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X. And, to secure the return of the said ships (the danger of the seas excepted) and the payment for the said provisions, sufficient hostages shall be given.
XI. That the garisons of Clare-Castle, Ross, and all other foot that are in garisons, in the counties of Clare, Cork, and Kerry, shall have the advantage of this capitulation ; and such part of the garisons, as design to go beyond the seas, shall march out with their arms, baggage, drums beating, ball in mouth, match lighted at both ends, colours Aying, with all their provisions, and half the ammunition, that is in the said garison's town, with the horse that march to be transported; or, if then there is not shipping enough, the body of foot, that is to be transported next after the horse, General Ginckle will order, that they be furnished with carriages for that purpose, and what provision they shall want for their march, they paying for the said provisions, or else, that they may take it out of their own magazines.
XII. That all the troops of horse and dragoons, that are in the counties of Cork, Kerry, and Clare, shall have the benefit of this capitulation; and that such, as will pass into France, shall have quarters given them in the counties of Clare and Kerry, a-part from the troops commanded by General Ginckle, until they can be shipped ; and, within their quarters, they shall pay for all things, excepting forage, and pasture for their horses, which shall be furnished gratis.
XIII. Those of the garison of Sligo, that are joined to the Irish army, shall have the benefit of this capitulation; and orders shall be sent to them, that are to convey them up, to bring them hither to Limerick the shortest way.
XIV. The Irish may have liberty to transport nine hundred horse, including horses for the officers, which shall be transported gratis ; and, as for the troops that stay behind, they shall dispose of themselves, as they shall think fit, giving up their arms and horses, to such persons as the general shall appoint.
XV. It shall be permitted, for those that are appointed to take care for the subsistence of the horse, that are willing to go into France, to buy hay and corn at the king's rates, where ever they can find it, in the quarters that are assigned for them, without any lett or molestation, and to carry all necessary provisions out of the city of Limerick; and, for this purpose, the general will furnish convenient carriages for them, to the place where they shall be imbarqued.
XVI. It shall be lawful to make use of the hay, preserved in the stores of the county of Kerry, for the horses that shall be imbarqued; and, if there be not enough, it shall be lawful to buy hay and oats, where-ever they shall be found, at the king's rates.
XVII. That all prisoners of war, that were in Ireland the twenty-eighth of September, shall be set at liberty on both sides; and the general promises to use his endeavours, that the prisoners, that are in England and Flanders, shall be set at liberty also.
XVIII. The general will cause provisions and medicines to be furnished to the sick and wounded officers, troups, dragoons, and sol. diers of the Irish army, that cannot pass into France at the first imbarquement; and, after they are cured, will then order ships to pass into France, if they are willing.
XIX. That, at the signing hereof, the general will send a ship express to France; and then, besides, will furnish two small ships, of those that are now in the river of Limerick, to transport two persons into France, that are to be sent to give notice of this Creaty; and that the commanders of the said ships shall have or ders to put a shore at the next place of France, where they sball
XX. That all those of the said troops, officers, and others, of what character soever, that would pass into France, shall not be stopped, on the account of debt, or any other pretence.
XXI. If, after signing this present treaty, and before the arrival of the fleet, a French packet-boat, or other transport-ship, shall arrive from France, in any other part of Ireland, the general will order a passport, not only for such as must go on board the said ship, but to the ships to come to the nearest port, to the place where the troops, to be transported, shall be quartered.
XXII. That, after the arrival of the said fleet, there shall be a free communication, and passage, between it and the abovesaid troops; and especially, for all those that have passes from the chief commanders of the said fleet, or from Monsieur Tumeron, the intendant.
XXIII. In consideration of the present capitulation, the town of Limerick shall be delivered, and put into the hands of the general, or any other person he shall appoint, at the time and days hereafter specified, viz. the Irish town, except the magazines and hospital, on the day of signing the present articles; and, as for the English town, it shall remain, togeiher with the island, and the free passage of Thomond-Bridge, in the hands of those of the Irish army that are in the garison, or that shall hereafter come from the counties of Cork, Clare, Kerry, Sligo, and other places, above-mentioned, until there be convenience found for their tranş. portation.
XXIV. And, to prevent all disorders that may happen between the garisons, that the general shall place in the Irish town, which shall be delivered to him, and the Irish troopers that shaļl remain in the English town and island; which they may do, until the troops be imbarqued on the first fifty ships that shall be gone for France, and no longer; they shall intrench themselves on both sides, to hinder the communication of the said garisons; and it shall be prohibited on both sides, to offer any thing offensive, and the par-, ties offending shall be punished on either side.
XXV. That it shall be lawful for the said garison to march out all at once, or at different times, as they can be imbarqued, with arms, baggage, drums beating, match lighted at both ends, bullet in mouth, colours flying, six brass guns, such as the besieged will choose, two mortar-pieces, and half the ammunition that is now in the magazines of the said place: and, for this purpose, an inven. tory of all the ammunition of the said garison shall be made, in the presence of any person that the general shall appoint, the next day after the present articles shall be signed.
XXVI. All the magazines of provisions shall remain in the hands of those that are now employed to take care of the same, for the subsistence of those of the Irish army that will pass
into France; and that, if there shall not be sufficient in the stores, for the support of the said troops, while they stay in this kingdom, and are crossing the seas, that, upon giving account of their number, the general will furnish them with sufficient provisions, at the king's rates; and that there shall be a free market at Limerick, and other quarters, where the said troops shall be; and, in case any provisions shall remain in the magazines of Limerick, when the town shall be given up, it shall be valued, and the price deducted out of what is to be paid for the provisions to be furnished to the troops on shipboard.
XXVII. That there shall be a cessation of arms at land, and also at sea, with respect to the ships, whether English, Dutch, or French, designed for the transportation of the said troops, until they be returned to their respective harbours; and that, on both sides, they shall be furnished sufficiently with passports, both the ships and men ; and, if any sea commander, or captain of a ship, or any officer, troop, dragoon, soldier, or other person, shall act contrary to this cessation, the persons, so acting, shall be punished on either side, and satisfaction shall be made for the wrong done; and officers shall be sent to the mouth of the river of Limerick, to give notice to the commanders of the English and French fleets, of the present conjuncture, that they may observe the cessation of arms accordingly.
XXVIII. That, for the security of the execution of this present capitulation, and of each article herein contained, the besieged shall give the following hostages and the general shall give
XXIX. If, before this capitulation is fully executed, there happens any change in the government, or command of the army, which is now commanded by General Ginckle; all those, that shall be appointed to command the same, shall be obliged to observe and execute what is specified in these articles, or cause it to be executed punctually, and shall not act contrary, on any account whatsoever. October, 1691.
BARON DE GINCKLE.
FRENCH INVASION EXAMINED*,
INFORMATION OF THE PEOPLE OF ENGLAND. London : Printed for R. Clavel, at the Peacock, in St. Paul's Church-yard, 1692.
May 25th, 1692. Let this be printed, Nottingham. Quarto, containing twenty Pages.
among us, is a blessing which we cannot sufficiently understand, unless we consider the woeful desolation it hath made in all neighbouring nations: nor are they at all sensible bow much they owe to God, and their majesties, for keeping us in peace, who give the least encouragement to this intended descent, which must turn our land into an Aceldama, and will make such woeful havock of our lives and fortunes, while one party fights for safety, and the other for revenge, that no age can parallel the horrid consequences of such a civil war as this will prove. And, if papists only (blind. ed
by zeal for their religion, and blown up with hopes of absolute empire) encouraged this bloody design, it would be no wonder, and could have no success, considering the general aversion of the people to them, and the fresh_instances of their insolence and cruelty,
But alas! it appears that many, who call themselves Protestants, are engaged in this fatal conspiracy against their religion, and their native country; which is so prodigious and amazing, that a man would wonder who hath bewitched these foolish Galatians to push on their own and the church's ruin: and every one must be inquisitive into the specious pretences by 'which these men are induced to become their own executioners.
Now the pretended motives are these:
2. Delivering us from the oppressions we suffer under the present king.
3. Settling the government upon its old basis.
Now it becomes every true English Protestant to examine these pretences very well, before be venture on a thing of so evil appearance and dangerous consequence, as is the joining with these invaders.
• Vide the 68th article in the catalogue of pamphlets.
First, It is pretended, the late king was unjustly deprived of his birth-right by his subjects, who, by nature and oaths, were bound to defend him in the possession of it: and, now that he comes to demand his own, all that ever were his subjects must either assist, or at least not oppose him.
But let it be considered, that all the late king's sufferings were owing to, and caused by the counsels of his Popish priests, and the bigots of that persuasion : protestants were not the aggressors ; he might have kept his possession to this day undisturbed, if he had not made such open and bold attempts upon our laws, our religion, and properties; so that he was the first and only cause of his own sufferings: and why should millions be involved in blood and ruin, who are perfectly innocent of doing this injury? No free nation did ever hear more or greater injuries, or endure such violences so long, or so patiently as we did: and, when some stop was to be put to the final ruin of our liberties and religion, it was done at first by petitions and complaints; and, when they were despised, none but defensive arms were taken up by some few, and by a foreign prince, only to cover their heads, while the grievances were fairly redressed ; not to take away his rights, but to secure our own. Nor did the Prince of Orange, or these gentlemen, devest or deprive him of his throne, but owned his right by offering a treaty, during the continuance of which he disbanded his army, dissolved bis government, and, as much as in him lay, attempted to desert the throne, and seek aids from an enemy's country, which might secure him against redressing any grievances, and enable him to be revenged upon the injured complainers. We did not make the throne vacant; but the late archbishop, and other peers at Guildhall, believed he had left it void, or else they would not, without his consent, have seized on the administration of govern. ment, secured his chancellor, taken possession of the Tower, and offered the exercise of the supreme power to the Prince of Orange. He left us in anarchy, and we provided for ourselves in the best manner such a juncture would allow. I will not inquire now, whe. ther these subjects, who are so zealous for his return, were not bound to do more than they did, to keep him in his throne, while he had it; their conscience then permitted them to look on, and let him sink, while bis security had been far more easily compassed : but they, who bave now these unseasonable pangs of their old loyalty, must consider, that a man may leave his right when he pleaseth, but may not take it again at bis pleasure, especially not by force, and this most especially as to sovereign power. Somebody must govern, when he would not; the next undoubted heir, in an hereditary monarchy, must; and whoever doth govern in chief in this nation must be king, by our constitution, and must have power safficient to protect himself and the nation against all their enemies ; and that cannot be without swearing new allegiance, Now, when a king and queen are declared, submitted to, and owned by oaths, and all other methods required in such case, the king is not at liberty to give up his own power, and the protec