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roots of piony the male; and of orrice; and of is the best help: 80 to procure easy travails of calamus aromaticus; and of rue.

women, the intention is to bring down the child; 964. The cramp, no doubt, cometh of contrac- but the best help is, to stay the coming down too tion of sinews; which is manifest, in that it fast: whereunto, they say, the toad-stone likecometh either by cold or dryness; as after con- wise helpeth. So in pestilent fevers, the intensumptions, and long agues; for cold and dryness tion is to expel the infection by sweat and evado, both of them, contract and corrugate. We see poration: but the best means to do it is by nitre also, that chafing a little above the place in pain, diascordium, and other cool things, which do for a easeth the cramp; which is wrought by the dila- time arrest the expulsion, till nature can do it tation of the contracted sinews by heat. There more quietly. For as one saith prettily ;“ In the are in use, for the prevention of the cramp, two quenching of the flame of a pestilent ague, nature things; the one rings of sea-horse teeth worn is like people that come to quench the fire of a upon the fingers; the other bands of green peri- house; which are so busy, as one of them letteth winkle, the herb, tied about the calf of the leg, another.” Surely it is an excellent axiom, and or the thigh, &c., where the cramp useth to come. of manifold use, that whatsoever appeaseth the I do find this the more strange, because neither contention of the spirits, furthereth their action. of these have any relaxing virtue, but rather the 969. The writers of natural magic commend contrary. I judge, therefore, that their working the wearing of the spoil of a snake, for preserving is rather upon the spirits, within the nerves, to of health. I doubt it is but a conceit; for that the make them strive less, than upon the bodily sub- snake is thought to renew her youth, by casting stance of the nerves.

her spoil. They might as well take the beak of 965. I would have trial made of two other an eagle, or a piece of a hart's horn, because those kinds of bracelets, for comforting the heart and renew. spirits: the one of the trochisk of vipers, made 970. It hath been anciently received, for Peri. into little pieces of beads; for since they do cles the Athenian used it, and it is yet in use, to great good inwards, especially for pestilent agues, wear little bladders of quicksilver, or tablets of it is like they will be effectual outwards; where arsenic, as preservatives against the plague: not, they may be applied in greater quantity. There as they conceive, for any comfort they yield to would be trochisk likewise made of snakes ; the spirits, but for that being poisons themselves, whose flesh dried is thought to have a very they draw the venom to them from the spirits. opening and cordial virtue. The other is, of 971. Vide the experiments 95, 96, and 97, beads made of the scarlet powder, which they touching the several sympathies and antipathies call kermes; which is the principal ingredient for medicinal use. in their cordial confection alkermes : the beads 972. It is said, that the guts or skin of a wolf, would be made up with ambergrease, and some being applied to the belly, do cure the colic. It pomander.

is true, that the wolf is a beast of great edacity 966. It hath been long received, and confirmed and digestion; and so it may be the parts of him by divers trials, that the root of the male-piony comfort the bowels. dried, tied to the neck, doth help the falling sick- 973. We see scarecrows are set up to keep ness: and likewise the incubus, which we call birds from corn and fruit; it is reported by some, the mare. The cause of both these diseases, and that the head of a wolf, whole, dried, and hanged especially of the epilepsy from the stomach, is up in a dove-house, will scare away vermin; the grossness of the vapours which rise and enter such as are weasels, pole-cats, and the like. It into the cells of the brain: and therefore the may be the head of a dog will do as much ; for working is by extreme and subtile attenuation; those vermin with us, know dogs better than which that simple hath. I judge the like to be in wolves. castoreum, musk, rue-seed, agnus castus seed, &c. 974. The brains of some creatures, when their

967. There is a stone which they call the heads are roasted, taken in wine, are said to blood-stone, which worn is thought to be good strengthen the memory : as the brains of hares, for them that bleed at the nose: which, no doubt, brains of hens, brains of deers, &c. And it seemeth is by astriction and cooling of the spirits. Query, to be incident to the brains of those creatures if the stone taken out of the toad's head be not of that are fearful. the like virtue; for the toad loveth shade and 975. The ointment that wiiches use, is reported coolness.

to he made of the fat of children digged out of their 968. Light may be taken from the experiment graves; of the juices of smallage, wolf-bane, and of the horse-tooth ring, and the garland of peri- cinque-foil, mingled with the meal of fine wheat. winkle, how that those things which assuage the But I suppose, that the soporiferous medicines are strife of the spirits, do help diseases contrary to likest to do it; which are henbane, hemlock, the intention desired: for in the curing of the mandrake, moonshade, tobacco, opium, saffron, cramp, the intention is to relax the sinews; but poplar leaves, &c. the contraction of the spirits, that they strive less, 976. It is reported by some, that the affections

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of beasts when they are in strength do add some the white of an egg, which is the matter of a virtue unto inanimate things; as that the skin of living creature, have some sympathy with salt: a sheep devoured by a wolf, moveth itching; that for all life hath a sympathy with salt. We see a stone bitten by a dog in anger, being thrown at that salt laid to a cut finger healeth it; so as it him, drunk in powder, provoketh choler. seemeth salt draweth blood, as well as blood

977. It hath been observed, that the diet of draweth salt. women with child doth work much upon the in- 983. It hath been anciently received, that the fant; as if the mother eat quinces much, and co- sea air hath an antipathy with the lungs, if it riander-seed, the nature of both which is to repress cometh near the body, and erodeth them. Whereof and stay vapours that ascend to the brain, it will the cause is conceived to be, a quality it hath of make the child ingenious; and on the contrary heating the breath and spirits, as cantharides side, if the mother eat much onions or beans, or have upon the watery parts of the body, as urine such vaporous food; or drink wine or strong and hydropical water. And it is a good role, drink immoderately; or fast much; or be given to that whatsoever hath an operation upon certain much musing; all which send or draw vapours to kinds of matters, that, in man's body, worketh the head : itendangereth the child to become luna- most upon those parts wherein that kind of matter tic, or of imperfect memory : and I make the same aboundeth. judgment of tobacco often taken by the mother. 984. Generally, that which is dead, or corrupt

978. The writers of natural magic report, that ed, or excerned, hath antipathy with the same the heart of an ape, worn near the heart, comfort- thing when it is alive, and when it is sound; and eth the heart, and increaseth audacity. It is true with those parts which do excern: as a carcase that the ape is a merry and bold beast. And that of man is most infectious and odious to man; the same heart likewise of an ape, applied to the a carrion of a horse to a horse, &c.; purulent neck or head, helpeth the wit; and is good for matter of wounds, and ulcers, carbuncles, pocks, the falling sickness: the ape also is a witty beast, scabs, leprosy, to sound fiesh, and the excrement and hath a dry brain: which may be some cause of every species to that creature that excerneth of attenuation of vapours in the head. Yet it them: but the excrements are less pernicious is said to move dreams also. It may be the than the corruptions. heart of man would do more, but that it is more 985. It is a common experience, that dogs against men's minds to use it; except it be in know the dog-killer; when, as in times of infecsuch as wear the relics of saints.

tion, some petty fellow is sent out to kill the 979. The flesh of a hedge-hog, dressed and eaten, dogs; and that though they have never seen him is said to be a great drier: it is true that the juice before, yet they will all come forth, and bark, and of a hedge-hog must needs be harsh and dry, be- fly at him. cause it putteth forth so many prickles: for plants 986. The relations touching the force of imagialso that are full of prickles are generally dry; as nation, and the secret instincts of nature, are so briers, thorns, berberries : and therefore the ashes uncertain, as they require a great deal of examiof a hedge-hog are said to be a great desiccative nation ere we conclude upon them. I would have of fistulas.

it first thoroughly inquired, whether there be any 980. Mummy hath great force in stanching of secret passages of sympathy between persons blood; which, as it may be ascribed to the mix- of near blood, as parents, children, brothers, ture of balms that are glutinous; so it may also sisters, nurse-children, husbands, wives, &c. partake of a secret propriety, in that the blood There be many reports in history, that upon the draweth man's flesh. And it is approved that death of persons of such nearness, men have had the moss which groweth upon the skull of a dead | an inward feeling of it. I myself remember, that man unburied, will stanch blood potently: and being in Paris, and my father dying in London, so do the dregs, or powder of blood, severed from two or three days before my father's death, I had the water, and dried.

a dream, which I told to divers English gentle981. It hath been practised, to make white men, that my father's house in the country was swallows, by anointing of the eggs with oil. plastered all over with black mortar. There is Which effect may be produced, by the stopping an opinion abroad, whether idle or no I cannot of the pores of the shell, and making the juice say, that loving and kind husbands have a sense that putteth forth the feathers afterwards more of their wives breeding children, by some accipenurious. And it may be, the anointing of the dent in their own body. eggs will be as effectual as the anointing of the 987. Next to those that are near in blood, there body; of which vide the experiment 93. may be the like passage, and instincts of nature

982. It is reported, that the white of an egg, or between great friends and enemies : and someblood, mingled with salt-water, doth gather the times the revealing is unto another person, and saltness, and maketh the water sweeter. This not to the party himself. I remember Philippus may be by adhesion; as in the sixth experiment Commineus, a grave writer, reporteth, that the of clarification: it may be also, that blood, and Archbishop of Vienna, a reverend prelate, said

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one day after mass to King Lewis the Eleventh of lights, to make one cock more hardy, and the France : "Sir, your mortal enemy is dead;" what other more cowardly. It would be tried also in time Duke Charles of Burgundy was slain at Aying of hawks, or in coursing of a deer, or hare, the battle of Granson against the Switzers. Some with greyhounds: or in horse-races, and the like trial also would be made, whether pact or agree- comparative motions; for you may sooner by imament do any thing; as if two friends should agree, gination quicken or slack a motion, than raise or that such a day in every week, they, being in far cease it; as it is easier to make a dog go slower, distant places, should pray one for another, or than to make him stand still, that he may not run. should put on a ring or tablet one for another's 991. In plants also you may try the force of sake; whether if one of them should break their imagination upon the lighter sort of motions : as vow and promise, the other should have any feeling upon the sudden fading, or lively coming up of of it in absence.

herbs, or upon their bending one way or other; or 988. If there be any force in imaginations and upon their closing and opening, &c. affections of singular persons, it is probable the 992. For inanimate things, you may try the force is much more in the joint imaginations and force of imagination, upon staying the working of affections of multitudes : as if a victory should be beer when the barm is put in, or upon the coming won or lost in remote parts, whether is there not of butter or cheese, after the churning, or the rensome sense thereof in the people whom it concern- net be put in. eth, because of the great joy or grief that many 993. It is an ancient tradition everywhere almen are possessed with at once? Pius Quintus, leged, for example of secret proprieties and inat the very time when that memorable victory fluxes, that the torpedo marina, if it be touched was won by the Christians against the Turks, at with a long stick, doth stupefy the hand of him the naval battle of Lepanto, being then hearing that toucheth it. It is one degree of working at of causes in consistory, brake off suddenly, and distance, to work by the continuance of a fit mesaid to those about him, “ It is now more time we dium, as sound will be conveyed to the ear by should give thanks to God, for the great victory striking upon a bow-string, if the horn of the bow he hath granted us against the Turks:" it is true, be held to the ear. that victory had a sympathy with his spirit; for 994. The writers of natural magic do attribute it was merely his work to conclude that league. much to the virtues that come from the parts of It may be that revelation was divine: but what living creatures, so as they be taken from them, shall we say then to a number of examples the creatures remaining still alive: as if the creaamongst the Grecians and Romans? where the tures still living did infuse some immateriate people being in theatres at plays, have had news virtue and vigour into the part severed. So of victories and overthrows, some few days before much may be true; that any part taken from a any messenger could come.

living creature newly slain, may be of greater It is true, that that may hold in these things, force than if it were taken from the like creature which is the general root of superstition : namely, dying of itself, because it is fuller of spirit. that men observe when things hit, and not when 995. Trial would be made of the like parts of they miss; and commit to memory the one, and individuals in plants and living creatures; as tocut forget and pass over the other. But touching di-off a stock of a tree, and to lay that which you cut vination, and the misgiving of minds, we shall off to putrefy, to see whether it will decay the rest speak more when we handle in general the na- of the stock: or if you should cut off part of the ture of minds, and souls, and spirits.

tail or leg of a dog or a cat, and lay it to putrefy, 989. We have given formerly some rules of and so see whether it will fester, or keep from imagination; and touching the fortifying of the healing, the part which remaineth. same. We have set down also some few in- 996. It is received, that it helpeth to continue stances and directions, of the force of imagination love, if one wear a ring, or a bracelet, of the hair upon beasts, birds, &c., upon plants, and upon of the party beloved. But that may be by the exinanimate bodies: wherein you must still observe, citing of the imagination : and perhaps a glove, that your trials be upon subtle and light motions, or other like favour, may as well do it. and not the contrary; for you will sooner by ima- 997. The sympathy of individuals, that have gination bind a bird from singing than from eating been entire, or have touched, is of all others the or flying: and I leave it to every man to choose most incredible; yet according unto our faithful experiments which himself thinketh most commo- manner of examination of nature, we will make dious, giving now but a few examples of every some little mention of it. The taking away of of the three kinds.

warts, by rubbing them with somewhat that after990. Use some imaginant, observing the rules wards is put to waste and consume, is a common formerly prescribed, for binding of a bird from experiment; and I do apprehend it the rather besinging, and the like of a dog from barking. Try cause of my own experience. I had from my also the imagination of some, whom you shall childhood a wart upon one of my fingers : afteraccommodate with things to fortify it, in cocks wards, when I was about sixteen years old, being

then at Paris, there grew upon both my hands as fit figure of heaven. Fourthly, it may be applied number of warts, at the least an hundred, in a to the weapon, though the party hurt be at great month's space. The English ambassador's lady, distance. Fifthly, it seemeth the imagination of who was a woman far from superstition, told me the party to be cured is not needful to concur; one day, she would help me away with my for it may be done without the knowledge of the warts: whereupon she got a piece of lard with the party wounded : and thus much has been tried, skin on, and rubbed the warts all over with the fat that the ointment, for experiment's sake, hath side; and amongst the rest, that wart which I been wiped off the weapon, without the knowhad had from my childhood : then she nailed the ledge of the party hurt, and presently the party, piece of lard, with the fat towards the sun, upon hurt hath been in great rage of pain, till the a post of her chamber window, which was to the weapon was re-anointed. Sixthly, it is affirmed, south. The success was, that within five weeks' that if you cannot get the weapon, yet if you space all the warts went quite away: and that wart put an instrument of iron or wood, resembling which I had so long endured, for company. But the weapon, into the wound, whereby it bleedat the rest I did little marvel, because they came eth, the anointing of that instrument will serve in a short time, and might go away in a short and work the effect. This I doubt should be a time again; but the going away of that which device to keep this strange form of cure in request had stayed so long doth yet stick with me. and use; because many times you cannot come They say the like is done by the rubbing of warls by the weapon itself. Seventhly, the wound with a green elder stick, and then burying the must be at first washed clean with white wine, stick to rot in muck. It would be tried with or the party's own water; and then bound up corns and wens, and such other excrescences. I close in fine linen, and no more dressing renewed would have it also tried with some parts of living till it be whole. Eighthly, the sword itself must creatures that are nearest the nature of excres- be wrapped up close, as far as the ointinent cences; as the combs of cocks, the spurs of cocks, goeth, that it taketh no wind. Ninthly, the the horns of beasts, &c. And I would have it ointment, if you wipe it off from the sword and tried both ways; both by rubbing those parts keep it, will serve again; and rather increase in with lard, or elder, as before, and by cutting off virtue than diminish. Tenthly, it will cure in far some piece of those parts, and laying it to con- shorter time than ointments of wounds commonly sume: to see whether it will work any effect to-do. Lastly, it will cure a beast, as well as a man, wards the consumption of that part which was which I like best of all the rest, because it subonce joined with it.

jecteth the matter to an easy trial. 993. It is constantly received and avouched, that the anointing of the weapon that maketh

Experiment solitary touching secrel properties. the wound, will heal the wound itself. In this experiment, upon the relation of men of credit, 999. I would have men know, that though I though myself, as yet, am not fully inclined to reprehend the easy passing over the causes of believe it, you shall note the points following: things, by ascribing them to secret and hidden first, the ointment wherewith this is done is virtues, and proprieties, for this hath arrested and made of divers ingredients; whereof the strangest laid asleep all true inquiry and indications, yet I and hardest to come by, are the moss upon the do not understand, but that in the practical part skull of a dead man unburied, and the fats of a of knowledge, much will be left to experience and boar and a bear killed in the act of generation. probation, whereunto indication cannot so fully 'These two last I could easily suspect to be pre- reach: and this not only in specie, but in indiviscribed as a starting-hole: that if the experiment duo. So in physic; if you will cure the jaunproved not, it might be pretended that the beasts dice, it is not enough to say, that the medicine were not killed in the due time; for as for the moss, must not be cooling; for that will hinder the openit is certain there is great quantity of it in Ireland, ing which the disease requireth : that it must not be upon slain bodies, laid on heaps unburied. The hot; for that will exasperate choler: thut it must other ingredients are, the blood-stone in powder, go to the gall; for there is the obstruction which and some other things, which seem to have a causeth the disease, &c. But you must receive from virtue to stanch blood; as also the moss hath. 'experience that powder of Chamapytis, or the And the description of the whole ointment is to be like, drunk in beer, is good for the jaundice, So found in the chymical dispensatory of Crollius. again a wise physician doth not continue still the Secondly, the same kind of ointment applied to same medicine to a patient; but he will vary, if the hurt itself worketh not the effect; but only the first medicine doth not apparently succeed : applied to the weapon. Thirdly, which I like for of those remedies that are good for the jaundice, well, they do not ve the confecting of the stone, agues, &c., that will do good in one body ointment under any certain constellation; which which will not do good in another; according to commonly is the excuse of magical medicines the correspondence the medicine hath to the indiwhen they fail, that they were not made under a vidual body.

Esperiment solilary touching the general sympathy men came forth out of one divine limbus; else of men's spirits.

why should men be so much affected with that 1060. The delight which men have in popular- which others think or say? The best temper of ity, fame, honour, submission, and subjection of minds desireth good name and true honour: the other men's minds, wills, or affections, although lighter, popularity and applause: the more dethese things may be desired for other ends, seem- praved, subjection and tyranny; as is seen in eth to be a thing in itself without contemplation great conquerors and troublers of the world : and of consequence, grateful and agreeable to the na- yet more in arch-heretics ; for the introduction of ture of man. This thing, surely, is not without new doctrines is likewise an affectation of tyranny some signification, as if all spirits and souls of over the understandings and beliefs of men.

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