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years since, and edited by Rev. Dr. Patton. It differs from the Cottage Bible, in that the Notes are more critical, and the Practical Reflections are entirely separate from the Notes. The Notes are little more than a compilation, selected from such authors as Patrick, Lowth, Whitby, Gill, Guise, Doddridge, Macknight, Stuart, etc. The Practical Reflections are brief, but judicious and instructive. The work discovers a wide range of Biblical reading, and must have cost the Editor much labor. Its spirit is decidedly evangelical, and it may be used with profit in families, and by Sabbath School teachers. It is very little known, we believe, in this country. 9.-Elements of Mental Philosophy, Embracing the Two De
partments of the Intellect and the Sensibilities. By Thomas C. Upham, Professor of Mental and Moral Phi losophy in Bowdoin College. In two Volumes, Third
Edition. Portland. William Hyde, 1839. pp. 461, 408. These volumes have been for some years before the public, and have acquired for their author a place in the first rank of writers on Mental Philosophy. They have just made their appearance in a Third Edition. As separate treatises they are important, and bid fair to become standard works in the departments to which they are devoted. But they are still more valuable, considered in connexion with the continued investigations of the author. They are the commencement of a series of works, which are designed to give a concise, but on the whole, a comprehensive and complete view of the leading principles of the great subject of Mental Philosophy.
The first volume is occupied with the perceptive or intellective part of man; that portion of the human mind whose office it is to perceive, to abstract, to compare, to combine and reason.
The second volume is wholly taken up with another, and, in some respects, a still more important part of our nature, the sensibilities. It of course embraces the interesting subject of the emotions in their almost numberless varieties; -of the desires, which are based upon the emotions ;-of those comples states of mind, which are denominated the passions and the affections ;-and also of the distinct classes of moral feelings.
Besides the volumes above described, the third volume of the series has been some time before the public, and is highly appreciated. It is a “Treatise on the Will,” and is published separately. This work is not designed to present a merely theological aspect and bearing of the subject, but is a purely philosophical and practical treatise.
A fourth volume, which is also to be published separately, and which will complete the series, we are happy to learn is now in the press of the Messrs. Harper of New-York. . This volume is devoted to the subject of Imperfect and Disordered Mental Action.
Thus we are likely soon to be put in possession of a complete system of Mental Philosophy from the pen of an American author, who is already taking rank with the most approved and distinguished writers on the Mind. Professor Upham has for a number of years occupied the chair which he now honors in Bowdoin College. He has studied with diligence the standard works in our own language and the Psychological systems of the German and French Schools. He has pursued his investigations not as a partisan, but as a calm and candid inquirer after truth. His system therefore is not a copy of any other, but without any apparent effort at novelty, is strongly marked with original thought. His inquiries are conducted in a spirit, which, without exciting needless controversy, is well suited to advance the cause of mental science.
An Abridgement of the first two volumes above named has also been published, embracing in a condensed view the leading doctrines of the larger work. This is in one volume, and has already reached its Fourth Edition.
The se works, except the Treatise on the Will, have not hereto fore been noticed in the Repository. We have therefore thought it proper to allude to them all, in the present notice. When the volume on Imperfect and Disordered Mental Action shall have made its appearance, we will give it our at tention ;--and we hope hereafter to see the whole series presented to the public in a uniform edition, which we may notice as a whole.
10.—The Law of Christ respecting Civil Obedience, especially
in the Payment of Tribute ; with an Appendix of Documents and Notes : to which are added Two Addresses on the Voluntary Church Controversy. By John Brown, D. D., Minister of the United Associate Congregation, Broughton Place, Edinburgh ; and Professor of Exegetical Theology to the United Secession Church. Third Edition, Improved and Enlarged. London: William
Ball, 1839. pp. 539, octavo. This work, which has been politely furnished us by the author, we regret to say, bas so recently come to hand that we are not able to give it the notice which it deserves, in the present No. of the Repository. We have, however, examined it sufficiently to perceive that it is an able and a finished trea. tise on the general subject to which it is devoted. It is a work which requires to be studied. The topics embraced in it involve some of the deepest principles of morals and of political economy ; principles too, which have been often and extensively misunderstood and perverted. A hasty judgment, passed upon this work, could not, and ought not to be respected. We shall, therefore, at present, only briefly state our impressions, after a hurried. perusal of portions of the volume, reserving our remarks on the arguments, by which its main positions are sustained, for a more formal Review in a future No. of the Repository.
The work is founded on that celebrated and often-repeated passage in Romans 13: 1–7.
“Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers, etc., and is an exposition and enforcement of the doctrines of the Apostle in this passage, as understood by our author, in their application to the much agitated question of “Church and State,” in the British empire. The occasion of the composition and publication of this discussion, first from the pulpit, and then from the press, was the following.
Dr. Brown, it appears is the only minister of the United Secession Church in Edinburgh, who, in consequence of the value of the house which he occupies, is liable to be assessed for the "annuity tax,” for the support of the Established Church. So long ago as 1835, having declined to pay the tax imposed for the above purpose, he was publicly accused, in the city papers, of having violated the law of Christ contained in the passage above named. This induced him to attempt the exposition, which was first prepared for the people of his own charge, and is now before the public, fortified by a mass of authorities from Ethical writers of the highest name, which have swelled his Appendix to a size much
surpassing that of the exposition itself
. This collection of opinions is highly instructive, and adds much to the value of the work.
Our author goes the whole for sustaining the authority of the civil government, and for enforcing obedience to it, in regard to all the legitimate ends and purposes of government. But the compulsory support of a particular form of religious doctrine or worship he treats as a usurpation on the part of the civil government, to which we are not bound to submit; and maintains, that here, “we ought to obey God rather than men,” and to submit to the “ spoiling of our goods," rather than to exactions so unauthorized by the word of God and the legitimate ends of government. In these positions American Christians, as a body, will stand with him. They accord with the principles of our own institutions, and with our most cherished notions of religious liberty. We shall be inclined therefore to regard our author's exposition with candor.
The question respecting civil establishments of religion has become one of intense interest in Great Britain. Our author says, it is a question which yields to few in magnitude, as involving in its right resolution, the most valuable interests of mankind, both as individuals and as civil and religious bodies, and which has at length excited such a sense of its true character, as secures that it shall never cease to agitate the public mind of this country, till it is satisfactorily settled. To many, as well as to the author, it is evident that it admits of only one mode of satisfactory settlement :-the entire disconnexion of Church and State.” Again he remarks, “It is surely desirable to all enlightened lovers of their country, that the great crisis, which is obviously approaching-which cannot to be avoided, nor probably very long delayed—the most important crisis which has occurred in this country since the Reformationshould
pass like the revolution of 1832, without disturbance of the public peace, and with the least possible sacrifice of individual happiness." 11.-The Case of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian
Church in the U.S. A. before the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, Impartially Reported by disinterested Stenographe ers; Including all the Proceedings, Testimony, and Arguments at Nisi Prius, and before the Court in Bank ; with the Charge of Judge Rogers, the Verdict of the Jury, and the Opinion of Chief Justice Gibson. The whole Compiled and Prepared for the Press, by Rev. D. W. Lathrop.
Philadelphia : A. McElroy, 1839. pp. 628, octavo. Our readers were informed in the last No. of the Repository that this volume was in the press, and nearly ready for publication. We also promised a Review of it in the present No., to be prepared by a gentleman of the Bar.
This promise would have been fulfilled, had not the publication of the book been delayed quite beyond our expectations. It must now be deferred until our next. The volume has come to hand too late to allow us to give any thing more than a brief notice of it, at present.—This delay has been occasioned by the mass of matter to be reviewed by the editor, Mr. Lathrop, and his desire to make the work as perfect as possible, rather than to hurry
it through the press, to meet the demands of the anxious er. pectation which its promised publication had awakened.
As it is, the book surpasses our anticipations in all respects, in which we have had time to examine it. The publisher's adrertisement promised us a volume of about 400 pages: these have been increased to more than 600 full pages, closely printed; and no expense appears to have been spared by the publisher, which was necessary, to present a full report of the
The ample materials possessed by the editor have been arranged with great care and labor, so as to present the whole case, through the several stages of its progress to its present position before the Court and the public.
The statements of the opening Counsel, the documents given in evidence, and the examination of witnesses occupy 264 pages. The remainder of the volume, 364 pages, presents the arguments of the learned Counsel on both sides, the Charge of Judge Rogers and the Opinion of the Chief Justice. As an intellectual repast, and a source of instruction on the great principles of law, which lie at the foundation of our religious freedom and rights, this portion of the work cannot fail to be sought for and read by intelligent men of all classes; while the importance of the question pending, the vast and varied consequences involved in its right decision, will render it a work of intense interest to both the ministers and members of the Presbyterian church. Some of these arguments have probably not been surpassed in the trial of any cause in our country,
On the whole we are highly gratified with the appearance of this publication. We hail it as a most important accession to our stock of knowledge on the general subject of the rights and privileges of the churches and their members; and though much and deeply to be deplored have been the occasions of the judicial investigations here reported, we may yet hope that some principles will be settled and some threatened evils avoided, by the trial, which will more than counter-balance the calamities which have attended its progress.
We fully concur with the editor in the following remarks in regard to the importance of this investigation. The case necessarily involved the discussion, by distinguished civilians, of great principles of law, order, and constitutional and natural rights, which have given to it an importance, rarely if ever attached to a judicial investigation in our country. Eminent lawyers, not connected with the case, have even said, that in view of the extensive range, and weighty character of the questions involved, it is the most important judicial case to be found on the legal records of the world.”