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answer.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL

MAGAZINE,

Sir,

QUESTIONS TO DELTA.

tem is supported, deserve a candid Mr. Editor.

I fully agree with Delta in ŞIR,-The writer who signs himself the passage I have selected, and shall Delta, in his ingenious Philosophical be very glad to see an answer to my Essay on Primeval Light, inserted col. questions. The questions I propose 257, has, I think, fully succeeded in his are the following: If the Almighty attempt to rescue the philosophy of could, had he been pleased, have disMoses from the snoers of infidelity. pensed with many of the instruments There is however one passage, on which he uses, without withholding effects, I intended some time to ask him a few why could he not equally dispense serious questions; but, from circum- with the whole of them? If he could, stances, I have been obliged to delay it. and this I think cannot be denied, is

The writer very properly regards the not the existence of material agents sun as but an instrument in the divine useless? And if they be useless, how hands, and as having no primitive can the creation of unnecessary agents agency: the same remark might be be reconciled with the infinite wisdom made of every material instrument of God, who does nothing in vain ? whatever ; they all derive their effi- I am, Sir, your's, respectfully, ciency from the will of God. The pas

SIGMA, sage on which I found my questions is that which occurs No. 3, column 261,

A Remarkable Dream. where the writer observes; “ I am not disposed to think, that there is any thing extravagant in supposing, that the Almighty might, if he had been so pleased, have dispensed with many of

Dublin, July 9th, 1819. the instruments he uses, without being SHOULD the following remarkable compelled to withhold those multiplied Dream, meet your approbation, its ineffects which now result from him, sertion in your periodical Miscellany, through their subordinate agency." will much oblige your sincere wellHowever distant this may be from the wisher, and doubtless gratify many of reveries of Dean Berkeley, it certainly your readers. I am, with every senbears a distant resemblance to his hv- timent of esteem, your's, respectfully, pothesis ; and the writer seems himself

AMICUS. perfectly aware, that he was in sight of “ I have known (said Mr.L-) the grace volcanic ground, if not treading nearit. of God for nearly thirty years ; but in

It is well known that Berkeley de spite of all my advice, my five sons nied the existence of that unknown and two daughters, all grown up, ran substratum or something, which we call on in the broad road to destruction. matter, and which is believed to be the This cost me many a prayer and tear; support of those properties which are yet I saw no fruit of all my labour. In the causes of our sensations.

He and January last, I dreamed that the Day his followers believe that its existence of Judgment was come.

I saw the is entirely useless; since, even ad- Judge on his great white throne; the mitting it to exist, the divine agency holy angels sitting round him, in the must still be called in, as the only suf- form of a half-moon; and all nations ficient cause of all events. The admis- were gathered before him. 1, and my sion of its existence, they say, is con- wife, were on the right hand, but I trary to Newton's first rule ; namely, could not see my children. that no more causes of natural events “ I then thought that I must go

and ought to be admitted, than such as are seek them ; so I went to the left hand, both true, and are sufficient for explaira and found them all standing together, ing appearances.* The will of God, they tearing their hair, beating their breasts, consider as a sufficient cause of all our and cursing the day that ever they sensations and perceptions, and there were born. As soon as they saw me, fore reject the existence of that insen- they all caught hold of me, and said, tient something, called matter, as use- O father! we will part no more!" less. I am not a Berkeleyan; but I said, “ My dear children, I am come I do think that some of the argu- to try, if possible, to get you out of ments by which the anti-hyloistic sys- this dismal situation.” So Ì took them

all with me: but, when we were come * Kirwan's Metaphysics, vol. I, page 339. within a bow-shot of the Judge, 1

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thought he cast an angry look, and, vanced, we shall have no other part to said, " What do thy children with act on this earthly theatre.

6 Seek thee now? they would not take thy the Lord while he may be found : call warning when upon earth : they shall upon him while he is near.” A not share the crown with thee. De moments delay, may be an irreparapart, ye cursed !” At these words I ble loss,-may prove our irretrievable awoke, bathed in sweat and tears.--A ruin. few days after this, as we were sitting all together on a Sabbath evening, I

HIBERNIAN MISSIONARY SOCIETY, related my Dream to them: no sooner did I begin, but first one, then an

For the Crimea and Circassia; institutother, yea all of them, burst into tears :

ed in Dublin, August, 1819. and God fastened conviction on their Lord Viscount de Vesci in the Chair. hearts. Five of them are now rejoi- P. E. Singer, Esq. introduced the bucing in God their Saviour: I believe siness of the Meeting, by reading the God is at work with the other two ; so translation of a Memorial, presented that I doubt not, that he will give them in February, 1819, at Moscow, from also to my prayers.”.

the Noble A. S. Sultan Prince KattegThis good old saint, before he ex- hery Kremghery, of Mount Cancasus, changed time for eternity, had the in Circassia, to the Emperor Alexanhappiness of seeing the remainder of der of Russia ; submitting various his children converted to the truth as measures for spreading Christianity it is in Jesus, and adorning the doc- among his kindred and countrymen; trine of God our Saviour by useful to which a favourable answer was relives.--Reader, realize that awful turned by Prince Galitzin, minister of scene, in which thou must shortly state, on the part of his Imperial Mabear a part. Behold the Judge seated jesty, with a promise of protection on his great white throne, and the and assistance to all Missionaries whole race of Adam summoned to his froin Great Britain to the Crimea and tribunal. The angelic armies stand in Circassia. silent suspense. The books are open- It appeared, that the Edinburgh ed. The secrets of all hearts are dis- Missionary Society had embraced this closed. The hidden things of dark- opportunity; and being fully convincness are brought to light. O the per- ed of its utility, by two years' acquaintplexity! the distraction! that must ance with the Sultan, they formed a seize the impenitent rebels, when, fund, to send out Missionaries to this speechless with guilt, and stigmatized neglected region; in which the most with infamy, they stand before all the fertile soil

mourns because of iniarmies of the sky, and all the redeem- quity,for the people are

« without ed of the earth! What a favour would God in the world.The Crimea was they esteem it, to hide their ashamed deseribed as peculiarly advantageoŅs heads in the bosom of the ocean, or for a Missionary station; and the obeven to be buried beneath the ruins jects in view immediately, are, 1st, to of the tottering world ! What will send out a printing press, with Turkbecome of them in this day of severe ish type; 2d, to establish Lancaster visitation? this day of final decision Schools; 3d, an Asylum for children, Whither betake themselves for shelter to be ransomed from Turkish captior for succour? Alas! it is all in vain; vity, as a slave-trade is carried on by it is all too late: to justify themselves, robbers on the Turkish frontiers, who is still more impossible; and to make steal the most beautiful grown-up chilany supplications, utterly unavailable. dren, and sell them in the marketReader, Behold! now is the ac-, places of the Turkish towns as slaves: cepted time; behold! now is the day 4th, to send out Schoolmasters and of salvation.”

Missionaries, from Great Britain and Haste, haste, he lies wait, he's at the donr

Ireland; who, on their arrival, will

have abundant supplies, grants of No composition sets the pris'ner frce.

land, and powerful protection from The dead cannot seek unto God; the Russian troops. the living, the living alone, are pos

The Sultan then addressed the Meetsessed of this inestimable opportu- ing ;-a more extraordinary character nity.

is seldom offered to contemplation, When once this closing scene is ad- under all the circumstances of the

Insidious Death! should his strong hand arrest,

case.

He is a very handsome man, | the Emperor; while a Society formed about thirty years old, dressed in Eng- | in London, confines its exertions to the lish fashionable costume; has black dispersion of the Scriptures, by sendhair, strong eye-brows, and a sallow ing out apparatus to print and publish complexion. He spoké pure English, the Bible in the Crimea: towards this with an impressive voice, with strength end the Sultan is compiling grammars and perspicuity of diction, the essen- of the different Tartar dialects. tials of a popular speaker in delivery, Some reports have been circulated and very little foreign accent or idiom; against the Sultan's character. But except in the latter part of his speech, these are removed on investigation, by when he gave way to his natural ener- a variety of proofs. He takes no part gy, and spoke an unstudied narrative. of the contributions of the Societies His language was that of a genuine he has founded, not even his travelling Christian; exhorting Christian bre- expenses ; although he has no prothren and sisters, and calling on them perty whatever in Tartary, and is only to send help to his benighted nation ; supported by an allowance of 6000 and while he declared the wondrous roubles annually from the treasury of work of God in saving a lost world, the Russian Emperor, which, accordand expressed a due sense of the ing to the course of exchange, is from fallen and helpless state of man, whom £300 to £500 British. Sultan, signifies Christ alone can raise from the death prince of the blood, or relative of the of trespasses and sins, as the way, chief of a horde or tribe of Tartars. the truth, and the life, he pointed out He is at present the head of the tribe, on a large map the stations he reserved and, if they had an independent goto the Missionaries. He was born at vernment, he would be entitled to goCarras, in the Beshou Mountains of vern them. The last head who governCaucasus.

ed the tribe, was his cousin. They Two Scotch Missionaries in 1802, were driven from Carras in the Crifirst drew his attention to Christianity; mea by the revolution: his father is and he now appears learned in the dead. His allowance from the ImpeScriptures, which he ardently desires rial treasury, which is a strong evidence to be spread among his countrymen, that he is not an impostor, has been and taught in schools to their children. verified by a respectable merchant, Whatever difficulties are presented by through whose hands it is remitted. A the unbelieving, suspicious, and pre- short account of his life, drawn from judiced minds of the adults, he is satis- his own narrative, is about to be pubfied no persecution, oppression, or tem- lished. poral want, is to be sustained by the Mission. Eloquentspeeches were made

Observations on a prolific Source of by Counsellor Lefroy, Mr. Guinness,

Error.
Rev. S. Singer, Rev. Mr. West, Rev.
Geo. Hamilton, Rev. Mr. Gilbert, &c.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL &c. The Church and its Dissenters

MAGAZINE. united in this work.

Sir, Trowbridge, June 24, 1819. The amount collected on this occa- If you think the following remarks, sion was about £150, which, along with calculated to assist in dispelling some future subscriptions, is to be remitted of the clouds which yet darken the into the Edinburgh Society, who have tellectual horizon, their insertion will four Missionaries preparing to go out to greatly oblige, Circassia. The pecuniary assistance

Your's, respectfully, promised by the Emperor Alexander,

S. is conditionally connected with the bu- That our knowledge of the nature and siness of Education. But those Mis- objects of the eternal world is not direct, sionaries who will not keep schools, but analogical, is a truth, I conceive, will be protected in the enjoyment of as important as most truths are that civil and religious liberty, even while relate to the philosophy of the human they preach doctrines differing from mind; and yet but few subjects are less the Greek church. The Edinburgh understood than the origin, nature, and Dublin Society, therefore, exclu- and agency, of this knowledge. It may, sively devote their funds to the sup- I think, be laid down as an indisputable port of Missionaries, whom they ap- fact, that so far as the glorious realities prove, and sustain, independently of of the heavenly world are known, they

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are known by earthly analogies, although to ascertain the point or points of this medium cannot possibly reach analogy intended; and this may in a. their real nature. Our faith goes on great degree be overcome by comwhere our knowledge stops, and con- paring scripture with scripture. The ducts to the transendency of their exist- overlooking of this great truth has

We believe in the reality of ob- been one of the most fatal blunders in jects, of which we can have but partial the religious world ; since it has given conceptions, because their real nature birth to many of those errors, that have is ineffable and incomprehensible. And distracted the Christian church in every how humbling soever to the pride of age. And were our enthusiasts on the some men this imperfect degree of one hand, and our men of reason on the knowledge may be, such a faith is no other, to expunge from their favourite disgrace to the brightest human in- works all the passages that have been tellect.

produced in consequence of this overOne of the best illustrations of this sight, it would, probably, reduce their analogy, that I recollect to have seen, solid contents to a very diminutive bulk. is in a passage quoted from Park- Should the period ever arrive, when the hurst by Dr. Clarke, in his learned note difference between human and divine on 1 Corinth. xiii. 12. It is as follows: knowledge shall be generally under

· Now, in this life, we see by means of stood, the many-headed monster Error a mirror, reflecting the images of hea- will be ashamed of some of his apvenly and spiritual things; invisible pearances, and the virgin Truth will being represented by visible; spiritual, display herself in all her natural beauty by natural ; eternal, by temporal : but and simplicity. then, in the eternal world, face to face; every thing being seen in itself, and

CURIOUS ACCOUNT, ETC. not by means of a representative or similitude.” It is perhaps, impossible Curious Account of the old Presbyterian for language to supply words more de- Meeting-house in Russel-court, Druryfinite and expressive than those con- lane, from Wilson's History of Distained in the preceding quotation; and senting Churches.were we to analyze that part of it This place, which was situated bewhich refers to the nature of those tween the burial ground and the theathings that lie beyond the contracted tres in Drury-lane, was a large, subrange of human vision, it will be found stantial, brick building, with three to resolve itself into the following prin- deep galleries, and capable of seating ciples.

a numerous congregation. It was proFirst, That the human mind is con- bably used as a meeting-house by the versant about two distinct kinds of nonconformists in the reign of Charles things; that is, earthly and heavenly. the Second ; but the first mention that

Secondly, That earthly and heavenly we hear made of it, is in that of William things are not apprehended by the hu- the Third, when it was occupied by the man mind in the same manner.

celebrated Mr. Daniel Burgess. Thirdly, That the nature of heavenly The lease of the meeting-house exthings is known only by analogy, simi- piring about the year 1705, the landlitude, or representation.

lord, who was an enemy to the disFourthly, That earthly things are the senters, turned out Mr. Burgess and visible images, similitudes, or repre- his congregation, and sold the place sentations, of heavenly things. for a chapel of ease to the parish of

If these principles be granted, an St. Martin's; which continued to be important truth is fairly deducible its condition till about half a century from them: The visible objects with ago. which we are encircled, standing as When Mr. Burgess quitted the place, the analogical representatives of celes- it underwent a thorough repair; and tial realities, yet being so different from the alterations necessary to be inthem, teaches us, that in our reasonings troduced, involved a considerable exconcerning the nature of heavenly things, pense. To defray this, the managers we must not argue from all the properties of Drury-lane playhouse gave a beof the representation, to the nature of the nefit; which odd circumstance, occarepresented. This truth seems to be sioned the celebrated author of Rouniversal in its application to Gos-binson Crusoe, to draw up the followpel mysteries. The only difficulty is, ing paper. It is taken from his “ Re

view” of Thursday the 20th of June, your satires upon the stage, are as so 1706 ; and is styled, “ A Sermon many arrows shot at the church ; for preached by Mr. Daniel De Foe; on every convert of your making has so the fitting up of Daniel Burgess's late far lessened the chureh's stock, and meeting-house."

tended to let the church fall upon our “ As for my text (says he) you will heads. Never talk of the stage any find it thus written in the Daily Currant, more; for if the church cannot be fitted June 18, 1706, ' Towards the defraying up without the play-house, to write of the charge of repairing and fitting up against the play-house is to write the chapel in Russel-court, at the Thea- against the church ; to discourage the tre-Royal, in Drury-lane, this present play-house, is to weaken the church.Tuesday, being the 18th of June, will be See how all hands are zealous for the presented the Tragedy of Hamlet Prince church. The whole nation is at work of Denmark, with Singing by Mr. for her safety. The Parliament adHughes, &c. and Entertainment of dress ; the Queen consults; the MiDancing by Monsieur Cherrier, Miss nistry executes; the Armies fight; and Stantlow, his Scholar, and Mr. Evans. all for the Church. At home we have Boxes 58.-Pit3s.--First Gallery 28.- other heroes that act. Peggy Hughes Upper Gallery Is.'

sings; Monsieur Ramadon plays; ** From whence I offer these obverva- | Miss Stantlow dances; Monsieur Chertions, to the serious thoughts of those rier teaches; and all for the church. gentlemen, who are apprehensive of Here's heavenly doings! Here's barthe church's danger; viz. if the D--1 mony! the clergy preach, and read, be come over to us, and assists to sup- and get money for it of the church ; but port the church, the D-1 must be in these sing and dance, and act, and it, if the church be in danger. Cer-talk b- -y, and the church gets the tainly you, gentlemen of the high- money.-How comes the chapel in church, show very little respect to the Russel-court to stand in such ill circhurch, and cannot be such friends to cumstances ? The chapel was Mr its establishment as you pretend to Daniel Burgess's meeting-house: and be ; since, though you have the house as the auditory is large, and the persons built to your hands, (for this chapel concerned numerous and able, whence was before a dissenting meeting- comes this deficiency? It must be house,) yet you must go a-begging to from want of regard to the church. the play-house to carry on the work. What! send her a-begging to the playSome guess this may be a religious house! of all the churches in the world wheedle, to form an excuse for the I believe none was ever served thas ladies, and justify their so frequent before. What, nobody to repair the visits to the theatre ; since the money church, but those that are every day being thus disposed, they gratify their reproved in it! Must the play-house vanity and fancy; they show their boxes build your pews, the pit raise piety, please their vice, and smuggle your galleries? Here you will see who their consciences; something like that are the best churchmen, high or low. old zeal of robbing orphans to build For, if the players are high-church, as alms-houses.--Hard times, gentlemen, most allow, if they are of any church at hard times indeed, these are with all; then a full, or a thin house, deterthe church, to send her to the play- mines who are the best friends of the house to gather pew-money. For church. If the money raised here be shame, gentlemen!go to the church, and employed to re-edify this chapel, I pay your money there; and never let would have it written over the door in the play-house have such a claim to its capital letters, establishment as to say, the church is * Thischurch was re-edified, anno 1706, beholden to her.—Now, Mr. Lesley, at the expense and by the charitable conhave at the dissenters; for if they do tributions of the enemies of the reformanot come to this play, they are certainly | tion of our morals, and to the eternal enemies to the church, put their nega- scandal and most just reproach of the tive upon repairing and fitting up the Church of England, and the Protestant church, which, by Mr. Lesley's usual Religion. logic, may easily be proved to be

"Witness our hands, pulling down the church.--Now, Mr. LUCIFER, Prince of Darkness, Collier, you are quite aground, and all ‘Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, your sarcasms upon the play-house, all

Churchwardens.'"

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