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implore my

readers to be directed by carbonated powders are therefore reits approving voice, and its salutary commended as a valuable means of warnings; for with such a friend to producing it at pleasure, in a higher guide, and such a monitor to instruct state of perfection than the soda wathem, though they may deviate from ter in bottles, and at nearly half the the strict path of duty, they will easily price. Independent of this, the botbe led into it again.

tled soda water is too frequently made Religion and morality are, in fact, with sulphuric acid, instead of carboso intimately connected, that it would nic acid gas, which acts rapidly on the be difficult for the most able casuist to corks, thereby producing a nauseous separate them; still I do not mean to compound, materially disordering the infer, that there are no moral charac- stomachs of invalids. In high latiters who are deficient in the perform- tudes, where it is necessary to dilute ance of their religious duties: yet I the animal secretions more frequently, will venture to assert, that there never and where aperient draughts are more was a truly pious Christian, who neg- useful in preventing bilious affections, lected what may be termed Christian- these aërated powders, dissolved in ity's minor duties. By the term pious water agreeably to the directions given, Christian, I do not mean those who are afford a very advantageous and saluscrupulously attentive to the formali- tary beverage. East India commandties of their religion; but those who, ers, officers, and all persons travelwith purity of heart, and integrity of ling to the East and West Indies, will conduct, endeavour implicitly to fol- find these highly carbonated sodaic low the rules prescribed in the Gospel; powders a valuable adventure, being who, fully aware of the imperfection so extremely portable, that a sufficient of human nature, make every possible quantity for producing a dozen glasses allowance for its deviation from righ- of soda water may be carried in the teousness; and who, thoroughly con- waistcoat pocket. They are adapted vinced of their own frailty, do not for all climates, and will retain their expect to find their fellow-creatures virtues any length of time. You may better than themselves.

buy at the chemist's one ounce of the tartaric acid for sevenpence, and of

the carbonate of soda at sixpence; On Soda Water.

which will make as much soda water for thirteen pence as twelve bottles of

the other. Sir,-By inserting the following obser

Recipe. vations on Soda Water, you will oblige Divide one ounce of the tartaric your friend and constant reader, acid into twelve equal parts, putting

E. W. each part into some paper which may Since the first discovery of carbonic be known by its colour. Then divide acid gas, by Van Helmont, in the Spa one ounce of the soda in the same way, and Pyrmont waters, it has continued putting each part into paper of a disto increase in general estimation, and tinct colour. "Let these be kept dry, was prescribed, in a state of efferves and they will always be ready for use. cence, by Rivirius, in malignant fe

Directions. vers and putrid sore throats: but we Dissolve one of the tartaric acid are indebted to Dr. Hales for the con- powders in two-thirds of a tumbler, firmation of its wonderful property of and one of the soda powders in a wine resisting the process of putrefaction or glass of cold spring water.

When decomposition, in all animal and vege- each is completely dissolved, pour the table substances. Water, impreg- latter solution into the former,

and nated with this highly-salubrious acid drink the mixture immediately. gas, is justly considered a valuable remedy in allaying irritation of the stomach; and hence, in cases of indigestion, flatulence, and debility of the Henry IV. king of France was desirdigestive organs, soda water, super- ed to punish an author who had written saturated with the gas, and taken as a some free satires on the Court. It common beverage, has succeeded in would be against my conscience,” reaffecting cures after the usual stoma- plied the king, “ to trouble an honest chic remedies had totally failed. These ! man for having told the truth"

TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL

MAGAZINE.

ANECDOTE OF HENRY IV.

549

Patent Sliding Window Sashes.

550

PATENT SLIDING SASHES,
To open on the inside without preventing their usual

operation. Invented by George Michael, of 21, Church-street, Soho, London.

REFERENCE.

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Fig. 1.

Fig. 2.

Fig. 1. Perspective view of a window, shewing the sashes when opened at right angles to the face of sash frame, suspended by their hinges.

Fig. 2. Horizontal section of k bsa

sash-frame, shewing the styles of sashes.

a, a, a, a. Styles of sashes; 'f

shewing the mode of rabbeting them together.

6,6. Counter styles, to which the sashes are hung. The inside sash is hung with common butt hinges. The outside or top sash is hung with hinges having an extended joint, as shewn by the dotted line at f.

C,c. Counter styles, with proper fastenings to secure the sashes when shut, so that they may slide up and down in the usual manner.

d, d. Two cranks fixed to the pulley style, to work in groove of counter styles. e, e.

Dotted lines, shewing both the sashes when opened at right angles. fif. Hinges of ditto.

g, g. Pulley styles of sashframe.

h, h. Outside lining.
i, i. Inside lining.
jj. Back lining.
k, k. Weights.

The lines of weights are fastened to the counter styles b, which keep the sashes stationary in any position when open, and the counter styles c are left at the top when the sashes, are disen

gaged, as shewn by line c, fig. 1, The principle of the patent will ap- | purpose, without removing the beads ply to sashes hung either single or

from the sash-frame; which will sedouble, and may be opened, cleaned, cure the durability of the windows. and shut, with the greatest ease by any But, principally, the plan recommends person; thereby securing the comfort itself to all persons who value the of clean windows at all times. They lives of their fellow-subjects, as it is likewise combine the advantage of well known, that many and serious French casements; and are peculiarly accidents frequently occur, in cleaning adapted, in the case of double win- and painting sash-windows on the outdows, (so frequently used in large side. The ingenious and humane will towns,) for the purpose of secluding therefore be much pleased, to find the the sound produced by carriages, or plan fully adapted to the above purother means, in the streets. Likewise poses, and combining in itself ingi the sashes may be taken out, for any ity, simplicity, and advantage.

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TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL

Essay on Anecdote.

the term. We catch the sound with avidity; and the appearance of the

word, as with a kind of magic, arrests MAGAZINE.

the eye that carelessly wanders over SIR, Liverpool, June 4th, 1819.

the
page

in which it happens to occur. ALTHOUGH I have met with very few The attention being awakened, exwho are not pleased with this species pectation is excited; and we seem to of composition, I have found many be hurried, by a kind of anticipation, whose views are confused and indis- into the region of incident, where we tinct respecting that particular descrip- wait with confidence to be entertained tion of writing which falls under this with some definite and interesting denomination. If you think the fol- ideas. This mental commotion is lowing observations on this subject purely natural. worthy a place in your interesting The mind of man is so constituted, Miscellany, by inserting them you will that it is almost insensibly charmed greatly oblige a constant reader, with novelty ; and in that species of

DELTA. composition which comes under the The word Anecdote is derived from denomination of Anecdote, every the Greek avexdota, ( Anecdota,) which reader fully expects to find some grasignifies, things not hitherto known, tification for this active principle. Dr. or, hitherto kept secret.” The term has Johnson has briefly defined Anecdote also been used by some authors as a to be “ a biographical incident.” Now common title for secret histories; but although this definition may not fully this is an extension which can scarcely comprise every idea which custom has be justified, since it more properly de- taught us to attach to the expression; notes a relation of detached and inte- yet it has the felicity to exhibit its most resting particulars.

distinguishing feature, and to find, for Procopius gives the title Anecdota, its accuracy of outline, a mirror in to a book which he published against almost every mind. Justinian, and his wife Theodora; and Nothing can be justly entitled to the it is worthy of remark, that he is almost name of Anecdote, that does not conthe only writer among the ancients, vey ideas which are perspicuous, and who has communicated to the world interesting from their specific approan unvarnished history of princes in priation, and which does not deviate their domestic lives. But whether he from the monotonous dulness of comhad any intention to convey, in the mon life. Of this every reader seems title which he gave to his book, an idea to be almost instinctively sensible

. of its unrivalled fidelity, must be left The name gives birth to expectation; to our conjecture. Varillas has also and he hastens with avidity to devour published a work, which he has enti- the delicious morsel. No solitary intled, “ Anecdotes of the House of cident which extends to an immoderate Medicis.”

length, can be ranked under this deThe term Anecdote, is also an ap- nomination. Anecdote, like epigram, pellation, sometimes given to such has its limits, beyond the boundaries works of the Ancients as have not yet of which it cannot pass without assumbeen published. In this sense, M. ing a new character, and laying claim Muratori gives the name Anecdota to another name. The narrowness of Græca to several writings of the Greek the compass in which an anecdote is Fathers, found in the libraries, and in general expressed, and the shortfirst published by him. F. Martene ness of the time that is required for its has given a Thesaurus Anecdotarum perusal, furnish additional reasons Novus, in five folio volumes.

why it is seized with eagerness, and But from what source soever the perused with pleasure. word Anecdote may have been derived, We almost invariably expect to find, or to what species of writing it may in anecdote, some singular event or occasionally have been applied, it is a incident with which we had not been term which, from its frequent recur- previously made acquainted. In these rence and common application, con- we hope to behold the human characveys to the mind an idea which rarely ter displayed either in some new exhifails to arrest the attention.

bition of its fortitude, courage, strength, There is an indescribable something or weakness; or to have some new which seems invariably to accompany feature unfolded;

some

unexpected

553

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Essay on Anecdote.-On the Comet now visible. 554 event introduced; or to perceive some nor do any other thing, which the bright corruscation of genius, wit, or common minds of the world may deem talent, bursting upon us with pleasing unimportant, without first consulting splendour; which, whether marking your wise teachers, the orbs above. the career of vice or virtue, always Your bleeding, your purging, your derives charms from the freshness of journeying, your buying, your selling, originality.

are all performed under the same unIt sometimes happens, that anec- erring influence; and your appeals to dotes of the most interesting nature them are doubtless made with more are so combined, that they cannot be than usual care, while yonder awful separated without losing much of that visitant pours his vial over our hemipleasing effect which they derive from sphere. It is not needful that I should combination. But, on such occasions, expose to your thousands of readers, they rarely fail to furnish the reader, in the reasons why I infer that you are a the result, with an ample recompense disciple of the renowned Professor for that additional attention which he Nicolas Culpeper, and his man Sibly, pays. An incident may also be so with all their illustrious predecessors connected with a train of circum- in this divine branch of knowledge: stances, that it would be unintelligible let it suffice with them to know, that without a detail of concomitant events. you are no contemner of this true wisMany of these are so interesting in dom, as many are who rank themselves themselves, that they furnish pleasure, pretty high in the scale of rationals. and frequently instruction, as insu- For this reason, Sir, I anticipate a lated facts, as well as contribute to- ready admission for these few lines wards that life and vigour which finally into your pages. concentrate in the principal incident. I rejoice, Sir, that another opportuThey refresh the vales through which nity has arrived for demonstrating the they pass, as meandering streams; and truth of the derided doctrines of sideultimately contribute, in their conflu- real influence. Yes, Sir, subsequent ence, to augment the grandeur of that events will shew the powerful operation cataract which they unite to form, of this splendid wanderer; and if it when they retire from observation. should be, that no pestilence, nor war,

nor desolation of any kind, should im

mediately follow, yet such glorious On the Comet now visible.

signs as this may very rationally be referred to the few years just gone by ; than which, what period of the world,

of the same dimensions, ever teemed I presume that you are already ac- with such mighty events ? The lanquainted with the fact, that another guage, therefore, of our celebrated Comet is now staring down through advocate and upholder, Francis Moore, " the blanket of the dark,” upon us esquire, physician, may be very propoor inhabiters of this nether world. perly adopted, to announce, that “ I also take it for granted, that you few years before, or a few years after, have the different branches of science the appearance of a Comet, extraordiquite at your finger-ends, and more nary changes and unexpected events especially the sublime and important may be looked for, more or less." one of Astrology; bearing, as it does, To what cause can the unparalleled a great characteristic resemblance to revolutions which have shaken this yourself, raised to the exalted edito- globe for the last eight-and-twenty rial eminence which you occupy. Like years be attributed, but to the more this celestial science, you are screened frequent appearance than ordinary of from the ken of vulgar eyes,—wrapped those refulgent messengers of fate, in refined obscurity,--pronouncing the another of which now frowns upon us vicissitudes of the world,-and ruling, from the heavens ? It is true that of man, the lives and fortunes. Hence some, even enlightened men, affect to I infer, that all your proceedings, from say, that Comets have no influence on the highest to the lowest, are regulated the actions of human beings. Others go by the infallible laws of this dignified still further, and assert, and even atscience. You would not dare to pub- tempt to produce historical proof, that lish a book, nor put on a pair of new the events which have sometimes folloy boots, nor purchase a new snuff-box, ed their appearance have been cons

TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL

MAGAZINE.

SIR,

a

cive to the benefit of the world, rather | women. These sapient personages than to its injury. But these persons have had the advantage of long obsermust have either greatly misrepresented vation; and their minds are divested, things, or have made a wrong estimate by the maturity of years, of the aberof the tendency of events; since it rations of wild theorists; and they recannot for a moment be admitted, that gulate their decisions by the rules of these glorious bodies can pass uselessly cool and rational investigation. Yes, through their course; or that the divine Sir, it is matter of great exultation to science of Astrology is founded in illu- hear, on all sides, such inquiries and sion and deceit. Oh, no! perish all observations as these :-“What can history! perish all philosophy! perish be the meaning of this comet?"_“Laws all the light of modern science! perish bless us, some mischief is coming on all reason! before this glory of anti- us for all our wickedness.”—“When do quity, this splendour of the intellectual you think the new war will begin ?”world, this lifter-up of men to the seat “ These wonderful things can't come of the gods, be brought into disesteem! for nothing, I'm sure,” &c. &c.—Now

It is the boast of the present day, this shews that wisdom has not entirely that knowledge prevails more exten- left us, but that its seeds are deeply sively than at any former period of sown in thousands of minds; and the Britain's existence : but, ah! how is it shoots will be transplanted into the to be deplored, that this knowledge is next generation, unless what is called not profound, not exalted, not pure; the light of education blasts them. or would there be so great neglect of If further evidence be wanted to that worthiest and most refined part, prove the prevalence of belief in the the principles of Astrology? such a sidereal system, let it be widely known, disregard of the undeviating doctrines that more than 100,000 almanacks, of presages? How different from the constructed by the before-named Franstate of the glorious capital of ancient cis Moore, esquire, physician, are Rome; where eclipses, eruptions of annually sold in England; and though Etna, earthquakes, inundations, per- the unbelieving may contemn the laspiring statues uttering mysterious bours of this great seer, here is an sounds, groaning tombstones, appa- overwhelming number of votes in his ritions, monsters, augurs' signs, and favour. One may hear some persons vestals' prophecies, were becomingly sarcastically observe, respecting this regarded as divine intimations of ap- sage man, that his almanack for 1819 proaching evil. And yet it is matter has not anticipated the present Comet's of consolation, that all the splendour appearance. But if an error has been of this bright system has not yet de- committed by the printer, or if the parted from the Eastern world. The physician, like a judicious author, has vast empire of China, and the polished left something for the imagination or isles of Japan, still have the discretion experience of the reader to supply, and the wisdom to appeal to the celes- surely this will rather raise than detial aspects, when entering upon any press him in the estimation of the wise important undertaking, or in cases of and sober. Or if he has, for once, or great national emergency: but with us, perhaps twice, failed in his predictions, in our land of literature and science, he has supplied us with some valuall is sceptical, and dark, and unfore- able, and, all will acknowledge, corseeing.

rect information, in reference to“ MunBut, Sir, we need not despond; but dane affairs." Refer to the “ Vox rather exult at the consideration, that Stellarum;" and in the invaluable rethe celestial science, in its direct cha- marks for the month of July, you will racter, as well as in all its minor rami- find, among other precious intellifications of dreams, and visions, and gence, that * Good news arrives from ominous but unerring prognostics, is foreign parts; and trade now does not only viewed with complacency, eminently flourish among our British but most warmly cherished and tena- | merchants and tradesmen, to the great ciously maintained by those whom the joy and satisfaction of every good Engbest teacher, Experience, has made lishman.” And who will dare to deny the fittest to decide in matters of such this? high import. I mean those sage per- I have, Sir, a great project secretly sons, whether feminine or otherwise, in view, for the benefit of my country. vulgarly and contemptuously styled old' and of the world at large: and if the

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