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89 Suicide, Duelling, and Boxing --Trade and Commerce. 90 SUICIDE, DUELLING, AND BOXING,

which the combatants fell nearly one

hundred times, and in which DesboBRANCHES OF ONE FAMILY.

rough had his jaw broken nearly three ALTHOUGH almost every vice has its quarters of an hour before weakness advocates, as well as votaries, we have overcame his fury. At length, Humnot found many who have attempted, in berstone fell to rise no more. An inter an open and undisguised manner, to nal rupture was supposed to liave taken undertake the defence of Suicide. David place; and shortly afterwards, his spirit Hume, indeed, has appeared as its scep- entered into eternity, to appear before tical apologist; but his observations are the bar of God. - Where is the noble beneath the dignity of his genius, though patron of this vice, who does not blush they may be admitted to be perfectly at the fatal effects of the evil which he conformable to the principles of his has cherished, by his wealth, bis examcreed. Men of talent and ingenuity ple, and his authority? may, without much difficulty, confound and perplex the most simple proposition that can be conceived ; and, no doubt, if Hume had undertaken to prove, that A learned Bishop being one day in comten and ten could not be twenty, he pany with the celebrated David Garrick, would have advanced some plausible their conversation turned on the influspeculations, equally as imposing as

ence of language, of action, of truth, those, which in some instances he has and of representation, on the passions presented to the world, apparently with of men. “ But how is it,” said his no other view than that of amusing him- Lordship, addressing himself to Garself with the weaknesses of mankind. rick, “ that you, who deal in nothing The man who could persuade others, but fiction, can so affect your audiences, that Vice and Virtue might change their as to throw them into tears; while we, essences, had no occasion to despair of who deliver the most awful and interestsuccess in his attempts to induce a belief ing truths, can scarcely produce any that he could neutralize all moral prin- effect whatever?”—“ My Lord,” replied ciple, and reduce our ideas of good and the Actor, “ here lies the secret: You evil to mere arbitrary distinction. But deliver your truths as if they were ficone remove from self-murder, is the bar- tions; but we deliver our fictions as if barous practice of duelling. The act, they were truths.”. indeed, is not the same; but, in point of moral turpitude, it will be no easy task REPORT OF BRIȚISH TRADE AND COMto assign to each its specific degree of

MERCE FOR MARCH, 1819. guilt. "If A fights with B, he hires B to The effects of the many heavy failures shoot him, upon the forfeiture of his life; which have recently taken place, are it is self-murder, through the medium of still very apparent-in the scarcity of another.

money, the want of confidence, and the The detestable custom of Boxing is languishing state of many of the princianother branch of the same common pal branches of trade: the home-confamily, which can hardly plead a previ. sumption of merchandise is diminished; ous insult in apology for its barbarities. and the defalcation of orders from abroad Its advocates may indeed shelter them- is considerable. The falling off in the selves under the sanction of antiquity. amount of foreign orders cannot be But that school has not much to recom considered very surprising, when the mend its example, whose highest moral fact is known, that British manufactures principle frequently terminated in the have been selling in South America, and barbarous exploits of heroic ferocity. the East Indies, at lower prices than the These reflections have been suggested manufacturers can afford them for at by the following melancholy instance of home; and that the produce of those passion and depravity.

countries have in many instances deOn the 17th of February last, a severe clined so much in value here, that it boxing-match took place at Renwell, would have been profitable to have purnear Stanmore, between Robert Des-chased them with a view to their reborough, a workman on the canal, and exportation, and sale at the places from T. Humberstone, a millwright, in con- whence they were received. Hence, sequence of a previous quarrel, in which as none will sell at ruinous prices who the former was struck by the latter. can avoid it, the stocks of nearly every The battle lasted four hours, during description of foreign produce are accumulating in the warehouses, without the ed about id per lb. and is now 4d per lb prospect of their being disposed of till below the price obtained for it twelve the effects of the overtrading, to which months ago. The decline of this month they are owing, shall wear out. Hap- has partly been occasioned by a superpily those effects are not of a permanent abundant supply, and partly by the nenature; and already the import coni- cessities of those who were compelled to missions which the merchants had sent sell, at whatever sacrifice: the quantity out, have to a great extent been coun- required for the manufactures has not termanded. The foreign commerce of apparently diminished, although the dethe British empire is of such vast magni- ficiency of export orders induces the tude, that whatever materially jars its apprehension that this may ere long be operations, disturbs the harmony, more

the case. Of Dyewoods, Dying Drugs, or less, of every ramification of its inter- Hides and Tallow, the stocks are more nal trade. A long continued vibration, than adequate to the diminished conin the prices of articles of general con- sumption. Tobacco, and Grain of all sumption, such as Sugar, Coffee, and descriptions, are affected by the prevaCotton-wool, reaches at last the weaver lent dulness of trade; and the same at his loom, and the smith at his forge, observation applies, in a greater or less and as it terminates in a decline or degree, to almost every other article of enhancement of the value, lessens or Foreign produce. In a favourable state increases the demand for their occupa of the internal trade of the country, an tions. The state of the market for increased consumption of Timber takes foreign produce, becomes therefore a place at this season of the year; but at primary object of attention.

present its usual consequences-an inThe price of Sugar scarcely varies at crease of demand and prices-are want. this time from the rates current at the ing. There appears to be not so much same period of last year; and the de- a want of occasion for considerable supmand for the article, though not lively, plies, as a temporary hesitation to purcannot be called very dull. Coffee, al- chase, arising from the fear of disapthough 30s to 40s per cwt. above the pointment in pecuniary resources, and prices which it brought twelve months a desire on the part of the sellers, to ago, is at this time 20s per cwt. lower deal only for prompt payment. than in August last; and the present Whilst thus adverting to circumstan. price, which the absence of demand ren- ces of commercial discouragement, we ders still uncertain, may be considered are far from entertaining gloomy ideas 10s per cwt. lower than at the close of of the future. In the general panic, last month. By the fluctuation which which the stagnation of trade has occaspeculation has occasioned in this article, sioned, it has been imagined that the very heavy losses have been sustained. distresses of the year 1816 were to be Let our readers, who seldom perhaps renewed ;-a view of the subject which look at the extended scale of commer- we cannot hesitate to pronounce utterly cial operations, estimate the amount of fallacious. The causes which operated a depreciation of 20s per cwt. on 500 in producing the difficulties of the year tons of coffee, and reflect that £10,000, alluded to, were of the most extensive the result of this calculation, is the defi- and complicated nature; at present, they ciency of means compared with specific in a great degree arise from the overtradengagements, to a merchant of second ing to South America and the East or third rate eminence; let them reflect Indies, and from incautious speculaon the numbers whose demands this tions in the French funds. £10,000 would have satisfied, and then In the mean time, the interests of conceive the aggregate effect of defi- Agriculture have been well sustained, ciencies, taking place in various parts and the farmer has no reason, from geof the kingdom, as within the last month, neral circumstances, to infer that bis to twenty times the amount and twenty situation will not improve; the season is times the number of instances.

rich in promise, and vegetation and Nor is Coffee the article which, to field-labour have seldom been so forthose unaccustomed to the subject, shows ward. Lead is fifty per cent. higher than most conspicuously the result of an alter- in 1816 ; Iron, Tin and Copper sell at ation in price ; a recession of d. per lb. profitable prices ; bills for roads and on a merchant's stock of Cotton-wool, canals, for lighting towns with gas, frequently amounts to £10,000; yet in erecting public edifices, and for effectthe last month Bengal cotton has declin- ing a variety of other local improve93

Trade and Commerce.-State of the Markets, &c.


ments, press upon the utmost attention

DOMESTIC ARTICLES. of Parliament. If the march of the Of the general Prices of domestic artination were retrograde, there would not cles sold in the markets of London, Liver. exist so many corroborative evidences pool, Manchester, Birmingham, and other of the contrary.

principal towns, it was our intention to The great inconvenience which has have given a regular statement. But, been felt in all parts of the country by from the uncertainty in the accounts the scarcity of silver coinage, is now in we have received, it is scarcely possithe course of being remedied, by an ble to give a list that shall be deemed issue of silver coinage from the Mint, correct. To this, the variations which which it is understood will be continued exist in weights and measures in different at the rate of £35,000 per week, till the towns and districts, in no small degree supply appears adequate to the wants contribute; and the confusion which of the nation.

arises from the difficulty of reducing all By an order from the Lords of the to some common standard, points out the Treasury, the Commissioners of Cus- necessity of simplifying these mediums toms are instructed to admit, free of of domestic traffic. duty, importations of printed calicoes The Poor Rates, like the necessaries of and linens, intended to be used merely life, are in most places exceedingly high; as patterns. It is a curious fact, that but the variations are so considerable, the Continental artists exbibit speci- that the sums paid in one town or parishi, mens, of furniture prints especially, can furnish us with no guide for estimat. which for skilfulness of design and co-ing those of others. In the present state louring, are preferred in foreign mar- of this country, there are few subjects kets to our own productions of the same that can be deemed of more importance class; the facility therefore of obtain to all classes of the community, than the ing the best foreign patterns, may teach means provided by law for the support us to add excellence to our unrivalled of the poor. It has already attracted the cheapness.

attention of Parliament; and we have A number of weavers at Carlisle, who reason to hope that the period is near at bave been reduced to a state of severe hand, when measures will be adopted for distress by the want of employment, equalizing the burden which the comhave respectfully come forward with a munity at large must bear. The modes statement of their condition to the ma- of collecting these rates are not less va. gistrates and gentlemen of the city. riable than the sums collected; being Their appeal has not been in vain; but founded in most places on local regulahas been met by a zealous promptitude tions. to render them every possible assistance. The prices of Coals vary considerably The example deserves particular notice; in different places; much depending upon and surely it is not too much to expect, situation, the ease or difficulty with which that men with their eyes open, however they are procured, and the facilities with distressed, should perceive, that every which they can be conveyed from place riotous and illegal proceeding is strew- to place. Of the price of Potatoes we ing thorns in their own path, and marr can hardly be said to have any fixed ing their best interests, by lessening standard, any more than we have of the both the inclination and the power to weights and measures by which they are assist them.

sold. In London the price is 1 d. per Ib. Many hands, amongst the weavers both or 10s. per cwt.; in Liverpool, 25. 4d. for of calico and stockings, and amongst the 841b. ; in Manchester, 9d. for 201b ; Bir. class of labourers, as well as the lowest mingham, 3s. for 80lb.; Glasgow, 1s. for description of the workmen in the dif- 341b.; Lynn, Norfolk, 4s. 6d. for 1921b.; ferent arts, are in want of employment, Portsmouth, 4 d. per gallon. or are not able to earn sufficient for a Meat sold in the shambles, bears, in livelihood ; yet it is a well-founded com- most places, with the exception of Lonplaint, that workmen capable of under-don, a price more nearly approaching to taking the finer or finishing departments uniformity. Beef and Mutton are much of the mechanical arts, cannot be ob- alike, varying from 7d. to 9d. ; while tained in sufficient numbers, even at Pork' occasionally rises as high as 10d. liberal wages. Hence it may be infer- per pound. In these articles, the markets red, that the encouragement which the of the Metropolis may be considered, on skilful are receiving, will gradually bring an average, as about 2d. per lb. higher forward those of lower qualifications. than the sums we have above stated.


Unvarnish'd, I the real truth impart;

Nor here am placed, but to direct the heart.
Survey me well, ye fair ones, and believe,
The grave may terrify, but can't deceive:

On beauty, frailiy's case no more depend
The following Composition is taken from two

Here youth and pleasure, age and sorrows, end. Pillars which stand in the centre of a Laby- Here drops the mask-here shuts the final rinth, in a Grove, near a Nobleman's Seat, scene; in Surry. On the top of each Pillar is a

Nor differs grave threescore, from gay fifteen :

All press alike to that same goal, the tomb ; human Skull, said to belong to a foriner

Where wrinkled Laura smiles at Chloe's bloom. Lord and his Lady, by whom these Lines When coxcombs flatter, and when fools adore, were written. The Pillars were erected | Learn here the lesson—to be vain no more : during their life-time; and by their desire Yet virtue still against decay can arm,

And even lend mortality a charm.
the Skulls were placed on them a certain
time after their decease.

Why start? the case is yours, or will be soon, Once in the flight of ages past,
Some years, perhaps; perhaps, another moon. There lived a Man and who was He !
Lile, in its utmost span, is still a breath, ---Mortal! howe'er thy lot be cast,
And those who longest dream, must wake in That Man resembled Thee.

Unknown the region of his birth,
Like you, I once thought every bliss secure,

The land in which he died unknown : And gold, of every ill, the perfect cure ;

His name hath perished from the earth,
Till steep'd in sorrows, and besieg’d with pain,

This truth survives alone :-
Too late I found all earthly riches vai.
Disease with scorn ihrew back the sordid fee, That joy and grief, and hope and fear,
And Death still answer'd-What is gold to me? Alternate triumph'd in his breast,
Fame, titles, honours, next I vainly sought, His, bliss and woe-a smile, a tear!
And fools obsequious nurst the childish thought.

-Oblivion hides the rest.
Gilded with brib'd applause and purchas’d The bounding pulse, the languid limb,

I built on endless grandeur, endless days;

The changing spirits' rise and fall:

We know that these were selt by him,
But Death awak'd me fro a dream of pride,

For these are felt by all.
And laid a prouder beggar hy my side.
Pleasure I courted, and obey'd my taste;

He suffer'd-but his pangs are o'er;
The banquet smild, and smild the gay repast : Enjoy'd—but his delights are fled;
A loathsome carcase was my constant care,

Had friends-bis friends are now no more, And worlds were ransack'd-hut for me to

And foes-his foes are dead. share.

He lov'd,--but whom he lor'd, the grave Go on, vain man, in luxury be firm;

Hath lost in its unconscious womb: Yet know I feasted, but to feast a worm.

O she was fair ! but nought could save
Already sure less terrible I seem,

Her beauty from the tomb.
And you, like me, can own that life's a dream.
Whether that dream may boast ihe longest The rolling seasons, day and night,

Sun, moon, and stars, the earth and main,
Farewell!remember--lest you wake too late. Erewhile his portion, lise, and light,

To him exist in vain.
Blush not, ye fair, to own me—but be wise- He saw whatever thou hast seen,
Nor turn from sad mortality your eyes :

Encounter'd all that troubles thee;
Fame says, and fame alone can tell how true,

He was—whatever thou hast been; I once was lovely, and belov’d, like you.

He is what thou shalt be.
Where are my vot'ries--where my flatt'rers The clouds and sunbeams, o'er his eye

That once their shades and glory threw;
Fled-with-the subject of each lorer's vow. Have left in yonder silent sky
Adieu-the roses fled-the lilies white;

No vestige where they flew.--
Adieu, those eyes, that made the darkness

The annals of the human race,
No more, alas! that coral lip is seen,

Their ruins, since the world began,
Nor longer breathes the fragrant gale between. Or HIM afford no other trace
Turn from your mirror, and behold in me,

Than this,—THERE LIV'D A MAN!
At once what thousands can't, or dare not see:

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will not let it breathe. Vanity, ambition, pleasure, avarice, quench the

celestial fire. And these, alas ! are too SIR, Liverpool, March 22d, 1819. I send, for insertion in your Mis- much the god of mortals. Ever since

the world began, writers have been cellany, the following sentiments on Devotion, written, I apprehend, about amusing us only with shadows of this twenty years since, by the Rev. Mr. piety, instead of giving its soul and Bennet, a pious clergyman of the in opinions, ceremonies, austerities,

substance. Superstition has placed it Church of England, at the particular request of a young Lady; which you temple, or splendid imagery, which

pilgrimages, persecution, an august are at liberty to dispose of as you may have little connection with sentiment

W. L.

or spirit. Enthusiasm has swelled with unnatural conceptions, and obtruded

a spurious offspring on the world, inDevotion, considered simply in itself, stead of this engaging child of Reason is an intercourse between the creature and Truth ; while the lukewarm have and the Creator; between the supreme, rested in a few outward ceremonies, self-existent, inconceivable Spirit

, who which have had no vigour, and, as they formed and who preserves the uni- sprang not from the heart, never enverse; and that particular spirit, with tered the temple of the Most High. which, for awful reasons,

he has Real piety is of a very different, and animated a portion of matter upon much more animated nature. It looks earth, to give existence to man. It is up to God; sees, hears, and feels him, an act, in which the soul divests itself in every event, in every vicissitude, in of outward things; flies into heaven; all places, in all seasons, and upon all acknowledges its guilt; and pours forth occasions. It is theory, vivified by exall its wants, wishes, hopes, and fears, perience; it is faith, substantiated by into the bosom of an almighty friend. mental enjoyment; it is heaven, trans

Though this devotion, in its first planted into the human bosom; it is stages, may be a wearisome or insipid the radiance of the Divinity, warming exercise, yet this arises merely from and encircling man; it is the spiritual the depravity of our nature, or the sense, gratified by spiritual sensations. influence of our passions. Through Without this, all ceremonies are ineffidivine assistance, a little habitwill over- cacious. Books, prayers, sacraments, come this reluctance. When we have and meditations, are but a body withfairly entered on our journey,“the ways out a soul; a statue without animation. of this wisdom will be ways of pleasant- That man is capable of such an inness, and all its paths peace.” True tercourse with his Maker, there are devotion, doubtless, requires a con- many living witnesses to prove, withsiderable degree of abstraction from the out having recourse to the visions of world; hence, modern Christians treat fanatics, or the dreams of enthusiasts. it as a vision,-hence, many modern Its source may be as clearly ascertainwriters have little of its unction. ed, as those natural causes may be But it glows in the Scriptures; it warms discovered whence visible effects reus in the Fathers; it burned in an sult; and in both cases, the reasonings Austin; and in many other of those which conduct our inquiries to their persecuted Martyrs, who are now with conclusions, are equally philosophical. God. That we hear little of this true God is a spirit; so is the mind: bodies devotion, is not wonderful. It makes can have intercourse; so can souls. no noise in the circles of the learned or When minds are in an assimilating the elegant. Under a heap of worldly state of purity, they have unidir with cares, we smother the lovely infant, and their Maker. This was the bliss of No, 2.-Vol. I.


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