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with those numbers, was not to be thought on, i watchword, should have come out of the presence because that was not sufficient; and therefore into the guard-chamber; and then some out of the advised them to think of something else. Then hall to have met him, and so have stepped between they would needs resolve to attempt the court, the guard and their halberds; of which guard and withal desired mine opinion. But I prayed they hoped to have found but a dozen, or some them first to set down the manner how it might such small number. be done. Then Sir John Davis took ink and Being asked, whether he heard that such as my paper, and assigned to divers principal men their lord misliked should have received any violence? several places; some to keep the gate, some to He saith, that my lord avowed the contrary, and be in the hall, some to be in the presence, some that my lord said, he would call them to an hoin the lobby, some in the guard-chamber, others nourable trial, and not use the sword. to come in with my lord himself, who should Being demanded, whether my lord thought his have had the passage given him to the privy- enemies to be Spanish, "bona fide,” or no? He chamber, where he was to have presented him- saith, that he never heard any such speech; and self to her majesty.

if my lord used any such, it came into his head

Ferd. GORGE. on the sudden. Knowledged in the presence of

Being demanded, what party my lord had in

London? He saith, that the sheriff Smith was
Tho. EGERTON, C. S.
Tho. BUCKHURST,

his hope, as he thinketh.
NottingHAM,

Being demanded, whether my lord promised Ro. Cecil.

liberty of Catholic religion? He saith, that Sir Christopher Blunt did give hope of it.

JOHN Davis. The confession of Sir John Davis, taken the 18th of February, 1600, before the Earl of Nottingham,

Exam. per NOTTINGHAM,

Ro. CECIL, Lord High Admiral; Sir Robert Cecil, princi

J. HERBERT. pal Secretary; and John HERBERT, second Secretary of State.

The first confession of Sir Charles Davers, taken Sir John Davis being demanded, how long the 18th of February, anno 1600, before Sir before

my

Lord Essex's tumult he knew of such Thomas EGERTON, Lord Keeper of the Great his purpose ?

Scal; the Lord BUCKHURST, Lord High TreaHe answers, that he knew not directly of any surer; the Earl of Nottingham, the Lord High meaning my lord had, until the Sunday seven

Admiral; Lord Hunsdon, Lord Chamberlain; night before, or thereabout.

and Sir Robert Cecil, principal Secretary. Being demanded, what he knew? Then he He confesseth, that before Christmas the Earl answered, that my lord consulted to possess him- of Essex had bethought himself, how he might self of the court, at such convenient time when secure his access unto the queen in such sort as he might find least opposition. For executing he might not be resisted; but no resolution deof which enterprises, and of other affairs, he terminately taken, until the coming up of this appointed my Lord of Southampton, Sir Charles examinate a little after Christmas. Davers, Sir Ferdinando Gorge, and himself, to And then he doth confess, that the resolution meet at Drury House, and there to consider of the was taken to possess himself of the court; which same, and such other projects as his lordship de resolution was taken agreeable to certain articles, livered them: and, principally, for surprising of which the Earl of Essex did send to the Earl of the court, and for the taking of the Tower of Lon- Southampton, this examinate, Sir Ferdinando don. About which business they had two meet-Gorge, and Sir John Davis, written with the ings, which were five or six days before the in- earl's own hand. To which consultation, being surrection.

held at Drury House, some four or five days beHe farther saith, that Sir Christopher Blunt fore Sunday, that was the eighth of February, was not at this consultation, but that he stayed Littleton came in towards the end. and advised with my lord himself about other The points which the Earl of Essex projected things to him unknown: for that my lord trusted under his hand were these: several men in several businesses, and not all First, whether it were fit to take the Tower of together.

London. The reason whereof was this: that after Being demanded, what was resolved in the the court was possessed, it was necessary to give opinions of these four before named? He saith, reputation to the action, by having such a place that Sir Charles Davers was appointed to the pre- to bridle the city, if there should be any mislike sence-chamber, and himself to the hall: and that of their possessing the court. my lord was to determine himself, who should To the possessing of the court, these circumhave guarded the court-gate and the water-gate. stances were considered : And that Sir Charles Davers, upon a signal or a First, the Earl of Essex should have assembled.

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all the noblemen and gentlemen of quality on his presence of Nic. Kempe, counsellor at law, Wilparty; out of which number he should have LIAM WAIMARKE, WILLIAM MARTIN, Robert chosen so many as should have possessed all the ANDREWS, cilizens, John Trevor, surveyor of places of the court, where there might have been

the
navy,

and Thomas THORNEY, his surgeon. any likelihood of resistance: which being done, He confesseth that the Earl of Essex sent. the Earl of Essex, with divers noblemen, should Wiseman, about the 20th of January, to visit his have presented himself to the queen.

wife, with letters of compliment, and to require The manner how it should have been executed, him to come up unto him to London, to settle his was in this sort: Sir Christopher Blunt should estate according as he had written unto him have had charge of the outer gate, as he thinketh. before some few days. Sir Charles Davers, this examinate, with his Being demanded, to what end they went to the company, should have made good the presence, city, to join with such strength as they hoped for and should have seized upon the halberds of the there? he confesseth it was to secure the Earl of guard. Sir John Davis should have taken charge Essex his life, against such forces as should be of the hall. All this being set, upon a signal sent against him. And being asked, What, given, the earl should have come into the court against the queen's forces ? he answered, That with his company.

must have been judged afterwards. Being asked, what they would have done after ?

But being farther asked, Whether he did advise he saith, They would have sent to have satisfied to come unto the court over night? He saith, No; the city, and have called a parliament. for Sir Ferdinando Gorge did assure, that the

These were the resolutions set down by the alarm was taken of it at the court, and the guards Earl of Essex of his own hand, after divers con- doubled. sultations.

Being asked, whether he thought any prince He saith, Cuffe was ever of opinion, that the could have endured to have any subject make Earl of Essex should come in this sort to the the city his mediator? or gather force to speak court.

CHARLES DAVERS. for him? He saith, he is not read in stories of Exam. per Tho. EGERTON, C. S.

former times; but he doth not know but that in Tho. BUCKHURST,

former times subjects have used force for their NOTTINGHAM,

mediation. G. HUNSDON,

Being asked, what should have been done by Ro. CECIL.

any of the persons that should have been removed

from the queen? He answered, that he never The second confession of Sir Charles Davers,

taken the same day, and set down upon farther found my lord disposed to shed blood; but that calling himself to remembrance, under his own any that should have been found, should have had hand, before Sir Tho. Egerton, Lord Keeper of indifferent trial. the Great Seal; Lord JCKHURST, Lord High

Being asked upon his conscience, whether the Treasurer; the Earl of Nottingham, Lord Earl of Essex did not give him comfort, that if he High Admiral; Sir Robert Cecil, principal came to authority, there should be a toleration for Secrelary.

religion? He confesseth, he should have been to

blame to have denied it. Some points of the articles which my Lord of

Christopher Blunt. Essex sent unto Drury House, as near as I can remember, were these; whether both the court This was read unto Sir Christopher Blunt, and and the Tower should be both attempted at one afterwards signed by him in the presence of us time? if both, what numbers should be thought who are under written: requisite for either ? if the court alone, what Jo. Herbert,

Rob. ANDREWS, places should be first possessed ? by what persons ? · Nic. KEMPE,

Jo. Trevor,
Wil. WAIMARKE,

TH. THORNEY.
And for those which were not to come into the

Wil. MARTIN, court beforehand, where and in what sort they might assemble themselves, with least suspicion, to come in with my lord ?

The second confession of Sir CHRISTOPHER BLUNT, Whether it were not fit for my lord, and some the same day, viz.: the 18th of February; taken of the principal persons, to be armed with privy before Mr. John Herbert, second Secretary of coats?

CHARLES Davers. Estate, and subscribed by him in the presence of

NICHOLAS KEMPE, counsellor at law, THOMAS Knowledged in the presence of Tho. EGERTON, C. S.

Tho. BUCKHURST,

THORNEY, his surgeon, and William MARTIN, NOTTINGHAM,

Robert Andrews, and RANDOLPH BULL, citi

ROBERT CECIL. The first confession of Sir CHRISTOPHER BLUNT, Sir Christopher Blunt, after the signing of this

examined the 18th of February, 1600, before Jo. confession, being told, that he did not deal HERBERT, second Secretary of Estate, and in the plainly, excused himself by his former weakness, Vol. II.-47

zens.

putting us in mind that he said once before, that any particular cause of grief against any person when he was able to speak, he would tell all whatsoever, it should be heard, and they should truth, doth now confess; That four or five days have justice. before the Earl of Essex did rise, he did set down Hereupon the Earl of Essex with a very loud certain articles to be considered on, which he voice declared, That his life was sought, and that saw not, until afterwards he was made acquainted he should have been murdered in his bed ; that he with them, when they had among themselves had been perfidiously dealt with; that his hand disputed: which were these.

has been counterfeited, and letters written in his One of them was, whether the Tower of Lon- name; and that, therefore, they were assembled don should be taken?

there together to defend their lives; with much Another, whether they should not possess the other speech to like effect. Hereupon the lord court, and so secure my lord, and other men, to chief justice said unto the earl, That if they had come to the queen ?

any such matter of grief, or if any such matter For the first concerning the Tower, he did not were attempted or purposed against him, he like it; concluding, that he that had the power willed the earl to declare it, assuring him that it of the queen, should have that.

should be truly related to her majesty, and that it He confesseth that upon Saturday night, when should be indifferently heard, and justice should Mr. Secretary Herbert had been with the earl, and be done whomsoever it concerned. that he saw some suspicion was taken, he thought To this the Earl of Southampton objected the it in vain to attempt the court, and persuaded him assault made upon him by the Lord Gray. Whererather to save himself by flight, than to engage unto the lord chief justice said, That in his himself farther, and all his company.

And so

case justice had been done, and the party imprithe resolution of the earl grew to go into the city, soned for it. And hereupon the lord keeper did in hope, as he said before, to find many friends eftsoons will the Earl of Essex, that whatsoever there.

private matter or offence he had against any person He doth also say, that the earl did usually whatsoever, if he would deliver it unto them, they speak of his purpose to alter the government. would faithfully and honestly deliver it to the

CHRISTOPHER BLUNT. queen's majesty, and doubted not to procure him
Exam.

per
Jo. HERBERT.

honourable and equal justice, whomsoever it conSubscribed in the presence of

cerned; requiring him, that if he would not declare Nic. Kempe, W. Martin,

it openly, that he would impart it unto them priTho. THORNEY, RANDOLPH BULL. vately, and doubted not but they would satisfy Rob. ANDREWŞ.

him in it.

Upon this there was a great clamour raised The declaration of the Lord Keeper, the Earl of amongst the multitude, crying, “ Away, my lord,

WORCESTER, and the Lord Chief Justice of Eng- they abuse you, they betray you, they undo you, land.

you lose time."

Whereupon the lord keeper Upon Sunday, being the 8th of February last put on his hat, and said with a loud voice, “My past, about ten of the clock in the forenoon, the lord, let us speak with you privately, and underLord Keeper of the Great Seal, the Earl of Wor- stand your griefs; and I command you all opon cester, Sir William Knolles, comptroller of her your allegiance, to lay down your weapons, and majesty's household, and the Lord Chief Justice to depart, which you ought all to do, being thus of England, being commanded by direction from commanded, if you be good subjects, and owe the queen's majesty, did repair to the late Earl of that duty to the queen's majesty which you proEssex his house, and finding the gate shut against fess." Whereupon they all brake out into an them, after a little stay they were let in at the exceeding loud shout and cry, crying, “ All! all! wicket: and as soon as they were within the all !" gate, the wicket was shut upon them, and all And whilst the lord keeper was speaking, and their servants kept out.

commanding them upon their allegiance, as is At their coming thither they found the court before declared, the Earl of Essex, and the most full of men assembled together in very tumultu- part of that company did put on their hats, and so ous sort; the Earls of Essex, Rutland, and South-the Earl of Essex went into the house, and the ampton, and the Lord Sandys, Mr. Parker, com- lord keeper, &c., followed him, thinking that his monly called Lord Montegle, Sir Christopher purpose had been to speak with them privately, Blunt, Sir Charles Davers, and many other as they had required. And, as they were going, knights and gentlemen, and other persons un- some of that disordered company cried, “ Kill known, which flocked together about the lord them." And as they were going into the great keeper, &c.

And thereupon the lord keeper chamber, some cried, “Cast the great seal out at told the Earl of Essex, that they were sent from the window.” Some other cried there, “ Kill her majesty to understand the cause of this their them;" and some other said, “ Nay, let us shop assembly, and to let them know, that if they had them up."

The lord keeper did often call to the Earl of the Earl of Essex did intend to make his forces Essex to speak with them privately, thinking so strong, that her majesty should not be able to still that his meaning had been so, until the earl resist him in the revenge of his enemies. And brought them into his back chamber, and there saith, That the Earl of Essex was most inward gave order to have the farther door of that chamber with the Earl of Southampton, Sir Christopher shut fast. And at his going forth out of that Blunt, and others; who have of long time showed chamber, the lord keeper pressing again to have themselves discontented, and have advised the spoken with the Earl of Essex, the earl said, Earl of Essex to take other courses, and to stand • My lords, be patient a while, and stay here, and upon his guard : and saith, That when the Earl I will go into London, and take order with the of Essex was talking with the lord keeper, and mayor and sheriffs for the city, and will be here other the lords sent from her majesty, divers said, again within this half-hour;" and so departed My lord, they mean to abuse you, and you lose from the lord keeper, &c., leaving the lord keeper, time.” And when the earl came to sheriff &c., and divers of the gentlemen pensioners in Smith's, he desired him to send for the lord that chamber, guarded by Sir John Davis, Francis mayor that he might speak with him; and the Tresham, and Owen Salisbury, with musket shot, earl went in the streets of London, this examinate where they continued until Sir Ferdinando Gorge said to divers of the citizens, that if they would came and delivered them about four of the clock needs come, that it was better for their safety in the afternoon.

to come with weapons in their hands: and In the mean time, we did often require Sir saith, That the Earl of Essex, at the end of the John Davis, and Francis Tresham, to suffer us street where sheriff Smith dwelt, cried out to the to depart, or at the least to suffer some one of us citizens, that they did him harm, for that they to go to the queen's majesty, to inform her where came naked; and willed them to get them and in what sort we were kept. But they weapons; and the Earl of Essex also cried out answered, That my lord, meaning the Earl of to the citizens, that the crown of England was Essex, had commanded that we should not de- offered to be sold to the Infanta : and saith, That part before his return, which, they said, would be the earl burned divers papers that were in a little very shortly.

casket, whereof one was, as the earl said, a Thomas EGERTON, C. S.

history of his troubles: and saith, That when EDWARD WORCESTER, JOHN POPHAM.

they were assaulted in Essex House, after their

return, they first resolved to have made a sally The examination of Roger, Earl of RUTLAND, out; and the earl said, that he was determined to

the 12th of February, 1600, taken before Sir die; and yet in the end they changed their opinion, Thomas Egerton, Lord Keeper of the Great and yielded : and saith, That the Earl of Southseal; the Lord BUCKHURST, Lord High Treasu- ampton, Sir Christopher Blunt, and Sir John rer; the Earl of Nottingham, Lord High Admi- Davis, advised the Earl of Essex, that the lord

Sir Robert Cecil, principal Secretary; and keeper and his company should be detained : and Sir Jo. Popham, Lord Chief Justice of England,

this examinate saith, That he heard divers there

present cry out, “ Kill them, kill them :" and saith, He saith, that at his coming to Essex House That he thinketh the Earl of Essex intended, on Sunday morning last, he found there with the that after he had possessed himself of the city, Earl of Essex, the Lord Sandys, and the Lord he would entreat the lord keeper and his company Chandos, and divers knights and gentlemen. to accompany him to the court. He saith, he And the Earl of Essex told this examinate, that heard Sir Christopher Blunt say openly, in the his life was practised to be taken away by the presence of the Earl of Essex and others, how Lord Cobham, and Sir Walter Raleigh, when he fearful, and in what several humours they should was sent for to the council; and the earl said, find them at the court, when they came thither. that now he meant by the help of his friends to

RUTLAND. defend himself: and saith, that the detaining of Exam. per Th. Egerton, C. S. Ro. Cecil, the lord keeper and the other lords sent to the

T. BUCKHURST,

Jo. PoPHAM. earl from the queen, was a stratagem of war;

NOTTINGHAM, and saith, That the Earl of Essex told him that London stood for him, and that sheriff Smith had the confession of William, Lord Sandys, of the given him intelligence, that he would make as parish of Sherborne-Cowdry, in the county of many men to assist him as he could; and farther Southampton, taken this 16th of February, 1600, the Earl of Essex said, that he meant to possess before Sir John Popham, Lord Chief Juslice; himself of the city, the better to enable himself

Roger WILBRAHAM, Master of the Requests ; to revenge him on his enemies, the Lord Cobham,

and EDWARD Coke, her majesty's Allorney Sir Robert Cecil, and Sir Walter Raleigh. And

General. this examinate confesseth, That he resolved to He saith, That he never understood that the live and die with the Earl of Essex; and that learl did mean to stand upon his strength till Sun

ral;

day in the morning, being the 8th of this instant jesty's serjeant; and Fr. Bacon, of her majesty's February: and saith, that in the morning of that learned counsel. day this examinate was sent for by the Earl of * At the sheriff's house this examinate pressed Essex about six or seven of the clock: and the in with the rest, and found the earls shifting earl sent for him by his servant Warburton, who themselves in an inner chamber, where he heard was married to a widow in Hampshire. And at my Lord of Essex certify the company, that he his coming to the earl, there were six or seven had been advertised out of Ireland, which he gentlemen with him, but remembereth not what would not now hide from them, that the realm they were; and next after, of a nobleman, came should be delivered over to the hands of the my Lord Chandos, and after him came the Earl Infanta of Spain, and that he was wished to look of Southampton, and presently after the Earl of to it; farther, that he was to seek redress for Rutland, and after him Mr. Parker, commonly injuries; and that he had left at his house for called the Lord Montegle: and saith, That at his pledges, the lord keeper, the Earl of Worcester, coming to the Earl of Essex, he complained that Sir William Knolles, and the lord chief justice. it was practised by Sir Walter Raleigh to have

Edw. CROMWELL. murdered him as he should have gone to the lord Exam. per Jo. Popham, Chr. Yelverton, treasurer's house with Mr. Secretary Herbert.

FR. Bacon. And saith, that he was present in the court-yard of Essex House, when the lord keeper, the Earl Sir CHRISTOPHER Blunt, knight, at the time of his of Worcester, Sir Williain Knolles, and the lord arraignment, did openly at the bar desire to chief justice, came from the queen's majesty to speak with the lord admiral and Mr. Secretary: the Earl of Essex; and the lord chief justice before whom he made this confession following: required the Earl of Essex to have some private which the Earl of SouthAMPTON confirmed after. conference with him; and that if any private wards, and he himself likewise at his death. wrongs were offered unto him, that they would He confesseth, that at the castle of Dublin, in make true report thereof to her majesty, who, that lodging which was once the Earl of Southno doubt, would reform the same: and saith, ampton's, the Earl of Essex purposing his return That this examinate went with the earl, and the into England, advised with the Earl of Southrest of his company, to London, to Sheriff Smith's, ampton and himself, of his best manner of going but went not into the house with him, but stayed into England for his security, seeing to go he was in the street a while; and being sent for by the resolved. Earl of Essex, went into the house, and from At that time he propounded his going with a thence came with him till he came to Ludgate; competent number of soldiers, to the number of which place being guarded, and resistance being two or three thousand, to have made good his made, and perceived by the Earl of Essex, he first landing with that force, until he could have said unto his company, “Charge;" and there- drawn unto himself a sufficient strength to have upon Sir Christopher Blunt, and others of his proceeded farther. company gave the charge, and being repulsed, From this purpose this examinate did use all and this examinate hurt in the leg, the earl forcible persuasions, alleging not only his own retired with this examinate and others to his ruin, which should follow thereof, and all those house called Essex House. And on his retire, which should adhere to him in that action; but the earl said to this examinate, That if sheriff urging it to him as a matter most foul, because he Smith did not his part, that his part was as far was not only held a patron of his country, which forth as the earl's own; which moved him to by this means he should have destroyed; but also think that he trusted to the city. And when the should have laid upon himself an irrevocable blot, earl was, after his retire, in Essex House, he having been so deeply bound to her majesty. To took an iron casket, and broke it open, and burned which dissuasion the Earl of Southampton also divers papers in it, whereof there was a book, as inclined. he taketh it, and said, as he was burning of This design being thus dissuaded by them, them, that they should tell no tales to hurt his then they fell to a second consideration : and friends: and saith, That the earl said, that he therein this examinate confesseth, That he rather had a black bag about his neck that should tell advised him, if needs he would go, to take with

WILLIAM SANDYS.

him some competent number of choice men. Exam. per Jo. Popham,

He did not name unto him any particular power Roger WILBRAHAM,

that would have come to him at his landing, but Edw. Coke.

* This examination, as appeareth by the date, was taken

after Essex's arraignment, but is inserted, to show how the The examination of the Lord CROMWELL, taken the speech, of the realm to sold to the Infanta, which at his 7th of March, 1600, by Sir J. Popham, Lord arraignment he derived from Mr. Secretary, at sheriff

Smith's house he said he was advertised out of Ireland : and Chief Justice ; CHRIST. Yelverton, her ma- with this latter concur many other examinations.

no tales.

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