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which shall oppress them, as they have done my people heretofore; both of their own, and of the Assyrians, &c.

XIX. 5 And the waters shall fail from the sea, and the river shall be wasted and dried up. And, whereas they trust in the beneficial waters of Nilus, which gives them both plenty and protection, behold, their hopes shall deceive them; for those waters shall be intercepted and dried up.

XIX. 6 And they shall turn the rivers far away; and the brooks of defence shall be emptied and dried up: the reeds and flags shall wither. Even their channels shall be quite emptied, and the waters derived into other streams ; so as the mud thereof shall be hardened; and the reeds and Aags, which grew therein, shall be quite withered.

XIX. 7 The paper reeds by the brooks, by the mouth of the brooks, and every thing sown by the brooks, shall wither, be driven away, and be no more. That plant, which yieldeth the rich commodity of paper,

which grows along the brooks; and every other thing, which is set or sown by those otherwise fruitful banks; shall now, through extremity of drought, be destroved and lost.

XIX. 9 Moreover they that work in fine flar, and they that weave networks, shall be confounded. Moreover, through the failing of Nilus, all those curious and wealthy trades of them, who work in fine fax and weave net. works, the matter whereof had wont to be imported by those streams, shall be utterly undone and disappointed.

XIX. 10 And they shall be broken in the purposes thereof, all that make sluices and ponds for fish. All they, that live upon the benefit of their fishponds and sluices, preserving in these commodious stews those fishes which they take and sell for advantage of gain, shall be now defeated of their trade.

XIX. 11 Surely the princes of Zoan are fools, the counsel of the wise counsellers of Pharaoh is become brutish : how say ye unto Pharaoh, I am the son of the wise, the son of ancient kings? Where now are those wise counsellers and great peers of Egypt, that made themselves so sure and safe against all events? I do now, by commission from God, tell them, they are no better than fools; yea, than brutish: to what good issue are their fond brags How come, wherein they suggested unto Pharaoli the glory of his wisdom, and of his princely descent?

XIX. 14. The Lord hath mingled a perverse spirit in the midst thereof: and they have caused Egypt to err in every

work thereof, as a drunken man staggereth in his comit. The Lorst, in his justice, hath given them up to a spirit of giddi. ness and perverseness; justly punishing their pride, with the seduction of their leaders, who have caused Egypt to go wrong in all their enterprises; even as a man extremely drunk reeleth and staggereth out of his way.

XIX. 15 Neither shall there be any work for Egypt, which the head or tail, branch or rush, may do. Nothing shall come to any good effect, which the Egyptians shall undertake, from the highest to the lowest: all their attempts shall be unprosperous.

XIX. 16 In that day shall Egypt be like unto women: and it shall be afraid, and fear because of the shaking of the hand of the LORD of hosts, which he shaketh over it. In that day shall the Lord daunt the spirits of the Egyptians, so as they shall become weak and faint-hearted like women ; and this shall be caused through their astonishment, and fear of the imminent judgments of God.

XIX. 18 In that day shall five cities in the land of Egypt speak the language of Canaan, and swear to the Lord of hosts; one shall be called, The city of destruction. Yet, even upon Egypt itself will God have mercy and compassion; and shall, of six cities of theirs, preserve five still for himself; which shall be reclaimed from their superstition, and conspire in their holy worship and service with God's people, and swear by no other name but his: only one of them shall be called, A city rejected and destroyed.

XIX. 19 In that day shall there be an altar to the Lord in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a pillar at the border thereof to the LORD. And the true religion of God shall be established and fourish, in the midst of the land of Egypt; and in the utmost borders thereof, shall be monuments of their holy devotion to the Lord.

XIX. 20 And he shall send them a saviour, and a great one, and he shall deliver them. He shall send them a temporal deliverer from their outward oppressions; and, at the last, a spiritual Saviour, and Almighty Redeemer from the ghostly bondage of sin and Satan.

XIX. 23 In that day shall there be a highway out of Egypt to Assyria, and the Assyrian shall come into Egypt, and the Egyptian into Assyria, und the Egyptians shall serve with the Assynians. Neither shall this mercy be confined to Egypt alone, but shall ex. tend itself to other nations, no less averse from God than it: both Egypt and Assyria shall have free intercourse with each other, and shall communicate mutually in the same holy profession.

XIX. 24 In that day shall Israel be the third with Egypt and with Assyria, even a blessing in the midst of the land. And in that day Israel shall come in as a third nation, to join with them both; so as Israel, Egypt, and Assyria shall be blessed all together, and in each other, with a holy conjunction of mind, in one and the same truth of religion.

XX. I In the year that Tartan came unto Ashdod, (when Sargon the king of Assyria sent him,) &c. In the year that Tartan, the great Assyrian captain, came unto

Ashdod, a Philistine city, when Sargon, or Sennacherib, (for he is called by both names,) the king of Assyria sent him, &c.

XX. 2 Go and loose the sackcloth from off thy loins, and put off thy shoe from thy foot. And he did so, walking naked and barefoot. Go, and put off that hairy garment which is about thee, the ordinary habit of a prophet, and put off thy shoe from thy foot; and he did so, walking disrobed and barefoot.

XX. 3 Barefoot three years for a sign and wonder upon Egypt and upon Ethiopia. For a sign and token, that, three years after this prophecy, the forces of Egypt and Ethiopia, led by Tirhakah, shall be utterly discomfited, and they stripped of that great power whereof they boasted.

XX. 5 And they shall be afraid and ashamed of Ethiopia their expectation, and of Egypt their glory. And my people, the Jews, shall be ashamed and confounded in themselves, to think they have been so foolish, to put their trust in Ethiopia and Egypt, so impotent protectors.

XX. 6 And the inhabitants of this isle shall say in that day, Be. hold, such is our expectation, whither we flee for help to be delivered from the king of Assyria : and how shall we escape ? And the inhabitants of this country, which I have sequestered for myself from the rest of the world, shall say, See to what broken reeds we trusted for our deliverance! how vainly have we feared, that we could not possibly be safe and escape without them!

XXI. 1 The burden of the desert of the sea. As whirlwinds in the south pass through; so it cometh from the desert; from a terrible land. The heavy tidings sent to Chaldea, and especially to Babylon : As those whirlwinds which arise from the south are most furious, so shall this be which shall pass over thee, O Babylon, from the Medes; who, like a violent tempest, shall rush upon thee, and turn thee over.

XXI. 2 A grievous vision is declared unto me; the treacherous dealer dealeth treacherously, and the spoiler spoileth., Go up, , Elam: besiege, O Media ; all the sighing ihereof have I made to cease. It is a grievous vision to thee, () Chaldea, which is shewed unto me, concerning thee: wicked men do their kind: the treacherous Syrian dealeth treacherously, and the cruel Babylonian spoileth unmercifully, and shall be dealt with thereafter. Go up, (thou Persian, and besiege Babylon: () Media, do thou join thy forces in this service: I will give no respect to any of the sighs of that oppressing nation, but will give them over to a just destruction.

XXI. 3 Therefore are my loins filled with pain: pangs have taken hold upon me. I am deeply afflicted in myself, to forsce these grievous judgments, which are coming upon these secure enemies of God's Church,

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XXI. 5 Prepare the table, watch in the watchtower, eat, drink: arise, ye princes, and anoint the shield. Proud and secure Babylon says, Furnish the table with all delicates : let us feast ourselves merrily: dispose of our watches, to make sure of a seasonable notice, and prevention of any enemy: eat, drink; but, in the mean time, arise, () ye princes of Media and Persia, and make your armour and munition ready.

XXI. 6 For thus hath the Lord said unto me, Go, set a watchman, let him declare what he seeth. Thus saith the Lord, These things, which I bid thee denounce against Babylon, are yet afar off'; Go, therefore, and set a watchman upon a high tower, and let him declare to thee what he seeth.

XXI. 7 And he saw a chariot with a couple of horsemen, a chariot of asses, and a chariot of camels; and he hearkened diligently with much heed : And he saw far off; and first discerned a chariot : then he descried a couple of horsemen and a chariot drawn by asses, and another drawn by camels; as a lively representation of those enemies and those means, whereby the Babylonian should be overthrown, by Cyrus the king of Persia.

XXI. 8 And he cried as a lion (as it is in the margin) : My lord, I stand continually upon the watchtower in the day time, and I am set in my ward whole nights : And he cried, with a strong voice, like a lion, My Lord, as thou hast appointed me, so am I careful to keep my station in this watchtower, continually, both night and day, to observe what it shall please thee to represent unto me:

XXI. 9 And, behold, here cometh a chariot of men, with a couple of horsemen. And he answereu and said, Babylon is fallen, is fallen. And behold, while I am speaking, here cometh a chariot, &c. the interpretation of which vision is withal given to me, by the hands of these enemies, Babylon is sacked and destroyed.

XXI. 10 O my threshing, and the corn of my floor : &c. O how the mighty arm of the Lord will thresh Babylon, as the corn is threshed in the floor: that which &c.

XXI. 11 The burden of Dumah. He calleth to me out of Seir, Watchman, what of the night? Watchman, what of the night? * The children of Edom called to me out of mount Seir, as scoffingly desiring to know what I had to say against them, Watchman, what news canst thou tell us of those calamities, which have been threatened against us? Men have talked of a night that is coming upon

thou to it? XXI. 12 The watchman' said, The morning cometh, and also the night: if ye will enquire, enquire ye : return, come. The watchman said, Ye please yourselves in the hope of a fair morning, but know also that there is night coming, which shall bring much sorrow and confusion with it; but if ye have a desire of your own safety, return to your God, enquire after him, and submit yourselves humbly unto him.


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XXI. 13 The burden upon Arabia. In the forest in Arabia shall ye lodge, O ye travelling companies of Dedanim. Ye shall be glad to hide yourselves in the desolnte forests of Arabia, for fear of Sennacherib, 0 ye travellers of Dedanim.

XXI. 14 The inhabitants of the land of Tema brought water to him that was thirsty, they prevented with their bread him that fled. The inhabitants of the land of Tema, in desert Arabia, pitying their chased neighbours, brought water to their thirsty companies, and bread to relieve their hunger, in that forced and sudden flight.

XXI. 16 Within a year, according to the years of an hireling, and all the glory of Kedar shull fail : Within a year, in the strictest account, even such as the hireling keeps for the stint of his work and bondage, even within that precise space, shall all the glory of Arabia fail.

XXI. 17 And the residue of the number of archers, the mighty men of the children of Kedar, shall be diminished. Their archers, and those other strong and mighty Arabians, shall be cut off.

XXII. 1 The burden of the valley of vision. IVhat aileth thee now, that thou art wholly gone up to the housetops ? The sad tidings sent to Judea: The region, which, though low in site, yet is advanced and dignified with the manifold visions of God, and revelations of him and his will; what is the matter with you, 1 ye men of Jerusalem, that you are run up, for shelter and fear, to the tops of your houses?

XXII. 2 Thou that art full of stirs, a tumultuous city, a joyous city: thy slain men are not slain with the sword, nor dead in battle. Thou, o Jerusalem, that art so full of people and full of noise, a populous and jolly city, how is it, that thy citizens are so base, that they do not stand it out in fight; neither are dead by the sword, but with fear rather?

XXII. 3 All thy rulers are fied together, they are bound by the archers : all that are found in thee are bound together, which have fled from far. The rulers of Judea Aed bither to thee, altogether, as to a sure fortress; and now they are all taken by the enemy: they are all chained together, as captives, which tied from the remotest parts, for safeguard unto thee.

XXII. 4. Therefore said I, Look away from me; I will weep bitterly, labour not to comfort me, because of the spoiling of the daughter of my people. I know how little extremity of sorrow becomes the face of a prophet; look not on me therefore, while I weep bitterly; neither

any man go about to comfort me, for I am resolved to mourn deeply for the spoiling of Jerusalem.

XXII. 5 And of crying to the mountains. A day of flying to the mountains, for an escape; not without bitter lamentation, and fear of being found.


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