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coming into the hall, and approaching they did little or nothing more than the Pacha, whispered something in what was done every day, in the his ear; and we observed that all the countries where they resided. Action, answer he received from him was a as a system of indication, was familiar slight horizontal motion with his hand; to the spectators; and though calcuafter which, the Vizier, instantly re- lated to excite their curiosity and atsuming an agreeable smile, continued tention, yet it was not, by its novelty the conversation for some time longer. and singularity, either beyond their We then left the hall of audience, and understanding, or beside their applicacame to the foot of the great staircase, tion of it to themselves, or to circumwhere we remounted our horses ; here, stances ; nor did it seem crazy to them, nine heads cut off, and placed in a row as it might to us, who are not accuson the outside of the first gate, com- tomed to such a mode of communipletely explained the sign which the cating ideas. Vizier had made use of in our pre- When Isaiah says, he and his chilsence.”—Vol I. page 30.

dren are for signs ;-when Jeremiah These extracts prove, that not only found his girdle marred, as a sign ;in private and domestic concerns, but when Ezekiel was a sign to the people, also in those of public importance, on in not mourning for the dead, chap. occasions of life or death, inferiors in xx. iv. in his removing into captivity, the East do actually“ look to the hands and digging through the wall, chap. of their superiors,” and receive orders xii.-these and similar actions, were from them. The Orientals have even not only well understood, but they had a kind of language for the fingers, and, the advantage of being in ordinary use by various positions of them, they give among the people to whom they were silent orders to their domestics, who addressed.-Calmet's Dictionary of the are watching to receive them.

Bible, Fragments first Hundred, No. But this article has an aspect still xxix. more important, on a usage frequently alluded to in scripture, and regarded as nothing uncommon, although it ap

ANSWER TO A QUERY. pears strange to us.

No account of In our Number for September, col. any such attendants on the court of 669, a question was inserted, to which Judea, as dumb men, or mutes, occurs we flatter ourselves the following reply in scripture, but it is certain that the will be deemed satisfactory. Grand Seignior has a number of such persons ;

who," says Knolles, p. MR. EDITOR, 1487. “ will understand any thing If you think the following letter writthat shall be acted unto them by signs ten by Dr. Johnson, which contains an and gestures; and will themselves, by account of the Authors of the different the gestures of their eyes, bodies, parts of the Ancient Universal History, hands, and feet, deliver matters of great worthy of insertion in the Imperial difficulty, to the great admiration of Magazine, it is at your service. strangers."

I am, yours, &c. From these and similar accounts, Hebden Bridge, near

W.V. taken together, it may be inferred, Halifax. that language by signs forms a common and ordinary manner of directing

A Letter from Dr. Johnson, dated in the East; that the most difficult

Dec. 6th, 1784. matters are thus related; and very “ The late learned Mr. Swinton of probably by means of the mutes, (in Oxford, having one day remarked, the Turkish Seraglio, especially,) mat- that one man (meaning, I suppose, no ters not always of the most agreeable man but himself) could assign all the nature, are communicated to person- parts of the Ancient Universal Hisages whom they immediately concern, tory to their proper Authors; at the although they fill the most important request of Sir Robt. Chambers, or of stations.

myself, gave the account which, I now The result of the whole is, that when transmit to you in his own hand, being the Prophets under the Old Testa- willing that of so great a work the ment, were divinely directed to act a history should be known, and that portion of the information they had in each writer should receive his due sharge to communicate to the people, I proportion of praise from posterity.

I recommend to you to preserve this let them also remember the scarcity scrap of literary intelligence in Mr. of trees in general, (as your inquirer Swinton's own hand, or to deposit it R. observed,) and certainly of the in the Museum, that the veracity of greater scarcity of the vegetable lothis account may never be doubted. cust in particular. Isaiah seems to imI am, Sir,

ply the great paucity of trees in the Your most humble servant, deserts, in chap. xli. 19; “I will plant

SAML. JOHNSON. in the wilderness the cedar, the shittah“ The History of the Carthaginians, tree, and the myrtle, and the oil-tree; Numidians, Mauritanians, Gaetulians, I will set in the desart the fir-tree, and Garamantes, Melanogaetuli, Nigritae, the pine, and the box-tree together.” Cyranaica, Marmarica, the Regio Syr

I am, &c. ADOLESCENS. tica, Turks, Tartars, and Moguls, In- This short reply has given rise to dians, Chinese, Dissertation on the another Query, which I should be very peopling of America, Dissertation on glad to have answered by any of your the Independency of the Arabs, by Mr. able correspondents. Goldsmith says, Swinton. The Cosmogony and a small when speaking of the animal locust, part of the History immediately fol- They are caught in small nets prolowing, by Mr. Sale. To the birth of vided for that purpose. They (the Abraham chiefly by Mr. Shelvock. Oriental nations) parch them over the History of the Jews, Gauls, Spaniards, fire in an earthen pan; and when their and Xenophon’s retreat, by Mr. Psal- wings and legs have fallen off, they manazar. * History of the Persian and turn reddish, of the colour of boiled Constantinopolitan Empire, by Dr. shrimps. The natives of Barbary also Campbell. History of the Romans, eat them fried with salt, and they are by Mr. Bower.”

said to taste like cray-fish.' Did John The original of the above letter, eat them thus prepared or not? how agreeably to Dr. Johnson's desire, is had he the means of dressing them ? deposited in the British Museum. It and are there any at the present time, was also printed at the time it was who eat them unprepared ?-are they sent, by the Dr.'s express desire, in the then palatable ? Gentleman's Magazine, fol. 54, p. 892. -See the Literary Anecdotes of the 18th Century, fol. 2, page 553, by J. Nichols.


What is the reason of the frequent REPLY TO A QUERY, ETC.

use of“ Glory be to the, &c.” and," As

it was in the Beginning, &c.” in the Reply to a Query on the Food of John the Church service? and is it not frequently Baptist, inserted No. 7, col. 667.

very inapplicable? MR. EDITOR,

ADOLESCENS. SIR,-In endeavouring to reply to your querist' R. I shall do it as briefly as possible.—Both the vegetable and ani

Query on Electricity. mal locust are eatable; only I believe

MR. EDITOR, the latter to be in more general Dr. Priestley, in his work on Electriuse, it being light and easy of diges- city, Vol. II. page 26. under the artion. It appears from Scripture, that, ticle “Queries and Hints to promote under the Mosaic dispensation, ani- farther discoveries in Electricity,” says, mal was in more general use than ve

“ Dr. Franklin observed, that iron getable food, and in Lev. xi. 22, the was corroded by being exposed to reanimal locust is expressly mentioned. peated electric sparks. Must not this “ Even these, of them ye may eat, the have been effected by some acid ? locust after his kind;" while the word of What other marks are there of an God is comparatively silent on vege- acid in the electric fluid? May not its table food. They on the vegetable phosphoreal smell be reckoned one?” side of the question assert, that honey I do not think that there has been any is deposited in trees; and, says Dr. reply made to the above: if there has, A. Clarke, more particularly in the you will oblige me by the information vegetable locust.' I allow it; but let | if not, the opinion of your correspondme remind my friends, that it is also ents would be much esteemed. WE deposited in rocks, see Deut, xxxii.13.;

Enextpor No. 9.-VOL. I.

3 H




Memoir of Mr. Smith, of Snitterfield, the plain declarations of Scripture on Warwickshire.

this momentous particular, and learn

to distinguish between things so essenMAGAZINE

tially different. Sir,

In the year 1811, Mr. Smith underIt is with peculiar pleasure the be- took the superintendence of a farm believer meditates on the memory of the longing to his father, and went to reside just, and often contemplates, with joy at Tiddington, a village contiguous to unspeakable, the blessedness of those Stratford-on-Avon. Providence thus who have died in the Lord. Here he placed him near to a society of Chrisviews, as in a glass, the vanity of the tian friends, with whom he aftewards world, the uncertainty of life, the took sweet counsel, and walked to the nearness of eternity, the inestimable house of God in company. The folvalue of religion; and is thus power- lowing particulars, which under God fully stimulated to be a follower of led to this delightful union, must not those, who through faith and patience be omitted. The Rev. Mr. Frey having now inherit the promises. These are to pass through Stratford, had engaged important lessons, and when thus car- to preach an occasional sermon: this ried to their practical results, promote was made public ; and Mr. Smith was the happiness of all who attend to induced, probably from mere curiosity, them. Besides, the pious lives and for the first time in his life to enter a triumphant deaths, which we hope to Dissenting Chapel. The text selected see frequently recorded on your pages, was Psalm lxxxix. 15: “ Blessed is form a standing evidence of the di- the people that know the joyful sound: vinity of the Scriptures, of the power they shall walk, O Lord, in the light of of divine grace, and of the riches of thy countenance.” Under this serinfinite mercy. The following brief mon, the Lord was graciously pleased and imperfect Memoir was under- to open his heart, as he did that of taken, with a desire to perpetuate the Lydia, to attend to the things which memory of a dear departed friend, were spoken by his servant, and to reand with a hope of affording instruc-ceive with meekness the word of life. tion and encouragement to many who Turned from darkness to light, he persurvive him. If convenient, an early ceived his ignorance of the way of salinsertion will greatly oblige,

vation through faith in a crucified ReDear Sir, your's, &c. deemer, and from that time became an

humble, sincere, and diligent inquirer Mr. Richard Smith, eldest son of Ri- after truth. Should not the pious and chard Smith, esq. of Snitterfield, a zealous ministers of the gospel, take small village in the county of Warwick, encouragement from such cheering was born on the 30th of May, 1789. circumstances, to “ sow by all waters, His childhood and youth were passed to “ be instant in season and out of under the paternal roof. Of this early season;" at the same time rememberperiod, nothing particular is known; ing who has promised : Lo, I am but as he advanced to the age of man- with you alway, even unto the end of hood, he was remarked for his steady the world.” deportment, the early maturity of his Our dear friend, now became a reunderstanding, and especially for his gular attendant on the ministry of the dutiful and affectionate behaviour to- Rev. J. Stokes, then stated pastor of wards his parents. His attendance the Dissenting Church in Stratford. with the family at the parish church, A divine power accompanied the word, was regular and constant; and by the and Mr. Smith's profiting evidently appreventing grace of God, he was mer- peared. The eyes of his understandcifully preserved from those crimes ing were opened, to discern the differwhich too frequently attach to this pe- ence between a mere educational beriod of life. But though it is believed lief of the doctrines of the Bible, which that not a single individual could have is ever cold and inert, and that holy truly charged him with acts of immora- operative principle of faith, which, lity; yet, according to his own testi- working by love, removes guilt and mony, he continued destitute of the impurity, overcomes the world, dispower of vital godliness, until he had arms death, and presents to the enattained the age of twenty-three. Oh! raptured soul the substantial glories of that mankind would at last attend to leternity.

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The light which thus shone with all things. When first he attempted clearness, was diligently followed. to escape out of Egypt, he calculated The truths of the gospel were, by the on the perils of the wilderness, and dear departed, received not merely as being determined to brave them, like subjects on which he might occasion- another Caleb, “ followed the Lord ally speculate for the purposes of fully.” He had learned to distinguish amusement ; they regulated the in- between the things which are seen, ductions of his mind, the decisions of and temporal; and those which are his conscien and were brought to not seen, and eternal. He then endeabear with all their sacred energies on voured to pursue them according to the movements of his affections. The their appropriate value. Thus, " for result was, a deep and lasting con- the joy that was set before him, he enviction of the total depravity of his na- dured the cross;" “choosing rather to ture, and of the absolute necessity of a suffer affliction with the people of God, personal and saving interest in the than enjoy the pleasures of sin for a atonement. This he perceived was season; having respect to the recomthe only method by which he might pense of the reward.” And when in escape from guilt and pollution, and the midst of difficulties, he ever found secure a meetness for an inheritance

“the living spring amongst the saints in light. Hence, Of joys, divinely sweet, and ever new, the sincere and ardent language of his

A peaceful conscience, and a smiling heaven." soul now was,

“ God be merciful to In the course of the summer, (the me, a sinner!

exact time is not known,) Mr. S. reWhat a noble object is presented to ceived much spiritual comfort and enthe view, when we contemplate a young couragement, while hearing Mr.Stokes, man, surrounded by the fascinating from John viii. 36: “If the Son, thereallurements of the world, possessed of fore, shall make you free, ye shall be every possible means of gratification, free indeed.” His mind was now reand kept in countenance by general lieved from a burden of guilt and unexample, breaking through every en belief, and he enjoyed a happy meachantment; buffeting the violence of sure of that sweet and solid peace, temptation, and manfully repelling, which springs from a humble heartboth the treacherous smile, and lowr- felt appropriation of the pardoning ing frown, of an ungodly world. One mercy of God in Christ Jesus. The might be ready to think, that such a word, the ways, the house, and the person would command esteem and people, of God, were now his delight; love from all who had the happiness of and from this memorable time, he his acquaintance. But ah! ye fol-walked under the light of the Divine lowers of the despised Nazarene, countenance.

marvel not if the world hate you.” Early in the following spring, (1814,) The carnal mind is still enmity against our dear friend was admitted a welGod; and, as a natural consequence, come member into the Dissenting “all who will live godly in Christ Church at Stratford. In this important Jesus, must suffer persecution.” The step, his eye was single. Humbly detrials of this nature with which Mr. S. siring in all things to adorn the dochad to contend, were painful and se- trine of God his Saviour, he felt it vere: but the grace of God was suffi- his duty to avail himself of all the spicient for him; and he was enabled, in ritual helps which a kind Providence the midst of opposition, to pursue his had afforded; nor could he ever supway with cheerful patience and chris- pose for a moment, that the mere cirtian fortitude. Often would he speak cumstance, of these helps being withof persecution as the portion of God's out the walls of the Establishment, children; and remark, it was enough could either deprive them of their effithat the servant be as his Master, and cacy, or justfy him in the neglect of the disciple as his Lord. He had sat them. Yet he invariably evidenced a down and deliberately counted the spirit of meekness, forbearance, and cost: he saw it was through much tri- love, towards others. Claiming for bulation he must enter the kingdom. himself liberty of conscience, he wished But none of these things moved him; every man to enjoy and exercise the the excellency of the knowledge of same undoubted right. Where love Christ Jesus his Lord, reconciled him to the Saviour was manifestly the preto arising consequences, and the loss of vailing principle of the heart, names


and party distinctions had with him | black and white. Though our families but little weight. He could feelingly had long been in the greatest intimacy, and consistently adopt the Apostle's yet not having been more than three prayer: “ Peace be upon all them that or four times in her company, I had love the Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity.” the utmost difficulty in persuading her

About this time, Mr. S. received an at once to oblige and gratify me, by expostulatory letter from a minister of leaving her definition with my sister, as the Establishnient. This was occasioned I was under the necessity of leaving by his seceding from the national the neighbourhood at an early hour church. His own reply will best de- on the following day. velop his views and principles.

Upon entering the breakfast-room [To be continued.)

on the following morning, I perceived

a letter in an elegant female hand, Distinction between Awful and Sublime. addressed to me; and when I reflected

upon the short time which had been

allowed the fair reasoner to define MAGAZINE

the distinction, it convinced me that SIR,

her mind must possess great capaAllow me to inform you, that I have bility; and being an enemy to those not only perused your recently pub- who wish to degrade the intellectual lished work with sensations of plea- powers of females, I offer it to your sure, but with a mixture of improve- inspection in the same form it was ment and delight, particularly so, from presented to me. finding you admit Queries, which I consider one of the most rational

A casual definition of the Distinction be

tween the terms AWFUL and Sublime. sources of instruction to the human mind.

“ When I contemplate the starry Having passed, a short time sinoe, Firmament, that admirable scene of (what I considered) a rational evening, wonder, and reflect upon the brilliant where Biography, History, and Anec splendour of those myriads of headote, took precedence of that propen- venly bodies which illuminate its way, sity to scandal, so ungenerously sup-|(with the particular nature of which, posed to prevail amongst a female we are but imperfectly acquainted,) my party, a brother officer of mine, (though soul is impressed with ideas of its there were only two gentlemen to six sublimity, and yields to sensations of ladies,) after expatiating upon synony, admiration and delight! yet my feelmous expressions, asserted that Awful ings are unmixed with awe: no dread and Sublime were inseparable, though pervades them. My Creator, in this not synonymous.

stupendous work, manifests Himself in Oñe young lady in particular, to effulgent beauty, and fills my heart whose sentiments I had listened with with sensations of wonder, admiration, pleasure throughout the whole even- and delight! I am raised, as it were, ing, modestly, yet decidedly, asserted to a communion with heavenly spirits; she thought they differed in an emi- and this lower world, with all its pleanent degree.

sures, pains, and follies, seems to vaA servant at the same moment an- nish from my sight! nouncing supper upon the table, de- But how different are my emotions prived me of an intellectual, by substi- at the bare idea of Death! Terrible tuting a corporeal regale ; but as it was in its approach, Awful in its consemy good fortune to be seated by this quences; dread must ever be its fair caviller for proper distinctions, I concomitant, yet unaccompanied by conjured her to indulge me with that that grandeur to which our ideas of definition she was going to give the sublimity are attached. His unerring company, when so unseasonable an stroke dissolves the union of soul and interruption took place. The mistress body, and ushers us into the presence of the mansion, however, having re- of the great Creator of the world, to quested one of the ladies to sing, har- receive that fiat which our deeds demony superseded conversation for that serve! His fatal shaft severs the night; but upon accompanying my fair bonds of affection, and separates the friend to the place of her destination, ties of blood, consigning our perishI entreated her to indulge me with her able frames to moulder in the dust, definition of the two expressions in whilst those forms which give rise to

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