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22 ) 40
-403 margin, copied from the New Jephthah
6 Analysis of Dr. HALes, vol. i. Ibzan
7 p. 101, that Jephthah rose to Elon
10 the government of Gilead 363 Abdon
years after the death of Moses. VI. Serv. Philist. 2
According to the scriptures, Samson last 20 years se however, only 318 years bad Eli
elapsed: because Moses con. VII. Serv. Philist. 20 quered Gilead in the last year Samuel
12 of his life, Deut. ii. 14, 16—24. Saul and Samuel 187.. -iii. 1—7. the Israelites had Saul
held quiet possession of it 300 David
40 years prior to the Ammonitish Solomon
3 tyranny, Judges xi. 26. and -218 that oppression had lasted 18 - years when Jephthah accepted
621 the government of Gilead,Judg. x. 8. The fidelity of these statements is demonstrable from Josephus himself; for he assigns a rest of 40 years to Israel, after the discomfiture of Midian by Gideon, which limitation indi. cates that after the expiration of that period an oppression en. sued: and as the Ammonitish invasion stands next on record, that, and that alone, was the circumstance which terminated the rest under Gideon : otherwise the rest is extended to the death of Jair,and embraces a period of 38 years. This, however, is impossible; not only because the rest is expressly limited to 40 years, but from the apostacy of Israel; for “as soon as Gideon was dead—the children of Israel turned again-after Baalim, and made Baal-berith their god.” Judg. viii. 33, Agreeably, therefore, to the usual procedure of the divine go. vernment, the Lord sold them into the hands of their enemies, as related Judg. x. 6-9. See notes (*) p. 138, and ) p. 149.
But the most formidable departure of Josephas from the Hebrew Scriptures, in this epocha, is in extending its dura. tion to 621 years According to the Hebrew bible it contains
479 years; a period, not only long enough to embrace all the events assigned to it by the sacred penmen, but which cannot be exterded without seriously embarrassing the chronology.
479 For if the 40 years of Moses's government, the 40 70 years of David's life, and the 3 years of Solomon's 70 reign anterior to the foundation of the temple, be 3 -113 deducted from the length of the whole epocha, there
will be a residue of 366 years. This reaches from 4 | 366 the sacking of Jericho to the birth of David, and is
occupied by four generations only-Salmon, Boaz,
911 Obed, and Jesse, (Ruth iv. 21, 22. i Chrop. ii. 11, 12. Matt. i. 5.) each averaging 911 years. This unusual protraction of life, through so many successive generations, the Rev. 'T. STACKHOUSE (Hist. of the Bible, book 5. chap. iv. diss. 4.) considers as no small obstacle to the rectification of the Hebrew Chronology.
621 But in the larger computation of Josephus, in. 40 stead of 912 years for each generation, we have 70 the enormous sum of 127 years : which result, con3 -113 sidering especially that the average of 14 generations
from Abraham, B. c. 2008, to David, B. c. 2919, is 4 | 508 only 65 years each, is decidedly fatal to this portiou
- of the Chronology of the Jewish historian; and
127 clearly demonstrates the superior claims of the Chronology of the sacred writers to our regard.
From Foundation of the Temple to the Capticity of the Ten Tribes.
1 Jeroboam I. 3044 17 ....
17 ...... 3045 1 Abijah..
18 ....... 3047 3
1 Asa .... 120 .... 3048 2 Asa .....
I Kings vi. 1. -
1 Kings xii. 1, 2, 29. . 2 Chron. xii, 13.
1 Kings xv. 1.
In this epocha the general outline of the Chronology has been adjusted by the sacred writers, by the concatenation of the reigns of the Jewish and Israelitish kings.
The period that elapsed between the building of the temple A. M. 2991, and the year in which Jerusalem was taken by Nebuchadnezzar, A. M. 3417 is 426 years. But Josephus Temple fd. by Solm. 37 extends it to 441 years; presenting Rehoboam
17 an excess of 14 years or thereabouts, A bijah
3 beyond the term assigned in ScripAsa
41 ture. Annexed is his compntation, Jehoshaphat 25 as amended by Dr. Hales, New Jehoram
8 Analysis, vol. i. $ 2. art. 4. from Abaziah
I which it is not only obvious that his Athaliah
6 numbers have been obtained from Joash
40 Scripture, but that in placing them Amaziah
29 in succession one after the other, he Interregnum 11 has overlooked the deductions which Uzziah
52 should be made for those years when Jotham
16 father and son reigned conjointly: Ahaz
16 for it was a practice common to the Hezekiah
29 Israelitish and Jewish princes, to. Manasseh
55 wards the close of the reigns, to Amon
2 associate their sons with them in the Joisah
31 government. Thus he reckons 8 Jehoahaz 3m. 10d. years for Jehoram, 29 for Amaziah, Jehoiakim
11 and 29 for Hezekiah, being certainly Jehoiachin 3m. thelengths of their respective reigns: Zedekiah
11 but it is most evident, from the plain.
est testimony of Scripture, that four 441 years of Jehoram's reign fall within
- Jehoshaphat's, 2 Kings viii. 16. three of Amaziah’s within that of Joash, and three of Hezekiah’s within that of Abaz.
From the foregoing table it appears that the kingdom of the ten tribes, from its commencement under Jeroboam,
A. M. 3128, to the captivity A. M. 3286, lasted 259 years. Its decline may be considered as coeval with its commencement; because idolatry, which Jeroboam made the established religion of the land, and to which all the Israelitish princes were more or less addicted, separated them from the favour of God. The history of the country is strikingly illustrative of this-presenting little more than a scene of abominable idolatries, tyrannies, persecutions, assassinations, and anarchy. During the short period of its continuance the throne was occupied by twenty princes of ten different families—a circumstance perhaps unparalleled either in ancient or modern history, and affording a striking illustration of Solomon's remark, that for the transgression of a land many are the princes thereof. Prov. xxviii. 2.
Some of the difficulties in this epocha are attributable to the mistakes of transcribers; thus in 2 Chron. xxii. 2. Ahaziah, Jehoram's youngest son, is said to have been forly-two years old at his accession: whereas his father was only forty years old at his death, xxi. 20. This error is rectified by the parallel history in 2 Kings viii. 26. Again in 2 Kings xv. 30, the writer appears to have confounded the length of the reign of Pekah with that of Jotham; the former reigning 20, the latter only 16 years.*
Not a few, however, of the embarrassments, in which the chronology is involved, arise from the inattention of the sacred writers to the lesser periods of time, which are seldom noticed by them. Thus Hezekiah began his reign in the third year of Hosea, king of Israel, but the month is not stated; in the table therefore the 1st year of Hezekiah and the 3rd of Hosea stand on one line: but it is evident that the beginning of the first year of Hezekiah coincided with the latter part of the 3rd
* It is bardly possible that the same individual could have written v. 30. and v. 33. of 2 Kings xv. But whether it were so or not, they prove how little care the compilers of the Jewish annals took to adjust their Chronology.