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and from this station we event on

698 693 Journal of e Voyage to the Hebrides, se

opinions are held as to its
continually operating against the most an einture

he most probable is, that it is
salutary measures
, and perhaps a tast membatas

ble production. Saussure
other generation must pass away, ere per his te retention to

w of a bright red colour on the generality of the natives of the it must be apatan sa

and Ramond a similar mat- Highlands will perceive and follow remembrane Lara

e Pyrenees; further investitheir true interests.

power of the mal

, et ma ill doubtless determine its
Among the local advantages of this nize the heart with the med

ly, in this age of chemical
place, we may reckon cheapness of past emotims.
, mountains well stored with Wednesday, Sil.-La Plage in

the primary object of the
game, and a bay abounding with ish the morning, and meet at lave

the ships proceeded to of almost every description. Nor is bay in Tournarar

, one of the Summer

'd all the land, and to visit there, perhaps, a situation better Isles, were we remanet le te tap,

ets in this extensive bay, adapted for a summer retreat, to these Mr. Macdonald, who resides bem

prospect of an opening s, who are fond of the rural amusements companied us to the top of the Baptist

stic sea appeared. Though
of fishing or shooting.

eminence in the island
. them where

'y willing to render all the
We dined with Mr. Melvil of this we had an extensive view of the larg

is due to the commander, place, who, in a small specimen of the and surrounding country. The

I skill displayed in the maw productions of the country, gave us a maining isles, vhich compone des

of the ships ;-for the exlreat that the most luxurious might group, were scattered content made

pline maintained on board; have enjoyed.

e propriety and accuracy In the evening we were rowed down seventeen

, in general od the mas the loch, and met our vessel about 'ged and barren appearances match

cal observations ;-yet we

old part of our tribute, wo miles below the town; where, not them composed is proueniat marka

; is so manifest an appearhaving wind sufficient to carry her on, which aforded shelter te wetene line

ficiency and indecision in is we were compelled to remain for the seals, some of which are coll dhene

ed investigations into the

cisting channels conducting

among them El Tuesday, 19th.-It had been our in- The island on we

ar sea, This conclusion is mit tention this morning, to have made an peared evidently the best web

by the conflicting accounts excursion into the interior of the coun- yearly rent, excepting and

appeared on this subject, try, but our design was frustrated by was only eight porades,

spect to Whale Sound, in the wetness of the weather, which con- ing the extent mikken

extremity of the Bay, Capt. fined us aboard for the greater part of half in length, and bi

erves, we could not apthe day. Towards the evening, how- breadth: the

in a direct line on account of

e wind then shifted to the
ever, it cleared up, and we were en- the generality
abled to take a walk to an eminence course be little intret

d, and obliged us to stand
which commands a view of the whole On the side of Cup.

the west:" this is certainly
Sabine says,


ictory. The upper reach, wound among hills more, with a strach

Sound, we could just discern of pleasing forms, whose bases were considerable element in

ning in the coast, it being 30 fringed with a border of cultivation, forms, their sites or

ailes distant from us.” and a fine valley extended above the perpendicula, sad ska den

Smith's Sound it is observed by head of the lake,

Ross, “ It was distinctly seen, and

apes forming each side of it, were ed situated on a comparatively low by seva i te wetu

ed after the two ships Isabella and spot of land, which shot out nearly breeze, un semn

xander. I considered the bottom half across the loch, and formed the canarinon de

this Sound to be about 18 leagues harbour, where several vessels lay at which appeared

tant, but its entrance was commotor; beyond this the Summer Isles in the most wide 1

etely blocked up with ice." Sabine's ared, and closed the distance, le group

scount states, that “ of the greatest enlightened by the setting sun; and extended

und longest sound in all this bay, and on the bosom of the lake, which variety free

which runneth to the north of 78°, we ored tranquil, calm, and still, 1 | Rea, baies

can say nothing, as our extreme north on har of boats were pleasinghrebels w

was 76° 53'.” Another account by an | officer says,

“ It appeared to many

e very desirable, that we should have lines and r:

0- approached somewhat nearer to Sir sations are

ich Thomas Smith's Sound, which prepth sented a very wide opening; but we tovel passed it at the distance of 50 or 60 ind it miles.” Of Jones' Sound on the N.W. ut still side of the bay's extremity, lat. 76° 30',

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of Roth-skire, we had a very

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In the contrary view, the town seem

them in comparison se

Thursday. Ile

apped in various parts, por


with similar scenery; the isle of Skye picking up shells and other natural ousoon became visible, and the three riosities, these being articles in which spiry pinnacles which we had before he dealt. Having landed on the observed, with others to the north- island, the boatmen asked permission ward, were seen at intervals as the to visit a spot at some distance, that mists dispersed. As we approached they might pick some oysters for him; the extremity of the isle of Trodda, which he readily granted, very natuwe observed a rock nearly similar in rally concluding that they would form; it was quite perpendicular, and speedily return. bore the resemblance of a lighthouse, The gentleman, on being left alone, having been separated from the neigh- immediately proceeded in his rebouring cliffs by the perpetual action searches, and sitting down, picked of the stormy seas, which beat upon and culled such curiosities as preit; it now formed an insulated bul- sented themselves, without regarding wark to withstand their violence. the progress of time, or the peril of

The northern coast of this island, of his situation. Growing weary, however, others in view, and of the Isle of of his employment, he was quite Skye, were all of the same form; bold, alarmed, on rising up, to find that the abrupt, and rugged, the latter particu- tide was making rapid advances; that larly so, and of an amazing height. it had already covered the extremity of On the right lay the island Fladahuna, the island nearly two feet; that very with four islands, or rather rocks, on shortly it would overwhelm the highest its southern end; two of these were of part; and that the boat could no where remarkable forms, the one flat-topped, be seen. On making these discoveries, perpendicular, and apparently inac- and observing the waves encroaching cessible, yet sheep were observed upon on him every moment, he became most it, though, from the view we had, their seriously alarmed, as he was unable masters must have hazarded their to swim, and the distance from the necks in placing them there, while the shore rather exceeded half a mile. scanty portion of grass seemed a poor At this critical juncture, his eye was compensation for the labour of procur-turned towards some large stones,

The other island was still which lay scattered round him; and, higher, precipitous on one side, and as the only means that appeared pracsomewhat shelving on the other, pro- ticable for the preservation of his life, bably, like its neighbour, converted into he conceived the idea of piling them a sheep-walk, though each seemed one on another, and thus erecting a formed only for the habitation of the kind of tower on the summit of which gulls which swarmed upon them. he finally intended taking his stand.

We were now in the Little Minch, As some of these stones were from two for so is the sound or channel between to three hundred-weight, it was not in the Long Island and Skye termed, and his power to lift them from the ground; the headlands appeared on every side; these were, therefore, by uncommon but owing to the cloudiness of the exertion rolled towards each other, evening, our view of them was very and six of the largest formed the imperfect. The night turned out wet foundation of his building. and unpleasant, and we bore away for foundation, others as large as he could Loch Namaddy, in North Uist, (a manage, were instantly raised, and portion of the Long Island,) but it was thus the edifice continued advancing six in the morning ere we arrived and until the tottering fabric became about came to an anchor.

six feet high, the summit of which he [To be continued.]

covered with a large flat stone. The building being thus completed, he endeavoured to ascend its rugged

side, which, with much difficulty and On Wednesday the 25th of May, 1814, trembling, he at length effected; and a gentleman of Belfast, being on a having taken his station, and standing visit to a friend in the north of Ire- erect, he tied a white pocket handkerland, was induced, as the weather was chief' to his cane, waving it as a signal remarkably fine, to hire a boat and of distress, while he waited with dreadtwo men, for the purpose of going to ful anxiety the crisis which was fast a small island in the neighbourhood. approaching. Providentially, the cane This was undertaken with a design of and the handkerchief were the means,

ing it.

On this



Polar Expedition.

698 in all probability, of preserving his life; / various opinions are held as to its as the men who were at the back of origin; the most probable is, that it is another island, on perceiving some- a vegetable production. Saussure thing floating in the air, and imagin- found snow of a bright red colour on ing it to be a vessel coming into the the Alps, and Ramond a similar matloch, immediately put to sea, when, ter on the Pyrenees; further investito their utter astonishment, they gations will doubtless determine its discovered what they had so strangely nature fully, in this age of chemical forgotten.

research. The tide, when this discovery was Pursuing the primary object of the made, had just reached the base of the expedition, the ships proceeded to pillar; and although they tugged ex-coast round all the land, and to visit ceedingly hard at their oars before all the inlets in this extensive bay, they arrived, it had made a consider where any prospect of an opening able progress up its sides. Had they into the Arctic sea appeared. Though remained absent about half an hour we are very willing to render all the longer, it is highly probable that the praise that is due to the commander, gentleman would have perished. The for his naval skill displayed in the matide at this place rises about six or nagement of the ships ;-for the exseven feet, so that although his head cellent discipline maintained on board; might have remained above the sea if and for the propriety and accuracy he could have secured his position, of his nautical observations ;-yet we yet the action of the water would in must withhold part of our tribute, all probability, either have destroyed while there is so manifest an appearhis fabric, which shook with the en- ance of deficiency and indecision in croaching waves, or have precipitated the professed investigations into the him into the restless surge. The boat- possibly-existing channels conducting men made many apologies for their to the Polar sea. This conclusion is negligence, which the gentleman, on sanctioned by the conflicting accounts finding himself relieved, was ready to that have appeared on this subject, forgive.

With respect to Whale Sound, in About two years afterwards, on rid- the N. E. extremity of the Bay, Capt. ing near the place, he observed the Ross observes, we could not appillar still standing ; and the building proach it in a direct line on account of had acquired a degree of firmness, from ice. The wind then shifted to the the sea weed and sand which filled up northward, and obliged us to stand the crevices, that he could not have towards the west :” this is certainly anticipated. This singular preserva- unsatisfactory.

Of tion he attributes to the special inter- Whale-Sound, we could just discern position of Divine Providence, and the opening in the coast, it being 30 concludes his account with the follow-or 40 miles distant from us." ing observation. “ May this pillar Of Smith's Sound it is observed by long stand as a momento, to me, and Capt. Ross, “It was distinctly seen, and to all who may become acquainted the capes forming each side of it, were with my deliverance, of the mercy of named after the two ships Isabella and a wise and all-gracious God.”

Alexander. I considered the bottom of this Sound to be about 18 leagues

distant, but its entrance was comPOLAR expeDITION.

pletely blocked up with ice.” Sabine's [Concluded from col. 607.]

account states, that “ of the greatest We must now return to the residue and longest sound in all this bay, and of the voyage round the northern ex- which runneth to the north of 78°, we tremity, and down the western side of can say nothing, as our extreme north Baffin's Bay.

was 76° 53'.” Another account by an In lat. 75° 54' long. 67° 15' the officer says, “ It appeared to many snow on the cliff's presented a strange very desirable, that we should have appearance, being covered with a co- approached somewhat nearer to Sir loured matter of deep crimson, which Thomas Smith's Sound, which prewas found to penetrate to the depth sented a very wide opening ; but we of 10 or 12 feet. Some of this novel passed it at the distance of 50 or 60 article was brought to England, and it miles.” Of Jones' Sound on the N.W. has undergone decomposition, but still side of the bay's extremity, lat. 76° 30,


Sabine says,



Capt. Sabine says,

“ We were near on the water; neither was there any the entrance of Jones' Sound, but not appearance of land ahead. Every so near as Baffin, who sent his boat on breast beat high, and every one was shore: we had thick weather, the desirous to mount the crow's-nest, to sound was full of ice, and not then ac- look out for the opening which should cessible.”

conduct us into the Polar sea, near The last and only inlet of any con- the coast of the main-land of America. sequence, and which indeed offered We had not run, however, above ten the most plausible claims to a commu- leagues within the inlet, when the Isanicating channel, is Lancaster's Sound, bella bore up, and of course the Alexextending across from 731 to 741. N. ander did the same, and we stood out lat. After having sailed into this spa- of the inlet ; why, we could not concious entrance about 30 miles, Capt. jecture, but under all sail. Our comRoss observes, at three, the officer modore, as it afterwards appeared, had of the watch, who was relieved to his seen the land at the bottom of the dinner by Mr. Lewis, reported, on his inlet. It is impossible to describe to coming into the cabin, that there was you the gloom that was immediately some appearance of its clearing at the spread over every countenance, all their bottom of the bay; I immediately sanguine hopes being thus unexpecttherefore went on deck, and soon after edly dashed to the ground. At the very it completely cleared for about ten spot where the Isabella bore up, the minutes, and I distinctly saw the land depth of water was 650 fathoms, and round the bottom of the bay, forming a the temperature continued the same connected chain of mountains with as at the entrance: the Alexander was those which extended along the north about four or five miles a-stern of her and south sides; this land appeared to consort at that time; but not the least be at the distance of eight leagues." appearance of land was visible in the The drawing however, given in the direction of the inlet.” work, does not warrant this conclu- We have been thus liberal in our sion, as the land appears in the south- quotations repecting this unsettled west corner of this extremity. We point, which has attracted so much of add Capt. Sabine's account of this the public attention, presuming that place, as somewhat at variance with the account will be equally interesting the above. “ It is needless to enter to oar readers, as it has been to ourinto a detail here, of the many encou- selves. Capt. Ross definitively deraging coincidences which awaited us cides on the non-existence of a pasin this, the only one of Baffin's sounds sage. But he appears to have been into which we entered; the great depth somewhat hasty in his decisions, and of water, (750 fathoms) the sudden in- to have acted rather too independently crease in its temperature, the absence of the opinions of his officers, since the of ice, the direction of the swell, the authority of his statements would not width of the shores apart, (exceeding in the least have been diminished that of Behring's straits,) and the dif- by their corroborative testimony; but ferent character of the country on the the contrary of this is now the case. north and south sides, especially the We shall trespass a little further in latter, which appeared to be wooded. illustrating this opinion, by another This magnificent inlet will no doubt selection from the letter referred to be fully explored by the expedition above; which letter, Mr. Sabine has now fitting, and those who are so em- stated to be a "faithful account of the ployed, will have the privilege of proceedings of the Expedition.being the first whose curiosity will be will probably expect from me some gratified in following where it may opinion as to the existence and praclead, or in putting its termination, ticability of a north-west passage ; should there prove one, beyond a ques- but I really feel myself to be utterly tion.” To this testimony we will sub- unable to give any well-founded opijoin an extract of a letter from an nion on the subject. I may, however, officer of one of the ships, published in with safety assert, that our observaBlackwood's Edinburgh Magazine for tions have not supplied us with any Dec. last. “ We stood directly into grounds whatever for stating, as I perthis spacious inlet; the width conti- ceive has been positively stated in the nued pretty-nearly the same, as far as newspapers, and apparently on demiwe could see, without a particle of ice oflicial authority, that there is no pas

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