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The juice nutricious: fatal means, alas! Conspire to make us happy, deign t' accept Their colour and condition to destroy.

One honest verse; and if thy industry Haste then, ye peasants; pull the poles, the Has serv'd the hopland cause, the muse forehops;

Where are the bins? Run, run, ye nimble maids, This sole invention, both in use and fame
More ev'ry muscle, ev'ry nerve extend, The mystic fan of Bacchus shall exceed.
To save our crop from ruin, and ourselves.

When the fourth nour expires, with careful Soon as bright Chanticleer explodes the night

hand With tlett'ring wings, and hymns the new-born The half-bak'd hops turn over.

Soon as time day,

Has well exhausted twice two glasses more, The bugle-hora inspire, whose clam'rous bray

They'll leap and crackle with their bursting Shall ronse from sleep the rebel rout, and tune

seeds, To temper for the labours of the day.

For use domestic, or for sale mature. Wisely the several stations of the bins

There are, who in the choice of cloth t'i nfold By lot determine. Justice this, and this Their wealthy crop, the viler, coarser sort, Fair prudence does demand; for not without With prodigal economy prefer: A certain method cou'dst thou rule the mob

All that is good is cheap, all dear that's base. Irrational, por every where alike

Besides the planter shou'd a bait prepare, Fair hangs the hop to tempt the picker's hand.

T'intrap the chapman's notice, and divert Now see the crew mechanic might and main Shrewd observation from her busy pry. Labour with lively diligence, inspir'd

When in the bag thy hops the rustic treads, By appetite of gain and lust of praise:

Let him wear heel-less sandal; nor presume What mind so petty, servile, so debas'd,

Their fragrancy barefooted to defile: As not to know ambition? Her great sway Such filthy ways for slaves in Malaga From Colin Clout to emperors she exerts.

Leave we to practise—wbence l've oft seen, To err is human, human to be vain.

When beautiful Dorinda's iv'ry hands 'Tis vanity, and mock desire of fame,

Has built the pastry-fabric (food divine That proinpts the rustic, on the steeple top

For Christmas gambols and the hour of mirth) Sublime, to mark the area of his shoe,

As the dry'd foreign fruit, with piercing eye, And in the outline to engrave his name.

She culls suspicious—lo! she starts, she frowns With pride of heart the churchwarden surveys

With indignation at a negro's nail. High o'er the belfry, girt with birds and flow'rs,

Should'st thou thy harvest for the mart de His story wrote in capitals: “ 'Twas I

sign, That bought the fount; and I repaired the

Be thine own factor; nor employ those drones pews.

Who've stings, but make no honey, selfish With pride like this the emulating mob

slaves ! Strive for the mastery—who first may fill

That thrive and fatten on the planter's toil. Toe bellying bin, and cleanest cull the hops.

What then remains unsung? unless the care Nor aught retards, unless invited out By Sol's declining, and the evening's calm,

To stack thy poles oblique in comely cones, Leander leads Lætitia to the scene

Lest rot or rain destroy them-Tis a sight Of shade and fragrance—Then th’exulting band Most seemly to behold, and gives, O Winter ! Of pickers male and female, seize the fair

A landscape not unpleasing ev'n to thee. Reluctant, and with boist'rous force and brute,

And now, ye rivals of the hopland state,

Madum and Dorovervia now rejoice,
By cries unmor'd, they bury her i' th’ bin.
Nor does thy youth escape him too they seize,

How.great amidst such rivals to excel !

Let Grenovicum 7 boast (for boast she may) And in such posture place as best may serve Tu bide his charmer's blushes. Then with shouts The birth of great Eliza.--Hail, my queen! They rend the echoing air, and from them and yet I'll call thee by a dearer name, both

My countrywoman, hail! Thy worth alone

Gives fame to worlds, and makes whole ages glo(So custom has ordain'd) a largess claim.

rious ! Thus much be sung of picking-next succeeds

Let Sevenoaks vaunt the hospitable seat Th’important care of curing--Quit the field,

Of Knoll 8 most ancient : awfully, my Muse, And at the kiln th' instructive Muse attend.

These social scenes of grandeur and delight, On your hair-cloth eight inches deep, nor

Of love and veneration, let me tread. more, | Let the green hops lie lightly; next expandi

How oft beneath yon oak has amorous Prior

Awaken'd echo with sweet Chloe's name! The smootbest surface with the toothy rake.

While noble Sackville heard, hearing approv'd,
Thus far is just above; but more it boots
That charcoal fames burn equally below, (wood, Approving, greatly recompens'd. But he,
The charcoal fames, which from thy corded Alas! is number'd with th' illustrious dead,

And orphan merit has no guardian now!
Or antiquated poles, with wondrous skill,
The sable priests of Vulcan shall prepare.

Next Shipbourne, tho her precincts are con

Constant and moderate let the heat ascend;
Which to effect, there are, who with success

To narrow limits, yet can show a traia
Place in the kiln the ventilating fan.
Hail, leamed, useful mans! whose head and heart

16 Mystica Vannus Iacchi. Virg. Georg. I.

? Greenwich, where Q. Elizabeth was born. Dr, Hales,

8 The seat of the duke of Dorset,

Of village beauties, pastorally sweet,

The design and colouring of a poern, such as And rurally magnificent. Fairlawn 9

you have planned, are not to be executed in a Opes her delightful prospects; dear Fairlawn hurry, but with slow and careful touches, which There, where at once at variance and agreed, will give that finishing to your piece, remarkab'e Nature and art hold dalliance. There where rills in every thing that comes from your hand, and Kiss the green drooping herbage, there where which I could wish the precipitancy of my temtrees

per would permit me to aim at upon all occaThe tall trees tremble at th' approach of Heav'n, sions. I long to see you take a new flight to the And bow their salutation to the Sun,

regions of fame, not upon unequal wings, that Who fosters all their foliage- These are thine, sometimes rise to a degree of elevation, and then Yes, little Shipbourne, boast that these are fall again, but with an uuiform tenour, like the thine

bird in Virgil; And if-but oh!-aud if 'tis no disgrace,

Radit iter liquidum, celeres neque commovet The birth of him who now records thy praise.

alas. Nor shalt thou, Mereworth, remain unsung, Where noble Westmorlaud, his country's friend, I have been now for about three weeks in this Bids British greataess love the silent shade, scene of smoke and dust, and I think the repuhWhere piles superb, in classic elegance,

lic of letters seems to be lamentably upon the des Arise, and all is Roman, like his heart.

cline in this metropolis. Attornies clerks, and Nor Chatham, tho' it is not thine to show raw unexperienced boys, are the chief critics we The lofty forest or the verdant lawns,

have at present. With a supercilious look and Yet' niggard silence shall not grudge thee praise. peremptory voice, which they have caught from The lofty forests by thy sons prepar'd

a few of their oracles, as dark and ignorant as Fecomes the warlike navy, braves the floods, themselves, these striplings take upon them to And gives Sylvanus empire in the main.

decide upon fable, character, language and senOh that Britannia, in the day of war,

timent. Wou'd not alone Minerva's valour trust,

Nescis, heu nescis dominæ fastidia Romæ ; But also hear her wisdom! Then her oaks

Crede mihi, nimium Martia turba sapit. Shap'd by her own mechanics, wou'd alone Her island fortify, and fix her fame;

With regard to writers, the towni swarms with Nor wou'd she weep, like Rachael, for her sons,

them, and the aim of them all is pretty much Whose glorious blood, in mad profusion,

the same, viz. to elevate and surprise, as Mr. In foreign lands is shed—and shed in vain.

Bays says.

At the head of these still continues the Inspector. As we frequently laughed together concerning this writer, when you were last in town, I need not here give you a description of

his parts and genius. I remeinber you expressed HILLIAD:

great amazement at the reception his essays

seemed to meet with in all our coffee-houses; AN EPIC POEM.

but you must consider that there are artifices to

gain success, as well as merit to deserve it. The Pallas te hoc vulnere, Pallas

former of these bis Inspectorship is eminently Immolat, & pænam scelerato ex sanguiné sumit. possessed of, and sooner than fail, he will not

VIRG. hesitale, in order to make himself talked of at

any rate, to become most glaringly ridiculous.

This answers the purpose of the booksellers, as A LETTER

well perhaps as Attic wit, and hence it results that they are willing to continue him in their pay.

In the packet, which I have sent to you by the

stage coach, you will find a paper called the ImDear

pertinent, written by himself. In this curious I AM now to acknowledge several letters, which I piece he has not stopped at abusing his own lately received from you, without any return on dear person, which is the only subject he has my part. As I have been very much hurried of not handled with his usual malice, and the rest late with a multiplicity of affairs, I must beg of it is made a vehicle for invective against Mr. you will not only be kind enough to overlook my Fielding and me. It was ushered into the world past omission, but to indulge me for a little time in a pompous manner, as if intended to be conti. longer. As soon as I am master of sufficient nued, but no second number was ever published, leisure, I will give you my sentiments without and to show you a further instance of his fallacy;

а reserve, concerning the affair, about which you he thence took occasion to triumph over a prehave thought proper to consult me; for the pre-tender to essay-writing, which he would fain insent I desire you will consider this as a receipt sinuate, cannot be executed by any one but himfor your many favours, or a promissory note to self. discharge my debt of friendship as soon as pos- This unfair dealing, so unworthy a man, who sible.

aspires to be a member of the serene republic of

letters, induced me to wave for a time the design The seat of lord Vane.

you know I was engaged in, in order to bestow a




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kew lines opon this scribbler, who in my eyes is a upon this occasion to quote a passage from the disgrace to literature. In the first heat of my Spectator, which I think pertinent to the prepoetic fury, I formed the idea of another Dun- sent subject. “Every honest man ought to look ciad, which I intended to call after the name of upon himself as in a natural state of war with the my hero, The Hilliad. The first book of it you libeller and lampooner, and to annoy them, will receive among other things, by the coach, wherever they fall in his way. This is bút reand I shall be glad to be favoured with your opi- taliating upon them, and treating them as they nion of it.

treat others." If it conduces to your entertainment, I shall Thus thuught the polite Mr. Addison have gained my end; for though I have receiv- where he was not immediately concerned; and ed such provocation from this man, I believe I can you doubt what to do, when personally atshall never carry it any further. I really find tacked ? As soon as the hissing of the snake is some involuntary sensations of compassion for heard, some means should be devised to crush him, and I cannot help thinking, that, if he him. The advice of Virgil is ---Cape saxa could keep within the bounds of decency and manu, cape robora pastor." good manners, it would be a rare instance of I can tell you that your friends here expect wbat may be done by a fluency of periods, with- this of you, and we are all unanimous in think. out genius, sense, or meaning. Though I am ing, that a man who has the honour of belongpersuaded he is quite incorrigible, I am still re- | ing to this learned university, and to whom the lactant to publish that piece, for I would rather prize, for displaying with a masterly hand the be commended to posterity by the elegant and attributes of his Maker, has been adjudged for amiable muses, than by the satyric sister, po- three years successively, should not, on any litely called by an eminent author, 'the least en. account, suffer himself to be trifled with, by so gaging of the Nine.'

frigid and empty a writer. I would have you On this account I shall proceed no further 't:11 reflect that you lanched into the world, with you have favoured me with your opinion, by many circumstances, that raised a general exwhich I will absolutely determine myself. i pectation of you, and the early approbation of hope therefore you will peruse it as soon as you such a genius as Mr. Pope, for your elegant vercan with convenience, and return it to me by the sion of bis ode, made you considered as one, stage. You may show it to Jack *****, and to who might hereafter make a figure in the liteMr. ****

rary world; and let me recommend to you, not

to let the laurel, yet green upon your brow, be I am, with great sincerity, dear *****,

torn off by the prophane hands of an unballwed

hireling. This, I think, as is observed alyour most obedient humble servant,

ready, you owe to yourself, and to that uni.

C. SMART. versity, which has distinguished you with ho. London, 15th December, 1752.

Besides the motives of retaliation, which ! have urged for the publication of your poem, I cannot help considering this matter in a moral light, and I must avow, that in my eyes it ap

pears an action of very great merit. If to pull DEAR SMART,

off the mask from an impostor, and detect him

in his native colours to the view of a long-deThe perusal of your poem has given me so luded public, may be looked upon as a service much pleasure, that I cannot postpone thanking to mankind (as it certainly is) a better op you for it, by the first opportunity that has of- portunity never can offer itself. fered. I have read it to the persons you desired In my opinion the cause of literature is in imI should, and they approve the design in the ininent danger of a total degeneracy, should this highest manner. I cannot conceive what should writer's diurnal productions meet with further make you hesitate a moment about the public encouragement. Withont straining hard for it, cation, and to be free with you, you must not I can perceive a corruption of taste diffusing it. by any means suppress it. When I say this, self, throughout the cities of London and WestI must observe, that I should be glad to see minster. For a clear vein of thinking, easy nayou better employed, than in the dissection tural expression, and an intelligible style, this of an insect; but since the work should be pretender has substituted brisk question and andone by some body, and since you have swer, pert, unmeaning periods, ungrammatical made sach a progress, I must take the liberty construction, unnatural metaphors, with a proto insist, that you will not drop this undertak- fusion of epithets, inconsistent for the most part ing.

with the real or figurative meaning of his words, To speak in plain terms; I look upon it to be and in short, all the masculine beauties of style indispensably incumbent on you to bring the are likely to be banished from among us by the miscreant to poetic justice; it is what you owe continuation of his papers for almost two years to the cause of learning in general, to your Alma together. Mater, this university, and, let me add, it is Now, sir, I submit it to you, whether this may what you owe to yourself. The world will ab- not lead on to a total depravity of sense and taste. solve you from any imputation of ill-nature, Should the more sober at our coffee-houses be when it is considered that the pen is drawn in dazzled with false embellishment; should boys defence of your own character. Give me leave admire this unnatural flourishing ; I do not in the


least question, but the rising generation will be thosc who are, and those who are not acquaints totally infected with this strange motley style, and ed with him. Even beauty and innocence were thus antithesis and point will be the prevailing no safe-guards against bis calumny, and the turn of the nation.

soft-eyed virgin was by him cruelly obliged to It is to prevent a contagion of this sort, that shed the tender tear. Horace towk the pen in hand; for this Quinti- Upon the commencement of the Coventlian favoured the world with his excellent work. Garden Journal, Mr. Fielding declared an huThe ingenious authors of France have always at- morous war against this writer, which was intended to this point. Truth, they insisted, is tended to be carried with an amicable pleasanthe very foundation of fine writing, and that no try, in order to contribute to the entertainment thought can be beautiful, which is not just, was of the town. It is recent in every body's mea their constant lesson. To enforce this and pre- mory, how the Inspector behaved upon that ocserve a manly way of thinking Boileau lashed the casion, Conscious that there was not an atom scribblers of his time, and in our own country of humoar in his composition, he had recourse the Spectators, Tatlers, and Guardians have la- to his usual shifts, and instantly disclosed a priboured for this end. To this we owe the Batbos, vate conversation; by which he reduced himin which we find exposed, with the most delicate self to the alternative mentioned by Mr. Pope; traits of satire, all false figures in writing, and

“ and if he lies not, must at least betray. finally to this we owe the Dunciad of Mr. Tbrough all Mr. Fielding's inimitable comic Pope.

romances, we perceive no such thing as perThese instances, dear Smart, are sufficient to sonal malice, no private character dragged into justify your proceeding, and let me tell you, light; but every stroke is copied from the vothat a cultivation of taste is a point of more mo

lume whicb nature has unfolded to him; every ment than perhaps may appear at first sight. scene of life is by him represented in its natural In the course of my reading I have observed that colours, and every species of folly or humour is a corruption in morals has always attended a de- ridiculed with the most exquisite touches. A cline of letters. Of this Mr. Pope seems to be

genius like this is perhaps more useful to mansensible, and, hence we find in the conclusion kind, than any class of writers; he serves to of his Dunciad, the general progress of dulness dispel all gloom from our minds, to work off our over the land is the final coup de grace to every

ill-humours by the gay sensations excited by a thing decent, every thing laudable, elegant and well directed pleasantry, and in a vein of mirth polite.

he leads his readers into the knowledge of hu

man nature; the most useful and pleasing sciReligion blushing veils her sacred fires, ence we can apply to. And yet so deserving an And unawares morality expires.

author has been most grossly treated by this wild Nor public fame, nor private dares to shine, essayist; and, not to multiply instarces, has he Nor human spark is left, nor glympse divine. not attempted to raise tumults and divisions in Lo! thy dread empire, Chaos ! is restor'd, our theatres, contrary to all decency and comLight dies before thy uncreating word. mon sense, and contrary to the practice of all Thy hand, great Anarch, lets the curtain fall, polite writers, whose chief aim has ever been to And universal darkness buries all.

cherish harmony and good manners, and to dif

fuse through all ranks of people a just reI am aware that you may answer to what has finement of taste in all our public entertainbeen premised, that the man is not of conse- ments ? quence enough for all this, and you may ob- These considerations, dear sir, prompt you to serve to me, that at first setting out, I myself the blow, and will justify it when given. I becalled him by the figurative and typical appel- lieve, I may venture to add, never had poet so lation of an insect. But if an insect gets into inviting a subject for satire; Pope himself had the sunshine, and there blazes, shines and buzzes not so good an hero for his Dunciad. The first to the annoyance of those, who may be basking worthy who sat in that throne, viz. Lewis Theoin the beams, it is time for the Muse's wing to bald of dull memory, employed himself in matbrush the thing away. In plain English, the ters of some utility, and, upon being dethroned, rapidity, with which this writer went on in his the person, who succeeded, was one, who forprogress, was so astonishing, that I really look- merly had some scattered rays of light; and in ed upon him to be reserved for the great instru- most of his comedies, though whimsical and exment of dulness in the completion of her work, travagant, there are many strokes of drollery ; which certainly must be accomplished, unless a not to mention that the Careless Husband is a speedy stop be put to that inundation of non- finished piece. sense and immorality with which he has over- But in the hero of the Hilliad all the requiwhelmed the nation.

sites seem to be united, without one single exI have mentioned immorality, nor will I re- ception. You remember, no doubt, that in the tract the word. Has he not attacked, malici- dissertation prefixed to the Dunciad the efficient ously attacked the reputations of many gentle qualities of an hero for the little epic are menmen, to whom the world has been greatly obli- tioned to be vanity, impudence and debauchery. ged.--He did not brandish his goose-quill for These accomplishments, I apprehend, are glarany length of time, before he discharged a tor-ing in the person you have fixed upon. As a rent of abuse upon the reverend Mr. Francis, single and notable instance of the two first; bas, whose amiable character, and valuable trans- he not upon all occasions joined himself to some ation of Horace, have endeared him both to celebrated name, such as the right honourable


the earl of Orrery, or some other such exalted, And thou, fair Justice, of immortal line, character? I have frequently diverted myself Hear, and assist the poet's grand design, by comparing this proceeding to the cruelty of Who aims at triumph by no common ways, a tyrant, who used to tie a living person to a But on the stem of dulness grafts the bays. dead carcass; and as to your hero's debauchery, O thou, whatever name delight thine ear, there are, I am told, many pleasant instances Pimp! Poet! Puffer! 'Pothecary! Play'r! of it.

Add to these several subordinate qualifications; such as foppery, a surprising alacrity to get into scrapes, with a potable facility of extricating withstanding the great incentives he has had to bimself, an amazing turn for politics, a wod- prompt him to this undertaking, he is not adderful knowledge of herbs, minerals and plants, tuated by the spirit of revenge; and to check the and to crown all, a comfortable share of gentle follies of fancy and humorous invention, he furdulness. This gentle dulness is not that impe-ther invokes the goddess Themis, to administer Detrable stupidity, which is remarkable in some strict, poetic justice. men, bat it is known by that countenance, which Slakes the pole.] Several cavils have been Dr. Garth calls, “demurely meek, insipidly raised against this passage. Quinbus Flestrin, Serene." It is known by a brisk volubility of the uobom poet, is of opinion that it is brought speech, a lively manner of saying nothing in merely to ekeout a verse; but though in many through an entire paper, and upon all occasions, points I am inclined to look upon this critic as by a conscious simper, short insertions of witty irrefragable, I must beg leave at present to apremarks, the frequent exclamation of wonder, peal from his verdict; and tho’Horace lays it the self-applauding chit-chat, and the pleasant down as tule not to admire any thing, I cannot repartee.

help enjoying so pleasing an operation of the Upon the whole, dear Smart, I cannot mind upon this occasion. We are herepresented conceive what doubt can remain in your mind with a grand idea, no less than Jupiter shaking about the publication; it is conferring on him his sides and the Heavens at the same time. The that ridicule, which his life, character, and ac- Pagan thunderer has often been said to agitate tions deserve. I shall be in town in less than a the pole with a nod, which in my mind gives too fortnight, when I shall bring your poem with awful an image, whereas the one in question me, and if you will give me leave, I will help conveys an idea of him in good humour, and you to some notes, which I think will illustrate confirms what Mr. Orator Henley says, in his many passages.

excellent tracts, that “the deity is a juyous

being." “ Satyrarum ego, (ni pudet illas)



M. D. Reg. Soc. Bur. &c. &c.

Grafts the days.] Much puzzle hath been oc. I am, dear Smart,

casioned among the naturalists concerning the Yours very sincerely,

engraftment here mentioned. Hill's Natural His

tory of Trees and Plants, vol. 336, saith, Cambridge, 21st Dec. 1752.

it has been frequently attempted, but that the tree of dulness will not admit any such inocula. tion. He adds in page 339, that he himself tried the experiment for two years successively, but that the twig of laurel, like a feather in the

state of electricity, drooped and died the moTood god of jest, who o'er th' ambrosial bowl,

ment he touched it. Notwithstanding this auGirist joy to Jove, while laughter shakes the pole; thority, it is well known that this operation has

been performed by some choice spirits. Eras. mus in his encomium on folly shows how it may be accomplished; in our own times Pope and

Garth found means to do the same: and in the Thou god of jest. As the design of heroic poe- sequel of this work, we make no doubt but the try is to celebrate the virtues and noble achieve stem here-mentioned will bear some luxuriant ments of truly great personages, and conduct branches, like the tree in Virgil, them through a series of hardships to the completion of their wishes, so the little epic delights

Nec longum tempus, et ingens in representing, with an ironical drollery, the

Exiit ad Cælum ramis felicibus arbus, mock qualities of those, who, for the benefit of

Miraturque novas frondes et non sua Poma, the laughing part of mankind, are pleased to be- Pimp,] An old English word for a mean fellow; come egregiously ridiculous, in an affected imi- see Chaucer and Spencer. tation of the truly renown'd worthjes above-men- Poet,] Quinbus Flestrin saith, with his usual 'tioned. Hence our poet calls upon Momus, at importance, that this is the only piece of justice the first opening of his poein, to convert bis hero done to our hero in this work. To this assents into a jest. So that in the present case, it can- the widow at Cuper's, who it seems is not a little not be said, facit indignaliaversum, but, if I may proud of “ the words by Dr. Hill, and the music be allowed the expression, facit titillatio versum; by Lewis Granon, esq. . This opinion is further which may serve to show our anthor's temper of confirmed by major England, who admires the mind is free from rancour, or ill-nature. Not- pretty turns on Kitty and Kate, and Catherine

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