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further insight into one truth-which he has been slowly, too slowly, earning for years past-viz., that influence over the human heart depends far more upon sympathy than upon the excrcise of authority, and that the teacher has himself much to learn patiently and humbly even from the rudest of those whom he would teach.
AIDS TO LECTURERS. WAGES OF FACTORY OPERATIVES.--I hold in my
hand a very remarkable book, called “Workmen's Earnings, Strikes, and Savings,” by Samuel Smiles; and in page 32 of that work there are the following observations :—“When these circumstances are taken into account, it will be found what otherwise would have been thought incredible, that the families of factory operatives in Lancashire are at present earning higher incomes than many of the professional classes of England, higher than the average of country surgeons, higher than the average of the clergy of all denominations, much higher than the teachers of the rising generation.” On page 26 he says-“From this statement it appears that plate rollers” (they are people who work on iron, of which I know something,) " are liable to earn a rate of daily pay equal to that of a lieut.-col. in Her Majesty's Foot Guards; singlers equal to that of 'majors of foot; and furnace men equal to that of lieutenants and adjutants.” Well, but then think of-I won't say a lieut.-col. in the Guards, because he may have other means of subsistence, but the house of one of the clerks of the merchants in the city of London, and compare that house with the house of the man who earns these wages. How is the life of a man in the North passed who
wages of that high character ? He gets up in the morning and goes to work. He comes home, and the first thing he usually does is to swear at his wife. Perhaps he beats his children, and then he caresses his dog. His whole life is passed in mere sensual enjoyments-getting drunk is his chief business in life, and when he has got drunk his next business is to get sober. Now, that is that man's life, and I ask you
to compare that life with the life of an educated man. He has done his duty. He has worked out that which will maintain himself and family, and then he turns to a book. What I want is, to make the working-man capable of enjoying the great blessings which nature affords, instead of seeking oblivion, as he now does, in the pot-house. Supposing that man to be endowed with the capacity for learning, let him take one of the inspired books which should be found on every man's table, and let him look out of his window, and he would see things which an uneduca. ted man could not see.-J. A. Roebuck, Esq. M.P.
ANNALS OF THE BAND OF HOPE UNION,
ANNUAL MEMBERS' MEETING. The Annual Members' Meeting was held on Thursday Evening, Feh. 20th, in the large room of Shirley's Temperance Hotel, 37, Queen Square, Bloomsbury. The friends having taken tea at Six o'clock, the proceedings of the evening were commenced by singing and prayer, after which, in the absence of Mr. J. G. Saunders, Mr. W. J. Haynes was called upon to preside, who requested the Rev. G. W. M'Cree, the honorary secretary, to read the report, which gave a very encouraging retrospect of the year 1861. From the report, it appeared that the various undertakings of the Union had been marked with very considerable prosperity. The Exeter Hall Meeting was a great success, as was also the lecture given by the kindness of the Rev. C. H. Spurgeon, on the “Gorilla, and the Land he Inhabits.” During the year, Model Meetings had been held, with the intention of improving the modus operandi of societies. These efforts had been of much service. The Dissolving Views had been of essentiał value to the movement. During the year there had been 149 exhibitions given.
Much success had continued to attend the publishing department. 51,000 Pledge Cards had been sold, and 25,000 of the Melody and Recitation Books. The agents had been pursuing their useful and acceptable labours; they had made 600 visits during the year, and nearly every part of England had been visited. It appeared that Mr. S. Shirley, being wishful to retire from his position as Secretary, the Rev. G. W. M'Cree had kindly consented to become the Hon. Sec. for the present. The Committee had felt it both a duty and a pleasure to cordially acknowledge the great services rendered by Mr. Shirley. It was stated, that in order to enable the Committee to extend their operations, Samuel Morley, Esq., had promised £50. per annum for two years, in addition to his subscription of £21., and the zealous Treasurer £10. 10s. for the same period. Altogether the report was most satisfactory. The balance sheet showed an expenditure of £729. 68. 61d , and receipts, £679. 2s. 1 d., leaving a balance due to the Treasurer, of £50. 4s, 5d. It was stated, however, that the Dissolving Views had been very successful since Christmas, and would place the Union in a pretty satisfactory position with the Treasurer.
Mr. W. West moved the adoption of the report, and in a pleasant speech, referred to the necessity for increased support, to enable the Committee to engage the services of an additional agent.
Mr. Francis Wills, in seconding the resolution, gave a most cheering account of the work which was going on in Clerkenwell, under the auspices of the Rev. Robert Maguire.
The resolution was carried unanimously.
J. E. Saunders, Esq., having arrived, took the presidency of the meeting, and stated that he much regretted having been prevented being present earlier, and that he should have to ask their indulgence for his leaving early. He considered the Band of Hope movement to be of immense importance, inasmuch as it aimed at forming the minds of the children
aright, before deep-seated prejudices possessed them. Science and philosophy had made great advances during the last fifty years, and he saw no reason why, with the many good influences which were at work with our children, the moral and religious should not advance to as great a degree in the next fifty years.
Mr. W. Ludbrook moved the resolution electing the officers for the ensuing year, and in so doing, contrasted the first annual meeting of the Union, with its report, with the meeting which they were then present at, and the report they had heard, showing the advance the Union had made, and the large amount of work performed by its agency. He felt sure that a large share of the progress which the temperance movement had made during the past few years, was in no small degree due to the diligence and discretion of the gentlemen forming the Committee. He had, therefore, much pleasure in moving the resolution.
Mr. F. F. Williams, in seconding the resolution, hoped that the Committee, during the ensuing year, would give even increased attention to the formation of Bands of Hope in connection with Sunday Schools.
Mr. Farrell, in supporting the resolution, said he thought that much good might be done by the Committee of the Union inviting the teachers of two or three neighbouring schools to a social meeting, and in a judicious manner bringing the importance of the Band of Hope movement before them.
At this stage of the proceedings, Mr. W. J. Haynes resum ed the chair
Mr. Evans moved a vote of thanks to the gentlemen who had been kind enough to act as honorary deputations. This was seconded by Mr. John Roberts.
Messrs. C. G. Robson and Starling returned thanks.
A vote of thanks was passed to the officers and committee who had served during 1861, to which Messrs. Shirley and Dunn responded.
A vote of thanks having been passed to the gentlemen who had respectively occupied the chair, and Mr. M'Cree having made a few remarks, the meeting closed about ten o'clock, the doxology having been sung.
Rev. John GUTHRIE, A.M.--A tea meeting was held on Tuesday evening last, in honour of the Rev. John Guthrie, A.M., on the occasion of his departure for London, where he is about to enter on his duties of minister of Albany Street Church, in connection with the Congregational Union of England and Wales. The meeting was singularly pleasant and harmonious. It must have been peculiarly gratifying to Mr. Guthrie to find that clergymen of almost every religious denomination in Glasgow were there, and that others, who found it impossible to be present, had written, to testify their admiration and personal affection for a man whose eminent piety, and overflowing Christian love, had triumphed over all denominational differences, and whose unwearied efforts in the cause of Temperance, ever since it became a movement in this country, had won him the respect of all true Temperance men. It is impossible but that we should deeply regret the removal of such a man from amongst us. But what is a loss to the movement in Scotland will be a gain to the movement in England ; and Mr. Guthrie's presence and labours there
will go far to preserve and increase the harmony that should subsist between the different divisions of the temperance host. We therefore fondly hope that the removal of Mr. Guthrie to London will be, upon the whole, a decided advantage to the temperance cause. We are sure that our readers, who knew him so well through the columns of the Weekly
ournal, will join with us in our heart-felt desire for Mr. Guthrie's success in England; and perhaps the best wish we can express is, that he may make to himself as many and as true friends there as he leaves behind him here.—League Journal.
FINSBURY CHAPEL.- From the following extract from the South Wales Times, we are happy to learn that the pulpit of Finsbury Chapel, London, will very soon be filled by an eminent preacher of the Congregational body from Newport, Monmouthshire, and wish him much success in his new and extensive sphere, upon which he is entering.-The district of South Wales and Monmouthshire is about to sustain a severe loss. The Rev. A. M-Auslane, of Newport, has accepted an invitation to become the pastor of the late Dr. Fletcher's congregation, worshipping at Finsbury Chapel, London. Mr. M‘Auslane is no ordinary man. Although he has only been a resident in this district for a short time, his influence has nevertheless been felt far and wide throughout South Wales. As a preacher, his services have been sought by every section of dissenters. His fervency of manner, his natural eloquence, and his unbounded zeal in the prosecution of his Master's work, have established for him an enduring name throughout the country, His labours have not been confined to the preaching of the gospel. He is an ardent advocate of the temperance cause. He was amongst some of the first of the promoters of the South Wales Total Abstinence and Prohibitive Association, and he is at present the honorary secretary of that important institution. The members of the Dock-street church and congregation, Newport, deeply regret his departure from their midst. He is greatly beloved by all of them, and they deplore his loss as a great calamity. In leaving Newport for the metropolis, Mr. M'Auslane's great aim is to be located in a more extended sphere of usefulness. The blessings of thousands will accompany him to his new field of labonr. He has been a burning and a shining light while sojourning in our midst, and we trust that he may be made yet more abundantly useful in the great city.
BARRHEAD.-" JUVENILE ABSTAINERS' Union.”—The usual forts nightly meeting of this Union took place in the Public Hall on the evening of Saturday, the 8th curt. Mr. A. M‘Lintock, the active and energetic President, in the chair. Mr. J. Cunningham, Glasgow, was present, and gave a stirring address upon the duty, importance, and necessity of choosing an object in life at which to aim, counting the cost, and then directing all our energies to the accomplishment of the object in view, Mr. Cunningham was listened to with the greatest attention on the part of young and old, and a vote of thanks to him at the close was warmly responded to. Mr. J. M'Gregor, Glasgow, sung a number of temperance melodies. Mr. Burns, Glasgow, gave a few comic songs, which were
received with roars of laughter; and Mr. M‘Kay told some Scotch stories very well, although we consider there was something in “ The Farmer of Fife” not very suitable for the occasion. Mr. Rigg and other friends also entertained the meeting with song, &c.; and the instrumental band of the Thornliebank Rifle Volunteers, under its able instrucior, Mr. Alex. M‘Lintock, played a number of pieces in first-rate style, which were highly appreciated. The Quadrille Band in connection with the Union, led by Mr. William M.Lintock, gave a few pieces in usual excellent style. After vores of thanks to the various performers, the large audience dispersed, all seemingly htghly delighted with the instruction and entertainment of the evening.
WORTHING.—The Band of Hope festival was held here on the 28th ult., when about 400 children and adults partook of tea in the Montague Hall After tea, addresses were given by several warm friends of the
Messrs. Hilton, Smart, and Fitch, from Brighton, attended as a deputation. The evening was also enlivened with dissolving views, and the meeting passed away very pleasantly. Mr. Smith presided.
THIRSK CHRISTIAN TEMPERANCE ASSOCIATION.—This association, conducted on the same plan as the Shrewsbury Association, is formed in the hope of arresting in some degree the evils of intemperance, which have for many years done so much injury to the prospects, the happiness, the health, and, it is to be feared, the souls of many of our neighbours. Its efforts will be directed more particularly to seek those to whom strong drink is a snare, and by kind persuasion, and meeting together weekly, in social and other meetings, to converse on the subject and seek Divine assistance to take and keep the following pledge:-“I hereby promise, through Divine help, to abstain from the use of all intoxicating drinks, as beverages, and to try to persuade others to do the same."
PeckoAM TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIETY.—On Wednesday, Jan. 29, a meeting took place at the Boys' British Schoolroom, High Street. The chair was taken by E. Broad, Esq., and on the platform were Mr. John De Fraine, Thomas Cash, Esq., and other gentlemen. Our esteemed friend, J. F. Hamand, delivered the first of two orations upon
“ Britain's Bane and how to Cure it.” The evils of intemperance were depicted by him in all their magnitude and horror, in a way seldom surpassed, and we have every reason to believe he will become one of the brightest stars of the temperance world. Twenty-one pledges were taken.
LITERATURE. Village Sketches. By T. C. WHITEHEAD, M.A. London: Bosworth and Harrison.—These sketches were written by the author at the request of a friend, who wished for an account of his parochial experience. They were subsequently published in their present form. They are remarkable for their plain common-sense, and insight into the ways and thoughts of the poor. To any one engaged in seeking to benefit the working classes, we strongly recommend this neat volume. The present number of the Record contains the first Sketch, and in future numbers we will give further extracts from Mr. Whitehead's book,
Jarrold's cheap Series of Tracts. Norwich and London.—Cheap and good tracts are of the greatest use to all persons engaged in temperance work, and the tracts before us are well adapted to circulation amongst all classes. They are, however, best adapted to working men. The “ Story for Home,” contained in our pages, will enable our readers to judge of their character. In preparing a cheap series of tracts, the publishers have con. ferred a great boon on the temperance public.
J, BALE, Printer, 78, Great Titchfield-street, Marylebone.