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of arithmetic 'and book-keeping, and proceeded to Manchester, having letwas initiated in the first principles ters of recommendation from his uncle, of geometry, trigonometry, and sur- Mr. Ward, of Snaith, who had some veying. The death of Mr. Young, considerable connections in that town. which unfortunately soon took place, But, being compelled to wait on those deprived Mr. Exley of his friendly aid; to whom he was recommended, with but the ardour of his desires after im- more servility than was congenial to provement remained undiminished ; his feelings, and having no other hopes and to him no other stimulus had at than those of obtaining employment any time been found necessary, as he as a clerk in some mercantile house, does not recollect ever having receiv- his patience became exhausted, and ed any chastisement during the whole he began to inquire for a situation as course of his pupilage. For some teacher in a school. time after this event, he continued his It happened about this time, that studies under the son of Mr. Young, Mr. J. Clarke, A. M. the father of Dr. after which he returned to his home, Adam Clarke, opened a classical where he embraced every opportunity school in Manchester ; and, as in this of increasing his mathematical know- department of learning, Mr. Exley's ledge, until he had attained the age of knowledge was incomplete, he once seventeen.

more became a pupil for a short seaAbout this time an advertisement son. The abilities of Mr. Clarke soon appearing from a mathematical and gained him a respectable number of classical school, in the north of York- pupils, which rendered a mathematical shire, near Barnard Castle, which fur- teacher necessary. In this departnished some flattering prospects, Mr. ment Mr. Exley engaged; which cirExley solicited his father's permission cumstance established an intimacy to become a pupil there. This was at between him and that family, which length obtained; but so eager was he was at once delightful and honourable ; to realize the object of his wishes and and finally led to a marriage union, his hopes, and at the same time so between himself, and the amiable Miss solicitous to avoid becoming burden- Hannah Clarke. This event took some to his parents, that he commenc- place in the year 1796, with the mued his journey on foot, notwithstand tual consent of all parties. ing it was in the depth of winter, and Mr. Exley, after his marriage, conthe ground was covered with snow. Intinued with his father-in-law about this manner he reached the place of his one year, when he removed to Huddestination, although the distance was dersfield, where he opened a school not less than eighty miles. Nor was on his own account. In this place, be deceived on his arrival. In this his success far exceeded his most sanschool he became well grounded in the guine expectations. The first week various branches of the mathematics, he had two scholars only; the second and performed by instruments the five; and the third an increase of thirtynumerous operations which practical one; in a short time his pupils exexperiment required. The principal ceeded eighty; and he retained from objects which now engrossed his atten- that number, to one hundred, during tion, in addition to the Latin language, the two years that he continued in were, common arithmetic, mensura- this town. In addition to these, he tion, logarithms, practical surveying, was also employed as private teacher spherical geometry, and the various to several respectable families, who branches connected with each. In this much regretted his departure, when seminary, such were the advancements circumstances directed him to remove which he made in his mathematical to Bristol. acquirements, that the classical tutor During Mr. Exley's residence in one day observed to him, I would Huddersfield, he wrote an English gladly give up all my classical learn- grammar, which he intended publishing, to obtain that knowledge of the ing, chiefly for the use of his own mathematics which you possess.” school. This was submitted to the

On leaving this place, and returning inspection of Dr. Clarke; who, though home, Mr. Exley began seriously to he spoke of the work in terms of high think of some situation, in which he respect, advised the suspension of its might be suitably and advantageously publication, as several works of a employed. With this view, he first similar tendency had been recently


Memoir of Mr. Exley.

582 thrown into circulation. This advice | Mr Exley had the advantage in the was adopted ; but suspension has debate, yet as he had to contend with been succeeded by delay; and the Mr. Clarke and his unknown rivals, he grammar has not yet been printed. demanded of this person his real name,

It was nearly about this time, that and also called on Mr. Clarke to deMr. Exley tried his skill in attempting clare it; but this, instead of producing a solution of the celebrated problem what was sought, put an end to the of squaring the circle. And, although, controversy. This little incident, which like many mathematicians much older was probably intended to injure, proved than himself, he failed of success, his highly advantageous to Mr. Exley, who exertions proved highly beneficial in now becoming more generally known, other respects, leading him to a more had an additional degree of celebrity extensive acquaintance with the appli- attached to his name. It also procured cation of algebra to geometry. In for him the esteem of Mr. Clarke, who his attempt to square the circle, he ever afterwards professed the most unemployed the cycloid ; and, during his dissembled friendship. His business, investigations, discovered several pro- from this time, began to increase; and perties of that curve, which, though from thence to the present hour, he known to mathematicians, as he after- has had full employment as a private wards learnt, were till then unknown teacher of mathematics and natural

him. He also effected the grada- philosophy. tion of several portions of the cy- Early in 1805, a philosophical and cloidal surface.

literary society was formed in BrisBut, amidst the successes which had tol, of which Mr. Exley was solicited attended him in Huddersfield, Mr. to become the superintendant and lecExley found, that the close confine- turer. This office he accepted; and ment, which an attention to the duties the station was filled by him in a manof his engagements required, proved ner highly satisfactory to the members. prejudicial to his health. This cir- | But being requested to reside in the cumstance, in conjunction with his house belonging to the institution, he earnest desire of obtaining more fa- was obliged to decline it, and to revourable opportunities to acquire and linquish his office, from the inconveniimpart knowledge, together with the ency of the situation. advice of his friends, determined him In 1809, and the following year, he to remove to Bristol ; at which city he was busily engaged as one of the ediarrived in the last week of 1799. In tors of the Imperial Encyclopedia ; but this place he began his career, by as- nearly the whole labour of this work sisting Mr. Johnson in his school ; devolved on him. This publication has but this did not continue long. He had an extensive sale. While engaged soon commenced private teacher of in this work, he wrote a Theory of mathematics and natural philosophy, Electricity, the substance of which apand speedily obtained the patronage peared under the article bearing this and support of the more respectable name. To this subject, in connection and scientific inhabitants of Bristol, with that of Galvanism, he has since and its vicinity. This fortunate event paid much attention; and it is his inmay, in some degree, be attributed to tention, if his life be spared, to publish the following incident:

on some future day, the result of his In the year 1802, a mathematical researches in these departments of question of some difficulty, appearing science. in one of the Bristol papers, Mr. Exley In the spring of 1810 it pleased God received a letter from some unknown to visit him with an afflictive dispensaperson, professing much friendship, tion, in the death of his beloved wife. urging him to give it a solution. This His grief on this occasion was exceedhe undertook and accomplished, as ingly great, although it was somewhat did also a Mr. H. Clarke, a gentleman alleviated by the consideration, that well known as a profound mathemati- she departed this life in the full triumph cian,who almost immediately proposed of faith, and with a joyful hope of a another question, which was answered glorious immortality. The following by. Mr. Exley, and the person who had year he again married to an amiable proposed the first, but who had as- lady, who still lives, and acts as an afsumed a fictitious signature. Here, a fectionate mother to his former children, kind of contest arose ; and although and the solace of his progressive years

In January 1813, Mr. Exley was | Twice, to all human appearance, he honoured by the University of Aber- has been been brought to the point of deen, with the degree of Master of death; once in 1797, and again in 1817. Arts. As this mark of their respect But in each of these trying seasons he came unsolicited and unsought by him, found his mind in a state of tranquilthe favour which they conferred, was lity, and calmly fixed on God. It is in enhanced by the manner in which it such awful moments as these, that the was bestowed.

genuineness of religion appears. In Philosophy, Mr. Exley embraced Mr. Exley still continues in Bristol, the Newtonian Theory, not from the following his accustomed avocations, authority of that great man, but be- and occasionally warns his fellow creacause he found it the most rational, and tures to fiee from the wrath to come. best calculated to unfold the wonders of some pamphlets besides those alof nature, and to assist man in reading ready mentioned, he has appeared as the ample volume of creation. That the author, particularly on a point of he might, however, take his stand on controversy that has lately been agisolid ground, he not only studied this tated among the Methodists. Several philosophy with deep attention, but incidents of his life might have been also minutely examined the systems collected, in addition to those we have which were opposed to it, perusing the already inserted; but to mere strangers works of Gordon, Jones, Rogers, Sau- they can afford but little interest. The marez, Hurley, Millar, Lacy, Bamfield, life of a retired mathematician can Vivian, &c. which were professedly hardly be expected to furnish any exwritten against Newton. In these tensive variety. A sufficiency however works he found no solid arguments to appears to convince aspiring genius invalidate the Newtonian theory, nor that the mountain of science may be any system that could make the least scaled, and that virtuous fame awaits pretension to supersede his philosophy, the ingenious and persevering to crown which he conceives will ever bloom their laudible exertions with the with undiminished lustre, and advance triumphs of success. in strength and beauty to the end of time, ever tending towards the point

DISTRESS OF THE MORAVIAN MISSION of scientific perfection.

It was the happy lot of Mr. Exley to be blessed with a religious education. In the preceding Number of the ImpeHis parents were members of the Me- rial Magazine, an account was given thodist Society, and constant attendants of the Moravian Missions; and alof the established church. Hence he though we were prevented from rehad been taught from his infancy to cording in detail, the various disasters know the scriptures of truth, and the to which their numerous establishway of righteousness. But although ments in foreign parts have of late he had thus been brought up in the been exposed, we were obligod, in fear of God, and in a knowledge of the justice to this amiable people, to noprinciples of the gospel, these were in- tice in general terms, the hardships, suflicient to renew his nature. The privations, and distresses, which in watchful eyes of his parents, and the many places they have been compelled discharge of family duties, such as to endure. We have now briefly to reading the holy scriptures, and daily add to that catalogue of suffering, anprayer, kept him indeed from the com- other scene of calamity, with which mission of flagrant sins, but even under their missionaries have lately been these restraints, the corruptions of his atllicted in the vicinity of the Cape of heart still predominated. The neces- Good Hope. sity of attaining help laid upon one that It appears by letters lately received is mighty, led him to seek salvation as from the south of Africa, that their setit is exhibited in the gospel, through tlement, which had been for some time our Lord Jesus Christ. Nor did he established on the Witte seek in vain. He obtained a clear every prospect of permanent success, sense of the divine favour, about a has lately been attacked by the Caffres, week after he had reached his fifteenth and plundered, in such a manner as year, since which time he has endea- to reduce the settlers to a state of sevoured to preserve a conscience void vere distress. This may be gathered of offence towards God and man. I from the statements given in the fol


ier, with

585 Lancashire Auxiliary Missionary Society. 586 lowing extracts of a letter, dated Feb. prevented from murdering his wife, 10th, 1819.

only by the courageous interference of “ Yesterday, between five and six some large dogs, which nobly defendin the evening, our herd being about ed their mistress. After this deliverfive minutes' walk from our house, ance, the family came to the brethren feeding upon an open plain, above two at Witte Revier, and took shelter hundred Catfres rushed out of the among them. woods upon them, and (though all the From this settlement, many efforts men hastened with their fire-arms to had been made to send a letter to the the spot) drove off 235 head of cattle commander of some military forces at before our eyes. A great many of a distance, to implore assistance; but these naked fellows ran close to our | in some places the rivers were renderdwellings towards the herd. A gene- ed impassable through the body of ral hue-and-cry was raised, and the water which they contained, and on Hottentots fired upon the thieves; but other occasions the surrounding counnothing could stop their progress. It try was so infested with the savages, is supposed that two of them were that the journey could not be underkilled, and five wounded. We are taken with any hope of success. To astonished at the escape of nine of our defend themselves against the attacks men, who were watching the herd, and of the Caffres, whom they every hour got all among the Caffres. Some of expected, the settlers at Witte Revier them were in the greatest possible dan- and their Hottentots used every exerger. One was in the river when the tion, in making a kind of rampart Caffres plunged into the stream, and round their houses, with waggons, and saved himself only by keeping under such heavy pieces of timber as they water while the banditti were swim- could collect On some occasions their ming across it."

women and children took up their In another part of the same letter, abode in their church, which, being the writer proceeds as follows. “ The closely guarded, they thought more farmers are assembled in the neigh- secure than their common habitations. bourhood of the Bosjeman's Revier, The distresses arising from these comwhere the Caffres have robbed them plicated disasters, have been most seof their cattle, set fire to the houses verely felt in the settlement. Proviand corn-stacks, and murdered many sions have been rendered peculiarly people. As we could not but suppose scarce and dear. On these accounts that numbers of them are lurking about we most cordially repeat their almost in the thickets, all around our settle- concluding sentiment: “ Pray do not ment, we set thirteen men as guards forget our suffering poor. Several inover the remaining cattle, three of them dividuals here must perish, if they are mounted on horseback.

not assisted by us; and our poor's box, “Our brethren and sisters may easily owing to the high price of corn, is conceive the anxiety we suffer. Many quite exhausted.” of the children cry out for food. Our people have lived chiefly on milk; and as the Caffres have stolen the whole of

SOCIETY. the first herd, among which were all the milch cows, they are in great dis- On Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thurstress. We are most afraid of a violent day, the 10th, 11th, and 12th of August, attack, the Caffres taking us by sur- 1819, the Lancashire Auxiliary Misprise, from which, may God in mercy sionary Society, in aid of the London protect us. Pray for us, for the help Missionary Society, held its anniverof man is vain. Thank God. we all sary in Liverpool. On this interesting enjoy good health.

occasion, the cause of Missions was “J. H. SCHMITT.” ably pleaded and defended, in disThe same writer, adverting to the courses, by the Rev. P. Brotherston, of depredations committed by these bar- Dysart, North Britain ; the Rev. Jos. barians, records several instances of Fletcher, Theological Tutor of the Inpeculiar distress. Among these he dependent Academy at Blackburn; the mentions an attack made by them Rev. William Roby, of Manchester; upon a neighbour, Jacobus Scheeper. and the Rev. William Thorp, of BrisIn this attack they stole his cattle, tol.--At the public meeting for busikilled his European servant, and were ness, held on the Thursday afterno


in Great George-street Chapel, many | 1819, by some persons wishing for a eloquent addresses were delivered, in reform in Parliament; but its legality connection with the several resolutions being questioned, it was postponed passed, and a deep impression, favour- until Monday, the 16th, when it assumable to the great cause, was produced ed a form which it was thought would upon a large and delighted auditory: have placed all its friends under the and in the evening, at the same place, protection of law. At the time apthe friends of the institution celebrated pointed, a vast concourse of people together the Supper of the Lord, and assembled, amounting, according to renewed the pledge of their attach- various accounts, to 50,000, to 70,000, ment to it at his table. The whole an- or to 150,000. niversary comprised a series of truly Shortly after one o'clock, Mr. Hunt, solemn and interesting services, which and several others, made their appearwill long be remembered with grateful ance. Scarcely, however, had he beemotions by the multitudes who were gun to speak, before a military force, privileged to participate in them. composed of horse and foot, that had

The great object of the London Mis- been collected for the occasion, was sionary Society, is to send the Gospel seen in motion. The cavalry, on apsimply, without any prescribed form proaching, pressed through the crowd of church government, to heathen and with precipitate violence, trampling other unenlightened nations ; and its der the feet of the horses such as fundamental principle is, an union of could not escape, while the men cut all denominations in the glorious cause. with their sabres, apparently without The missions of this society are nu- any discrimination, whoever happened merous and extensive, and the field of to come within their reach. Arriving its operations is daily enlarging. Its at the place where Mr. Hunt and his missionaries are labouring in the East associates stood, they ordered them to and West Indies, in South Africa, in surrender ; which mandate, when supthe islands of the Southern Pacific ported by the authority of a magisOcean, and in many other places; and trate, was instantly obeyed. These many of the heathen, through their in- were conducted to the house in which strumentality, have been turned from the magistrates were assembled, and, dumb idols to serve the living God. after an examination, several were This has been most remarkably the committed to the New Bailey. In the case in the islands of the South Sea, mean while, the soldiers pursued the where the natives, as a body, have for populace with unabated violence, and saken idolatry, and embraced Chris- thus continued their exertions until tianity; where 70 christian temples are the ground was cleared, and the unalready erected; where the Sabbath is armed fugitives were dispersed. kept holy in a way unknown even in Of the exact numbers in killed and Britain, and where a Missionary So- wounded, scarcely any two accounts ciety is established amongst the na- are alike. The highest amount that tives, with Pomare the king as its has been stated of the former, is six. president, in aid of that institution From one statement we learn, that the which sent them the Gospel. It ap- number actually killed, and of those peared, by a paragraph in a letter from whose recovery is impossible, will not the Secretary of the parent Society to be less than ten, and that sixty have the Rev. Mr. Raffles, which was read been brought as patients to the Infirmto the meeting, that the expenditure ary. Many others have been under of the past year had exceeded the in- the care of surgeons in private praccome by £5000.

We trust, however, tice; and others, who were strangers, that the liberality of the christian pub- have been conveyed to their own neighlic will keep pace with the increasing bourhood to have their wounds dressexertions of this excellent society. ed. “We therefore think,” says the We understand that about £300 was same account, “ that there cannot have collected at the meetings in Liverpool. been fewer than 200 persons wounded,

and some believe that 300 falls short of the number.”

On Friday the 20th, Mr. Hunt and It appears that a public meeting had his associates were brought again bebeen appointed to be held in Man-fore the magistrates, when Mr. Norris chester on Monday, August the 9th, ) addressed Mr. Hunt in nearly the fol


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