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TABLE II.

From the Deluge to the Death of Moses.

1818.

131 ....
141 .....

A.M.
1658 1 Arphacad

Gen.xi.10_24. 1692 35 1693 1 Salah 1722 30 1723 1 Eber 1756

34 1757

i Peleg 1786

30 1787 1 Reu

32 1819

i Serug 1848 30 1849 1 Nahor 1877| 29 18788 1 Terah 2008

1 Abram 2018

11

1 Sarah 2082 205 75-called 65

xii. 4. 2083 1 Year of Prom. 76

66

xi. 32. 2094 12............ 87

77
1 Ishmael ....

xvi. 16. 2106 24

99
89 .......
13

xvii. 24,25. 2107 25......

100
90 ........
14

xxi. 5. 2108 26 1 Isaac 101

91

15 2144 62/ 37

137
127 - dies 51

xxiii. 1 2147 65 40 marries 140

54

XXV, 20, 2158) 76 51 151*

65*

#xi. 11. 2167) 85/ 60 .......... 160

74 2168) 861 61

161
1 Jacob 75

XXV, 26. 2182 100 75 175 dies 15

89

XXV, 7. 2230/148|123 63 ........137 dies

17. 2258|176 151

91

1 Joseph 2274/192167 ............ 107

17

Xxxvii, 2, 28. 2287205 180 dies

120
30 governs Egypt

xli. 46. 2296214 1 Famine 129

39 2297 215

2
130
40

xlvii. 9. Year of 2298/216) 1 Sojourn 3

131 .....
41

xlv: 6, 11. in Egypt 2302 220 5. ends 135

45 2314|232) 17 147 - dies 57

xlvii. 28. 2367|285 70 .....

110 dies

1. 22. 2429|347 132

1 Aaron 2432/350 135

1 Moses 2471|389 174

40 2472390/175

44
41 in Midian

Acts vii, 23. 2474/392 177

43
1 Caleb

Exod. vii. 7. 2511 429214

83
80
38

Acts vii. 30.

Exod. xii. 40. 2512430/215

84
81
39 1 Exodus

Gal. iji. 17. 2513

85
82

2

Josh. xiv. 7.

Deut. 1. 3. 2551

120 dies

40

........

sold ....

4 ...... 43.......

46 ....

40 .

78 ..

xxxiv, 7.

* Shem died this year at the age of 600 years.

TABLE III.

From the Death of Moses to the Foundation of the Temple. .

Year after

Exodus.

After conq.!
Se of Gilead.

185...

13.....

A.M.
2552 41
1 Joshua

179 Caleb
2558
47
7

Josh, xiv. 10. 2598 87 47 47 Joshua and Elders 2599 88 48 1 Cushan-rishathaim

Judg. iii. 8. 2606 95 55 | 8 2007 96 56 1 Othniel

iii. 9-11. 26-16 135 95 40 2647| 136 96 1 Eglon

iii. 12, 14. 2664 153 113 18 2665 154 114/1 Ehud

iii. 15, 30. 2744 233 193 80 2745 234194 1 Jabin

iv, 2, 3. 2764 253 213 20 N.B. Shamgar Jives during this period.

V. 6-7. 2765 254214 1 Deborah and Barak

iv. 15, 23. 2789 278 238 25 2804 293 253 40

16

V. 31. 2805 294 254| 1 The Midianites 2811 300 260 7

vi. 1-6. 2812 301 261 1 Gideon .......

124

vii. 19-23. 2839 328288 28

1 Sam. 51 2847 336 296 36 ............

9......59 2851 340 300 40 ............

63

viii. 28.

Six. 6. 2852 311 1 Ammonites

1 Abim. 14...... 64

xi. 4, 26. 2854 343 3.......

3...... 16. 66 8 ix. 22, 54. 2855 314 4.......

1 Tola 17. 167 9 x. 1. 2869 358 18............

31. 81 23 X. 7,8.

Şx.7,17,18. 2870 359 1 Philistines 1 Jephthah 16 32. 182 21

xi. 4, 5. 2875) 364 6.......

6..

21

37 8729 xii. 7. 2876 365 7........

1 lbcan 22
38. 88 30

xii. S. 28771 366 8.......

2.

23.. 39. 89 31 2878 367 9......

3..

1 Jair 10... 90 32 X. 3. 2882 371 13...

7.
5

94 36 2883 372 14.

1 Elon

6
15 195 37 xii. 11.

S 1 Sam. iv. II, 2836 375 17 Ark taken 4.

9

98 40

? 15, 18. 2887 376 181 1 restorer!. 5

10
19

vi. 1. 2892, 381 23 6 remains 10.

15 54 2893 382 24 7 in Kirjath) 1 Abdon 16

Judg. xii. 13. 2899 388 30 13 Jearim.

22

61 2900 389 31 14

8.

102 2906 395 37 20

68.

1 Sam. vii. 2. 2907 396 38

169 2908 397 39

70

1 Saul X. 24. 2909 398 40

2..... xiii. xiv.

10. 2917 436

Sxxxi. 6.

Acts xiii. 21. 2948 437

1 David .. 2987 476 40

1 Kings ij. 11. 2988 477 1 Solomon 2991 480 4 founds the Temple

vi. l.

SS A- becomes Judge

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48.....

55..

The key to the Scriptural epocha of the Judges is to be found in the speech of Jephthah to the king of Ammon, Judg. xi. 26. from which it appears that the Israelites, previous to the Ammonitish invasion, had enjoyed peaceable possession of the lands of the Amoritish kings, Og and Bashan, 300 years. The era of this invasion divides the whole epocha into two parts ; and thence we reckon backwards to Moses, and forward to the building of the temple. In the foregoing table the full periods of oppression and rest are, in every case, allowed, agreeably to the plain, untortured meaning of the sacred wri. ters; and the harmonious resolution of the aggregated details into the two grand periods defined in the record, may be considered as the proof of its correctness.

On the inspection of this table it will appear, that the aggregate of the years of oppression and rest, calculated from the death of Gideon to the commencement of the tyranny of Cushan, is 253 years; which amount leaves, consequently, 47 years for the duration of the government of Joshua and the elders.

That as the rest of “ forty years in the days of Gideon” necessarily ended at his death, the Ammonitisk invasion, which began the next tyranny on record, was the circumstance that brought it to a close.

That the usurpation of Abimelech immediately followed the death of Gideon.

That two judges-Tola and Jair, followed Abimelech in direct succession: the duration of whose government extended to the 318th year from the conquest of Gilead.

That Jephthah was chosen to be head over the Gileadites within 318 years of that conquest, and after the Ammonites had oppressed them 18 years: and that his administration, with that of his successors, Ibzan, Elon, and Abdon, consisting of 31 years, extended to the 349th year after the conquest of Gilead. Consequently, the successors of Abimelech, on the west of Jordan, were cotemporary with Jephthah and his successors in Gilead.

That after the Ammonites had oppressed Gilead 18 years, the Philistines fell upon Western Israel, and began their tyranny of forty years' continuance, during which period Eli, the high priest, officiated as judge, and Samson began to deliver Israel.

That during this oppression the Philistines defeated the attempt of the Israelites to cast off the yoke, and captured the ark (which after seven months they sent back); and that Eli died in the 98th year of his age, having judged Israel 40 years.

That the ark abode twenty years iu Kirjath-jearim.

That the oppression of the Philistines lasted until the 2nd year of the reign of Saul: until which time the Philistines had garrisons in Israel, and had Hebrews in their armies. Conseqnently, as this servitnde reaches from the 18th year of the Ammonitish invasion of Gilead to the 2nd year of King Saul, the aggression of the Philistines mentioned cursorily, Judges x. 7. is the same as that noticed xiii. 1. where the sacred writer resumes the narrative he had before dropt, for the purpose

of relating the circumstances of the Ammonitish war, and some incidental matters concerning the Gileaditish succession.

From 1 Sam. vii. some have concluded that the twenty years' sojourn of

the ark in Kirjath-Jearim measures the period of another servitude to the Philistines, from which the Lord delivered them by Samuel. This deliverance, however, was only partial, probably a short respite to the tribes in the vicinity of the Philistines. For though " the hand of the Lord was against the Philistines all the days of Samuel;” it is obvious from 1 Sam. ix. 16. that during the remainder of his government, be fore he had even seen Saul, the oppression of the Philistines made the Israelites cry unto God; which would not have been the case had the deliverance been complete. The Philistines, as before noticed, had, at Saul's accession, possession of the garrisons; and even the ranks of their armies were recruited by Hebrews.

40

The precise time when Samuel entered on the office of a judge is not stated; but no doubt it was on the death of Eli, which immediately followed that of his sons. At the election of Saul to be king, Samuel was" old and grey headed," 1 Sam. xii. 2. therefore if we suppose him to have been seventy at the utmost, he must have been born in the fiftyfirst year of Eli's age, eight years before that priest began to act as

a judge. This epocha embraces, according to the Scriptures, 479 years. Josephus, however, assigns 621 years; and Dr. HALES, who adopts his computation, adduces in support of this estimate, the testimony of St. Paul, who interposes 450 years between the conquest of Canaan and the adminstration Josephus's Chronolog. of Samuel, Acts xiii. 20. This

of this period. passage, however, rather emExode, Moses

barrasses the Hebrew Chrono.

40 logy, than substantiates that of Joshua

25 Josephus ;* whose computation Interregnum

18 of the periods of this epocha I. Serv. Mesop.

8 differs from the Hebrew calcu. Othniel

40 lation, not merely in the aggre. II. Serv. Moab

18 gate, bnt in the details. It is Ehud.

80 enough, however, for the preShamgar

1 sent purpose, to examine two III. Serv. Canaan 20 of the capital dates, either of Deborah and Barak 40 which demonstrates the IV. Serv. Midian 7 periority of the Hebrew ChroGideon

40 nology to that of the Jewish Abimelech

3 historian — the accession of Tola

Jephthah to the dignity of a Jair

22 judge, and the foundation of V. Serv. Ammon 18

the temple. -363

It appears by the table in the

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23

* Mr. WHISTON supposes that the Jews considered the aggregate of the years of all the oppressions and rests under the Judges, reckoned up in succession, from Cushan to Eli inclusive, together with the 20 years of Samuel, as the proper measure of their theocracy: because the total is exactly 450 years.

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