« ForrigeFortsæt »
A radiant cross its form expands ;
Deceiving none, by none ensnard, its opening arms appear t'embrace
O Paraclete 17, be thou my guard, The whole collective human race,
Patron of ev'ry just endeavour! Refuge of all men in all lands!
The cross of Christ is man's reward 19;
No heights obstruct, no depths retard ;
Christian joys are joys for ever!
EULOGIUS; OR, THE CHARITABLE No joys seduce, no cares molest.
AN HISTORICAL FABLE.
TAKEN FROM THE GREEK OF PAULUS SYLLOGUS, I now see objects as lought:
Nos, vilis turba, caducis
Deservire bonis, semperque optare parati,
Spargimur in casus. Stat. Sylvæ, L. II. Passions and frauds surround us all, Their empire is reciprocal:
God gives us what he knows our wants reqnire, Shun their blandishments and wiles ;
And beiter things than those which we desire. Riches but serve to steel the heart;
Dryd. Palam. & Arc. Want has its meanness and its art;
Give me neither poverty nor riches; fced me Health betrays, and strength beguiles.
with food convenient for me : Lest I be full
and deny thee, and say, Who is the Lord ? In highest stations snares misguide;
Or lest I be poor and steal, and take the name Midst solitude they nurture pride,
of my God in vain. Agur's Prayer. Breeding vanity in knowledge;
Prov. ch. xxx, v. 8, 9. A poison in delicious meat, Midst wines a fraud, midst mirth a cheat, In courts, in cabinet, and college.
INTRODUCTION. The toils are fixt, the sportsmen keen:
Permit me, Stanhope', as I form'd thy youth Abroad unsafe, betray'd within,
To classic taste and philosophic truth, Whither, O mortal! art thou flying?
Once more, thy kind attention to engage, Thy resolutions oft are snares,
And, dying, leave thee comfort for old-age; Thy doubts, petitions, gifts, and pray'rs;
This hist’ry may eternal truths suggest:--
I've seen thee learned, and would leave thee
Than Prussia's laurels, or Potosi's store. 14 “ My heart is a vain and wandering heart,
How blindly to our misery we run; whenever it is led by its own determinations.
[clone! It is busy to no purpose, and occupied to no end, Dup'd by false hopes, and by our pray’rs un
We want, we wish, we change, we change agen; whenever it is not guided by divine influence: it
Yet know not bow to ask, nor what, nur when. seeketh rest and findeth none: it agreeth not with itself: it alters resolutions, change h judgment, They know they have a road, but miss their way;
Just so, inisted by liquor, diunkards stray, frames new thoughts, and suppresses old ones;
Thi existence of their bome admits no doubt; pulls down every thing, and re-buildeth nothing;
Th' uncertainty-is where to find it out 2. in short, it never continueth in the same state."
St. L'ernard, Meditat. “ Seest thou the luminary of the greater
17 IIAPAKAHTOE: The Comforter; the world in the highest pitch of meridian glory;
Holy Spirit. John, ch. xiv, v. 10--26. where it continueth not, but descends in the Dryden first introduced the word Paraclete same proportion as it ascended? Look next and into the English language, in his translation of consider if the light of this lower world is more the Hymn Veni Creator Spiritus: as also in his permanent? Continuance is the child of Eter- Britannia Rediviva : nits, and not of Time.” Ex. Vet. Ascet.
Last solemn Sabbath saw the church attend; 15 Tobit, ch. iii, v. 17.
The Paraclete in fiery pomp descend. 16 “ All vices wax old by age: covetousness But, when his wond'rous octave roll'd again-(and ambition) alone grow young."
Ex. Vet. Ascet.
18 Rom. ch. viii, v. 39.
Philip Stanhope, esq. late member of par" Why are earth and ashes proud? There is liament for St. German's in Cornwall, and at not a more wicked thing than a covetous man:
present envoy extraordinary to the court of for such an one setteth his own soul to sale, be- Dresden and the circle of Lower Saxony, &c. cause, while he liveth, he casteth away his The natural son of lord Chesterfield, to whom his powels;" i. e. is a stranger to compassion. celebrated letters were addressed. Ecclus. ch. x, v. 9. 2 Vætempori:lli quando non deum cognovimus!
August. Soliloq. c. 31.
Zimri ask'd wealth, and wealth o'erturn'd his ( By his own art th'artificer was try'd, parts.
[hearts. And lawyers beat him on the quibbling side. Parents for children pray, which treak their Now hasten, poet, to begin thy song: Contractors, agio-men, for villas sigh;
“ A tale," says Prior, “ ne'er should be too To day they purchase, and to morrow die.
long." Six cubic feet of earth are all their lots;
Ill-judging is the bard, who slacks his pace Mourn'd with hypocrisy, with ease forgot. And seeks for flow'rs, when he should run the Their Christian-heirs the pagan-rites employ,
race; And give the fun’ral ilicet with joy.
Or, wand'ring to enchanted castles, sleeps Lelio 4 would be th' Angelics of a school; On beds of down : or Cupid's vigils keeps; Kneels down a wit, aud rises up a fool.
Whilst the main action is by pleasures crost, Weak bands aflect to hold the statesman's scale; And the first purport of th' adventure lost. As well the shrimp might emulate a whale.- Great wits may scorn the dry poetic law; Clamb'ring, with stars averse, to fortune's Nor from the critic, but from Nature, dia: height
Each seeming trip, and each digressive start, Ambitious Oniri rose, and dropp'd down-right-Displays their ease the more, and deep-plann'd His paunch too heavy, and his head too light.
art: Like fall’n Salmoncus, he perceiv’d, at length, (All study'd blandishments t'allure the heart.) The mean hypocrisy of boasted strength: Like Santueil's " stream, gliding thro' flov'ry To deal like Dennis his rain thunder round,
plains, And imitate inimitable sound.
Th' effects are seen; the source unknown reBoth ways deceitful is the wine of pow'r,
mains. When new, 'tis heady, and, when old, 'tis sour. Janthe' pray'd for beauty; luckless majd!
In ancient times, scarce talk'd of, and less An idiot mind th' angelic form betray'd.
known, Nature profusely deck'd the out-side pile,
When pious Justin 'fill'd the eastern throne, But starv'd the poor inhabitant the while. D'Avenant implor'd the Muses for a tongue:
In a small dorp 2 till then for nothing fam'd, The Muses lent him theirs. He sweetly sung;
And by the neighb'ring swains Thebais nam'd, And—but for Milton 6) had more sweetly, Eulogius liv?d: an humble mason be; swung.
In nothing rich, but virtuous poverty.
[all 8, • Learn hence,” he cry'd,
From noise and riot he devoutly kept,
Sigh'd with the sick, and with the mourner rept; Tybuin's agáric stanches wit, and gall.”
Half his earn'd pittance to poor neighbours went: Others mount Pegasus, but lose their seat: And break their necks, before they end the heat. They had his alms, and he had his content. Libanius try'd the streams of cloquence, (sense. To feed the hungry, and to clothe the bare.
Still from his little he could something spare But plummet deep he sunk, unbuoy'd with Soncinas 9 ask'd the “knack of plotting treason
He gave whilst aught he had, and kner no bounds;
(pounds. Agaivst the crown and dignity of reason 10.”
The poor man's drachma stood for rich men's
He learnt with patience, and with meekness 3 Hic tibi mortis erunt metæ: domus alta
taught; sub Ida,
His life was but the comment of his thought. Lyrnessi domus alta :-Solo Laurente se
Hence, ye vain-glorious Shaftesburys, allow pulcrum. Virg. Æneid XII.
That men had more religion then than now, “A small space of ground after death con
Whether they nearer liv'd to the blest times tains both rich and poor. Nature produceth us !Then man's Redeemer bled for human crimes; all alike, and makes no distinction at death. Whether the hermits of the desert fraught Open the grave, view the dead bodies; move With living practice, by example taught; the ashes, you will find no difference between Or whether, with transmissive virtues fird, the patrician and the peasant, except thus far; (Which Chrysostoms all-e!oquent inspir’d,) that by the magnificence of the tomb of the They caught the sacred flane-I spare to say. former you may perceive he had much more to
Religion's sun still shot an ev'ning ray. resign and lose than the latter.”
On the south aspect of a sloping bill,
Whose skirts meand'ring Peneus wasbes still, 4 Late lord B***. 5 Doctor Angelicus.
Our pious lab’rer pass'd bis youthful days 6 Milton interceded, and saved D'Avenant, In peace and charity, in pray'r and praise. when he was a state-prisoner at Cowes castle in the isle of Wight, anno 1650 : D'Avenant, in re
"1 Alluding to his famous inscription: turn, preserved Milton at the Restoration. 7 Alluding to a passage in Dryden: “A man
Quæ dat aqvas saxo letet hospita Nympha sub may be capable, as Jack Ketch's wife said of his
imo; servant, of a plain piece of work, bare hanging; Sic tu, cuin dederis dor.a, latere velis. but, to make a malefactor die sweetly, was only
Santol. Poem. belonging to her jusband.”
| About the year dxxvi. Dedication to Juvenal. 2 Dorp, a village, or more properly an ham8 From an old poem.
Dryden. 9 A Spanish casuist.
It is a German word, and adopted by our best 10 Logic: so defined by our venerable poet writers in the beginning and middle of the last Francis Quarles, 1638.
No theatres of oaks around him rise,
And that 7, which on the Baptist's vigil sends Whose roots Earth's centre touch, whose heads To nymphs and swajns the vision of their friends. the skies:
Else physical and kitchen-plants alone No stately larch-tree there expands a shade His skill acknowledge, and his culture own. O'er half a rood 3 of Larisséan glade :
Each herb he knew, that works or good or ill, No lofty poplars catch the murm’ring breeze, More learn'd than Mesva, half as learu'd as Which loit’ring whispers on the cloud-capp'd
Hill; Such imag'ry of greatness ill became (trees; For great the man, and useful without doubt, A nameless dwelling, and an unknown name! Who seasons pottage-or expells the gout; Instead of forest-monarchs, and their train, Whose science keeps life in, and keeps death The unambitious rose bedeck'd the plain :
out! Trifoliate cytisus restrain’d its boughs
No flesh from market-townsour peasant sought; For humble sheep to crop, and goats to browze. He rear'd his frugal meat, but never bought: On skirting heights thick stood the clust'ring A kid sometimes for festivals he slew : vine,
The choicer part was his sick neighbour's due: And here and there the sweet-leav'd eglantine; Two bacon-flitches made his Sunday's cheer; One lilac only, with a statelier grace,
Some the poor had, and some out-liv'd the year: Presum'd to claim the oak's and cedar's place, For roots and herbage, (rais’d at hours to spare) Anı, looking round him with a movarch's care, With humble milk, compos'd his usual fare. Spread his exalted boughs to wave in air. (The poor man then was rich, and liv'd with glee;
This spot, for dwelling fit, Eulogius chose, Each barley-head un-taxt, and day-light free :) And in a month a decent home-stall rose, All had a part in all the rest could spare, Something, between a cottage and a cell. The common water, and the common air 'o. Yet Virtue here could sleep, and Peace could Mean while God's blessings made Eulogius dwell.
thrive, From living stone, (but not of Parian rocks) The happiest, most contented man alive, He chipp'd bis pavement, and he squard his His conscience cheer'd him with a life well spent, blocks:
His prudence a superfluous something lent, And then, without he aid of neighbours' art, Which made the poor who took, and poor who Ferform’d the carpenter's and glazier's part.
Such kindness left men nothing to require,
He sought, not to prolong poor lives, but save: They thank'd their Maker for a pittance sent, And that which others lent, he always gave. Supp'd on a turnip, slept upon content.
Us’ry, a canker in fair virtue's ruse, Four rooms, above, below, this mansion grac'd, Corrodes, and blasts the blossom e'er it blows: With white-wash deckt, and river-sand o'er-cast: So fierce, O Lucre, and so keen thy edge: The first, (forgive my verse if too diffuse,) Thou tak'st the poor man's mill-stones for a Perform'd the kitchen's and the parlour's use:
pledge 11! The second, better bolted and immurd,
Eusebius, herinit of a neighb'ring cell, [well: From wolves his out-door family securd: His brother Christian mark'd, and knew him (For he had twice three kids, besides their dams; With zeal un-envying, and with transport fird, A cow, a spaniel, and two fav'rite lambs :) Beheld biin, prais'd him, lov'd liin, and admir'd. A third, with herbs perfum'd, and rushes spread, Convinc'd, that noiseless piety night dwell Held, for his mother's use, a feather'd bed : In secular retreats, and flourish well; Two moss-matrasses in the fourth were shown; And that Heav'n's king (so great a master He) One for himself, for friends and pilgrims one. Had servants ev'ry where, of each degree. A ground-plot square five hives of bees con. " All-gracious Purr'r,” he cries," for forty years tains;
I've liv'd an anchorete in pray’rs and tears : Einblems of industry and virtuous gains 4! Pilaster'd jas'mines 'twixt the windows grew, 7 In imitation of Virgil: With lavender beneath, and sage and rue. Pulse of all kinds diffus'd their od'rous pow'rs,
Conon, & quis fuit alter Where Nature pencils butterflies s on flow'rs :
Descripsit radio? &c." Nor were the cole-worts wanting, nor the root 8 An Arabian physician, well skilled in boWhich after-ages call Hybernian fruit:
tany. There, at a wish, much chamomile was had; 9 Quid prohibietis aquas? Usus communis (The conscience of man's stomach good or bad ;)
Ovid. Met. Spoon-wort 6 was there, scorbutics to supply;
Et cunctis undamque auramque And centaury to clear the jaundic'd eye;
Virg. Æn. vii. 3 See note 12.
But Ovid is still more explicite, Met. I. 4 Nullus, cum per cælum licuit, otio periit
Plin. Hist. Natural, l. 1. Communemque prius, ceu lumina solis, & 5 All leguminous plants are, as the learned say, papilionaceous, or bear butterflied flowers. 11 “ No man shall take the nether or upper
6 Cochlearia. Spoon-wort is the old English mill-stone to pledge; for he taketh a man's life word for scurvy-grass.
Deui.ch, xxiv, v. 6.
Yon' spring, which bubbles from the mountain's Give him Bizantium's wealth, which useles Has all the luxury of thirst supply'd : [side,
The P The roots of thistles hare my hunger fed, Sicilian plenty, and the ludian mines; Two roods 12 of cultur'd barley give me bread. Instead of Pencus, let Pactolus lave A rock my pillow, and green moss my bed. His garden's precincts with a golden ware; The midnight clock attests my fervent pray'rs, Then may his soul its free-burn range enjoy, The rising Sun my orisons declares,
Give deed to will, and er'ry pow'r employ:
In bim the sick a second Luke shall find;
& ifte Thy grace, my strength: thy Heav'n, my last Just steward of the bounty he receir'd, reward!
And dying poorer than the poor rolier'd!”
[good. pada True Christianity depends on iact:
When draughts from Cherith's brook Elijah
drew 14 :
Nor dreamt our anchorete, that, if his friend Ev'n io brute beasts lois righteous care extends 13, Should reach, O virtuous Poverty! thy end, lle fects their súfl'rings, and their wants be- That conscience and religion soon might fly friends ;
To so'ne forsaken clime and distant sky.
Made a rash vow, and thought the vow inspir'd:
She sought a blessmg, and she found a tomb 16!
15 Maslin bread, i. e. miscellane, or miscella. Sure of his light, as of the rising Sun.
neous bread, an ancient English word, given to What pity is it that so great a soul,
a plain sort of bousehold bread. When people An heart so bountiful, should feel control?
in a middling station used it, they generally Warm in itself, by icy fortune dampt,
mixed two gallons of oats and rye with six galAnd in the effort of exertion crampt;
lons of wheat. The poorer people mixed in Beneficent to all meu, just, and true :
equal quantities wheat, barley, oats, rye, buck. As Nature bounteous, and impartial too.
wheat, pulse, &c. But such is the luxury of the Thus sometimes have I seen an angel's mind
present age (even amongst the poor) that not only In a weak body wretchedly confin'd;
the thing but the very name is forgotten; and a A mina, O Constantine, which from thy throne
preference given to a wbiter, but more unwhole. Can take no honours, and yet add her own!
some sort of bread, if aluin enters into the com“ Then hear me, gracious Heav'n, and grant position; which, indeed, cannot be concealed. my pray'r;
One of the first cares of a prime-minister (*ho Make yonder man the fav’uite of thy care:
ought also to be considered as proveditor-general Nourish the plant with thy celestial dew,
of a kingdom) is to see the people supplied with Like manna let it fall, and still be new :
bread, of an wholesome nature, at as reasonable Expand the blossoms of his gen'rous mind,
a price as possible. Till the rich udour reaches half mankind.
Hence the great Gustavus used to say, "That
it required more talents to feed a large army 12 Two roods, i. e. balf an acre.
in the field, upon easy terms, in times of war; 13 “ The righteous man regardeth the life of than to conduct the fighting part," his beast,"
Prov. ch. xii, v. 10. 16 Judges, ch. xi, v. 31.
The Pow'r Supreme, (my author so declares) Displaying, like th’ illusive fiend of old, Heard with concern the erring hermit's pray'rs; Thrones deckt with gems, and realms of living Heard disapproving; but at length inclin'd Bad spirits oft intrude upon the good; [gold 9. To give a living lesson to mankind ;
Adonis' grot near Christ's presepio stood *. That men thence-forward should submissive live; Th'artificer of fraud, (tho' here he fail'd,) And leave omniscience the free pow'r to give. - Straight chang'd approaches, and the ear assail'd; For wealth or poverty, on man bestow'd, This only chink accessible he finds; Alike are blessings from the hand of God! For flatt'ry's oil pervades ev'n virtuous minds. How often is the soul ensnar'd by health? Virtue, like towns well-fortify'd by art. Hov poor in virtue is the man of wealth.
Has (spite of fore-sight)one deficient part. The hermit's pray'r perinitted, not approv'd; With lenient artifice, and fluent tongue, Soon in an higher sphere Eulogius mov'd: (For on his lips the dews of Hybla hung,) Each sluice of aMuent fortune open'd soon, Libanius like 21, he play'd the sophist's party And wealth flow'd in at morning, night, and And by soft marches stole upon the heart:
Maintain'd that station, gave new birth to sense, One day, in turning some uncultur'd ground, And call'd forth manners, courage, eloquence: (su hopes a fiee-stone quarry might be found) Then touch'd with spritely dashes here and there, His mattock met resistance, and behold (Correctly strong, yet seeming void of care,) A casket burst, with di’mouds fill’d and gold. The master-topic, which may most men move, He cramm'd his pockets with the precious store, The charms of beauty and the joys of love ! And ev'ry night review'd it o'er and o'er; Eulogius faulter'd at the first alarms, Till a gay conscious pride, unknown as yet, And soon the 'waken'd passions buzz'd to arms; Touch'd a vain heart, and taught it to forget: Nature the clam'rous bell of discord rung, And, what still more his staggʻring virtue try'd, And vices from dark caverns swift up-sprung. His mother, tut'ress of that virtue, dy'd. So, when Hell's monarch did his summons make,
A neighb'ring matron, not unknown to fame, The slumb’ring demons started from the lake, (Historians give her Teraminta's name,)
Eulogius saw with pride, or seem'd to see, The parent of the needy and distress'd,
(Not yet in act, but in the pow'r to be,) With large demesnes and well-sav'd treasure Great merit lurking dormant in his mind :
(store He had been negligent—but Nature kind: (For like th' Egyptian prince 17 she hoarded Till by degrees the vain, deluded elf, To feed at periodic dearths the poor ;)
Grew out of humour with his former self. This matron, whiten’d with good works and age, He thought his cottage small, and built in haste; Approach'd the sabbath of her pilgrimage; It had convenience but it wanted taste. Her spirit to himself th' Almighty drew ;- Elis mien was awkward; graces he had none; Breath'd on th'alembic, and exhald the dew. Provincial were his notions and his tone; In souls prepar'd, the passage is a breath His manners emblems of his own rough stone. From time t'eternity, from life to death 13.
Then, slavish copyist of his copying friend, But first, to inake the poor her future care, He ap'd bim without skill, and without end : She left the good Eulogius for her heir.
Larissa's gutturals convuls'd his throat;
He smooth'd his voice to the Bizantine note. New thoughts, new hopes, new views his mind with courtly suppleness unfurl'd his face ; ernploy.
Or screw'd it to the bonne mine of grimace; Pride push'd forth buds at ev'ry branching shoot, With dignity he sneez'd, and couglı'd with grace. And virtue shrunk almost beneath the root. The pious mason onee, had time no more High-rais'd on fortune's hill, new Alps he to mark the wants and mis'ry of the poor! spies,
Saspicious thoughts his pensive miud eraploy, O'ershoots the valley which beneath him lies, A sullen gratitude, and clouded joy. Forgets the depths between, and travels with his In days of poverty his heart was light; eyes.
He sung his hymns at morning, noon, and night. The tempter saw the danger in a trice, Want sharpens poesy, and grief adorns; (For the man slidder'd upon fortune's ice:) The spiok x2 chants sweetest in a hedge of And, having found a corpse half-dead, balf-warm,
thorns 23. Reviv'd it, and assum'd a courtier's form: Swift to Thebais urg'd his airy flight;
19 Matth. ch. v, v. 8. And measur'd half the globe in half a night.
~ See Sandys's Travels into the Holy Land, foWith flowing manners exquisitely feigu'd,
lio, p. 138. And accent soft, he soon admission gain'd: Survey'd each ont-work well, and mark'd apart
Presepio is an Italian word, taken from the
Latin, and signifies a stable or manger. It is now Each winding avenue that reach'd the heart;
becoine a term of art, and denotes any picture,
drawing, or print, where Christ is represented as 17 Gen. ch. xli, v. 35, &c.
born in a stable or lying in the manger. 18 “ The time in which we now live is borrow- 21 A famous Greek rhetorician in the fourth ed from the space of our existence: what is past century, whose orations are still extant. is dead aud vanished; what remaineth is daily 22 Spink, the old poetical name for finches of made less and less; insomuch that the whole every sort. See Country Farm, by Surflet and time of our life is nothing but a passage to death.” Markham, folio, printed in 1616. St. August. de Civitat. Dei, X.
23 Sic Orig. VOL, XVI,