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diate destruction of the vessel. Such ice, out of which we soon got again shocks were repeated every five or into open water. The wind also turnten minutes, and sometimes oftener, ed in our favour, and carried us swiftly and the longer she remained exposed forward towards the Hopedale shore. to the wind, the more violently she ran Every one on board was again in full against the sharp edges and spits of expectation of soon reaching the end the ice, not having any power to avoid of our voyage, and ready to forget all them. After every stroke, we tried former troubles. But alas, arriving at the pumps, whether we had sprung a the same spot, from which we had been leak; but the Lord kept His hand over driven yesterday, we found our way us, and preserved us in a manner al- anew blocked up with a vast quantity most miraculous. In this awful situa- of ice. The wind also drove us irtion we offered up fervent prayers to resistibly towards us. We were now Him, who alone is able to save, and in a great dilemma. If we went bebesought Him, that if it were His di- tween the islands, where the sea is vine will, that we should end our lives full of sunken rocks, we were in among the ice, He would, for the sake danger of striking upon one of them of his precious merits, soon take us and being instantly lost; again, if we home to Himself, nor let us die a mi- ventured

into the ice, it was doubtful serable death with cold and hunger, whether the ship would bear many more floating about in this boisterous ocean. such shocks as she had received. At

“ It is impossible to describe all the length the former measure was deterhorrors of this eventful night, in which mined on, as in case of any mishap, we expected every approaching ice- there might be some possibility of esfield to be fraught with death. We caping to shore. were full ten hours in this dreadful * On such occasions, it is seen how situation, till about six in the morning, strongly the love of life operates. when we were driven into open water, Having entered in among the islands, not far from the coast. We could we found the sea more free from ice, hardly believe, that we had got clear and our hopes began to revive anew, of the ice; all seemed as a dream. We till from the mast-head the passage to now ventured to carry some sail, with Hopedale was discovered to be ena view to bear up against the wind. tirely blocked up. The weather turnThe ship had become leaky, and we ed to fog and rain, and we were obliged to keep the pump a-going, perceived ourselves beset with ice with only about ten minutes rest at a mountains, which betrayed themselves time. Both the sailors and we were through the mist by a white glare. We thereby so much exhausted, that when- tacked against the wind between them ever any one sat down, he immediately and the rocks, the proximity of the lat

ter being known by breakers. During the afternoon, the wind “ In this situation we spent the 23d abated, and towards evening it fell and 24th ; the weather continued rainy calm. A thick mist ensued, which, and cold ; we were in an unknown sea, however, soon dispersed, when we among hidden dangers, and the poor found ourselves near a high rock, to- sailors without a dry shred upon them, wards which the current was fast carry- and not able to get any rest, being uning us. We were now in great danger der constant alarm, whenever any exof suffering shipwreck among the traordinary noise was heard in the fog. rocks, but by God's mercy, the good “ 25th. The sky was clear, and we management of our captain succeeded found ourselves nearly in the same in steering clear of them; and after place where we had spent the 22d, but sunset the heavens were free from a large bay opening to view, we steerclouds. A magnificent north-light il- ed into it. lumined the horizon, and as we were “26th. The morning was fine, but our again among floating pieces of ice, its hearts were heavy. We were all filled brightness enabled us to avoid them. with deep concern and sorrow, when we I retired to rest, but after midnight reflected on the continual disappointwas roused by the cracking noise ments we experienced, and that while made by the ice against the sides of on this day our brethren and their Esthe vessel. In an instant I was on quimaux congregations were surrounddeck, and found that we were forcing ing the Lord's table, and partaking of our way through a quantity of floating the Holy Sacrament, we were still de


fell asleep.


tained at sea, and prevented reaching a strong wind from the shore cleared their peaceable habitations, and join the bay of ice ; and on the 6th, the ing in their devotions. We turned to mate and Brother Körner, having the Lord our Saviour, with prayer for climbed the highest hill, and discoverresignation to His holy will, and that ed open water towards Hopedale, came we might be delivered from every kind running back with the pleasing intelof impatience, knowing that His ways ligence. But our frequent discourageare full of wisdom, and that we should ments had rendered us so unbelieving, find cause at length to praise Him for that it made but little impression upon His goodness and mercy towards us, us. We however set sail, and reached even under every aflictive dispensa- the entrance into the Hopedale islands. tion. He heard our prayers, and spoke In the evening the wind turned against peace to our troubled hearts.

us; our way was again choaked with “ 27th. We discovered open water ice, and we lay all night fastened to a on the other side of the ice, and large field, and spent the day following wind and weather being favourable, in tacking between the ice and the we penetrated through the ice, and got land. At night we made fast again, on well; but after all found the passage but the field breaking into five pieces, to Hopedale still choaked up. We we were carried back to the southward were therefore obliged to keep tack by the current, and obliged to disening all night in a narrow channel. gage ourselves from the fragment, and

“ 28th. Having worked our way, by suffer the wind to drive us out to sea. God's good providence, through some As soon as it was light on the 8th, we very heavy ice, and considering whe- used every exertion to get again withther we should again make fast to in the Hopedale islands, which, at some large field; the dread of the ice length, after much uncertainty, owing seemed so forcibly to have possessed to variable winds, we effected, and cast all our minds, that we resolved rather anchor between eight and nine o'clock to endeavour to find an anchoring at the island Ukkalek, two hours sail place in an adjoining bay. The water, from Hopedale. Here we were soon however, was so deep, that it was six visited by Brother Stock and several in the morning before we could cast Esquimaux. Words are too weak to anchor in twenty-two fathoms. Being describe the joy we felt on this occahere defended against the wind, our sion, and we spent the evening very ship's company could enjoy some rest. happily together. On the 9th, about In the afternoon, the mate went in the eight o'clock, we cast anchor at Hopeboat farther into the bay, to search dale. In the words of the text apfor a better anchoring place, in which pointed for this day, we could say he succeeded. Towards evening we with truth and from experience, The anchored in it, but were closely pur- heavens declare the glory of God, and sued by floating ice, which soon beset the firmament sheweth his handy us all around, and gave us little rest. work.” Wonders of his power had Fearing that it might cut our cable, been displayed before us, but also we strove by every means to turn it off. wonders of his mercy and truth." " 31st. I accompanied Brother Beck N. B. The captain and mate report

, and the captain on shore. We climbed that though for these three years past up the highest hill, from whence we they have met with an unusual quancould plainly see the Hopeland islands lity of ice on the coast of Labrador, and hills, but also the sea yet filled yet, in no year, since the beginning of with ice. We kindled a large fire, the Mission, in 1769, has it appeared hoping that perhaps the Missionaries, so dreadfully on the increase. The or the Esquimaux, might thereby dis- colour likewise of this year's ice was cover our arrival. The island, on different from that usually seen, and which we landed, was almost entirely the size of the ice-mountains and covered with wood and brushwood of thickness of the fields immense, with almost impenetrable thickness. The sand-stones embedded in them. As a musquitoes troubled us much.

great part of the coast of Greenland, “ August 2d. We saw a large black which for centuries has been choaked bear on shore, and set off after him up with ice, apparently immoveable, with proper weapons, but he escaped has, by some revolution, been cleared, into the wood.

perhaps this may account for the great From the 3d to the 5th of August, quantity alluded to.

THE PRIDE OF CARDINAL WOLSEY. each of those had two or three foot

men, and the Earl of Derby was folWolsey being raised to the dignity lowed by five. of Cardinal, in addition to his arch- At meals, he had gentlemen carvers, bishopric and chancellorship, felt him- and cupbearers ; " and of the Privy self superior to all spiritual control, Chamber forty persons,exclusive of and passed from place to place in all the six yeomen ushers, and eight grooms pomp allowed by the Romish church. of his chamber, twelve doctors in diIndeed such was his ambition in this vinity, a clerk of the closet, two secreparticular, that he selected two of the taries, and two clerks of his signet, tallest priests in the kingdom, to bear besides four learned counsel. his crosses before him. His house- The attendants of his temporal office hold consisted of a steward, who was were, a riding clerk, a clerk of the in priest's orders, a treasurer, who had crown, of the hanaper, and a chafer, the honour of knighthood, a comptrol- and those of the cheque, and four runler, an esquire, a confessor, a doctor in ning footmen richly habited; a herald divinity, three marshals, three ushers and serjeant at arms, a physician, an of the hall, two almoners, and a num- apothecary, an armourer, an instrucber of grooms.

tor of his wardrobe, a keeper of his The officers of his kitchen were two chamber, a surveyor of York, and a clerks, a clerk comptroller, a surveyor clerk of the green cloth. of the dresser, a clerk of the spicery, The chapel of this establishment two cooks, their assistants, and chil was most honourably appointed; and dren, amounting to twelve individuals; the ornaments of it were extremely four scullions, two yeomen of the pan- grand and expensive. The service try, and two paste-layers. The master was performed by a dean, a man of cook who presided in the kitchen, eminence, a sub-dean, a repeater of wore a superb dress of velvet, or satin, the choir, a gospeller, an epistler of and was decorated with a chain of the singing theists, and a master of gold; he had six assistants, and two the children ; the vestry had a yeoman deputies.

and two grooms. The larder had a yeoman and The gentleman who gave the subgroom; the scullery and buttery, an stance of the above account declares, equal number of persons each; the that he had seen in procession fortyewry the same; the cellar three yeo- four crosses of one set, besides the men, and three pages; the chandery superb candlesticks and other necestwo yeomen, and the waifery two. sary ornaments; and that the number

The wardrobe of beds was superin- of persons on the “ Cheque Roll” of tended by a master, with twenty assist the household was Eight Hundred. ants ; the laundry, a yeoman, a groom,

GOING TO WESTMINSTER. and thirteen pages, two yeomen surveyors, and a groom surveyor; in the When Cardinal Wolsey first issued bakehouse, were two yeomen and from his Privy Chamber in term, he grooms; in the wood-yard one, and a generally heard two masses in his groom; two porters, two yeomen, and chapel. Returning there, he inquired two grooms, waited at the gates. of his attendants whether themselves

His barge had a yeoman; and for where ready, and had prepared the the care of his horses, there was a waiting and presence chambers ? About master, a clerk of the stables, a yeo- eight o'clock he again left his private man of the stirrup, a farrier, a malt apartment, in the Cardinals habit of tour, and sixteen grooms, every one crimson taffeta, or crimson satin, with of them keeping four geldings." a scarlet pillion, and tippet of sable

For the purposes of state, he had round his neck; bearing in his hand, two cross and two pillar bearers, for as was his constant practice on those his great chamber; and the privy occasions, an orange deprived of its chamber was under the direction of a contents, and filled with a sponge imchamberlain, a vice-chamberlain, and pregnated with vinegar, &c. to pretwo gentlemen ushers : six gentlemen serve him from infection, when passwaiters, and twelve others, were added ing through the crowds which his to ten lords, who did not think them- splendour or office attracted. selves dishonoured by attending the A lord, or person of eminence, bore movements of the arrogant Cardinal ; | his hat; and another the great seal

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before him : he then entered the pre- by his Almighty Maker and God, be sence chamber, where his two crosses used? Why Divines make choice of were in waiting, and a numerous this method of description, I cannot levee of noblemen. The gentlemen imagine; but hoping that you will inushers exclaimed, “On, masters, be- form me, if any reason can be given in fore, and make room for my lord !!!” its defence, I remain your's, who descended into the hall, preceded

A CONSTANT READER. by a serjeant at arms with a silver mace, and two gentlemen with silver plates; his mule covered with crimson

EFFECT OF HOT WATER ON FLOWERS. velvet waited for him at the door of his palace; and being mounted, he When these short-lived beauties, followed his two crosses and two pil- fade, place them in a vessel contain

which decorate our rooms, begin to lars, carried by persons on horseback, and was himself surrounded by four ing scalding hot water, covering about footmen, armed with pole-axes, and

one third part of their stems, where a considerable number of gentlemen they must remain until the water has of various ranks.

grown cold. By this time, the leaves, Malcolm's Anecdotes.

that had appeared drooping and languishing but just before, will have recovered their freshness, and will stand

erect. In this state take them from Observations on Death.

the vessel, and after cutting off so much of the stems as had been injured

by the heat, place the flowers again in SIR,

fresh cold water, where for a considerI have often been struck with the man- able time they will retain their renoner in which Death is set forth by the vated virtues. Ministers or Clergymen of the present day,-described as a King of Terrors, which, with other personalities, such Anecdote of her late Majesty. as cruel, relentless, tyrannizing with resistless sway, &c. would lead one to

MR. EDITOR, suppose, that there certainly is a being Sir,-Amongst the many benevolent whose business it is to hurl the darts of acts of the late Queen Charlotte, the disease, and to bring poor mortals following is known but to very few. It home. But as no thinking person can was communicated to me by a member suppose this to be the case, I should of the family benefited by royal municonceive it would be highly advan- ficence. tageous to reason and religion, to give About six-and-twenty years ago, & up this method of description, and distinguished merchant, in the city of have recourse to one more consonant London, became a bankrupt, through to truth and scripture.

the failure of several houses in GerAs death is the dissolution of our many, with which he was extensively compound nature, the separation of connected. His wife, an amiable and soul and body,—the spirit which accomplished woman, was known to God gave, takes its flight to the re- have employed her time and talents in gions of immortality, and its earthly educating a very numerous family, tabernacle is left to moulder in the which she continued to do with even dust. Would it not then be more increased exertion after their circumcongenial to truth and reason, in our stances were reduced. This became descriptions of death, to say that the known to the Queen by general report; voice of our God had gone forth, say- and having duly ascertained the fact, ing,“ Set thy house in order, for thou her Majesty settled

four hundred shalt die, and not live.”—“ Dust thou pounds a year on this excellent wife art, and unto dust shalt thou return !" and mother, which sum was regularly

Why should the power which God paid till the time of her decease. But asserts, in commanding his guilty the Queen did not feel that even by creatures to the bar of his justice, be this liberal grant she had sufficiently called tyranny? or, why should so shewn her approbation of domestic many unseemly epithets in describing virtue: she interested the king, in fathe call of a frail mortal into eternity, 1 vour of the family; and he gave appointments to the sons as they grew “ One can hardly imagine the reup, from which they advanced them- spect, civility, and serious modesty, selves by their very superior talents. that is used among them (the Eastern Sir,

Ladies) whenever they are visited by Your obedient Servant,

any one, as I have been informed by W. M. CRAIG. some ladies of the Franks, who have

been with several. No nuns or no

vices pay more deference to their abINFORMATION BY SIGNS.

bess or superior, than the maid slaves AMONG the many differences between to their mistresses; they are waited on, our own customs and those of the as are likewise their female visitors, Orientals, few are more distinct than with a surprising order and diligence, the opinions adopted by each, on the even at the least wink of the eye, or momodes of conveying ideas. Accustom- tion of the fingers, and that in a maned to the free intercourse of conversa- ner not perceptible to strangers.”—Motion, to the expression by words, of TRAYE, vol. İ. 249. our thoughts as they rise within us, we Nobody appears on horseback but relate every thing verbatim; and ex- the Grand Seignior, in the second court, cept a sentiment be openly convey- and they observe so respectful a silence, ed by speech, we attribute no blame not only in the palace, when the Grand to those who do not regard or under- Seignior is in it, but in the court-yards, stand it. On the same principle, the (notwithstanding the number of people orders we give to our servants are di- who come there, especially into the rected to them in words, and accord- first, where, generally, a number of ing to our words we expect their obe- servants wait for their masters, who dience: but the case is altogether dif- are either at the Divan, or in some other ferent in the East; gravity and silence, part of the Seraglio), that, if a blind especially before superiors, are there man should come in there, and he did so highly esteemed as denoting re- not know that the most courTLY way of spect, that many of the most im- speaking among the Turks, is in a low portant orders which a master can voice, and by signs, like mutes, which give, or a servant receive, are commu- are generally understood by them, he nicated in profound silence. This would believe it uninhabited. And I have mode of behaviour is the basis of the heard them say, in reference to other representation adopted in the 123d nations, that two Franks, talking merePsalm, which, as it is but short, is here ly of trifles, make much more noise inserted entire:

than a hundred Turks in treating of A SONG OF DEGREES.

affairs of consequence, in making a 1 Unto thee lift I up mine eyes, O thou that bargain ; and they add, in speaking dwellest in the heavens !

against our manner of saluting, by 2 Behold, as the eyes of servants look unto pulling off our hats, and drawing our the hand of their masters,

feet backward, that we seemed as if As the eyes of a maiden to the hand of her

we were driving away the flies, and mistress : So our eyes wait upon the Lord our God, wiping our shoes; and they extol their until that he have mercy upon us.

custom of putting their right-hand up3 Have mercy upon us,

O LORD! have mercy

on their breast, and bowing a little,

as much more natural and reasonable. For we are exceedingly filled with contempt. When they salute a superior, they 4 Our soul is exceedingly filled with the scorn take the bottom of his caftan, or vest, ing of those who are at ease,

that hangs down to his ankle, and And with the contempt of the proud! bending down, they lift it about two

An illustration of this part of scrip- feet, and kiss it.-Motraye, Vol. I. ture, more happy than the following, p. 170. can hardly be expected. I know, in- BARON DU Tort gives the following deed, that some have supposed the remarkable instance of the authority chastening hand of the master, or mis- attending this mode of commanding, tress, to be that to which the servant and of the use of significant motions:attends ; but it should be noted, that “ The customary ceremonies on these the Psalmist is not complaining to the occasions were over, and Rocab (the person who chastises him, but of the new Vizier) continued to discourse facontempt and scorn, not strictly per- miliarly with the ambassador, when secution, of the proud, &c.

the Muzur-Aga, (or High Provost)

upon us !

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