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reri's Travels, where the Doctor laughs at this whole account of Mount Ararat.

Page 191. The Gheber belt that round him clung. “ Pour se distinguer des Idolatres de l'Inde, les Guebres se ceignent tous d'un cordon de laine, ou de poil de chameau." Encyclopédie Françoise.

D'Herbelot says this belt was generally of leather.

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Page 192.

Who morn and even
Hail their Creator's dwelling-place

Amang the living lights of Heaven. “ As to fire, the Ghebers place the spring-head of it in that globe of fire, the Sun, by them called Mythras, or Mihir, to which they pay the highest reverence, in gratitude for the manifold benefits flowing from its ministerial omniscience. But they are so far from confounding the subordination of the Servant with the majesty of its Creator, that they not only attribute no sort of sense or reasoning to the sun or fire, in any of its operations, but consider it as a purely passive blind instrument, directed and governed by the immediate impression on it of the will of God; but they do not even give that luminary, all glorious as it is, more than the second rank amongst his works, reserving the first for that stupendous production of divine power, the mind of man.” Grose. The false charges brought against the religion of these people by their Mussulman tyrants is but one proof among many of the truth of this writer's remark, “that calumny is often added to oppression, if but for the sake of justifying it.”

Page 197.
That tree which grows over the tomb of the musician

Tan-Sein. 66 Within the enclosure which surrounds this monument (at Gualior) is a small tomb to the memory of Tan-Sein, a musician of incomparable skill, who flourished at the court of Akbar. The tomb is over-shadowed by a tree, concerning which a superstitious notion prevails, that the chewing of its leaves will give an extraordinary melody to the voice." - Narrative of a Journey from Agra to Ouzein, by W. Hunter, Esq.

Page 197. The awful signal of the bamboo-staff It is usual to place a small white triangular flag, fixed to a bamboo staff of ten or twelve feet long, at the place where a tiger has destroyed a man. It is common for the passengers also to throw each a stone or brick near the spot, so that in the course of a little time a pile equal to a good waggon-load is collected. The sight of these flags and piles of stones imparts a certain melancholy, not perhaps altogether void of apprehension." - Oriental Field Sports, vol. ü.

Page 198. Beneath the shade some pious hands had erected, &c. “ The Ficus Indica is called the Pagod Tree and Tree of Councils; the first from the idols placed under its shade; the second, because meetings were held under its cool branches. In some places it is believed to be the haunt of spectres, as the ancient spreading oaks of Wales have been

of fairies : in others are erected beneath the shade pillars of stone, or posts, elegantly carved and ornamented with the most beautiful porcelain to supply the use of mirrors.". Pennant.

Page 200. The nightingale now bends her flight. “ The nightingale sings from the pomegranate-groves in the day-time, and from the loftiest trees at night.”-Russels Aleppo.

Page 204. Before whose sabre's dazzling light, &c. “ When the bright cimiters make the eyes


our heroes wink.” The Moallakat, Poems of Amru.

Page 204.
As Lebanon's small mountain-flood
Is rendered holy by the ranks

Of sainted cedars on its banks. In the Lettres Edifiantes, there is a different cause assigned for its name of Holy. - In these are deep caverns, which formerly served as so many cells for a great number of recluses, who had chosen these retreats as the only witnesses upon earth of the severity of their penance. The tears of these pious penitents gave the river of which we have just treated the name of the Holy River.” — v. Chateaubriand's Beauties of Christianity.

Page 208.
A rocky mountain o'er the sea

Of Oman beetling awfully.
This mountain is my own creation, as the “ stupendous

chain” of which I suppose it a link does not extend quite so far as the shores of the Persian Gulf. “ This long and lofty range of mountains formerly divided Media from Assyria, and now forms the boundary of the Persian and Turkish empires. It runs parallel with the river Tigris and Persian Gulf, and almost "disappearing in the vicinity of Gomberoon (Harmozia) seems once more to rise in the southern districts of Kerman, and following an easterly course through the centre of Meckraun and Balouchistan, is entirely lost in the deserts of Sinde.” — Kinneir's Persian Empire.

Page 209.
That bold were Moslem, who would dare
At twilight hour to steer his skiff

Beneath the Gheber's lonely cliff. “ There is an extraordinary hill in this neighbourhood, called Kohé Gubr or the Guebre's mountain. It rises in the form of a lofty cupola, and on the summit of it, they say, are the remains of an Atush Kudu or Fire Temple. It is superstitiously held to be the residence of Deeves or Sprites, and many marvellous stories are recounted of the injury and witchcraft suffered by those who essayed in former days to ascend or explore it." Pottinger's Beloochistan.

Page 210. Still did the mighty flame burn on. “ At the city of Yezd in Persia, which is distinguished by the appellation of the Darüb Abadut, or Seat of Religion, the Guebres are permitted to have an Atush Kudu or Fire Temple (which, they assert, has had the sacred fire in it

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since the days of Zoroaster) in their own compartment of the city ; but for this indulgence they are indebted to the avarice,, not the tolerance of the Persian government, which taxes them at twenty-five rupees each man." — Pottinger's Beloochistan.

Page 214.

while on that altar's fires They swore. - Nul d'entre eux oseroit se perjurer, quand il a pris à témoin cet élement terrible et vengeur.” - Encyclopedie Françoise.

Page 215. The Persian lily shines and towers. “ A vivid verdure succeeds the autumnal rains, and the ploughed fields are covered with the Persian lily, of a resplendent yellow colour" - Russel's Aleppo.

Page 222.
Like Dead Sea fruits, that tempt the eye,

But turn to ashes on the lips. “ They say that there are apple-trees upon the sides of this sea, which bear very lovely fruit, but within are all full of ashes.” Thevenot. The same is asserted of the oranges there ; v. Witman's Travels in Asiatic Turkey.

“ The Asphalt Lake, known by the name of the Dead Sea, is very remarkable on account of the considerable proportion of salt which it contains. In this respect it surpasses every other known water on the surface of the earth. This great proportion of bitter tasted salts is the reason why


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