced that it is necessary for any of our family to become members of your Temperance Band. Don't you think there is any other way in which I might try to do good to some one ?

Ada. Yes, Rosa, there are a great many ways in which you may do good, but

you will find that temperance will be a help to you in whatever you undertake. You know it is said, Rosa, “No drunkard shall enter the kingdom of heaven;" and you know, dear, we can never be sure that we shall not be drunkards without we do sign the pledge; and once more I ask you, will you not join us and make one of our band ?

Rosa. Well, dear Ada, I'll take your advice, for I now feel heartily ashamed of myself for arguing with you for so long.

Ada. O say no more about that, Rosa ; I feel only too happy in having gained your consent to become a member of our glorious Band. May God enable you to keep firm to your pledge!

Rosa. I hope so, dear Ada ; I will pray to Him to give me strength to do so, and I dare say I shall succeed. · And now good bye, I have been keeping you from the Band of Hope long enough.

Ada. Good-bye, Rosa. Ask your mother to let you come next Tuesday, and if she consent, be ready by half-past six o'clock and I will call for you. Good-bye.

Rosa. Good-bye, dear Ada.


WORDS OF A VETERAN, Mr. Joseph Livesey has been to Scotland, to attend the

Annual Meetings of the Scottish Temperance League. In his addresses, Mr. Livesey favoured the good people over the border with some most interesting recollections. He said (we copy from the League Journal) :-"I may tell you how I became a teetotaller, which is many years since, when there were no temperance societies. . I had occasion to do a little business with a Scotchman. A peculiar drink to Scotchmen, it appears, is whisky. I do not know how it is, but these men can stand more whisky than anybody else ; I would however suppose that it is because they are well seasoned. I went to this Scotch friend's, however, which was in 1830, and took with him only a glass of whisky and water. It was the best glass that I ever took in my life, because it was the last. That glass had upon me such an effect that when I got home I felt ashamed of myself. Though nobody perceived how I felt, yet I felt deeply. I considered it was wrong for me, as a father of a family and a man, to do what I had done, so that I concluded it was desirable that I should put an end to the practice altogether; and next morning I made a resolution that I would never drink strong liquor again, and that resolution I have solemnly and religiously observed till the present moment. I have been asked several times if I could give any explanation of the origin of the word teetotal. Now, I can assure you, if any authority be required as to the origin of that word, none higher can be given than myself, for I was present when the word originated. It was first pronounced by a man named Dickie Turner. Dickie was a singular man. He was a plasterer, and like many Preston men, he cared for nobody; for he would stand in the presence of the Queen as collected as he would in the presence of any one of her subjects. When Dickie gave his speeches, he never was at a loss for a word; for he would coin one at once rather than stop in his speech. I remember once, when he was extolling the blessings of teetotalism-for he was a most enthusiastic teetotaller-he said, "Now, look at our wives, they wear pallisades' (parasols). On another occasion, when endeavouring to describe the progress of our cause, he said, “We will take our axes, and plough the great deep, and then the vessel of temperánce shall sail gallantly over the land.' It was Dickie that electrified us many a time. On one occasion, when describing his conversion to temperance, and his signing the pledge near one of our churches, he said I was the worst lad that ever was born of a man. At that time there were temperancé societies based upon the principles of abstinence from all spirits,



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and great moderation in all fermented liquors. Dickie attempted at a meeting to show the difference, and deprecated the practice of drinking in moderation, and enjoined that of abstinence, when he came out with the expression which gave rise to that notable term, tee-total, which, since then, has gone through the world. He said that we should all be “te-te-tee-total.' We all took up the word at that moment, and we were glad to get it; for the designation abstinence from all intoxicating drinks was cumber

We said that was the thing, and from that moment till now, the word tee-total denotes abstinence from all kinds of drinks, in opposition to moderation in all fermented drinks.

“ I remember my first journey to London, when I had the privilege of delivering the first lecture upon teetotalism that was ever given in the metropolis. But I should mention that it had come to our knowledge that nearly all our temperance members were drinking ale, and that my attention having been called to the subject, I consulted brewers and maltsters, and other authorities, and made myself pretty well master of the malt question, so that I embodied my knowledge in a lecture, about which old abstainers particularly will have heard. Well, to return, I was full of the flattering idea that I was going at once to change the great head of the nation, and through that the whole country. I spent a fortnight in London before I could get a place of meeting. At last I got one in a sort of cellar. I then got large bills, and small bills, and went into the business thoroughfares and posted them. I thought I would stir up the bankers and noblemen. I also got two men to parade with announcements in front of the meeting-place. I had prepared my lecture; but, lo and behold, only twenty-five persons appeared! I delivered it however. As I returned home, a man named Moir said to me, that if he could deliver that lecture, and make it as plain to Londoners, as I did to him, he would give £1000. Humble as that beginning was, it was the first step that led to the first teetotal society in the metropolis of this great country. My second meeting, then, was a year after, and the nucleus of a society had been formed. We got the use of the room occupied by Robert Owen for the purpose of delivering his social lectures. Bills were printed, and everything was done to prepare for the meeting. Billy, my friend and I, took our usual way of letting the Londoners know about the meeting. We got a bell, which I rung, and he called the meeting ; but before we had gone through many streets a gentlemen in blue tapped us upon the shoulder, and asked us

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if we knew what we were about? He told us that nobody was allowed to go through London and create such a noise.

We accordingly desisted. The meeting was but meagre; but it was successful, and from that time to this, the society in London has been progressing till it now counts its members by tens and hundreds of thousands.

“I remember a striking instance of the benefit of kindness, and the circulation of tracts. One day I was going to a village six miles from the town of Preston. A Primitive Methodist camp meeting was held in the neighbourhood. In walking up a lane, I happened to join the best-looking man of a number of that religious denomination. His name, I learned afterwards, was Cook. I spoke to him of the temperance cause, as


geneAnd I may remark by the way, that when people say to me, 'Why, Livesey do you make so much of this cause ?' I answer, · Because you make so little of it.' Well, this Mr. Cook was dressed in black, and with a white neckerchief, and he was going to be the speaker at the camp meeting. He said, You don't know me; do you remember speaking to a poor man who was seated, ragged, wretched, and ruined, on the step of the Albion public house ?' I looked at him and I said, “Is it true?

that man ?' He replied, 'I am the same man; you spoke to me kindly, it had an impression on my heart, you gave me a tract, and I read it, and it so affected me that I became a teetotaller, and have been one ever since. This is a fact. He gave up his wretched companions, he joined the Primitive Methodists, he became a Sunday school teacher, and last of all, he offered himself on trial as a preacher, and was appointed, and when I saw him he was going to the camp meeting, to address the Association. I could give you hundreds of cases where a private visit and a kindly, friendly, and Christian conversation have led to effects such as scarcely could be effected, if it were not connected with so good a cause. drunkard fancies nobody cares for him, and so feels honoured if a man, in a superior position, comes forward and gives him a helping hand. Strive in every possible way to get yourselves respected by the toiling millions, and persuade them to join the temperance society."

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WHAT MADE THE DIFFERENCE ? Richard Wentworth and John Rees were boys of similar age. They were born of respectable parentage, and sat by side in the same school. They played together in their youthful sports,

and as was natural became much attached to each other. In their start in the race of life, their advantages may be said to have been equal. But let us see how they severally ran that


He was

Richard Wentworth was apprenticed to an eminent merchant. He was blythe, amiable, possessed of good address, and clever. As he grew up into the tall and handsome young man he became a very general favourite. His

company was courted. He was invited to social parties in the best family circles. seldom an evening in his own home. By and bye people shook their heads when they mentioned his name, and whispers of something wrong were freely circulated. His countenance, once so fair, gradually became bloated in its appearance.

His clothes grew shabby, and he was sometimes seen staggering along the street. At length he lost his situation and was cast upon the world. For a time he became a wanderer, homeless and pennyless, and ere he had reached the mid time of his days, disease struck him down, and he was laid in a dishonoured tomb. Alas, poor Richard Wentworth had become a drunkard.

John Rees was apprenticed also to an eminent merchant. He was a promising boy. He was tall, good looking and spirited. He was moreover diligent and faithful, and secured the approbation of his employers. Generally he spent his evenings in his own lodgings, and occupied himself in improving his mind. As he grew up to manhood he began to take a lively interest in public movements--especially those which were of a benevolent and humane character. The temperance enterprise very soon enlisted his sympathies and energies. He became a hearty and devoted worker in the noble band of Temperance Reformers. Ere long he rose to a position of importance and influence in society. His consistency of character, his gentleness and amiability of disposition, his large-heartedness, his untiring zeal, his eloquence on the public platform, drew towards him the attention and admiration of many. He became the instrument in God's hand of accomplishing much good. Many an outcast found in him a warm and faithful friend, and he has been blessed to turn the feet of many a wanderer into the paths of virtue. He still lives with all his honors fresh upon his brow. He now occupies a high official position in the city in which he has constructed his fortune. Much of his success and eminence in life is traceable to the fact that in early days he became an abstainer.

What a contrast between the lives of these two 'men! Yet their advantages were equal. What made the difference then?

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